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What are Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus?

The large intestine’s lower section is known as the rectum, and this section stores the waste from the colon before it passes out of the body through the opening called the anus. The anal canal is lined by several layers of skin and muscle that help with the contracting and expanding of this canal as waste is preparing to leave the body. Protrusion of the rectum and anus in dogs occurs when the dog’s rectum, either a few layers or all of the layers, drop down and extend outside of the anal opening. Also known as rectal prolapse, it looks as if the dog has a hard, fleshy, tube coming out (yet still attached to) of his anus. Any type of mass, either cylinder shaped or a large piece of skin that protrudes out of the anus needs to be examined by a veterinarian. Other parts of the intestine can drop down as well, so having a medical professional examine this condition as soon as possible is necessary.

Protrusion of the rectum and anus in dogs transpires from the rectal layers, all or in part, dropping down and extending outside the opening of the anus. There are many causes for this condition, ranging from parastic invasion to disorders of the digestive system.

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Symptoms of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

If your dog has a prolapsed rectum, he may exhibit specific symptoms. Symptoms can include:

  • Dragging his bottom along the floor
  • Licking the area
  • Exposed tissue extending out of the anus
  • An irritable demeanor
  • Straining to defecate

Types

If your dog has rectal prolapse and requires surgery, there are three types of surgical procedures that are performed. The surgical procedure depends on the severity of the rectal prolapse. Surgical types are:

  • Perianal purse string suture
  • Colpoplexy
  • Rectal resection
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Causes of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

This disorder most likely can occur in younger dogs, although dogs of all ages can be affected. There are a variety of causes of this disorder. Causes can include:

  • Perineal hernia
  • Diarrhea that occurs often
  • Constipation that occurs often
  • Urinary disease
  • Intestinal disease
  • Anorectal disease
  • Digestive disorders
  • Gastrointestinal parasites
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Diagnosis of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

Once you notice the symptoms and take your dog to the veterinarian, the veterinarian will do a thorough examination. He may order specific laboratory tests to determine any underlying disorders, such as gastrointestinal parasites, digestive disorders, or other diseases. Blood work, a biochemistry profile, and urinalysis will be given, as well as any ultrasound methods if the veterinarian feels they are necessary to further confirm a diagnosis.

A probe will be inserted into or alongside the inner rectal area to identify the type of tissue, either rectal tissue or anal tissue, that is protruding from the anus. Once this is determined, he will run specific tests to determine the underlying cause for the prolapse, such as from any parasites in the gastrointestinal tract. Imaging of the abdomen, blood tests, and testing of the dog’s stools will be performed. 

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Treatment of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

Once the underlying condition, if any, is found the veterinarian will make a decision concerning treatment. Treatment methods can vary depending on the condition of the dog and the severity of the prolapse.

Surgery

The medical professional will then determine method of treatment, such as surgery, if needed. This may need to happen in extreme cases and if the prolapse is within the upper and inner rectal canal. The dog will need to have anesthesia for this surgery, which involves repairing the prolapse. This invasive or partially invasive surgery may require hospitalization and stitches, so when the dog is released he will have to be closely monitored. 

Medication

Rather than surgery, as in mild cases, the veterinarian may apply a topical medication to help relieve the swelling. He may massage the area to help reduce the swelling and be able to manually put the tissue back into its proper place. This will also require stitching, so the dog will have to have a form of anesthesia to reduce any pain.

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Recovery of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

Once your dog has been treated, the veterinarian may prescribe stool softeners or a special diet to allow the area to properly heal. It is important to keep all follow-up appointments with the veterinarian and to follow the instructions given for any at-home care. It is important to contact the veterinarian if you see any unusual signs or symptoms, such as consistent diarrhea or any signs of your companion not feeling well. The prognosis of the protrusion of rectum and anus in dogs is generally good, but it also depends on the underlying condition your dog may have. If you have any questions or concerns, do not hesitate to ask your medical professional.

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Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 51 quotes ranging from $300 - $2,500

Average Cost

$1,000

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Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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mixed

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Six Weeks

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Unknown severity

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8 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Anal Glands Sticking Out

My six week old puppies anal glands are popping out. The pups are rubbing their bottoms on the ground and struggling to poop.

Dec. 18, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Linda S. MVB MRCVS

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8 Recommendations

I'm sorry to hear this. From the photo, it is hard to see, but this could actually be a rectal prolapse. Regardless, the pup should be checked by a vet. This is often associated with excessive straining and worms.

Dec. 18, 2020

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French Bulldog

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1 year

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Unknown severity

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4 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Hard On Side Of Anus And Occasional Bleeding

Is this a common issue? Should I take her to emergency?

Sept. 29, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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4 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. There are different things that can cause bleeding near the anus, including infections, tumors or anal gland problems. If this is not resolving or getting better, then it would be best to have your dog seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible, yes. They will be able to examine her, see what might be causing this, and let you know how to treat it. I hope that all goes well for her.

Oct. 1, 2020

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Miniature Pinscher

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Six Years

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness

My dog bottom is sticking out and it looks as if it’s sore and is causing her to just lay around all day.

Sept. 28, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. It is not a normal thing for her colon to be protruding from her back end, and if she seems to not be feeling well, as well, she needs to see a veterinarian right away. Those tissues can become necrotic, and the tissues can die without treatment. I hope that all goes well for her.

Oct. 5, 2020

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Boxer

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8 weeks

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Unknown severity

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3 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea Every Hour Along With Bloating And Her Butt Looks Swollen

What can I do to help her upset stomach

Sept. 27, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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3 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. I am sorry for the delay, this platform is not set up for urgent emails. Puppies are very prone to parasites and intestinal infections, and infectious diseases. It would be best to have her seen by a veterinarian, as they can examine her and see what might be causing this problem, and get treatment for her.

Oct. 10, 2020

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Beagle lab

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Two Months

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Unknown severity

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2 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness

my 2 month old puppy has a red ball in his butt

Sept. 7, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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2 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. The red lump that you're describing may be due to straining, as puppies are quite prone to intestinal parasites and they can cause problems the best thing to do at this point would be to have a veterinarian look at your puppy, analyze a fecal sample for parasite eggs, and see if any parasites are present that need to be treated. Most puppies have parasites and do need to have treatment for them. I hope that everything goes well for your puppy.

Sept. 7, 2020

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Jack

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German Shorthaired Pointer

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9 Weeks

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Anus Protrusion

I have a 9 week old German Short Hair and when he defecates his anus protrudes. It is not red just normal skin color. When finished it retracts. Is this normal in young puppies.

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Lucky

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Labrador Retriever

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3 Months

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Anus Protrusion

Hi, my 3-month-old lab puppy has had something protruding from his anus these past few days. He does notice it when it comes out but other than that he's very playful and eating well. Do we have to take him to the vet or is there something else we can do?

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Luna

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Alaskan Klee Kai

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10 Years

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Fair severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Pink Anus

My 10 yr old Alaskan Klee Kai has not really had any symptoms. I did notice her anus looks a little pinker than usual so I wanted to make note next time she defecated. When she did I notice maybe a small bit of her rectum came out with the faces but then went back in. Her bowel movement appeared formed and somewhat hard? Could this be due to constipation or a hard BM?

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Persephone

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Shepherd akita lab husky

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1 Month

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Anus Protrusion

I have a 4 week old puppy just noticed she, has something red sticking out. Of her anus she strained pooping noticed it today. I keep it clean could it be a prolapsed rectum.

Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 51 quotes ranging from $300 - $2,500

Average Cost

$1,000

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Compare Pet Insurance & Wellness Plans

Save up to $273 per year

Compare plans
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