Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost
31 Veterinary Answers
Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

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What is Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye?

Your pet’s eye health is something that is pretty vital to their existence. Hyphema is one disorder that can occur. Hyphema is a visible bleeding of the eye from either a trauma or secondary disease. It can stem from major issues such as glaucoma, retinal separation, tumors, and more. While it sounds serious, and it can be, it is usually treatable.

Canine retinal bleeding or, hyphema, is a breakdown of the blood-ocular barrier and subsequent inflammation of the anterior chamber. It is a hemorrhage in the eye due to blunt trauma, secondary disease, or retinal detachment. For most, it is painful.

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Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $150 - $2,000

Average Cost

$500

Symptoms of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

The symptoms of hyphema, as mentioned above, are visible. They can develop gradually or suddenly, depending on the cause. Some of the symptoms you should be watching for as a pet owner are:

  • Small blood clots in the front of the eye
  • Blood filling the entire front of the eye
  • Multiple layers of unclotted hemorrhage
  • Expressions of pain
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Rubbing of the face

These symptoms should never be ignored, and if displayed, you should take your pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Left untreated, your pet could face impaired vision or permanent blindness.

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Causes of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

There are many causes of hyphema in dogs, although most are unfortunately very serious. The most common causes of hyphema are:

  • Blunt trauma to the head
  • Anterior Uveitis - this is the inflammation of the iris and ciliary body

  • Intraocular Tumors
  • Congenital and/or heritable conditions
  • Retinal separation

While obviously you cannot guarantee breeding out conditions like this, if you are a pet breeder, you should always try and breed dogs that do not have a history of this condition. Some of the most common breeds that can develop hyphema are Rough Collies, Labradors, and Boxers.

Hyphema that shows up suddenly can be a symptom of an underlying disorder that has not been diagnosed yet, or, of course, trauma. Reoccurring hyphema is a symptom of an ocular disorder that will require further treatment.

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Diagnosis of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

If you notice any of the pre-mentioned symptoms, it is important that you take your pet to their veterinarian as soon as possible. Until then, try and monitor your pet’s behavior. Keep them out of direct light and keep their face clean. 

Once you are able to see a veterinarian, they will perform a complete physical exam as well as ocular tests such as:

  • Schirmer tear testing
  • Fluorescein staining
  • Tonometry
  • Ocular ultrasound
  • Blood pressure tests

These tests will determine if the hyphema is caused due to trauma, glaucoma, tumors, or anything else. Most likely, the tests will be performed at a veterinary ophthalmology specialist clinic. These tests will also determine which is the best treatment for your pet.

The vet will do a full examination of their body to make sure that the blood clots have not formed in other places as well. Blood clots anywhere else in the body can be fatal. If there has been a trauma, they will perform x-rays to check the skull and any other injured areas.

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Treatment of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

Unfortunately, there are no direct drugs that can treat hyphema. However, the veterinarian may prescribe an intracameral tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). This is a drug that breaks up the blood clots in your pet’s eyes and helps them slowly heal. They may also prescribe topical corticosteroids and antibiotics, which are drops that will help reduce inflammation and infection. The vet will most likely prescribe pain relief to help with any discomfort your pet may have.

Once the hemorrhage has been treated, specialists can then treat the underlying issue if there is any. A surgery may be needed in the case of e.g. retinal detachment.

Death is rare from hyphema but if left untreated, blindness and eye loss is a very real possibility. For older pets or pets that have reoccurring hyphema, it is more likely they will go blind or have to have an eye removed to cease infections.

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Recovery of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

Uncomplicated hyphema should be treated and completely healed within 1-3 weeks. With a more serious case, such as one due to tumors, it could take much longer. The underlying disease must be treated in order for the hyphema to cease. Your pet may have to be hospitalized for a while to be monitored.

Your pet will most likely have to go in for regular ocular examinations to monitor the healing of glaucoma or tumors and to have their intra-ocular pressure (IOP) measured to make sure that it is not at a level that risks another hemorrhage.

Once your pet is allowed home, they will be restricted to cage rest and minimal exercise until their IOP levels are stabilized and there is no more threat of hemorrhage. To protect their eyes further, you should monitor them closely and possibly purchase an Elizabethan collar to keep them from touching their face.

Of course, for pets who have had surgery or damage from the hemorrhage, you should monitor and limit their experiences outside for a while. Direct sunlight can be very painful for your pet, and if they rub their face on the ground, it can cause infection or re-opening of wounds.

Hyphema is a serious condition that must be treated as such. While your pet may have to make some short-term sacrifices, treatment is possible. Timing is everything when it comes to hyphema, so be aware of the signs and keep your pet’s eyes healthy.

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Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $150 - $2,000

Average Cost

$500

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Written by hannah hollinger

Veterinary reviewed by: Linda S.

Published: 01/14/2016, edited: 05/13/2021

Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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staffor

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1 Year

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

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Bleeding Out Eyes

My two dogs got in a fight and the one had blood coming out both eyes but not because a cut it was from in side

Jan. 10, 2021

Owner

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Dr. Linda S. MVB MRCVS

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0 Recommendations

Hello, you are through to Dr. Linda. That is very concerning. Dogs can cause significant damage to each other and oftentimes the damage is worse under the surface (this is called the 'tip of the iceberg' effect). Your dog needs to be examined by a vet ASAP. They almost certainly will benefit from anti inflammatories, pain relief and antibiotics.

Jan. 10, 2021

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

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Thirteen Years

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

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Eye Bleeding

Recently noticed that our dog’s left eye had dried blood around the perimeter. Unsure if The blood was caused by an injury or potential popping off blood vessel around the eye

Dec. 25, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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0 Recommendations

It looks like he may have scratched the issues around his eye causing it to bleed. If he can see and otherwise acting normal this may be able to wait until your vet opens back up tomorrow. If he cannot see he would need to be seen right away to save his eye sight

Dec. 25, 2020

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pit bull beagle

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eight weaks

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

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Blood in eye from falli g down the stairs

Dec. 14, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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Hello, this is injury due to the fall. It will heal and go away with time.

Dec. 14, 2020

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blue

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7 Years

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0 found helpful

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Shes not acting any different than she usually does but i noticed she has blood in the white of her eye.

Dec. 1, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Linda S. MVB MRCVS

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This can have a number of causes including trauma, an infection, a blood clotting disorder etc. Less commonly, we could be dealing with something like an immune mediated disorder or cancer. It is best to have her checked over by a vet who will examine her eye, stain it for ulcers, look into the back of it and also assess her from nose to tail.

Dec. 1, 2020

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Poodle

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Sixteen Years

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3 found helpful

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Unknown severity

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Redness

Dog Has Blood Clot & Red Eye. Blood Clot Is Partially On His Pupil. He Has Already Be Diagnosed With Glaucoma By Vet. How Much Should I Expect Treatment To Cost? Can It Be Treated To Reduce Sensitivity & Pain With Out Surgery?

Oct. 11, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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3 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Glaucoma can be a very complicated disease, and if you are noticing blood in his eye for the first time, it would be best to have him seen by your veterinarian right away. The blood clot may be the cause of the glaucoma and surgery may be possible or minimal, or it may be a complication and surgery may be quite extensive. Without seeing his eye, I don't have any way to say that I hope that all goes well and your veterinarian is able to see him soon.

Oct. 11, 2020

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Mercie

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German Shepherd

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3 Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Bloody Eye

Mercie my 3 year old german shepherd’s eye is filling with blood where the brown is. I’ve looked all over the internet and everything is saying where the white is but thats not her case. She hasn’t been in any fights or anything that we can think of that would make her eye fill with blood. Kinda scary. We are worried about her eye sight.

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Nash

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Morkie

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6 Months

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Blood Clot

My 6 month old Morkie was hit in his upper eye by a door. My wife noticed today that he has a bloody spot (red, not pink) above the eye in the white area, almost the top quarter of his eye. It is almost as if a vessel is busted. He is not in pain, but just unsure what to do?

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Cookie

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Cocker Spaniel

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12 Years

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Serious severity

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Serious severity

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Vision Problems

My 12 year old female mix of spaniel and samoyed had, ? Tick induced fever and sudden fall of platelets a month back. She had congested eyelids and sclera. She couldnt see from that day. We did a B-scan for her, which shows retinal detachment in the right eye with evidence of vitreal hemorrhage and there is vitreal hemorrhage in the left eye too, without retinal detachment on the left side. We gave her topical and systemic antibiotics n steroids. Now her health has improved but there is no improvement in vision. Could you give me some idea if her left side vision can improve ? And what precautions should we take so that the left eye doesnt deteriorate further. Now she is hemodynamically stable and treated thouroughly for ticks etc. Thanks.

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Cocoa

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Mixed

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Five Years

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Critical severity

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1 found helpful

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Critical severity

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Hungry All The Time, Lays Around

My dog is just coming up on five years old. She was diagnosed with Lymphoma 4 1/2 months ago. She is on steroids and pills that soothe her stomach so she does not get irritated from the steroids. Her right eye seems to be enlarged and filling with blood where the pupil should be. She seems to not be able to see on that side and the other eye is starting to get the same way.

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coco

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chocolate labador retriever

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9 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Red Eye
Eye Moved

My chocolate lab turning 8 soon has a red eye near bottom and the eye part looks a little off to the right what is it? We think its just alergies but when i looked the big circle eye part was off to the right. help?

Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $150 - $2,000

Average Cost

$500

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