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What are Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus?

The large intestine’s lower section is known as the rectum, and this section stores the waste from the colon before it passes out of the body through the opening called the anus. The anal canal is lined by several layers of skin and muscle that help with the contracting and expanding of this canal as waste is preparing to leave the body. Protrusion of the rectum and anus in dogs occurs when the dog’s rectum, either a few layers or all of the layers, drop down and extend outside of the anal opening. Also known as rectal prolapse, it looks as if the dog has a hard, fleshy, tube coming out (yet still attached to) of his anus. Any type of mass, either cylinder shaped or a large piece of skin that protrudes out of the anus needs to be examined by a veterinarian. Other parts of the intestine can drop down as well, so having a medical professional examine this condition as soon as possible is necessary.

Protrusion of the rectum and anus in dogs transpires from the rectal layers, all or in part, dropping down and extending outside the opening of the anus. There are many causes for this condition, ranging from parastic invasion to disorders of the digestive system.

Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 51 quotes ranging from $300 - $2,500

Average Cost

$1,000

Symptoms of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

If your dog has a prolapsed rectum, he may exhibit specific symptoms. Symptoms can include:

  • Dragging his bottom along the floor
  • Licking the area
  • Exposed tissue extending out of the anus
  • An irritable demeanor
  • Straining to defecate

Types

If your dog has rectal prolapse and requires surgery, there are three types of surgical procedures that are performed. The surgical procedure depends on the severity of the rectal prolapse. Surgical types are:

  • Perianal purse string suture
  • Colpoplexy
  • Rectal resection
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Causes of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

This disorder most likely can occur in younger dogs, although dogs of all ages can be affected. There are a variety of causes of this disorder. Causes can include:

  • Perineal hernia
  • Diarrhea that occurs often
  • Constipation that occurs often
  • Urinary disease
  • Intestinal disease
  • Anorectal disease
  • Digestive disorders
  • Gastrointestinal parasites
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Diagnosis of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

Once you notice the symptoms and take your dog to the veterinarian, the veterinarian will do a thorough examination. He may order specific laboratory tests to determine any underlying disorders, such as gastrointestinal parasites, digestive disorders, or other diseases. Blood work, a biochemistry profile, and urinalysis will be given, as well as any ultrasound methods if the veterinarian feels they are necessary to further confirm a diagnosis.

A probe will be inserted into or alongside the inner rectal area to identify the type of tissue, either rectal tissue or anal tissue, that is protruding from the anus. Once this is determined, he will run specific tests to determine the underlying cause for the prolapse, such as from any parasites in the gastrointestinal tract. Imaging of the abdomen, blood tests, and testing of the dog’s stools will be performed. 

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Treatment of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

Once the underlying condition, if any, is found the veterinarian will make a decision concerning treatment. Treatment methods can vary depending on the condition of the dog and the severity of the prolapse.

Surgery

The medical professional will then determine method of treatment, such as surgery, if needed. This may need to happen in extreme cases and if the prolapse is within the upper and inner rectal canal. The dog will need to have anesthesia for this surgery, which involves repairing the prolapse. This invasive or partially invasive surgery may require hospitalization and stitches, so when the dog is released he will have to be closely monitored. 

Medication

Rather than surgery, as in mild cases, the veterinarian may apply a topical medication to help relieve the swelling. He may massage the area to help reduce the swelling and be able to manually put the tissue back into its proper place. This will also require stitching, so the dog will have to have a form of anesthesia to reduce any pain.

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Recovery of Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus in Dogs

Once your dog has been treated, the veterinarian may prescribe stool softeners or a special diet to allow the area to properly heal. It is important to keep all follow-up appointments with the veterinarian and to follow the instructions given for any at-home care. It is important to contact the veterinarian if you see any unusual signs or symptoms, such as consistent diarrhea or any signs of your companion not feeling well. The prognosis of the protrusion of rectum and anus in dogs is generally good, but it also depends on the underlying condition your dog may have. If you have any questions or concerns, do not hesitate to ask your medical professional.

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Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 51 quotes ranging from $300 - $2,500

Average Cost

$1,000

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Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Beagle lab

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Two Months

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness

my 2 month old puppy has a red ball in his butt

Sept. 7, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. The red lump that you're describing may be due to straining, as puppies are quite prone to intestinal parasites and they can cause problems the best thing to do at this point would be to have a veterinarian look at your puppy, analyze a fecal sample for parasite eggs, and see if any parasites are present that need to be treated. Most puppies have parasites and do need to have treatment for them. I hope that everything goes well for your puppy.

Sept. 7, 2020

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German Shepherd Dalmatian Akita mix

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3 weeks

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Red Lump Coming Out Of Rectum

There is a red bubble looking thing coming out of my 3 week old Puppies rectum. I don't know what it is or what to do.

July 28, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Puppies are very commonly affected by parasites, and that can cause a prolapse of the rectum. It would be best to have the puppy seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible, as they can check a fecal sample, and get deworming for the puppy. I hope that all goes well.

July 29, 2020

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Cooper

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Minibull

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7 Weeks

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Anal Itching
Anal Leakage

My 7 week old puppy has very slight rectal prolapse and doesn't seem to have any control of when he pops it just comes out wherever he is with no straining. I have just bathed him and as I was washing his abdomen it was quite hard, I slightly massaged his belly and he pooed alot it was like squeezing a toothpaste tube. Apart from that he is a happy healthy puppy and he eats well and is gaining weight

July 8, 2018

Cooper's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

Any prolapse should be seen by your Veterinarian for an examination and possibly a purse string suture to keep it is place; some dogs are prone to prolapsing but apart from basic treatment there isn’t anything much to be done at home. Your Veterinarian should take a look at it when you go in for vaccinations. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

July 9, 2018

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Roxy

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English Bulldog

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7 Weeks

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Mild severity

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1 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Red Anal Some Blood When I
Red Anal Some Blood

Good evening, I have a 6 weeks old puppy and since we took her to the vet to get her tail cut at 15 days old we have notice discharge and red irrigate anas. She has not poop like the other puppies it just comes out of her. She eats well very active and playful no signs of pain. Please help

June 22, 2018

Roxy's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

I don’t think the issues with the anus is related to the tail docking, however you should visit your Veterinarian for an examination especially as it seems that she has faecal incontinence. Without examining Roxy, I cannot say what the specific cause is. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

June 23, 2018

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Moose

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Chocolate lab

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3 Months

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Bulging Anus When Defacating

I have a 10 week old lab puppy who I believe is showing signs of partial protrusion. The area around the anus looks puffy on a regular basis, but when he defacates his anus bulges out a good bit, sometimes has slight discharge before he goes, and then returns to normal after he is finished. His feces is never hard and he goes at least 4 times a day. He hasn’t shown any signs of discomfort and doesn’t lick or scoot his bottom around. He is still full of energy, eats all his food, and is well hydrated. I’m not sure what could be causing this bulging when he poops, and I’m worried it might result in surgery.

April 26, 2018

Moose's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

You should ensure that Moose has soft stool and isn’t straining too much, you could add some plain canned pumpkin to see if that helps with defecation; however if this continues you should see your Veterinarian about it or when you go for vaccinations. Your Veterinarian may choose to change diet or may place a purse string suture to see if that helps. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

April 27, 2018

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Jack

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German Shorthaired Pointer

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9 Weeks

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Anus Protrusion

I have a 9 week old German Short Hair and when he defecates his anus protrudes. It is not red just normal skin color. When finished it retracts. Is this normal in young puppies.

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Lucky

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Labrador Retriever

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3 Months

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Fair severity

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pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Anus Protrusion

Hi, my 3-month-old lab puppy has had something protruding from his anus these past few days. He does notice it when it comes out but other than that he's very playful and eating well. Do we have to take him to the vet or is there something else we can do?

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Luna

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Alaskan Klee Kai

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10 Years

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Fair severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Pink Anus

My 10 yr old Alaskan Klee Kai has not really had any symptoms. I did notice her anus looks a little pinker than usual so I wanted to make note next time she defecated. When she did I notice maybe a small bit of her rectum came out with the faces but then went back in. Her bowel movement appeared formed and somewhat hard? Could this be due to constipation or a hard BM?

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Persephone

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Shepherd akita lab husky

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1 Month

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Anus Protrusion

I have a 4 week old puppy just noticed she, has something red sticking out. Of her anus she strained pooping noticed it today. I keep it clean could it be a prolapsed rectum.

Protrusion of the Rectum and Anus Average Cost

From 51 quotes ranging from $300 - $2,500

Average Cost

$1,000

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