What is Sebaceous Cyst Removal?

A sebaceous cysts removal treatment in dogs is a surgical procedure used to remove a cysts on the skin’s surface. Sebaceous cysts are often removed with a scalpel blade in veterinary medicine, but can be resolved using surgical laser or fine needle aspiration. Surgical blade removal is the most common form of sebaceous cyst removal treatment. Sebaceous cysts should only be removed by a licensed veterinarian or veterinary dermatologist. 

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Sebaceous Cyst Removal Procedure in Dogs

Preoperative blood work will be obtained from the canine patient to ensure a clean bill of health. The canine may be fasting, but local anesthetic patients will not be required to do so. 

  1. The cyst and surrounding area will be palpated to confirm location. 
  2. Using a skin marker, the vet will draw an ellipse over the cyst as a guide for his/her incision. 
  3. Local anesthetic will be injected around the cyst to provide an anesthetic block, which blocks the nerve receptions in one located area. The vet may mark out the area to be anaesthetized with marker. The general choice of local anesthetic combination is 2% lignocaine with adrenaline. (variable) 
  4. The surgical area will be cleaned with an antiseptic solution containing chlorhexidine and Betadine parts (variable) 
  5. The area of the dog that is not a part of the surgical procedure will be covered with a sterile drape(s). 
  6. Using a scalpel blade, the first incision will be made through the subcutaneous tissues. 
  7. A blunt dissection is then made to identify the plane between cyst and regular subcutaneous tissue. 
  8. The vet will then remove 25% of the cyst circumference using blunt dissection technique. 
  9. Using his/her thumbs, the vet will apply gentle pressure to the surrounding tissues to encourage the cyst to elevate from the dissection. 
  10. The cyst will be grasped with forceps and surgical scissors will separate the cyst’s deep pole.  
  11. Bleeding will be managed and non-absorbable sutures will be placed, closing the incision opening. 
  12. Saline solution will be used to clean the surgical area after closure.

Efficacy of Sebaceous Cyst Removal in Dogs

The efficacy of sebaceous cyst removal in dogs is variable, as the location and number of cysts compromises the overall resulting prognosis. Canines that only present one sebaceous cyst in a location on the body that is not rich with nerves or blood has a great prognosis. However, problems arise when a dog presents multiple cysts or a sebaceous cyst on the face, eyes, neck or the inner thighs. 

Sebaceous Cyst Removal Recovery in Dogs

A dog that has undergone a sebaceous cyst removal will be sent home with an antibiotic to control infection and an Elizabethan collar to prevent manipulation of the surgical site. The surgical site will need to remain clean and exercise restrictions for the dog may be placed. As non-absorbable sutures were placed to close the surgical opening, a secondary appointment will need to be scheduled to have the sutures removed. 

Cost of Sebaceous Cyst Removal in Dogs

The average cost of removing a sebaceous cyst from a dog can vary and may range from $75 to $250. If your dog has multiple cysts or if the cyst is located in a challenging area, such as the face, the price may increase.

Dog Sebaceous Cyst Removal Considerations

Patients may experience a minor degree of sensation in the scarred area, which may be permanent. If the sebaceous cyst is not removed by a veterinary professional, significant nerve damage could be a result due to poor dissecting technique. As with all surgical procedures, haemorrhaging is a possible risk, but can be limited by removing blood thinners and pain medications prior to surgery. Sebaceous cysts lie deep into the layers of the skin, which poses a risk for bacterial infection. Lastly, an incomplete removal of the cyst can cause the affected area to develop into a lesion or reoccur shortly after removal.

Sebaceous Cyst Removal Prevention in Dogs

Sebaceous cysts can affect a canine for unknown reasons that cannot be controlled, however, there are a few factors that veterinarians advise as methods of prevention. 

  • Diet: A balanced diet is the best way to keep your dog’s health in check and that includes his skin. 
  • Hygiene: Grooming your dog will help spread the sebaceous oils throughout the hair coat, while bathing will keep the amount of oil to a minimum. 
  • Routine veterinary check-ups: visiting the veterinarian at least once a year will help catch skin problems early and will aid in preventing future problems from occurring.

Sebaceous Cyst Removal Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Kobi
Golden Retriever
10 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

I removed a cyst from my dog (I think) thinking it looked like a tick, until it was out and was yellow semi solid pus the whole way through hardened at the skin in a scab. Now there is a 3mm dia. X 5mm deep hole in his skin. What do I need to do to protect it from infection

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1488 Recommendations
It is important to ensure that the wound is kept clean and free of debris; you could try applying some Neosporin to the wound but this may slow down the overall healing time but would create a barrier to prevent direct contamination. The wound is large, and it will take some time to close naturally as it will heal from the bottom up instead of two opposed skin margins coming together. If you have concerns, or want a quicker healing time visit your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Hoyt
Norwegian Elkhound
5
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Considering a second surgery, for removal of 10-11 Sebaceous Gland Cysts, of various sizes, and placements. My 5 year old Male Norwegian Elkhound had surgery under a general anesthetic, for what our vet describes as the largest number of Sebaceous Gland cysts he's ever seen,15. This second "crop" has developed, with the 1 cluster area again taken up with multiple cyst eruptions. Is there a less radical treatment, or do we have additional surgery? Is this genetic?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1488 Recommendations
There is some evidence of genetic predisposition to sebaceous cysts in some breeds but I am not sure about Norwegian Elkhounds, smaller numbers of cysts may be managed with warm compresses and encouraging them to rupture themselves (without sticking a needle in them) but large numbers and large individual cysts would require surgery. Supplementing Hoyt’s diet with essential fatty acid supplements and with krill oil may help with the development of cysts as well as regular grooming and bathing. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Maverick
Mixed
2 Years
Serious condition
1 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Bleeding through stiches
Sweling,
Cyst removal

Medication Used

None

My dog recently had a cyst removed from his chest (below neck, between front two paws) and was sent home that day with only one painkiller to take the following day. Three days later the wound was severely swollen, red and he was bleeding through the wound and stitches. He is now back at the vet and will be kept there for the weekend. They think he has a 'fistula '... At least that's what I made out from the phone call, what is that and how will it affect my dog?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1488 Recommendations

A fistula is a passageway between a hollow area in the body to the surface of the skin or a passageway between two hollow areas within the body; most commonly an abscess may form which in turn has a passageway to the skin, which if it is the case in Mavericks case, may have been created by poor healing of the surgical site. Generally antibiotics and anti inflammatories are given along with supportive care; but in severe cases further surgery may be required. However, for more details, I would recommend reaching out to your Veterinarian to get more information about Mavericks specific cases. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Thank you, that was very helpful

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Bella
Labrador Retriever
11 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

non-enlarging small cyst

My lab mix has what I believe to be a small sebaceous cyst on her head just next to the ear. It has been there for 3 years now remaining the same size, neither growing or shrinking. I've left it alone because it doesn't seem to bother her but it does me and I'd like to have it removed. What would be a reasonable cost to have this removed? (picture is attached). And is there anything I could do to make it disappear like draining it with a needle? Any advice is appreciated.

https://goo.gl/photos/gMr4EPUjsD8wwRTd9
https://goo.gl/photos/MHUn8ng74Zr4cZSg9

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1488 Recommendations

I cannot say for 100% what the mass is from the photo, I am thinking more that it may be a sebaceous adenoma or similar mass; sebaceous cysts don’t stay dormant for three years. Despite what you may read online, lancing a suspected cyst is an irresponsible move which may cause more complications that it solves (especially if it isn’t a cyst); a warm compress can soften a cyst which may speed up the process. Sebaceous cyst removal will cost around $1,000 or more depending on your location; if it is a benign mass, it will be more. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Maggie
Retriever
11
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

None. Diagnosed during regular check

Medication Used

none

My vet is using aa complete anesthetic to remove a cyst and putting the dog on IV. The cost of this is $1000 which seems excessive for a 1/2 inch cyst on the paw. Please advise. Thank you

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1488 Recommendations

Some cases would be done under local anaesthesia and some done under general anaesthesia; the temperament of the dog, size of the cyst, it’s location (the paw has little tissue around and requires more care and attention) and other factors will determine whether a Veterinarian choses local or general anaesthesia. As for cost, this price varies widely but a cost of $1,000 for a general anaesthetic and cyst removal seems reasonable. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Wriggly
Flat-Coated Retriever
9 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Pain
Trouble walking

How long does it normally take to get a cyst removed in dogs? My friend's dog is about to have a surgery where his cyst in his hip is going to be removed. My friend is wondering how long this surgery will normally take. Should it take about more or less than an hour?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1488 Recommendations

Sebaceous cyst removal would typically be less than an hour unless there are complications or the removal is around an area with limited loose skin, the size and the skill of the surgeon. Many factors go into surgery and no two sebaceous cyst removals will be the same. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Duke
Amstaff/Rhodesian Ridgeback
12 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Large Cyst

My dog Duke has a cyst the size of my fist. Is surgery a reasonable option given his age? I live on the third floor and I'm currently having to help him up the stairs every time we go out cause it is so strenuous on him.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1488 Recommendations

It is difficult to determine whether surgery is suitable or not as there are many different factors involved: the size, location, how much skin will be left to close the wound afterwards, blood tests (to monitor liver and kidney function in an older dog) etc… If the mass is causing problems with motion and his day to day life, I would speak with your Veterinarian as they would perform the surgery and it would be there discretion regarding suitability for surgery. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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