Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw Average Cost

From 58 quotes ranging from $1,200 - 6,000

Average Cost

$2,500

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What is Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw?

Your dog’s jaw has a mandible (lower jaw) and a maxilla (upper jaw) which can be fractured in an accident or other trauma. In contrast, there are some infections and other illnesses that can cause the bones in that area to weaken, leaving your dog susceptible to mandible or maxilla fractures. Some of these are periodontitis (gum disease), tumor, cyst, or a metabolic disease or disorder (i.e. hypocalcemia, hypoglycemia). The risk of a secondary infection is great, so it is very important to bring your dog to see the veterinarian no matter how mild the damage seems to be because there could be more damage inside that you cannot see. However, you will need to check your dog for other injuries prior to preparing him for a trip to the veterinarian just in case of internal or spinal injury.

Fractures of the upper jaw and lower jaw (fracture of the mandible or maxilla) is commonly found in trauma, such as being hit by a vehicle, although it is possible to be a complication during dental treatment or from a disease or infection. The majority of mandibular fractures are open fractures (broken skin) and are at risk for infection, so it is essential to start antibiotics right away. Without immediate treatment, the infection can cause serious illness and may even be fatal.

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Symptoms of Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw in Dogs

  • Pain in the jaw area
  • Swelling in the facial areas
  • Drooling
  • Whining
  • Depression
  • Scratching or rubbing at jaw
  • Anxiety
  • Broken teeth
  • Mouth bleeding
  • Blood in the nasal passages
  • Unable to open and/or close the mouth
  • Inability to eat
  • Visible injury to face

 Types

  • Open fractures refer to a fracture that includes bones or teeth that have broken through the skin
  • Closed fractures are any fracture that does not break the skin
  • Simple fracture refers to a single and clean break that is easy to line up and secure
  • Comminuted fracture is when the bone is shattered, crushed, or broken into more than three parts

Causes of Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw in Dogs

  • Accident or trauma (i.e. hit by vehicle, animal abuse, fall from a great height)
  • Animal bite
  • Periodontitis
  • Tumor
  • Cyst
  • Metabolic disease or disorder

Diagnosis of Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw in Dogs

Your veterinarian will first want to know your dog’s medical history and the details of the accident or trauma (if applicable). He will also need to know when the symptoms started, whether they have gotten worse, and whether your dog’s behavior has changed. The veterinarian will do a thorough physical examination, checking for other injuries and being sure to get your dog’s body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. He will need to run some tests to determine the extent of the damage and the possible cause if not known. These tests will include:

  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood chemistry panel
  • Blood clotting test
  • Urinalysis
  • Glucose test (blood sugar level)
  • Bacterial culture
  • Fungal culture
  • Digital radiographs (x-rays) of the jaw while your dog is sedated
  • Digital radiographs (x-rays) of the head, neck, and abdomen

Depending on the results of these tests, your veterinarian may need to run some more tests, such as a CT scan, MRI, ultrasound or biopsy (if a tumor is discovered). In some instances, there may be the need for a referral to a canine dental professional.

Treatment of Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw in Dogs

Your veterinarian’s main goal is to repair your dog’s jaw to normal while keeping the natural alignment so eating and chewing are restored. The best choice of treatment for a simple closed mandible or maxilla fracture are intra oral splints with a wire base and reinforced with acrylic or composite material to hold the jaw in place while it heals. The splint can be bonded to the tooth crowns of the teeth on both sides of the fracture. This type of splinting is best because it gives a good stable base on the tension side of the break, which is the best place to create a proper alignment during healing. Healing should be about six to eight weeks as long as the jaw can be set at the proper bite position the first time. Your dog may also need a feeding tube to help him eat while he the jaw fracture is healing. 

If your dog has an open or comminuted fracture, surgery is usually necessary to repair or replace the shattered bones. Depending on the extent of the injury, the surgery is almost always successful and healing time is about the same as with the splinted repair. If the fracture is caused by an underlying disease or disorder, the treatment and recovery can vary greatly, depending on the condition and severity.

Periodontitis

Gum disease requires dental treatment by a canine dental professional that usually includes a thorough cleaning and scaling of the teeth as well as removal of any damaged or infected teeth.

Tumor

A tumor will have to be removed and biopsied to determine if it is cancerous. If cancer is present, radiation treatments and chemotherapy will most often be necessary. The treatment will vary depending on the extent of the cancer.

Cysts

A cyst may or may not need to be removed, depending on whether the veterinarian thinks it may cause more damage to the jaw and surrounding tissues. It is a simple outpatient procedure that is very safe and effective.

Metabolic Disease or Disorder

A metabolic disease or disorder, such as hypocalcemia and hypoglycemia, will need to be treated after the fracture has been taken care of. The treatments are varied depending on the type and extent of the disease or disorder.

Recovery of Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw in Dogs

The recovery outlook for mandible or maxilla fracture is very good depending on the cause and severity of the fracture. If the veterinarian is able to align the jaw, setting the fracture is usually a routine procedure that is highly successful. If your dog has an underlying disease or infection, the recovery depends on how bad it is and whether it can be treated or not. The most significant thing you can do for your dog is to follow the veterinarian’s instructions and be sure to go to any follow-up appointments even if your dog is better and you do not think it is necessary. It is always important to follow up.

Fractures of Upper and Lower Jaw Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Henry
Mutt
4 Weeks
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Especially quiet

We have a month old Golden retriever mix puppy, we think his mother stepped on him. His jaw is kind of slanted to the left, he can’t close his mouth all the way. He’s been especially quiet than he normally is, it Doesn’t seem to hurt him for me to touch it he actually prefers for me to massage it. I think it might be dislocated? We don’t have money for vet bills, but we could always surrender him. I just wanted to know what it could be, what the best way to go would be.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
511 Recommendations
Thank you for your email. Without being able to examine Henry, i can't comment on what might be going on with him. If he has a dislocation, it may be better to have it repaired sooner rather than waiting until he has grown more. Whether you can afford a veterinary visit or not, he needs to be seen, and you can decide what you want to do with him once you know more what is going on. Many clinics offer 'free first exams' that may allow you to have him seen. I hope that he is okay.

Also,

Hi, Henry’s owner here! He is also showing some discomfort, but he can mivw his jaw he just can’t close it all the way. But He is also being playful like nothing is wrong. It seems like it might be a little swollen but not bad at all.

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shaggy
Yorkie
10 Years
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

died

dog attacked my yorkie popping eye out of socket and broken jawbone. Vet wire the jawbone but yorkie had no teath and was overwieght snorking a lot. can it be my yorkie died due to suffocation. he was 10 years old. he alos died in a sitting position why would this be

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations
It is difficult to say what specifically caused Shaggy’s death, but it is possible that the swelling caused airway restriction in the nasal cavity and he had his jaw wired shut; a sitting position especially with the neck and head extended is in an attempt to breathe easier. I don’t want to add to your stress by trying to theorise what may have occurred, you should speak with your Veterinarian for a necropsy if you are looking for answers. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Hi thanks for the feedback. I spoke to him he said he didnt suffocate as the gums were red not purple. Also he died 6hours after the operation

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Romeo
Shih Tzu
5 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Jaw Clenched

My two shih tzus were playing on the couch, Romeo fell off and hit his face on the floor. He began to open and close his mouth as if he had dislocated his jaw or bit his tongue and rubbing his face with his hands. he won’t let me touch him there’s no blood but he is just laying down with his face turn like trying to get comfortable. I’m not sure if he dislocated his jaw or bit his tongue.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
511 Recommendations
Thank you for your email. Without examining him, I cannot tell if Romeo has dislocated his jaw, bitten his tongue, or had another type of injury. It would be best to take him to the nearest 24 hour vet clinic today and have him evaluated to make sure the he is okay. If he has not broken anything, he may need pain medication. I hope that he is okay!

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Chi Chi
Chihuahua
16 Weeks
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

bad breath

4 month old Chihuahua had a broke lower left jaw broken by our older lab, it broke through the skin and a wire was placed by Vet and surgery for hopes of healing, we are waiting for next appointmen, but we now notice a foul smell from her mouth. Does this mean that is the bone is dying? We are worried she will be put down if the done is dying and did not heal.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
511 Recommendations
Thank you for contacting us about ChiChi. Without examining her, I can't say for sure where the smell is coming from, but it is possible that the area is becoming infected. She should be seen for a recheck sooner than your upcoming appointment to have it looked at and determine whether it is an infection or a problem with the bone. If she is still eating and drinking and looking bright and happy, you should be able to wait until tomorrow. If she is lethargic, not eating, or seems like she is deteriorating, she should be seen today, as she is very small and will become dehydrated quickly. I hope that she is okay.

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Maci
Pomeranian
7 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

My 10 pound Pomeranian was bitten in the mouth yesterday by my family’s pit bull dog who has never been violent but on this occasion the dog went to take the Pomeranians food and the Pomeranian reacted which then the pit reacted. My Pom has been at the vet and I’ll pick her up tomorrow but the vet has completed x rays and confirmed that her upper jaw bone is completely broke. He said he has place “large suiters” that he would use on a bigger dog for the healing process. My question is do you think the suiters will help instead of like a plate? I can’t aleep. I’m a wreck and we do not have vet insurance and are paying out of pocket.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations
No two cases are the same and are treated on a case by case basis; your Veterinarian would have seen the severity of the injury and would have chosen the technique he felt being suitable for that injury. I cannot say whether or not I would have done anything differently because I haven’t examined Maci or seen the x-rays. I would put trust in your Veterinarian and make sure that you fully understand the aftercare instructions before leaving. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Victor
Chihuahua
15 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

Swelling

My chihuahua fell last night. He has swelling on his face on the right side, and he cries if I touch it. After He fell, there was very little bleeding. He also rubs his chin to his chest if I put pressure to the right side. I can touch his left side, and even put pressure on it. There's no swelling anywhere other than his right side. I'm curious if he may have a broken lower jaw?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations
Fracture or dislocation may occur after a bad fall, but without examining Victor I cannot say whether it is a fracture or not. Given the severity of swelling and his age it would be advisable to have an examination and x-rays done to check the jaw and temporomandibular joint. Treatment would be dependent on your Veterinarian’s findings; until you visit your Veterinarian make sure that Victor is able to eat and drink, if he is having trouble syringe it to him. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Butterbean
Poodle
14 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

I have a poodle who weighs 5 pounds. He was attacked by our malinois mix yesterday. (About 60 lbs) I took our poodle, butterbean, to the vet this morning. He has a broken maxilla. Completely separate from the skull. He is 13 yrs old. He has no teeth. The vet kept him at the clinic and said he will be given fluids, antibiotics, pain management for a couple of days. Surgery was discussed, as well as possible euthanization​, all depending on response to treatment. This is all secondary to a recent attack by the same dog who severed the eye from the socket requiring a 3rd flap repair. We were supposed to have the sutures removed today. Given the age of butterbean, what would be the likelihood of this healing by itself? And would life with a g-tube be the most likely event following this type of situation? Please help. I'm a nervous wreck. Just looking for an opinion, I understand you can't be certain without an examination.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations
I cannot see a good outcome from a wait and see approach here, I cannot examine Butterbean but given his age and extent of injury I cannot see that it would be in his best interest to leave it ‘as is’. Surgery and euthanasia would be your two options and dare I say if your Malinois is being this violent towards Butterbean on two separate occasions I would be suggesting some behavioural training, rehoming, neutering (if not already done) or euthanasia. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Dinky
Tibetan Terrier
8 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

n/a

I was planning on adopting a rescue dog who has a previously broken, not repaired, badly misaligned jaw. I was told that surgery was scheduled to re-break and re-align the jaw and would occur prior to the adoption. It was estimated the original break happened several years prior. I was ready to take Dinky home after the surgery, but was told they decided not to perform the jaw re-alignment because he was eating well and was not in pain. Jaw is badly displaced and lower canine(?) protrudes out in a severe manner.

Can an 8 year old dog live the rest of his life comfortably with a badly misaligned mouth?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations

Misaligned jaw is sometimes more of a cosmetic problem than a functional problem; if Dinky is eating well and doesn’t have any pain or discomfort whilst eating, this is a good sign. There is a small chance that it may become a problem in future, so we cannot rule anything out; obviously I haven’t examined Dinky so I cannot fully comment, but if the problem is purely cosmetic I wouldn’t worry too much. I also think it is great that you’re wanting to take Dinky in, there are many dogs like him looking for love. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Mini
Chihuahua
13 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Pain and swelling

My dog is a female 13 year old chihuahua that just recently got attacked my another dog. She had a few scratches on her upper eyelid and her right lower jaw broke. We took her to the vet and they said that her broken jaw could possibly heal by itself. Is that possible? If so, how long could it take for it to heal? If she was to need surgery, how much would it cost?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations

Depending on the severity of the injury and whether the jaw is still aligned or not, there is a chance that the jaw may heal on its own within six or eight weeks; more severe cases would require surgery to correct the the jaw. As for price; your Veterinarian would be able to give you a more accurate quote as pricing varies from Veterinarian to Veterinarian, city to city and varies depending on severity but may cost upwards of $5,000 in severe cases (again your Veterinarian will give you an accurate quote). Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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bog
American Cocker Spaniel
8 Weeks
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

he cries and leans his head and paws the air soke

My neighbor dog snapped at my puppy today he was bleeding and crying. The bleeding has stopped but he just randomly starts crying and he leans his head when he does. Do you think it could be broke.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations

A puppy of eight weeks shouldn’t be allowed outside to mix with other dogs as they wouldn’t be protected by vaccination. I cannot tell if there is a broken bone or not, but the bite will be painful for a young pup and the inflammation would cause pain too. You should take Bog to a Veterinarian for an examination and for antibiotics as his immune system won't be so strong and runs the risk of a serious infection. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Sadie
Yorkshire Terrier
9 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Tooth Loss
Deteriorating Lower Jaw

Dog was born with a genetic gum disease and has since lost all her teeth and her lower jaw has deteriorated, she is still able to eat and drink due to having a long tongue...is it possible to reconstruct her lower jaw and gain new bone growth?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations

Deterioration of the jawbone is difficult to treat; UC Davis have a Biomedical Engineering Department which has shown great success with the treatment of jawbone deterioration which has been used to treat cases of jawbone loss due to tumours or trauma but maybe applicable to other conditions. Depending on the extent of the deterioration a section of jawbone maybe removed and the remaining ends are bridged with a plate and a protein scaffolding is placed where the jawbone has been removed. Please see the link below for more information. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Gizmo
Chihuahua and schnauzer mix
3 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

He won't close his mouth

I have a small dog who is said to be a mix of a chihuahua and a miniature schnauzer. 2 dogs have gotten a hold of him and have appeared to have broken his lower jaw. How much would a possible surgery cost? Otherwise we may have to put him down if the cost is too expensive

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2008 Recommendations

There maybe a broken jaw or dislocated jaw; x-rays will confirm the damaged caused by the attack and your Veterinarian will be able to make a surgical plan depending on the severity of the damage. Pricing can be quite difficult to determine since it depends on the type of fracture, the extent of any wiring and the number of surgeries; also your location and the choice of General Veterinarian or Specialist can see costs range from $2,000 to $5,000. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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