Eye injuries can be serious and even a small injury like a scratch can become infected and damage eye structures, resulting in temporary or permanent vision loss. A scratch or bite wound from another animal can be particularly dangerous, as claws and teeth tend to harbor germs that can cause infection. Veterinary treatment for eye wounds is always advisable.
Dogs can get eye wounds in a variety of ways, from other dogs and cats during altercations, or from getting debris, dirt, or vegetation in their eyes. Cleaning the wound when veterinary care is not immediately available, or cleaning it as part of treatment after appropriate medical care has been determined, is frequently necessary.
Depending on the treatment prescribed for your dog's eye wound, regular cleaning to flush out discharge, prevent infection, and allow for a clean surface that medication can penetrate may be recommended. Saline or medicated eye wash may be prescribed for your dog, follow instructions carefully and be very gentle when working to clean your dog's wounded eye. A clean location and clean hands and tools are important for treating eye injuries.