Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 541 quotes ranging from $100 - 500

Average Cost

$250

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What are Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus?

Proctitis could be caused by allergies, parasites, infections, or an intestinal blockage. This condition is treatable, but because it is painful for your cat, it’s important to take him to a vet right away to make him more comfortable and treat the underlying cause of the condition.

The rectum and anus are both parts of the large intestine. The anus is the actual opening where feces is passed through, and the rectum connects the anus to the colon. If either the rectum or anus are inflamed, the condition is referred to as proctitis. If your cat has proctitis, you will probably notice him struggling to defecate, or crying in pain while doing so. When feces does pass, it may be smaller than usual and could contain blood.

Symptoms of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

Proctitis, or inflammation of the rectum and anus, can cause your cat a great deal of discomfort that is especially noticeable when he tries to defecate. Some of the symptoms you should keep an eye out for include:

  • Straining to defecate
  • Blood in feces
  • Excessive licking 
  • Scooting his bottom across the floor
  • Difficulty defecating

Causes of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

There are a number of different factors that can cause a cat’s rectum and anus to become inflamed. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Allergic reaction
  • Tumors or polyps in the rectum
  • Inflammatory disease
  • Colon inflammation, also known as colitis
  • Parasites in the intestines, including tapeworms or whipworms
  • Presence of a foreign object

Diagnosis of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

If you spot any of the symptoms of proctitis, take your cat to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Talk to the vet about the symptoms you have observed and when they began. You should also provide the vet with a thorough medical history for your cat, and let the vet know if you have recently made any changes to your pet’s diet. If your cat lives outdoors, make sure you mention this to the vet as environmental allergies could cause inflammation if ingested.

The vet will begin by performing a digital rectal examination, which will help assess the condition of the anal gland, and the quality of the stool in the intestines. The vet may also perform complete blood count, urinalysis, and fecal flotation tests, which will help the vet eliminate possible causes of the symptoms. A stool sample may also be examined to check for the presence of parasites. 

If nothing turns up on these tests, the vet may perform an ultrasound or X-ray to check for foreign objects that could be obstructing and irritating the cat’s rectum or anus.

Treatment of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

Treatment will need to first focus on alleviating the discomfort, and then on treating the underlying cause of the symptoms. If the anus is inflamed, the vet may shave the hair in this area and apply a topical ointment to soothe the skin and reduce inflammation. An enema with hydrocortisone may also be administered to soothe the cat internally.

If the underlying cause is a parasite or infection, the vet will prescribe medication that you must administer at home on a regular basis. Oral anti-inflammatory medication is usually prescribed even if the cause is not an inflammatory disease. This medication can help reduce the swelling in the rectum and anus and make your cat more comfortable. 

In some cases, the inflammation is caused by a foreign object or tumor inside the cat’s body. If this is the case with your cat, it is likely that the vet will perform emergency surgery to remove the foreign object or mass. 

While the underlying cause is being treated, the vet may recommend feeding your cat stool softeners or fiber supplements. Both of these options will soften the feces and make it easier for your cat to defecate without pain.

Recovery of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

You will need to closely follow the vet’s instructions when it comes to administering medication to ensure your cat heals properly. If you miss even one dose of an antibiotic treatment, for example, the bacteria could become resistant to the medication, making it less effective.

If your cat has been licking the area, the vet may recommend putting an Elizabethan collar on him to stop this behavior. Or, the vet could give you a poor-tasting topical ointment to apply to the anus.

To make defecation easier on your cat, the vet will most likely ask you to change your cat’s diet to include more fiber and easily digestible foods. Make sure you have this conversation with your vet prior to leaving the office, and follow his instructions closely. Monitor your cat as he heals and take him back to the vet if the symptoms are still present after treatment is over.

As long as your cat receives treatment in a timely manner,  rectal and anal inflammation is easily treatable by veterinarians.

Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Tiger
Simese
4 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Cleaning Anus frequently

Hi there, my male cat has been hiding under a bed that isn't very clean. I noticed that his anus had pink skin peering out and was very swollen. I'm worried it is an infection or something worse. What do you think it is?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
1200 Recommendations
It sounds like a prolapse where the rectum may evert out of the anus, I’ve added a link to a picture below; it may occur due to straining, low fibre diet, tumours, foreign objects among other causes. It is important to keep Tiger’s stool soft to prevent any further tissue from passing through the anus and to take him to your Veterinarian to have it confirmed and place back, a purse string suture may be placed to help hold it in. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.vetstream.com/vetstream/media/images/felis/18_280922.jpg

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