Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs

Veterinary reviewed by: Michele K.

Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

Veterinary reviewed by: Michele K.

Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

What is Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area?

If your dog has a mass extending from her vaginal area, she may have vaginal prolapse. This is caused by the swelling of your dog’s vaginal tissues, usually more common in young dogs that have not been spayed and in certain breeds. It can be quite serious, and requires medical attention.  There are three stages of vaginal prolapse, of which stage III is the most serious and may needs surgery. This disorder can also mimic a tumor and should always be checked by your veterinarian as soon as possible to rule it out.

A mass protrusion from the vaginal area (canine vaginal prolapse or vaginal hyperplasia) can be described as vaginal tissue protruding from the vulva, commonly caused by edema (fluid retention) from estrogen produced in estrus (when your dog is in heat). There are three stages of mass protrusions from the vaginal area, which are Stage I, Stage II, and Stage III.

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Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000

Average Cost

$750

Symptoms of Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs

The symptoms of canine vaginal prolapse depend on the stage your dog has.

Stage I

  • Trouble with urination
  • Excessive licking in the genital area
  • Whining when urinating
  • Refusal to mate
  • Pain in genital area
  • Slight discharge

Stage II

  • Protrusion from genital area
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Scratching and licking in the genital area
  • Red and inflamed genital area
  • Refusing to mate
  • Pain in the genital area
  • Vaginal discharge

Stage III

  • Large, protruding mass in the genital area
  • Difficulty walking
  • Refusal to mate
  • Extreme pain in the genital area
  • Excessive scratching and licking the genital area
  • Inability to sit
  • Difficult urination
  • Vaginal discharge

 Types

Stage I and II vaginal prolapse can include a vaginal protrusion that can become inflamed and cause pain and infection. This condition needs medical treatment.  

Stage III vaginal prolapse is when the vaginal protrusion is extreme and you should go to the veterinarian as soon as possible for treatment. It is also essential to let the veterinarian rule out cancer before treatment.

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Causes of Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs

  • Certain breeds of dogs are more susceptible to vaginal prolapse. These breeds are German Shepherds, Springer Spaniels, Boxers, Labrador Retrievers, Mastiffs, English, Bulldogs, Weimaraners, Saint Bernards, Walker Hounds, and Airedale Terriers
  • Urination problems (kidney stones, kidney failure)
  • Chronic constipation
  • Recent difficult labor
  • Interruption of mating process
  • Young dogs that are not spayed
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Diagnosis of Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs

Your dog’s veterinarian will need a complete medical background and descriptions of the symptoms you have noticed in your dog. The veterinarian will also do a thorough physical examination, paying special attention to the genital area and protrusion. Some tests may be needed to rule out other medical disorders:

  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Bacterial culture
  • Fungal culture
  • Vaginal swab
  • Urinalysis
  • Biopsy to rule out cancer
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Treatment of Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs

The treatment for vaginal prolapse depends on the stage. There may be no treatment necessary for stage I unless your dog is having difficulty urinating or if your dog seems to be in extreme discomfort. Your veterinarian may decide to put an Elizabethan collar on your dog to stop her from licking herself, which can make the vaginal prolapse worse. The veterinarian may also give your dog hormone treatments to help prevent vaginal prolapse from happening again.

If your dog has stage II vaginal prolapse, your veterinarian may manually push the mass back into place. If the protrusion does not stay in place, the veterinarian may decide to temporarily suture the area to keep it from recurring. The veterinarian might prescribe antibiotics, hormone treatments, and place an Elizabethan collar on your dog to keep her from licking the area. If she cannot urinate, surgery will be needed to remove the blockage.

Your dog will have to be spayed right away to treat stage III vaginal prolapse to prevent infection and self-mutilation of the vaginal area due to licking and itching. 

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Worried about the cost of Mass Protrusion From The Vaginal Area treatment?

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Recovery of Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area in Dogs

The recovery of your dog also depends on the stage and the treatment. Stage I has an excellent prognosis and only a slight risk of vaginal prolapse recurring. You will not need to bring her back unless there are complications or if the problem recurs.

Stage II will require one or two days rest if the veterinarian had to do surgery to remove the blockage or place stitches. The stitches might dissolve on their own but you will have to bring her back in one or two weeks for a check-up.

Stage III requires a hospital stay of at least one day and prescriptions for antibiotics and pain relievers. You will have to bring her back in a week for a follow up examination.

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Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000

Average Cost

$750

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Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Pit Bull

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Six Years

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7 found helpful

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7 found helpful

Has Symptoms

None

There is something protruding that resembles an egg from her backside. She does not seem to have any discomfort.

April 23, 2021

Owner

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Dr. Maureen M. DVM

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7 Recommendations

Hi, That could be a rectal or vaginal prolapse. Please have the vet check it up to prevent infection.

April 23, 2021

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dog-name-icon

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French Bulldog

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One Year

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6 found helpful

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6 found helpful

Has Symptoms

Vaginal Prolapse

I have attached a photo. She is in her very first heat cycle. She is urinating still but definitely struggles and tries multiple times. She has threw up once which has made us more concerned.

July 24, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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6 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. I'm sorry that is happening, and I understand your concern. The best treatment for this is to have her spayed, as this seems that it may be a recurring problem for her when she goes into heat. For now, it would make sense to monitor her closely, keep the area clean, and see your veterinarian if she is continuing to vomit. The hyperplasia should resolve once her heat cycle is over, and if you notice any more pronounced prolapse of the tissues, having her seen by your veterinarian right away would be best, as well. I hope that all goes well for her.

July 24, 2020

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Mass Protrusion From the Vaginal Area Average Cost

From 367 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000

Average Cost

$750

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