Abdominal Bleeding Average Cost

From 552 quotes ranging from $500 - 8,000

Average Cost

$2,000

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What is Abdominal Bleeding?

If internal bleeding is caused by trauma, often from being hit by a car, the bleeding may be rapid. This is an emergency situation requiring immediate veterinary attention. The liver and spleen are the most commonly affected organs in a traumatic accident. Other life-threatening injuries may also be present after extreme trauma has happened. The abdominal cavity is very large and can contain a high volume of blood. The cat may hemorrhage or go into shock from abdominal bleeding. 

Severe internal conditions can also cause internal bleeding, however, this bleeding tends to be slower. The body may also reabsorb some of the blood collected in the abdomen, making the bleeding appear to be less than it is. Gastrointestinal cancer can cause bowels to rupture, which can lead to slow internal bleeding. Ulcerations and hematomas can also contribute to chronic blood loss into the abdomen. These conditions, while not emergencies, are still severe and can be life-threatening. Veterinary assessment is required. 

The abdomen of a cat is a large cavity containing most of the vital organs in the body. The complete digestive tract is housed within the abdomen. Extreme injuries from trauma or progressed internal ailments can cause blood vessels within the abdomen to rupture and bleed into the space between organs. This is sometimes referred to as hemoperitoneum or hemoabdomen.

Symptoms of Abdominal Bleeding in Cats

Depending on whether the abdominal bleeding is acute or chronic, varying symptoms may reveal the issue. In cases of extreme traumatic injuries, many other visible symptoms may be present. Do not hesitate to rush your cat to an animal hospital if you suspect it has been hit by a car. All symptoms to watch for are as follows:

  • Distended abdomen
  • Bruising
  • Inability to get up
  • Visible wounds
  • Broken bones
  • Limping
  • Weakness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Anemia (visualized by abnormal lip and gum color)
  • Lethargy
  • Low blood pressure
  • Weight loss
  • Blood in vomit or stool

Causes of Abdominal Bleeding in Cats

Anything that causes the internal organs to rupture will lead to abdominal bleeding. This is almost always a serious ailment. Identifying the cause can lead to a more effective treatment plan. All known causes are listed below.

  • Trauma (often from being hit by a car)
  • Cancer
  • Benign or malignant tumor growth
  • Hematoma
  • Medication 
  • Ingesting rodenticides or other coagulants
  • Progressed infections
  • Feline leukemia virus

Diagnosis of Abdominal Bleeding in Cats

In the case of a veterinary emergency, rush your cat to the nearest animal hospital or veterinary clinic immediately. Exercise care when moving an injured cat, as spinal issues and broken bones may be made worse by manipulation. Once there, a veterinarian will fully examine your cat for all injuries present. This examination may reveal many injuries that will need to be addressed, starting with the most serious issue at hand. The main focus will be to find the area that is bleeding and limit or stop blood loss as soon as possible.

In cases of slower blood loss, many tests will need to be run to identify the underlying cause of abdominal bleeding. Your cat's medical history can be helpful in finding possible health problems. Full blood work will be needed, including a complete blood count. This can identify both anemia or malignancy within the cat. X-rays or ultrasounds may be used to show fluid, growths, hematomas, injury damage, or ulcers present in the abdomen. If masses are too small for ultrasound imaging, an MRI or CT scan may be necessary. 

Abdominocentesis is often performed in instances of abdominal bleeding. This involves filling a syringe with the blood-filled fluid in the abdomen for microscopic evaluation. If growths have been identified, a biopsy of growth tissue may be needed for a histopathological exam. A coagulation panel may also be deemed necessary. Feline leukemia virus should be tested for.

Treatment of Abdominal Bleeding in Cats

In both emergency and nonemergency settings, the bleeding must be stopped. There are various ways of doing this depending on the reason for the bleeding. 

Emergency Procedures 

These treatments are applied to cats suffering from major blood loss. The goal is to keep the cat alive and maintain stability so further surgeries can be performed. Intravenous fluids are often administered to keep fluid volumes up and increase blood pressure. Blood transfusions may be needed if too much blood has been lost. Oxygen can help a cat suffering from breathing difficulties due to excess fluid in the abdomen pushing on its lungs. Vitamin K may be given as it enhances the body's ability to clot blood. A belly wrap may be put on the cat to compress the abdomen and temporally stop bleeding with pressure. Painkillers may be given to calm the cat.

Emergency Exploratory Surgery 

In the case of trauma, often the only way to find the source of bleeding is to do so surgically. The goal is to identify internal wounds and seal them if possible. This surgery carries many risks and is used only to help save a cat's life.

Surgical Removal 

If cancerous or benign growths are found in the body, surgically removing these growths can stop internal bleeding. Success depends on the number and location of growths present. If cancer is residing in the body, radiation therapy or chemotherapy may need to be paired with surgery for optimum effectiveness.

Medication

If a bleeding ulcer is discovered, certain medications may be prescribed to lower stomach acidity within the cat. This allows the ulcer to heal without further damage occurring. These prescriptions usually last for six to eight weeks.

Recovery of Abdominal Bleeding in Cats

If the cat has survived surgery, proper postoperative care is needed. This involves keeping the incision site clean and limiting the cat’s activity during the healing process. Watch for any signs of infection and bring the cat back to the veterinarian immediately if signs begin to show. For severe internal injuries, the healing process can be slow. Confining your cat to a crate may be necessary during this time if injuries are extensive enough.

If a benign tumor has been removed successfully, generally the prognosis is good with a full recovery possible. Gastrointestinal cancer carries a worse prognosis due to its aggression and tendency to spread throughout the body. If the cat has experienced kidney or liver failure, it may not survive. A cat who has suffered from ulcers should be put on a restricted, bland diet containing foods like chicken, rice, and cottage cheese. Keeping your cat indoors can greatly reduce incidents of trauma. Removing rodenticides from your home, and locking away any other anticoagulants, can help keep your cat safe from poisoning.

Abdominal Bleeding Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Mittens
European tuxedo and a tabby mix
1-2
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Not Eating
Weakness
Not Moving

I don´t quite know if my cat (Mittens) has internal bleeding or not. She disappeared for a long time and I found her in the closet, I proceeded to pick her up as I always do when I say hello and she attacked my neck I let her down and she ran back into the closet. She has been sitting on my bed for a while either laying on her stomach or to the side that is not hurt. I know that there are a bunch of kids in my neighborhood that likes to abuse animals so I think that might be the cause but like I said I don´t quite know. I want to take her to a vet but I´m on a budget she´s really hurt and I am worried about her any suggestions/advise?

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
Without examining mittens, I cannot say specifically what the cause of the apparent pain is, the response of scratching your neck when you picked her up would be consistent with abdominal pain. Unfortunately there are children and sadly adults which derive pleasure from seeing animals in pain; whilst I appreciate you’re on a budget, I would have to recommend you visit a Veterinarian (your regular Veterinarian or one at a charity clinic) for an examination. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Chloe
Ragdoll
5 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

This afternoon at 3 pm she may of been run over by my car. She took off straight after and jumped a gate and a fence straight after. She came back at 11pm .i can pat n touch her everywhere. But appears to have wet substance around her anus

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
If you suspect that Chloe was hit by a car you should have her checked over by a Veterinarian as some injuries (like to the brain) can have a delayed onset. I cannot explain a wet substance around the anus, but again this should all be checked out by a Veterinarian given the severity of the possible trauma. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Beans
Stray/my neighbor gave me his mom and she had bim
5 months
Critical condition
1 found helpful
Critical condition

My 5 month old kitten got attacked by a dog, he is barely moving and he poops on himself and won't do anything but sit in one position...I can see a bruise under his fur but he won't let me touch to see how big it is... I need help

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
You should take Beans to be examined by your Veterinarian because traumatic injury can be difficult to determine and there may be some internal injury which you are unable to see. I cannot recommend for you any at home therapy since we don’t know the extent of the injury. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Archie
mixed
6 Months
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Lethargy

Hello. I accidentally stepped on my 6 month old kitten getting out of bed in the middle of the night. He hasn't been himself today at all. He is sleeping all day, not running around like normal. He has eaten like normal. He moves away when I touch his lower back area.

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
Your weight versus a kitten will never end well; you should take Archie in to your Veterinarian for an examination since there is the possibility for various different types of trauma. Without examining Archie, I cannot say whether he has any serious injuries or not; but given the nature of the trauma and his size you should visit your Veterinarian immediately. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Charlie
Unknown
7 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Pain When Lifted
Pain

My cat is acting like he's in pain. I can't really move him without him growling. His gums are still mostly pink but he was muddy on only one side. Not sure what happened as he's an outside cat.

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
There are various causes for pain and discomfort, especially in cats which venture outdoors; foreign bodies and poisons are a possibility but also trauma from falling and trauma (sadly) inflicted by humans is also on the list. If Charlie is in continuous pain, I would highly recommend you visit your Veterinarian for an examination to determine what is going on. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Fluffers
Fluffy kitten
10 Weeks
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Limping
Breathing Difficulties
discomfort
Wont eat
Bleeding

My kitten was attacked by a dog and had no outside injuries but a small limp that went away about a day later and he seemed to be fine and went back to his normal self. Today he had got thrown by a kid and landed on his side he has a really strong limp and now screams when he is touched by his leg and will hiss at us. He keeps laying down and has normal then very heavy breathing that gets shallow then normal than heavy again. He seems very uncomfortable and is scaring me. I also noticed that he seemed to have a small amount of bleeding where he pees that he keeps licking at but it looked like it was dried up a little but still fresh. Hes acting alot lazier than he usually is and wont eat or drink water.Im scared something might be seriously wrong with him and need some advice. I cant afford a vet bill my family cant afford it but im worried for him.

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
Without examining Fluffers it is impossible to determine the extent of his injuries and whether there is any life threatening internal injuries; being thrown by a child is a trauma process for a kitten, it is like us being hit by a car at 20 or 30 mph. Given the extent of the trauma, it would be irresponsible for me to not insist on you visiting a Veterinarian regardless of cost; reach out to charity clinics and other non-profits in your area and check the link below. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.aaha.org/pet_owner/lifestyle/cant-afford-critical-veterinary-care-many-nonprofits-can-help!.aspx

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Liam
Siamese mix
6 Months
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Not Eating
Stand offish
Sleepy

My cat got squished when my boyfriend closed the recliner. He screamed but walked away and isn’t limping or anything. He’s not being very playful and doesn’t seem to be as interested in food. He jumps off the bed and table still and back on the bed. He just kind of hides under the bed for now. He hasn’t had any visual signs of blood.

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
Liam may just be in some pain or may be cautious of you and your boyfriend due to receiving the injury; without examining Liam I cannot say whether or not he has an internal injury or bleeding, checking his gums to see if they are white (they shouldn’t be) is a good starting point but if you are concerned visit your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Zelda
tabby
10 Weeks
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

unresponsive
Breathing Difficulty
Pain
Tired
bloody nose

She was thrown hard on the ground by a toddler, and was bleeding from the nose. She cried in pain when we picked her up and now she is laying down and not getting up. Her breathing is labored and she keeps stretching out like it's uncomfortable to lay curled up.

Health Expert
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1690 Recommendations
Any type of severe trauma like this in a kitten should be seen by your Veterinarian immediately as there is no at home treatment for possible brain swelling and other injuries. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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