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What is Saggy Skin?

A cat with excess skin may suffer from an extremely rare and serious medical condition called cutaneous asthenia, dermatosparaxis, or Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome. This hereditary condition results in a deficiency of collagen of the skin. Collagen is a protein that is one of the three main building blocks of the skin. When collagen is deficient, the skin lacks structure and integrity; it sags or hangs. This condition is serious because this collagen deficiency results in skin that not only sags, but that is easily torn and which has difficulty healing. A cat with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is likely in a great deal of pain. If you are concerned that your cat may be suffering from cutaneous asthenia it is important that your cat be examined by a veterinarian immediately. This will allow for the vet to make an expert diagnosis of your cat’s condition and to prescribe treatments or protective measures for your cat.

There are differing levels and causes of “sagginess” in the skin of cats, some of which are natural and harmless, others that are very serious and painful. Some cats, much like some human beings and other animals, simply have more skin than others, although it might be best to allow a veterinarian to make this determination. In addition, a cat that has lost a significant amount of weight in a short amount of time will likely have saggy skin, and in extreme cases may benefit from excess skin removal surgery. It is also exceedingly common that cats have a belly of thick skin that hangs down below them as they walk, at times even swaying. This thick flabby skin is referred to as the primordial pouch and is believed to be an evolutionary adaptation that allows the cat to stretch as it runs, to expand its stomach to gorge on food in times of scarcity, and that protects its internal organs in a fight. Not all cases of saggy skin in cats, however, are harmless.

Saggy Skin Average Cost

From 425 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$250

Symptoms of Saggy Skin in Cats

Some cats have a natural, harmless “sagginess” to their skin that is the result of a small amount of excess skin, the common primordial pouch, or stretched skin that is the result of significant weight loss. If any of these conditions are of concern to the pet owner, a veterinarian should be consulted. In contrast to these harmless instances of saggy skin in cats, the following symptoms may be evidence of Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome, a very serious and painful hereditary condition that requires immediate veterinary attention and medical intervention.

  • Hyperelasticity of skin
  • Frequent skin wounds
  • Skin ulcers, tears, and lesions
  • Delayed healing of wounds
  • Thin, papery skin that tears easily
  • Hair loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dehydration 
  • Vomiting
  • Weight Loss
  • Lethargy
  • Weakness
  • Jaundice
  • Joint laxity
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Causes of Saggy Skin in Cats

Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome is a congenital condition that is, in some cases, the result of a recessive gene that is passed on to the offspring by one parent, and in other cases the result of a dominant gene, which is passed on to the offspring by both parents. The only reliable way to prevent this condition is by preventing any cat from a biological line that has produced a cat with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome from breeding. This is difficult, however, because cats can be carriers of this gene even if they do not show the symptoms of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.

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Diagnosis of Saggy Skin in Cats

While this condition is extremely rare, there are numerous tools available to veterinarians for diagnosing Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome in cats. If you and your veterinarian are concerned that your cat may suffer from this condition, your vet will likely utilize the following protocol for making a diagnosis:

  • Thorough physical examination
  • Blood tests to rule out other underlying conditions
  • Urinalysis to rule out other underlying conditions
  • Skin biopsies 
  • Areas of skin will be stretched to their maximum point and measured. These measurements are compared to the skin extensibility index (SEI), which is a scale that shows normal and abnormal ranges of skin extensibility in cats.
  • Skin scrapings and hair samples may be examined under a microscope to rule out parasites.
  • Skin scrapings may be examined under a microscope in order to observe any collagen abnormalities.
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Treatment of Saggy Skin in Cats

There is no cure for Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome and the options for treatment are few. While some isolated studies have shown mild improvement through prolonged supplementation of vitamin C, zinc, vitamin E, and collagen, the pet owner will likely have to decide between long term management of the condition or euthanasia, depending upon the veterinarian’s advice and the severity of the condition in a particular cat. As difficult as the decision can be, the most humane option for a cat with a serious case of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome that does not respond to prolonged attempts at treatment, may be euthanasia as to avoid chronic pain and a low quality of life. In cases which the cat’s condition will be managed, depending upon what symptoms your cat has displayed, the vet may provide intravenous hydration, steroids, and antibiotics to help wounds to heal. 

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Recovery of Saggy Skin in Cats

At the present time, full recovery from Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome is not possible. If the veterinarian and pet owner decide that it is a humane option to manage a particular case of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, the cat will likely need to be declawed to prevent unintentional self-injury when scratching. The cat will also need to be isolated from other pets as well as small children to prevent injury. Any sharp corners on furniture will need to be padded, and the pet owner will need to examine the cat for tears in the skin on a regular basis. A cat with Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome must never be allowed to breed. It is also likely that the cat will need to be examined by a veterinarian on a regular basis and any wounds treated to prevent infection, substantial blood loss, and damage to subcutaneous tissue.

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Saggy Skin Average Cost

From 425 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$250

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Saggy Skin Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Domestic short hair cat

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Weight Loss

Yesterday I noticed my cat was skinnier and I have been giving him limited amounts of food lately because he was heavier, but now I feel like he suddenly looks a lot smaller. I have another cat who hasn’t lost any weight. I’m nervous something else could be going on but he hasn’t had any other symptoms

Aug. 5, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. It may be that the diet is working, and he is losing weight on purpose. If you notice a sudden weight loss, however, it may be a good idea to have him seen by a veterinarian and have a good physical examination. They will be able to let you know if there is anything to worry about or if you are doing a good job with his diet. I hope that all goes well for him.

Aug. 5, 2020

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Unknown

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Four Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Saggy Skin Only Under Neck

There is some saggy skin under his neck (cat) it looks swollen and feels really disturbing. It is only under his neck and is otherwise a fit cat that runs around all the time and is pretty skinny

July 14, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Hello, So sorry to hear about your cat. This saggy skin may be normal but could be an abscess or infection. This may be something that would be best for your vet to look at and make sure is perfectly normal. Your vet can prescribe your cat medication if he needs some.

July 14, 2020

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Tibbs

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American Shorthair

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12 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Excessive Cleaning
Bowed Legs
Saggy Underbelly
Balding Underbelly

My cat Tibbs is very old (12+ years, not sure exactly, but has very few teeth) and has saggy belly skin that has some balding. Before we moved, the patch of skin on his belly was raw, red, and hot. I believe he has some type of anxiety that makes him clean himself excessively. It has slowed down, or at least isn't nearly as severe, and the fur is growing back. He doesn't appear to be in pain, but gets agitated when I touch his hind legs, which are bowed(unrelated to the issue). I'm not sure, at this point, if I should still be concerned with his possible anxiety disorder, even though it seems to have mostly passed.

Sept. 18, 2018

Tibbs' Owner

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Mittens

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British Shorthair

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18 Months

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Excessive Skin

My cat went missing for two weeks about a month ago, and since she’s been really thin I found her 3 weeks ago and she was skinny so I thought she just needed to be fed and she will put the weight back on. She doesn’t have worms in her poo, her poo is fine, not runny. She eats 2-3 times a day, and in herself she is fine! But I don’t get why she has so much excessive skin

Aug. 18, 2018

Mittens' Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1611 Recommendations

If Mittens lost a lot of weight while she was gone,and hasn't gained it back, she may have parasites as most of those you don't actually see in the feces but can see under a microscope. Without seeing her, I can't say for sure why she has more skin than normal, but it might be worth have a fecal sample analyzed by a veterinarian, as that would be the most common reason, especially since she was outside.

Aug. 18, 2018

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Elijah

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American Shorthair

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4 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Weight Loss
Hair Loss
Vomiting
Drooling

Should I go to the vet? My cat has excessive drooling, hair loss on the lower part of his body, hairballs, some weightloss (not excessive), and is beginning to have some saggy skin.

March 23, 2018

Elijah's Owner

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3320 Recommendations

It would be best to visit your Veterinarian with Elijah to determine the underlying cause for these symptoms, there are a few different possible conditions which may causes these symptoms all of which would require prescription medications from your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

March 23, 2018

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Jorah

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Mix

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4 Years

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Mild severity

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Slow
Saggy Skin
Pouch

At first I wasn't concerned with his saggy skin as I thought it was just his pouch however, now I'm noticing sagging else where. He has some sagging on the back of his rear legs and a little on his cheeks. I'm not sure if this is normal or not.

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Zeus

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Ankora

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2 Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Hair Loss

My cat have some saggy skin in neck area ...he had skin injuries from my other cats during the heat period and have some fungal infection because he was on steroid ..I gave him corticosteroid injection because he wad an attack of status asmathetic ..he was poorly breathing with wheezing sound which I heard by stethoscope..I'm physician so called my vet which the clinic one hour away ...he give me the dose to my cat ..now his asthma is good ...but the hair in the areas of fungal infection is still poor..in other areas he have long silky hair

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Eulie

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Do not know

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6 Years

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Fair severity

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Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Cannot Clean Herself.

My cat has extremely saggy belly skin and has since she matured. She was spayed as a kitten and has never been overweight. She has no other problems. The issue is that she cannot clean herself properly. Is surgery to remove the excess skin ever considered?

Saggy Skin Average Cost

From 425 quotes ranging from $200 - $500

Average Cost

$250

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