Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost
31 Veterinary Answers
Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

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What is Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye?

Your pet’s eye health is something that is pretty vital to their existence. Unfortunately, many breeds inherit many congenital eye diseases that will more or less show up as they get older. Hyphema is one of these disorders that could form. Hyphema is a visible bleeding of the eye from either a trauma or secondary disease. It can stem from major issues such as glaucoma, retinal separation, tumors, and more. While it sounds serious, and it can be, it is, in fact, treatable.

Canine retinal bleeding or, hyphema, is a breakdown of the blood-ocular barrier and subsequent inflammation of the anterior chamber. It is a hemorrhage in the eye due to blunt trauma, secondary disease, or retinal detachment.

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Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $150 - $2,000

Average Cost

$500

Symptoms of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

The symptoms of hyphema, as mentioned above, are visible. They can develop gradually or suddenly, depending on the cause. Some of the symptoms you should be watching for as a pet owner are:

  • Small blood clots in the front of the eye
  • Blood filling the entire front of the eye
  • Multiple layers of unclotted hemorrhage
  • Expressions of pain
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Rubbing of face

These symptoms should never be ignored, and if shown, you should take your pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Left untreated, your pet could face impaired vision or permanent blindness.

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Causes of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

There are many causes of hyphema in dogs, although most are unfortunately very serious. The most common causes of hyphema are:

  • Blunt trauma to the head
  • Anterior Uveitis - this is the inflammation of the iris and ciliary body

  • Intraocular Tumors
  • Congenital and/or heritable conditions
  • Retinal separation

While obviously you cannot guarantee breeding out conditions like this, if you are a pet breeder, you should always try and breed dogs that do not have a history of this condition. Some of the most common breeds that can develop hyphema are Rough Collies, Labradors, and Boxers.

Hyphema that shows up suddenly can be a symptom of an underlying disorder that has not been diagnosed yet, or, of course, trauma. Reoccurring hyphema is a symptom of an ocular disorder that will require further treatment.

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Diagnosis of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

If you notice any of the pre-mentioned symptoms, it is important that you take your pet to their veterinarian as soon as possible. Until then, try and monitor your pet’s behavior. Keep them out of direct light and keep their face clean. For pets who have not had this before, it could be serious, but a key to catching a different disorder.

Once you are able to see a veterinarian, they will perform many ocular tests such as:

  • Schirmer tear testing
  • Fluorescein staining
  • Tonometry
  • Ocular ultrasound
  • Blood and eye pressure tests

These tests will determine if the hyphema bleeding is caused due to trauma, glaucoma, tumors, or anything else. Most likely, the tests will be performed at a veterinary ophthalmology specialist clinic. These tests will also determine which is the best method of treatment for your pet.

They will do a full examination of their body to make sure that the blood clots have not formed in other places as well. Blood clots anywhere else in the body can be fatal. If there has been a trauma, they will perform x-rays to check the skull and anywhere else that may be broken causing the hemorrhage.

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Treatment of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

Unfortunately, there are no direct drugs that can treat hyphema. However, the veterinarian will most likely prescribe an intracameral tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). This is a drug that breaks up the blood clots on your pet’s eyes and helps them slowly heal. They will also prescribe topical corticosteroids, which is cream that will help heal infections. Once pets are released, specialists will most likely prescribe mild pain relievers to help with any pain your pet may have.

Once the hemorrhage has been treated, specialists can then treat the underlying issue if there is any. This could mean a biopsy or ultrasound, to check for tumors or tests for glaucoma. For some pets, if the tumors are serious enough or if they have experienced trauma, they will have to undergo surgery. However, this is usually uncommon; most treatment is topical for eye conditions.

Death is rare from hyphema but left untreated, blindness and eye loss is a very real possibility. For older pets or pets that have reoccurring hyphema, it is more likely they will go blind or have to have an eye removed to cease infections.

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Recovery of Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye in Dogs

Uncomplicated hyphema should be treated and completely healed within 1-3 weeks. With a more serious case, as one due to glaucoma, cataracts, or tumors, it could take much longer. The underlying disease must be treated in order for the hyphema to cease. Your pet may have to be hospitalized for a while to be monitored.

Your pet will most likely have to go in for regular ocular examinations to monitor the healing of glaucoma or tumors and to have their in ocular pressure (IOP) measured to make sure that it is not at a level that risks another hemorrhage.

Once your pet is allowed home, they will be restricted to cage rest and minimal exercise until their IOP levels are stabilized and there is no more threat of hemorrhage. To protect their eyes further, you should monitor them closely and possibly purchase an Elizabethan collar to keep them from touching their face.

Of course, for pets who have had surgery or damage from the hemorrhage, you should monitor and limit their experiences outside for a while. Direct sunlight can be very painful for your pet, and if they rub their face on the ground, it can cause infection or re-opening of wounds.

Hyphema is a serious condition that must be treated as such. While your pet may have to make some sacrifices to be healthy, treatment is possible. Timing is everything when it comes to hyphema, so be aware of the signs and keep your pet’s eyes healthy.

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Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $150 - $2,000

Average Cost

$500

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Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Poodle

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Sixteen Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness

Dog Has Blood Clot & Red Eye. Blood Clot Is Partially On His Pupil. He Has Already Be Diagnosed With Glaucoma By Vet. How Much Should I Expect Treatment To Cost? Can It Be Treated To Reduce Sensitivity & Pain With Out Surgery?

Oct. 11, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Glaucoma can be a very complicated disease, and if you are noticing blood in his eye for the first time, it would be best to have him seen by your veterinarian right away. The blood clot may be the cause of the glaucoma and surgery may be possible or minimal, or it may be a complication and surgery may be quite extensive. Without seeing his eye, I don't have any way to say that, unfortunately. I hope that all goes well and your veterinarian is able to see him soon.

Oct. 11, 2020

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Mutt

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6 to 10 weeks

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Bloody Eye

She is a puppy an the top of her eyes where its supposed to be white is bloody please help

Sept. 29, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. What you are describing can happen with trauma, infection, or foreign bodies in the eye. If the problem is not getting better, it would be best to have your puppy seen by a veterinarian, as they can look at her eyes and see what's going on. Once they know more, they will be able to help get treatment for her. I hope it all goes well for her.

Oct. 3, 2020

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Dachshund

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Four Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness

Our dog has had a fall and landed on the side of her head and now the whites of her eye on that side are completely red. Will this heal by itself? How long would this take? Do I need to take her to a vet?

Sept. 26, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. I apologize for the delay in answering, this venue is not set up for urgent emails. That may have healed on its' own, or may have needed treatment. If she is still having problems, It would be best to have your pet seen by a veterinarian, as they can examine them, see what might be going on, and get treatment for them.

Oct. 17, 2020

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Mutt

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8 weeks

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Eye Clouding

My puppy has eye clouding and is this cased by caderact

Sept. 26, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. I apologize for the delay, this venue is not set up for urgent emails. Since I cannot see your puppy, unfortunately, It would be best to have your pet seen by a veterinarian, as they can examine them, see what might be going on, and get treatment for them.

Oct. 18, 2020

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Shih Tzu

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Eleven Years

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Ruptured Eye Vessel

is a ruptured eye vessel painful for my pet? And what are the causes?

Aug. 22, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Gina U. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Hello Ruptured eye vessels may be uncomfortable. They are usually seen with some type of head trauma or choking incident. If you are concerned, I recommend that you take him to a veterinarian for an exam. Good luck.

Aug. 22, 2020

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Mercie

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German Shepherd

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3 Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Bloody Eye

Mercie my 3 year old german shepherd’s eye is filling with blood where the brown is. I’ve looked all over the internet and everything is saying where the white is but thats not her case. She hasn’t been in any fights or anything that we can think of that would make her eye fill with blood. Kinda scary. We are worried about her eye sight.

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Nash

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Morkie

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6 Months

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Blood Clot

My 6 month old Morkie was hit in his upper eye by a door. My wife noticed today that he has a bloody spot (red, not pink) above the eye in the white area, almost the top quarter of his eye. It is almost as if a vessel is busted. He is not in pain, but just unsure what to do?

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Cookie

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Cocker Spaniel

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12 Years

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Serious severity

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Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Vision Problems

My 12 year old female mix of spaniel and samoyed had, ? Tick induced fever and sudden fall of platelets a month back. She had congested eyelids and sclera. She couldnt see from that day. We did a B-scan for her, which shows retinal detachment in the right eye with evidence of vitreal hemorrhage and there is vitreal hemorrhage in the left eye too, without retinal detachment on the left side. We gave her topical and systemic antibiotics n steroids. Now her health has improved but there is no improvement in vision. Could you give me some idea if her left side vision can improve ? And what precautions should we take so that the left eye doesnt deteriorate further. Now she is hemodynamically stable and treated thouroughly for ticks etc. Thanks.

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Cocoa

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Mixed

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Five Years

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Critical severity

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1 found helpful

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Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Hungry All The Time, Lays Around

My dog is just coming up on five years old. She was diagnosed with Lymphoma 4 1/2 months ago. She is on steroids and pills that soothe her stomach so she does not get irritated from the steroids. Her right eye seems to be enlarged and filling with blood where the pupil should be. She seems to not be able to see on that side and the other eye is starting to get the same way.

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coco

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chocolate labador retriever

dog-age-icon

9 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Red Eye
Eye Moved

My chocolate lab turning 8 soon has a red eye near bottom and the eye part looks a little off to the right what is it? We think its just alergies but when i looked the big circle eye part was off to the right. help?

Bleeding of the Retina in the Eye Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $150 - $2,000

Average Cost

$500

Vetericyn Plus Antimicrobial Gel

For irritated eyes

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