Polycystic Kidney Disease Average Cost

From 233 quotes ranging from $500 - 4,000

Average Cost


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What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?

The cysts will grow and advance slowly over the kidney, but eventually they take over the healthy kidney tissue. The enlarged kidneys will be unable to function normally and progressive renal failure will occur.  Kidneys are essential to the body; they are part of the urinary system, remove waste from the bloodstream, stabilize fluids in the body, and help maintain normal red blood cells. When renal failure occurs the kidneys are not able to get rid of the toxins in the bloodstream nor can they stabilize fluids in the body. Polycystic kidney disease may also lead to a bacterial kidney infection that can spread into the bloodstream. Polycystic kidney disease may become life threatening to your pet.

Polycystic kidney disease is more common in Terriers, including Bull Terriers, West Highland White Terrier, Cairn Terriers and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a rare genetic disease characterized by fluid filled cysts growing on the kidneys.  As polycystic kidney disease progresses it will make the kidneys more susceptible to infection and to progressive renal failure.

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Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease in Dogs

In the early stages of polycystic disease (PKD) there may not be any visual signs. As the cysts grow and spread the symptoms of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) may include one or more of the following:

  • Enlarged kidneys
  • Very thirsty
  • Frequent urination
  • Lethargy
  • Depression
  • Lack of appetite 
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Vomiting
  • High blood pressure

Causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease in Dogs

Polycystic kidney disease in dogs is an autosomal-dominant congenital condition.  This means that the cause of PKD is that the canine inherited the abnormal disease gene from one of his parents.  The dog that passed on the abnormal gene may or may not have the disease. If your pet is diagnosed with PKD, it is important not to breed your canine, as they would be passing the abnormal gene to the litter.

Diagnosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease in Dogs

Your veterinarian will take a thorough medical history of your pet.  He will ask you what symptoms you have observed and when they started. The veterinarian then will perform a physical exam on your dog which may include taking the dog’s temperature, blood pressure, palpation of the abdominal area, and listening to the heart and lungs with a stethoscope. Dogs with PKD usually have enlarged kidneys that may be felt during the physical exam. A complete blood count, serum creatinine, and urinalysis will help determine your dog’s overall health. In patients with PKD the red blood cell count may be lower than normal.

A CBC can also establish if there is a bacterial infection. The creatinine levels in the serum can show if the kidneys are functioning normally. In PKD patients there is usually too much protein in the urine. The veterinarian may recommend x-rays and an abdominal ultrasound.  Your pet may need to be sedated for these procedures. X-rays can confirm that the kidneys are enlarged. The ultrasound will be able to determine if there are any cysts on the kidneys and the size of the cysts.

Treatment of Polycystic Kidney Disease in Dogs

There is no cure for polycystic kidney disease.  The objectives in a treatment plan for PKD are to help slow down the spread of the cysts and alleviate any discomfort the pet is experiencing. If the ultrasound showed that the fluid filled cysts were very large, the veterinarian may recommend draining them. A needle is inserted into the cysts to be drained; the procedure is done with the help of the ultrasound.  Your pet will have to have general anesthesia. Usually the dog is sent home the same day of the procedure.  Pain medication will be prescribed. If there are any infections, your pet will be prescribed antibiotics

The veterinarian may suggest a low protein diet for your pet and Vitamin D supplements.  There are also some natural and holistic   treatment plans. Probiotics can help cleanse the body of waste toxins. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation can help lower your pet’s blood pressure and heart rate.

Recovery of Polycystic Kidney Disease in Dogs

Patients with polycystic disease will need frequent follow-up visits to monitor the growth of the cysts and to determine if there are any secondary bacterial infections. When cysts become too large, it can cause discomfort to your dog.  The cysts may need to be re-drained. Bloodwork and urinalysis will need to be re-checked. It will be important to keep your pet on a low protein diet and to make sure he is drinking plenty of water. There is no cure for polycystic kidney disease but dogs can go on to live full lives.

Polycystic Kidney Disease Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

1 Year
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Weight Loss

My 1 year old maltese 5.8 lbs was diagnosed with PKD at 5 months. I was told she had up to 5 years. At her check up blood work came back that she is in stage 3 Kidney Failure. She is not expected to live to 2 years. I am not sure what to do at this point, subcutaneous fluids or dranage of cysts are possibilities, but based on the rapid progression these are bandaids and not a long term solution. Specialist is hesitant to drain cysts because of anestesia side effects. I am sure what to do, there is a fine line between wanting to do everything you can and knowing when to let go. I am told she is not in pain but she sleeps constantly and does not eat much. Any advice is welcome.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2144 Recommendations
There is no real treatment for polycystic kidney disease, treatment is centred around the same path as chronic kidney failure with dietary management, fluids as required and other supportive and symptomatic care. It really is a case of keeping LuLu comfortable during the remainder of her life, I would be hesitant to do anything else other than dietary management, fluids and other supportive and symptomatic care. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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2 yrs
Fair condition
-1 found helpful
Fair condition

i have a 60 lb lab born with polycystic kidney disease if i giver her vitamin d or probiotics
what would b the dosage she is getting iv fluids daily but so far no improvement

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2144 Recommendations
With cases of polycystic kidney disease it is important to make dietary changes to reduce the workload of the kidneys by feeding a special renal diet; also the extent of the polycystic kidney disease needs to be determined by ultrasound, if more than 75% of the kidneys are affected management may be in vain. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

The question i asked wasnt anwsered, i already know what you told me obviously, it was a careful standard statement not helpful at all

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7 Years
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Very Thirsty
Frequent Urination
gets tired easily
enlarged kidneys

Medication Used

low protein diet

Hi, my name is Shereen. I live in Cairo, Egypt and I have a male Pekingese around seven years old. He was diagnosed with Polycystic Kidney Disease a week ago, and I feel terrified and I don't know what to do. The vet put him on a low protein diet, which consists of dry food, which he refuses to eat. Are there any alternatives, may something I can cook for him? Is this disease treatable? I love him a lot and want him to live a long full life. Please advise me.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2144 Recommendations
There is no treatment of polycystic kidney disease, only management with diet to reduce the workload of the kidneys which in turn should reduce the symptoms. I am not sure which commercial diets you have available in Egypt, but you may be able to get a renal diet from Hills or Royal Canin; there is a Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Cairo which may be worth visiting for a follow up examination. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM http://vet.cu.edu.eg/ar/Home

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