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What is Miscarriage?

A dog may abort or reabsorb a litter at any time during her pregnancy due to a number of reasons. Without adequate levels of progesterone or proper nutrition, she cannot maintain her pregnancy. Infection or other diseases may likewise prompt a miscarriage. If your dog is secreting vaginal discharge, or if she abruptly becomes lethargic and depressed, she may have miscarried or aborted her pregnancy, though you will need to bring her to the veterinarian for a proper diagnosis.

A miscarriage is the spontaneous resorption or abortion of a dog’s litter. This is sudden and irreversible, and it typically results in a poor prognosis for any remaining fetuses, though most bitches make a full recovery. A veterinarian may be able to help your dog carry the rest of the litter to term if the necessary action is taken soon enough.

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Miscarriage Average Cost

From 298 quotes ranging from $200 - $2,500

Average Cost

$750

Symptoms of Miscarriage in Dogs

A miscarriage may lead to either a spontaneous abortion or a resorption. If the litter is reabsorbed at the start of the pregnancy, your dog may not exhibit any signs. If a miscarriage occurs closer to the due date, however, a fetus will be aborted. You may see vaginal discharge, contractions, or expelled placental or fetal tissue. Often times, a dog owner doesn’t realize that the bitch has miscarried, as she may eat any expelled tissue before it is discovered. A dog who has suffered a miscarriage may be lethargic or depressed and may become dehydrated if she is refusing to eat or drink.

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Causes of Miscarriage in Dogs

There are many different reasons a pregnant dog may miscarry one or more of her puppies. These include:

  • Infection, such as brucellosis, herpes, or toxoplasmosis
  • Low progesterone levels
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Fetal defects
  • Endocrine disorders, such as Cushing’s disease
  • Genetic defects
  • Response to medication

Depending on the cause of the miscarriage, certain breeds of dogs may be more susceptible than others. Malnourished dogs are more likely to miscarry, as they lack the nutrients needed to carry a pregnancy to term.

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Diagnosis of Miscarriage in Dogs

A miscarriage may go undiagnosed if the owner does not realize that the dog was pregnant. This is especially true at the start of the pregnancy, when the bitch is more likely to reabsorb the prenatal tissue and to show no sign of her condition.

If you suspect that your dog has miscarried, bring her in to the veterinarian. The veterinarian can test for the presence of fetuses through palpation, radiographs, or ultrasound, which will reveal any puppies that are present. X-rays and ultrasounds are especially useful both for identifying uterine contents and for determining the viability of fetuses still present. Depending on the cause of the miscarriage, the veterinarian may recommend additional tests for infection or other underlying conditions, which will need to be treated to ensure your dog’s overall health.

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Treatment of Miscarriage in Dogs

Treatment for bitches who have miscarried is supportive and varies depending on circumstance. Restrict your dog’s activity, and make sure that she remains hydrated while she recovers. If any of the fetuses are still viable, the veterinarian will find a way to help your dog carry them to term. Otherwise, you will need to ensure that your dog has expelled all pregnancy-related tissues, which can be verified with an ultrasound.

If the pregnancy was aborted due to an infection, your dog will require antibiotics. Any other underlying conditions will likewise need to be treated, and IV fluid therapy may be recommended if your dog is severely dehydrated. The prognosis varies according to the cause of the miscarriage, though most bitches will recover and be able to conceive again in the future, with the exception being for dogs that have developed brucellosis or a uterine infection.

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Recovery of Miscarriage in Dogs

Your dog will need extra attention from you while she recovers from her miscarriage. Most bitches show signs of depression following the loss of her litter, but given time, she should recover and return to her old self. Limit her activity during the first few days following the miscarriage, and ensure that she has access to clean, fresh water, as well as a quiet, comfortable place where she can rest.

Monitor vaginal discharge daily, and alert the veterinarian if you notice anything unusual. As your dog recovers, the amount of discharge will decrease until it stops altogether. The veterinarian may recommend a follow-up exam depending on the cause of the miscarriage, especially if an infection was involved.

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Miscarriage Average Cost

From 298 quotes ranging from $200 - $2,500

Average Cost

$750

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Miscarriage Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Pit Bull

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Seven Years

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Unknown severity

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3 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Woke up this morning my dog is pregnant and bleeding black blood not a lot but in spots

Dec. 28, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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3 Recommendations

Hello, this could be early signs of labor if she is about to be due. I would have your vet look at her and make sure everything is okay.

Dec. 28, 2020

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German Shepherd

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Four Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Pregnant, whelping, showing green discharge, a ton of licking of the vulva, not eating but drinking. This has been going on for 3 days. No contractions and no pushing, belly seems to have gone down. I’m really concerned

Dec. 27, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Hello, if she has been in labor for 3 days, it is best for her to see a vet. She will most likely need a c-section. Sometimes puppies get stuck in the birth canal and need to be physically removed via a c-section.

Dec. 27, 2020

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Siberian Husky

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Eighteen Months

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Unknown severity

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My dog is 3 weeks pregnant and has pinkish/light red blood in her urine what could it be from? I called the emergency vet by me and they said it could be a uti or she could be aborting the puppies

Dec. 27, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Hello, the emergency vet was correct this could be a UTI but could be her aborting the pups. Miscarriages are not very common but can happen.

Dec. 27, 2020

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English Bulldog

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Fourteen Months

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Unknown severity

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2 found helpful

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How do I know if my dog is having a miscarriage

Dec. 26, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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2 Recommendations

Hello, if your dog is having a miscarriage you would see them passing the fetus and placentas. if you think that there are any issues with your dog and her puppies, it would be best for her to see a vet right away. With their pregnancy being very short we rarely see miscarriages in dogs.

Dec. 26, 2020

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Mix breed

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1year5month

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Unknown severity

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8 found helpful

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Had Heavy Period Past 4Days Now It Is Smelling Bad I Think It Is Its Discharge And It Didn'T Gave Birthto The Puppies I Think They Are Dead

how can I help my dog to release the dead puppies

Sept. 28, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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8 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. If you think that she has dead puppies inside of her, she needs to see a veterinarian. That can become life threatening for her, and there is no way to help her at home. I hope that she is okay.

Oct. 4, 2020

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Wendy

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Mix breed

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1 Year

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Moderate severity

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1 found helpful

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Moderate severity

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My dog Wendy is nearly 2 years old and went through miscarriage with 3 puppies since we're not allowed to go outside we treated her at home. She's not eating as much, she's definitely depressed and is bleeding alot.

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Bella

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Pit bull

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2 Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Bloody Mucos And Lethargic

Hi my pit mix Bella is almost 2yrs old and was just having her 2nd heat. During this time the neighbor pit got to her 3 or 4 times. I figured 4 sure she was pregnant. Her heat cycle ended about a WK ago but this morning I found a dark puddle of liquid I didn't know what it was. She hasn't been herself all day and then tonight I found a leg pile of bloody mucos. Do u think she miscarried her pups

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Bang

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier

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5 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Miscarriage With Discharge

I have a bitch that at 4-5 weeks gestation she started to loose pinkish discharge She had a fever and was given antibiotics for 10 days. She is still loosing pinkish fluid after 2 weeks. No visible puppies born. She is now much better temp and appetite normal. I am concerned at how long this discharge/bleeding can go on in the case of a miscarriage. She is a Staffordsshire Bull Terrier 5 years of age with one previous successful mating. I want to spey her after she finishes discharging but am concerned about how long it is taking.

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Nany

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German Shepherd

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18 Months

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Critical severity

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0 found helpful

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Critical severity

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Miscarriage
Blood In Stool
Blood Valvua

Sir/madam my female dog was pregnant but when she pregnant around 32 day she start bleeding. Doctor give antibiotics bleeding was stop after 3 days of treatment. But now she 40 days pregnant and bleeding was started again.This is miscarriages sir please help me

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Mia

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier

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2 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

No Symptoms

Hello my girl was mated by accident she had a the abortion injections as this breed she bred with was way too big and was not planned. We are hoping to breed her planned now as she's in heat now will this be ok since she has had an abortion 9 weeks ago or could this cause problems?

Miscarriage Average Cost

From 298 quotes ranging from $200 - $2,500

Average Cost

$750

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