Tumors of the Vagina Average Cost

From 40 quotes ranging from $3,000 - 15,000

Average Cost

$7,500

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What is Tumors of the Vagina?

Tumors of the vagina are the second most common form of female reproductive tumor and can be either benign or malignant. Most vaginal lesions or tumors are non-cancerous leiomyomas or fibroleiomyomas, but certain malignant cancers can develop in the skin of the vagina as well so it is important to alert your veterinarian if you see signs of a tumor on or in your dog’s vagina. Canine transmissible venereal tumors, a type of cancerous canine tumor that can be spread from dog to dog by touch, can form in this area as well.

Tumors of the vagina and vulva are the second most common form of reproductive tumors in female dogs. Unspayed female dogs are more likely to develop these tumors.

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Symptoms of Tumors of the Vagina in Dogs

Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina which can result in discharge, itching and pain. This inflammation can occur separately or concurrently with vaginal tumors. 

  • Blood in the urine
  • Difficulty giving birth
  • Excessive licking of genital area
  • Mass on the vagina (either visible or palpable)
  • Straining to urinate
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal odor
  • Vulvar bleeding

Types

There are many types of tumors that can affect the vagina and vulvar area on dogs, both benign and malignant. The most common tumors to affect the vagina are leiomyomas and fibroleiomyomas, benign tumors of the smooth muscle that generally do not spread. Fibropapillomas, small bumps that are caused by a viral infection, may also develop in this area. They tend to look similar to other tumors in this area, however they often regress spontaneously after a few months. Malignant tumors are rarer, but squamous cell carcinomas may also develop on the skin in this area, and clitoral adenocarcinoma may affect your canine’s clitoris. Canine transmissible venereal tumors are cauliflower-like, nodular or papillary and can also affect the genital area. They are often inflamed and ulcerated, making it quite contagious particularly if direct contact has occurred during mating, licking or rough play.

Causes of Tumors of the Vagina in Dogs

The causes of most cancers can be somewhat ambiguous although there are some things can increase the likelihood for cancers to develop.

  • Advanced age
  • Exposure to chemicals 
  • Infection 
  • Radiation exposure

There is a hormonal component to most vaginal tumors. The overwhelming majority of females that develop tumors in the vagina are unspayed, however tumors that do occur in spayed females have a higher incidence of being malignant. The exception to that rule in this group are the canine transmissible venereal tumors (CTVT). These tumors are actually a contagious canine cancer. It is transmissible by direct contact such as the type that is made during mating, licking or rough play. Generally, your canine’s immune system would recognize and eliminate cells from an outside source such as this, however when CTVT cells are introduced a state of rapid growth of the cancer cells begins and will last between three and nine months. Although CTVT is found worldwide, it is more prevalent in tropical and subtropical urban environments.

Diagnosis of Tumors of the Vagina in Dogs

Initially, your veterinarian will need to get a full medical history of your pet as well as perform a physical examination, including a close examination of the tumors and the area surrounding them. A tissue sample will also be obtained so that it can be examined microscopically, as well as samples of any discharge from the vagina. A complete blood count, biochemistry profile, and urinalysis will also be requested to reveal any underlying or concurrent medical issues. Most of these growths are fairly simple to identify once the sample is viewed microscopically. To determine if there are other tumors or if metastases might have developed your veterinarian may choose to perform a vaginoscopy. X-ray, ultrasound, or CT scans or may be used to ascertain if any tumors have spread further, and further analysis may be done in the lab to get more information from the tissue sample. If metastasis is suspected your veterinarian may want to biopsy the lymph nodes as well.

Treatment of Tumors of the Vagina in Dogs

Ovariohysterectomy, the surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries, is the treatment of choice in these cases, as well as the removal of the tumor itself. This generally reduces the risk of more tumors forming due to hormonal means as well as allowing for the examination of the abdominal organs to check more clearly for metastasis. Surgery is completely curative for a majority of benign vaginal tumors as the metastatic rate is low. In the event that a benign tumor becomes metastatic more aggressive steps may be required to prevent reoccurrence. Radiation therapy may be recommended to prevent future growth or spread of the tumors. 

Malignant tumors of any type in this area will be treated aggressively. A radical vulvovaginectomy or perineal urethrostomy will be done to remove all possible cancerous tissue. Once the surgeon has removed all that he or she physically can, radiation and chemotherapy will be utilized in an attempt to destroy any new or hidden cancer cells as well as to prevent recurrence. Dogs are more tolerant of chemotherapy than most humans and only around 5% need hospitalization from the treatment itself. Although there is less reported hair loss in dogs than in people some breeds (English Sheepdog, Lhasa Apso, Maltese, Schnauzer, Shih Tzu, and Poodle) are more prone to hair loss than others. 

Recovery of Tumors of the Vagina in Dogs

Complications from chemotherapy can arise, so your veterinarian will probably want to do regular checks on your dog’s liver and kidney enzyme levels. Pets are often sent home the same day after chemotherapy, and although most of the drug is metabolized within just a few hours, some remnants of it can remain in the blood for a few days. It is important to use gloves when dealing with bodily fluids and maintain good hand washing hygiene. Children, pregnant and nursing women and immunocompromised adults should avoid contact with the bodily fluids during that time. Your pet should be monitored closely for additional tumors during and after their chemotherapy treatments.

Tumors of the Vagina Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Alexander Tatiana
Boerboel
3 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Bleeding

My female dog has vulvar tumor

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations

The precise location of the tumour (whether it is from the genital tract or in the skin surrounding the vulva) will give an indication to the type of tumour present. Leiomyoma’s are the most common type of tumour in the vulva (as well as the vagina and uterus); Leiomyoma’s are benign tumours originating from smooth muscle and are usually easily removed during surgery. Mast Cell Tumours are common tumours of the skin surrounding the vulva, perineum and anus; Mast Cell Tumours originate from the Mast Cells in connective tissue and can spread to local lymph node and other organs. There are other types of tumour, but they are less common. A visit to your Veterinarian will result in an examination (which may include a fine needle aspirate to determine the type of tumour) and surgery to remove the tumour. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Cree
French Bulldog
1 Year
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Bumps on vulva

The other day I noticed my 1 year old, Spayed female dog had two bumps on/around her vulva.. They almost look like pimples.
She does not seem to be in any pain when I inspect them.
I have been putting ploysporin on them the last 2 days, But I haven't noticed any change.

Any help and/or suggestions would be greatly appreciated. These bumps kind of just appear out of nowhere.. However, it does appear that there is some dried blood around her vulva today.

I have photos if needed.

Thank you

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations

Usually a picture tells a thousand word; however it is hard to distinguish many types of lumps and bumps from each other from a 2D photo. Papilloma, histiocytoma, tumours, infection are all possible causes and would carry different treatments; whilst not an emergency, it would be best to have Cree see her Veterinarian to determine the underlying cause. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Sadie
Jack Russell
14 yrs
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Itching

I have a female Jack Russell about 14years old. She has been scooting and licking her vulva vigina area a lot lately. She has a few lumps together between that area and her tail. Is it possible it's cancer?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations
Cancer is a possibility especially with aging females (especially if she is intact); any mass should be examined by your Veterinarian whilst it is still small. Tumours, cysts, blisters and inflammation may cause various lumps; without examining Sadie, I cannot give you much advice. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Blackie
Lhasa Apso
10+
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

My dog recently got diagnosed with a Tumor in her vagina. The tumor was preventing her from urinating so we had surgery done and the growth removed. It’s the second day after the surgery and still she hasn’t been able to urine on her own. What is wrong?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations
Without examining Blackie, I cannot say whether the tumour was the cause of the inability to urinate or something else; the specific location and type of the tumour would also give an indication to a reason, if the tumour was removed from the urethra there may be inflammation which is preventing the passage of urine. You should return to your Veterinarian for a checkup. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Lux
Shih Tzu
7 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Lump
Licking at Genitals
Licking

My dog Lux is 7 years old and has had 3 litters of puppies (my brother got a male dog, and was being careless about letting him around her while I wasn’t present). A year after her last litter, I noticed one dime-sized lump near her vulva. It didn’t seem to bother her, but it’s grown since then to the size of a penny. The lump isn’t on her skin, it’s underneath, and overall the size (diameter and everything) is the size of a wasabi nut. She’s also licking more in that area. I’m concerned about the expense of treatment, but from this description should I be leaning more towards benign or malignant? It doesn’t hurt her when I touch it, and she doesn’t have trouble urinating.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations
Without an examination to determine its origin, I cannot really comment plus no Veterinarian can say whether it would be benign or malignant for sure without histopathology. If there has been a change in size or shape, you should visit your Veterinarian for an examination as they will be able to determine whether immediate action should be taken, a needle aspirate or wait and see approach. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Spaz
Beagle
13 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

licking, crying, panting

Hi there, my 13.5 year old Beagle has bladder cancer, according to repeated abnormal cells in the bladder found in her urinalysis. Due to her age and other health problems, we decided to treat it medically with Prioxicam. The vet said that she believes the cancer has moved to her vulva, as she has a growth there that has gotten bigger and she screams when she is touched there. She spends a lot of time licking down there, which we decided to let her do, at this point. We do not have it in the budget to get her an ultrasound at this point. She is in visible discomfort at times, and other times she seems happy. We just want her to be as comfortable as possible. Do you know if the Piroxicam treats the vulva cancer as well, and if there is anything else we can do medically to treat the Vulva specifically? She is on tramadol for pain, antibiotics, and probiotics to counter the antibiotics. I was just hoping for a second opinion to make sure we are doing everything we can at this point. Thank You.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1604 Recommendations
Thank you for your email. I'm very sorry that that is happening to Spaz. Piroxicam has been shown to have some effects in keeping transitional cell carcinoma from growing quickly, and in providing pain relief. If the tumor in her bladder is transitional cell carcinoma, and if the TCC has spread to her vulva, the Piroxicam might be of some help to her. You might be able to get a topical lotion to apply to her vulva to keep the skin from ulcerating and keep it more comfortable, but you'll need to keep her from licking it off when you first apply it. A topical anesthetic might help, as well - you can ask your veterinarian about topical Lidocaine to see if that provides some relief for her. I hope that you are able to keep her comfortable.

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Marley
English Bulldog
8 yrs
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

My spayed female English Bulldog is around 8 yrs. old. I rescued her when she was about 3. She had a bad ingrown tail which was amputated because it was so tight in there i couldn't keep it clean. Since then wherever she lays she always has to press her but against something like a sofa or a pillow etc. But now on each side of her vulva is real swollen more on one side than the other. And I'm thinking maybe it isn't where her tail surgery was but something to do with this swelling. Maybe she is in pain from whatever this is. I keep her up as far as her vet visits so this came about pretty fast. My heart is so broken over this. She has no bleeding, discharge; but she has such a good personality and so very sweet I'm almost fearful for what her diagnosis is. Please tell me this could be normal or from her tail amputation. What do you think is wrong with just my explaination. THANK YOU SO VERY MUCH FOR YOUR TIME.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations
It is very difficult to determine what the underlying cause is without performing an examination; if the issue was related to the ingrown tail we would have expected an issue to arise earlier than now. Possible issues may include tumours, infection, hernia, abscess among other issues; it would be best to get your girl to your Veterinarian as soon as possible for an examination. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Maeve
pit bull terrier
2 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Vaginal bleeding

We noticed vaginal bleeding from our pit mix earlier today. She is a two year old rescue that has had at least one litter of puppies and was spayed about two months ago. She recovered completely from the spaying. We took her to our vet. He determined that she had a tumor and removed it. This evening she still has bleeding from her vagina. Is this normal following this sort of procedure? All of her stitches are internal but she has not been licking the area or seem at all distressed. Thank you for any assistance.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations
There should be no bleeding, but if there is a small amount it shouldn’t cause alarm but it would be best to visit your Veterinarian before the weekend starts so that you can avoid any out of hour fees in case there is something more serious going on. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Brownie
Mixed
6 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Itchy

My dog has been itchy. I noticed she was most itchy around her vulva. On the sides of her vagina. When I looked, she has some lumps under the skin, or swollen around there. It's not red or anything. She is behaving normal except for the constant itchyness. She's been itchy a few days but just noticed the swollenness last night.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations
It would be best to get Brownie checked by her Veterinarian to be on the safe side; but until then, bathe her vulva with warm water to keep the area clean in case there is something irritating her. Infections, tumours, trauma, hormonal issues and other causes may cause swelling around the vulva; a check by your Veterinarian is important to check that there is nothing more serious going on and that Brownie is getting the right treatment. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Lady
Pit bull
2 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

She really doesn't have any.

My dog has warts on her vulva. First there was only one but she has three now. What should I do? This all happened in six months. We took her to the vet because she had a UTI she cleared up but now this. Could it be related from her UTI.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations
There are a few possible causes for the lumps on the vulva which include warts/papillomas, histiocytomas, tumours, cysts among other causes; without examining Lady and possibly taking a fine needle aspirate I cannot give you a diagnosis. You should visit your Veterinarian for an examination so that the cause can be identified and managed accordingly. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Zenzi
German Shepherd
8 Years
Moderate condition
-1 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Vomiting
Vaginal tumor

Medication Used

Meloxicam
Benedryl
Apoquel

We adopted a 8 year old German shepherd that is a retired narcotics dog, due to her work she was never fixed. Before we had the chance to spay her she developed pyometra. In the process of diagnosing the pyometra the vet found a palpable tumor of a significant size on her vaginal wall. I along with the vet had hoped that it was a leimyoma or something in that family, and that the surgery for the pyometra would solve the issue with the removal of both her uterus and ovaries. Her recovery from the spay with overy removal went very smoothly with no complications and she recovered quickly with only her acting a bit more depressed but I associated that with the hormonal changes and with her still recovering. Three weeks post op she started vomiting but still has a appetite (unlike with the pyometra when she refused to eat). When I took her back to the vet to get to the bottom of the vomiting the vet found that the tumor has gotten significantly larger. Large enough that she can no longer get past the tumor in a vaginal exam, and now the vaginal wall feels "firm" with a digital anal exam and that if feels like she has a "enlarged prostate"(vets words) even though she obviously doesn't have one. I've asked the vet about doing a biopsy but she fears doing one on something she "can't get her hands on" if it happens to be vascular, and that if it happens to start bleeding that she won't be able to stop it. We live in a fairly small town and this is a first for my vet. Especially because of my dogs service, and because we now love her to pieces, we want to get her the best care possible without putting ourselves in the poorhouse by having to guess as to what needs to be done and having to pay hundreds of dollars of consultation fees for vet after vet to tell us they can't help either. I'm wondering what the next step (s) would be so I know what to ask the new veterinary clinic if they are capable of doing. Also I was wondering what type of prognosis a dog in this type of situation might have? I would rather her have a quality retirement over quantity and her having a wonderful happy retirement (however long it may last) is much more important than us holding on for our own selfish reasons. I thank you for any guidance you may be able to give us.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3314 Recommendations

The main question here is the prognosis and quality of life she can expect to have; this question is a difficult one as the type of tumour / mass present will have a bearing on the prognosis. If the mass has grown this fast in a short time frame, it would be best to try and have it removed before it starts to cause extra luminal obstruction of the rectum and urethra. There are no real questions to ask apart from are they comfortable to operate on the mass; ultrasound may be a useful tool to determine the contents (i.e: solid vs liquid); a biopsy is risky in that area, so surgical removal with post surgery histopathology would be your best bet. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

There are non profit organizations that will help with the cost of surgery, ie FACE Foundation in San Diego. Suggest you give them a call and see if they know of similar groups near you. Be sure to mention her Police service. You’re both in my prayers.

Thank you very much. It has been all so overwhelming with so much happening so fast. I appreciate the advice and now can cut to the chase and work on finding a vet that is comfortable performing the surgery and work on finding the funds to pay it since her pyometra surgery took a significant chunk of my savings. Hopefully since she served to help better the community for 7 years the community will help in bettering her retirement.

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