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What are Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus?

Proctitis could be caused by allergies, parasites, infections, or an intestinal blockage. This condition is treatable, but because it is painful for your cat, it’s important to take him to a vet right away to make him more comfortable and treat the underlying cause of the condition.

The rectum and anus are both parts of the large intestine. The anus is the actual opening where feces is passed through, and the rectum connects the anus to the colon. If either the rectum or anus are inflamed, the condition is referred to as proctitis. If your cat has proctitis, you will probably notice him struggling to defecate, or crying in pain while doing so. When feces does pass, it may be smaller than usual and could contain blood.

Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 541 quotes ranging from $100 - $500

Average Cost

$250

Symptoms of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

Proctitis, or inflammation of the rectum and anus, can cause your cat a great deal of discomfort that is especially noticeable when he tries to defecate. Some of the symptoms you should keep an eye out for include:

  • Straining to defecate
  • Blood in feces
  • Excessive licking 
  • Scooting his bottom across the floor
  • Difficulty defecating
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Causes of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

There are a number of different factors that can cause a cat’s rectum and anus to become inflamed. Some of the most common causes include:

  • Allergic reaction
  • Tumors or polyps in the rectum
  • Inflammatory disease
  • Colon inflammation, also known as colitis
  • Parasites in the intestines, including tapeworms or whipworms
  • Presence of a foreign object
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Diagnosis of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

If you spot any of the symptoms of proctitis, take your cat to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Talk to the vet about the symptoms you have observed and when they began. You should also provide the vet with a thorough medical history for your cat, and let the vet know if you have recently made any changes to your pet’s diet. If your cat lives outdoors, make sure you mention this to the vet as environmental allergies could cause inflammation if ingested.

The vet will begin by performing a digital rectal examination, which will help assess the condition of the anal gland, and the quality of the stool in the intestines. The vet may also perform complete blood count, urinalysis, and fecal flotation tests, which will help the vet eliminate possible causes of the symptoms. A stool sample may also be examined to check for the presence of parasites. 

If nothing turns up on these tests, the vet may perform an ultrasound or X-ray to check for foreign objects that could be obstructing and irritating the cat’s rectum or anus.

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Treatment of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

Treatment will need to first focus on alleviating the discomfort, and then on treating the underlying cause of the symptoms. If the anus is inflamed, the vet may shave the hair in this area and apply a topical ointment to soothe the skin and reduce inflammation. An enema with hydrocortisone may also be administered to soothe the cat internally.

If the underlying cause is a parasite or infection, the vet will prescribe medication that you must administer at home on a regular basis. Oral anti-inflammatory medication is usually prescribed even if the cause is not an inflammatory disease. This medication can help reduce the swelling in the rectum and anus and make your cat more comfortable. 

In some cases, the inflammation is caused by a foreign object or tumor inside the cat’s body. If this is the case with your cat, it is likely that the vet will perform emergency surgery to remove the foreign object or mass. 

While the underlying cause is being treated, the vet may recommend feeding your cat stool softeners or fiber supplements. Both of these options will soften the feces and make it easier for your cat to defecate without pain.

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Recovery of Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus in Cats

You will need to closely follow the vet’s instructions when it comes to administering medication to ensure your cat heals properly. If you miss even one dose of an antibiotic treatment, for example, the bacteria could become resistant to the medication, making it less effective.

If your cat has been licking the area, the vet may recommend putting an Elizabethan collar on him to stop this behavior. Or, the vet could give you a poor-tasting topical ointment to apply to the anus.

To make defecation easier on your cat, the vet will most likely ask you to change your cat’s diet to include more fiber and easily digestible foods. Make sure you have this conversation with your vet prior to leaving the office, and follow his instructions closely. Monitor your cat as he heals and take him back to the vet if the symptoms are still present after treatment is over.

As long as your cat receives treatment in a timely manner,  rectal and anal inflammation is easily treatable by veterinarians.

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Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 541 quotes ranging from $100 - $500

Average Cost

$250

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Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Short hair

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Six Years

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Red Butt

Yesterday afternoon I noticed my cat chewing on plastic wrap and after I got him away from it he started coughing for a minute or so. I’m assuming that meant he injected some of the plastic but at most it was about a quarter sized piece of soft plastic. He has been acting normally since and ate his dinner in the evening and in the morning. He has not yet urinated, though he had a bowel movement this afternoon, after which he was licking his butt and I noticed the redness. Is there anything I should look for other than to continue observing him and his litter box habits?

Sept. 14, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. From your description, that small amount of flexible plastic wrap should pass unless we are very unlucky. It may give him some mild GI signs, vomiting or diarrhea, and it may help to feed him a bland diet of boiled white chicken meat for a day or two. If he develops vomiting, diarrhea with blood in it, or he doesn't feel like eating or seems lethargic, then it would be best to have him seen by your veterinarian. It would also be a good idea to keep an eye on his tools to see if you find the plastic at some point. It can take 24 to 72 hours for something like that to pass through. I hope that everything goes well for him and he continues to be healthy.

Sept. 14, 2020

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Domestic shorthair cat

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3 weeks

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Unknown severity

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2 found helpful

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Unknown severity

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Red And Sore Butt

I hve a 3 week old kitten who cannot poop today. The mother cat has been ignoring him as of 3 days ago and i cannot get him to the vet until the end of the month as that was the soonest app. I had to recently switch him to powder formula since walmart ran out of the liquid that i was using since he was born. (He couldnt latch to mom) so now its also up to me to make him poop and pee. His poop is coming out way too hard for him to handle. Its painful for him now and he cried really hard when i finally got him to poop yesterday. But now his butt is so red and hurts him that he does not want to poop

Sept. 6, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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Hello, So sorry to hear about your kitten. It sounds like you do need to help stimulate him to poop. You can apply diaper rash cream to his bottom if it is red and irritated just try to limit mom's exposure for a few hours until the cream has dried. I would reccomend to stimulate him every few hours to help make it easier for him to go.

Sept. 6, 2020

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Black long hair cat

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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3 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Soft Stool, Anus Looks Swollen, Scooting And Issued Trying To Clean Bottom

Is this something we need to move on right away or if we wait a few days to see if it gets better will that be ok?

Aug. 26, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. If your cat seems to be doing well otherwise, and is not vomiting or having outright diarrhea, this may be something that you can monitor to see if it gets better. You may want to try feeding your cat a bland diet of boiled white chicken and boiled white rice for a day or two and see if that helps with the consistency of the stool. If your cat's anus is inflamed or the diarrhea is getting worse, or your cat starts vomiting, those are reasons that I would recommend seeing a veterinarian as soon as possible. I hope that all goes well for your cat and they feel better soon.

Aug. 26, 2020

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Feline

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Eleven Years

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Unknown severity

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2 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea, Excessive Leaking Anal Gland

My cat has been losing weight and having a lot of diarrhea and my vet and I have been working on determining why. Tonight though for the first time, he left two pretty large spots of what I assume was anal gland leakage on the bed. His hind end and underside of his tail looked like it had gotten quite a bit on it. Of course he started licking himself to clean, but then he had another spot of leakage about the size of a nickel. What should I do?

Aug. 8, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. It isn't uncommon for the anal glands to become full is animals have diarrhea, and this may be a normal thing for him if they were full. Since he is under care for other issues, it would be best to keep a close eye on him, if he is bothering with the area once he has cleaned himself, or you notice any swelling or redness around his anus, then having him seen by your veterinarian would be a good idea. He may not have this happen again, and this may be a passing occurrence. I hope that all goes well for him!

Aug. 11, 2020

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UNKNOWN

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6 Weeks

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2 found helpful

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Unknown severity

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Swollen Anus, Discomfort When Defecating, Uncomfortable.

Swollen Anus, discomfort when defecating, uncomfortable. No sign of worms. Out of the 3, he is the only one doing it.

Aug. 5, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. Unfortunately, your puppy may have parasites that you are not seeing externally. Parasites are very common in puppies, and it would be best to have a fecal sample checked by your veterinarian, as they can look under the microscope for eggs. I hope that all goes well for your puppy.

Aug. 5, 2020

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Peaches

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DomestI longhair

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5 Months

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Serious severity

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0 found helpful

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Serious severity

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Noisy Breathing
Yelp When Lifted
Constipation
Yelping
Sore Anus
Diarreha
Blood In Stool
Constipation Diarehha Pain When Poo

Hi guys, not sure if anyone can help, I've recently adopted a kitten and she had litter problems pre Hand but was willing to give it a go and get her better, the day I got her her anus area was covered in poo, looked quite sore and have diarreha, I've been to vets and they gave me worming stuff but that hasn't seemed to help, she is in agony when defficating, yelping and everything.she goes in her bed, next to her food bowel the lot. Has anyone got any tips on what I can do? I feel like vets aren't helping at all :(

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Tux

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N/a

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4 Months

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Serious severity

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Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Irritated, Red, And Swollen Anus.

My rescue cat in which I have had for a few years, recently had a litter. Tux one of the kittens hasn’t been meowing or showing any signs of discomfort but I am worried. His anus seems red and Irritated, there is no puss coming out but it does not look right. I’ve tried searching a few things up but I can’t really come up With anything. Can you possible help guide me in the right direction to get my kitten healthy again.

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Not sure what to name him yet

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tabby

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5 Weeks

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Mild severity

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Mild severity

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Bloody Butt, R
Bloody Butt,

So I just got my kitten today from the humane society the lady said hes was dewormed today but they told me his butt is raw, well now his butt is really bloody, raw and is bulging out idk what to do I'm freaking out😭😭😭

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Ziggy

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Outside Cat

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3 Months

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Inflammed Anus Anus Protruding

Ziggy is a small 3 month old outside kitten. He plays and eats fine. However he has feces on the bottom of his tail and anus. His any is also protruding slightly and pink. He doesn't seem to be in pain unless you try to clean the feces off. Does anyone know the best way to help Ziggy? I am getting worm medicine but what will alleviate the pain until then?

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Graham

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Orange tabby

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8 Weeks

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Inflamation
Inflamation Anus

Kitten is 8 weeks now. He is eating fine drinking water. But I notice his anus is swollen and he hasa big belly. He has a little bit of lose stool. He staring eatting a lot all of a sudden. Can I give him any medication? Is it very serious? He was dewormed 2 weeks ago

Inflammation of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 541 quotes ranging from $100 - $500

Average Cost

$250

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