Salmon Poisoning Average Cost

From 14 quotes ranging from $800 - 10,000

Average Cost

$3,000

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What is Salmon Poisoning?

Dogs who ingest anadromous fish that inhabit the coastal streams and rivers of the Pacific Northwest (prevailing coast from Northern California up to and recently including Vancouver Island, Canada) risk contracting the salmon poisoning disease. The fish can contain a parasite called nanophyetus salmincola, which are in turn infected with the microorganism neorickettsia helminthoeca, thereby passing the microorganism onto your dog.

Salmon poisoning disease is a very serious illness that can result in the death of your dog if not treated within 14 days of the consumption of raw or undercooked salmon. Poisoning is not limited to strictly salmon, but other types of anadromous fish (better recognized as fish that swim upstream in order to breed). Canids (dogs, coyotes, and foxes) are the only species to be affected by salmon poisoning.

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Symptoms of Salmon Poisoning in Dogs

If identified in a timely manner, salmon poisoning is treatable. The symptoms are similar to those of a gastrointestinal illness. If your dog has roamed from your sight and exhibits these symptoms because he may have eaten something you are unaware of, or if your pet has ingested raw or undercooked fish, immediate veterinary care is crucial. Typical symptoms are listed below:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever, which will reach limits around 104 Fahrenheit
  • Loss of appetite, which may result in weight loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Weakness
  • Depression
  • Discharge from the eyes or nose
  • Dehydration

Causes of Salmon Poisoning in Dogs

If your dog has ingested salmon, trout, largescale sucker, shad, sturgeon, redside shiner, sculpin, candlefish or lamprey that carry the microorganism neorickettsia helminthoeca, he will begin to show the symptoms of salmon poisoning disease within 6 to 10 days. 90% of dogs who consume the affected fish will die if the disease is untreated.

The parasitic flukes nanophyetus salmincola have three different hosts: the snail, the fish and the canine. If your dog eats a parasitic fluke that carries the neorickettsia helminthoeca, the fluke will release the microorganism in the dog’s intestinal tract. The microorganisms then spread to:

  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Lymphoid tissues
  • Brain
This then causes:
  • Necrosis (death of cells in organs or tissue)
  • Hemorrhage
  • Hyperplasia (abnormal increase in volume of organs or tissue because of the increase of new cells)

Diagnosis of Salmon Poisoning in Dogs

Bringing your dog to the veterinarian at the first signs of illness is always the recommended route. Canines suffering from salmon poisoning disease can be treated successfully if the infection is diagnosed soon enough. If you aren't sure of what Rover was able to digest because he left your line of sight, or if you know for a fact that your pet has consumed raw fish, relay this important information to your veterinarian upon arrival at the clinic.

A fecal sample can detect the presence of parasitic eggs. Fluid taken from a needle inserted into a swollen lymph node can show the presence of the rickettsial organism. A positive result in either one of these tests, along with accompanying symptoms, can lead your veterinarian to confirm a positive diagnosis.

Treatment of Salmon Poisoning in Dogs

Treatment of salmon poisoning is fairly straightforward, but the length of the regimen will depend on how sick your dog is when he arrives at the hospital. If your dog is experiencing severe vomiting and diarrhea, he may need to be hospitalized in order to get the dehydration and illness under control.

The veterinarian will begin treatment with the administration of intravenous fluids if necessary. Antibiotics, to kill the microorganism responsible for the illness and a dewormer, which will kill the parasite will be given. Anti-diarrheal medication and drugs to combat the nausea may be dispensed as well.

Recovery of Salmon Poisoning in Dogs

The recovery from salmon poisoning can be relatively quick. Dogs who have been infected with the rickettsial organism can show signs of recovery within two days of treatment. Of course, if you feel that your pet is not recovering well, communicate with your veterinarian for further evaluation. Monitoring your dog’s health is always a responsible part of pet ownership.

Though your dog may now have immunity from this microorganism infection, refrain from allowing your pet to eat raw or uncooked fish as there is always the risk of infection from an alternate strain.

Prevention of re-occurrence is possible. Be vigilant in keeping your dog on the leash when near rivers or beaches, or areas where garbage may be easily accessible. Be sure to cook fish thoroughly, or freeze for two weeks minimum before allowing your pet to eat any.

Salmon Poisoning Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Sam
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
6 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

none

My dog ate a piece of raw salmon (maybe half an inch). It was from some sushi from the grocery store. Is it a high possibility that he could get salmon poisoning?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
Salmon poisoning (actually a parasite) is a concern for dogs but shouldn’t be an issue if the salmon was previously frozen, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) stipulates that any fish to be consumed raw (including salmon for sushi or sashimi) should be frozen first to kill parasites. You should keep an eye out on Sam to see if he is showing any symptoms listed on this page. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/GuidanceRegulation/UCM252393.pdf www.vin.com/apputil/content/defaultadv1.aspx?id=3981419&pid=11108 www.nytimes.com/2004/04/08/nyregion/sushi-fresh-from-the-deep-the-deep-freeze.html

My dog ate an entire plate of raw salmon. I bought it from the grocery store 2 wks ago and froze it. I just thawed the fish yesterday and was about to cook it walked out of the room and she ate the entire plate. I out an email out to her vet but how concerned do I need to be that she will get salmon poisoning??

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B
Chocolate labrador
8 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Vomit

My dog had a 2inch by 3inch piece of uk shop bought smoked salmon this morning and has since vomited.
Should I be worry about her? Or will it just be a case of an upset stomach?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
Typically salmon passed for human consumption in countries like the UK especially in the EU (for now) with all the regulation from Brussels it is unlikely that B would get salmon poisoning but it may cause severe gastric upset. However, if in doubt it is best to visit your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

My dog just ate some store bought smoked salmon today no signs as of yet. Should I still take him to the vet even if there is no sign. Please I need to know

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G
Dachshund
1 1/2
Mild condition
1 found helpful
Mild condition

My dog ate smoked salmon yesterday and started throwing up about 30 minutes after. After another hour snaggled sloppy joe meat and threw that up and threw up again dismorning.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
True salmon poisoning is caused by a parasite which starts to cause symptoms in a dog around five or six days after consumption; it is possible that G’s stomach didn’t agree with the smoked salmon causing her to vomit. Cold smoked salmon may still contain the parasite, but it is unlikely; check the page below for more information. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.vetmed.wsu.edu/outreach/Pet-Health-Topics/categories/diseases/salmon-poisoning

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Connor
Border Collie mixed with Lab
3 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea

My dog ate raw salmon last night. This morning he’s a little sad looking and had slight vomit and diarrhea. What do I need to do? He plays a Little with my other dog and he normally a happy dog but he just looks upset

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1397 Recommendations
Thank you for your email. Salmon poisoning is possible with Connor, but that wouldn't typically show signs the next day. His stomach may be upset or he may be having Gi issues related to the raw salmon. if his vomiting or diarrhea continue, or he continues to seem lethargic, he should be seen by your veterinarian to determine what might be going on with him, and if he is okay.

After the post I forced him to drink water. Shortly after he threw up a little bit more then he started to eat and acted normal. I will continue to keep a close eye on him. No vomiting or diarrhea today.

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Gunnar
2 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Vomiting

Hello, my dog got into uncooked salmon this morning. He is vomiting. Is that a sign that he has salmon poisoning?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations

Salmon poisoning is caused by a dog eating raw salmon (or other fish) carrying Neorickettsia helminthoeca. It usually takes five to seven days for clinical symptoms to develop so it is too early for signs of salmon poisoning. It is good that he is vomiting to get any remaining stomach content out. Ensure that your dog is comfortable and remains hydrated, if the vomiting doesn’t stop take him to visit your Veterinarian. If you will notice that your dog starts to have diarrhoea, vomiting and a fever after a week; visit your Veterinarian immediately and explain that he ate salmon a week ago. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Sage
Blue tick, Border Collie
2 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Loss of Appetite

My dog got a hold of two trout heads about 11 days ago. She didn't eat them she just buried them for later ;) she seems to be a little bit lethargic and she will only eat her food if I add rice or something to it. She hasn't had any diarrhea at all and had a very small amount of vomit just once. We warmed her on day eight just to be on the safe side. My question is this something that she can pass on her own or does she have to have the antibiotics to get completely rid of it? Should I just continue to keep an eye on her? She seems excited to still go on a walk or on a run.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
It is important to get Sage to a Veterinarian immediately as salmon poisoning (trout may carry the same parasite) can cause death in dogs within two weeks if not treated quickly; this is not something to wait around for if the infection is suspected. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.msdvetmanual.com/generalized-conditions/rickettsial-diseases/salmon-poisoning-disease-and-elokomin-fluke-fever

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Priscilla
Pomeranian/chih
5 Years
Critical condition
0 found helpful
Critical condition

My dog ate cooked salmon that was hot and fell on the floor, the next day she threw it up and has been nauseous ever since. She ate it late Friday night. She has a small amount of blood in her diarrhea. I gave her pepto at 1 this afternoon.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
Salmon poisoning affects dogs which have consumed raw or undercooked salmon, if the salmon was cooked properly there should be no risk from salmon poisoning. However, if the salmon was undercooked it may still cause salmon poisoning within six days of consumption; you should take Priscilla into your Veterinarian for an examination to check her over to be on the safe side. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Vivie
Rhodesian Ridgeback
2 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

none

How long does the parasite live in the fish after it is out of the water? My dog got a hold of a piece of salmon today but it was all torn up and dried out looking like it had already been partially eaten by something.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
Unfortunately I don’t have any specific data on this, however parasites can live for a long time in the environment even after the host (the salmon) has died which is why all fish intended to be served raw (sushi, sashimi etc…) needs to be frozen for 72 hours at -4℉ or cooked at 140℉ for ten minutes. I would recommend that you visit your Veterinarian for preventative care. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Layla
Yorkie
6 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Vomiting

My yorkie ate salmon about a week ago. This morning she threw up. And she wouldn’t eat her dinner this evening. She also threw up while we were in bed. She we rush to the vet?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
Salmon poisoning normally presents within six days or so of consuming raw salmon (or other similar fish), this condition has a high level of mortality but is treatable if treated promptly. You should visit your Veterinarian immediately for an examination and to evaluate treatment options (normally antibiotics and an anthelmintic). Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.vetmed.wsu.edu/outreach/Pet-Health-Topics/categories/diseases/salmon-poisoning

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Boots
Belgian Malinois
5 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

none

My dog just ate some raw salmon with a best before date of nearly two weeks ago. I am tempted to take him to the vet first thing tomorrow morning. Would it be possible for my dog to receive some sort of treatment as a preventative measure? I just want to avoid him having any issues and it seems quite likely he'll be affected given the salmon went bad + potential parasites.

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1397 Recommendations
There isn't really any preventive measure for possible GI upset, but if Boots does have vomiting or diarrhea from the salmon, it would be best to have him seen then to have him treated, since you know the cause. I hope that he is okay.

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Jinny
Bassadore
4 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

How long must thesalmon be frozen to kill the parasite? I feed raw previously frozen to my dogs frequently but have always frozen it for a month first. Is that safe?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations
Whilst there are various different figures online, I go with the seven days at -4°F for seven days; although many home freezers won’t go that far. Most commercially bought salmon is prefrozen but if wild caught you should freeze it. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.seafoodhealthfacts.org/seafood-safety/general-information-patients-and-consumers/seafood-safety-topics/parasites www.nytimes.com/2015/05/19/science/freezing-fish-killing-parasites.html

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Sandy
Sheltie
14 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Lethargic

I cannot prevent my dog from eating the dead Chum Salmon that line the stream banks adjacent to my residence every fall. No way to build a fence and tying the dog up from 4 to 6 weeks isn't really an answer. Isn't there a pre-parasite type of vaccination or shot that can be used to kill these parasites? I lost my 14 year old Sheltie to salmon parasite poisoning. My great veterinarian treated the symptoms and it seemed to work but I feel it weakened my dog to the point where she was never fully recovered. What do the Alaskans do to prevent this disease as they feed their dogs so much salmon?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2973 Recommendations

Salt curing and deep freezing would kill the parasite; most probably the Alaskans deep freeze their salmon to store it. As far as stopping a dog from eating the salmon, it just comes down to strict training. I don’t have direct experience with salmon poisoning, but speak with your Veterinarian about regular doses of fenbendazole or praziquantel during the salmon season. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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