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What is Vaginal Hyperplasia?

If you have a female dog, it is possible that you may have to deal with this condition, especially if your dog is not spayed. Prolapse of the vagina will typically happen prior to or while the dog is undergoing its heat cycle. Some dog breeds are more susceptible than others. However, when and if you do notice this, your responsibility as a pet owner is to take action right away by taking your dog to the veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

An enlarged and inflamed vaginal lining that is influenced by estrogen is known as vaginal hyperplasia. When the vaginal mucosa swells up like this, it bulges out of the vaginal lips.

Vaginal Hyperplasia Average Cost

From 255 quotes ranging from $800 - $2,000

Average Cost

$1,400

Symptoms of Vaginal Hyperplasia in Dogs

The noticeable sign and symptom is a tongue-like bulge, protruding through the dog’s vulva.  Other symptoms include:

  • Pain during urination
  • Extreme licking of the vulva
  • Spilling out of the vulva
  • Noticeable tissue at the opening of the vagina
  • Swelling of the tissue
  • Difficulty with having puppies during delivery

If your dog is pregnant and ready to give birth, pushing to deliver the puppies may result in the bulging and swelling of the tissues. In fact, this can create a blockage when your dog is ready to deliver her puppies. This should be considered a medical emergency where a C-section should be administered. If not, then the mother and the pups may be at risk. Therefore, a veterinarian should be consulted for medical assistance.

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Causes of Vaginal Hyperplasia in Dogs

Estrogen is truly influential in causing a swollen vaginal lining, especially during the dog’s heat or period cycle. When your dog has this protruding mass, it prevents the dog from mating. A difficult labor is also a prerequisite of vaginal hyperplasia in dogs. This condition is caused by extended straining during the delivery process or in other instances, a forceful separation of dogs while mating. There are certain breeds affected by vaginal hyperplasia such as:

  • German Shepherd
  • Boxer
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Mastiff
  • Airedale Terrier
  • Springer Spaniel
  • English Bulldog
  • Walker Hound

Although genetic influence is obviously one factor that influences vaginal prolapse in dogs, it is not the only one. An inflamed vaginal wall could also be the reason. Your dog will have difficulty with constipation and urination.

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Diagnosis of Vaginal Hyperplasia in Dogs

It is important for you as a pet owner to realize the severity of the problem and get your dog to the veterinarian as early as possible. Your veterinarian will provide a proper diagnosis upon assessing the symptoms. Most veterinarians believe that vaginal prolapse and heightened estrogen levels are connected. The reason for this observation and conclusion is that the condition usually happens prior to the dog’s heat cycle where estrogen levels are higher. 

If the condition is severe, it could result in prolapse where the tissues are visible. Of course, the obvious signs of swollen and bulging vaginal tissue in a female dog is an indication that vaginal hyperplasia is the proper diagnosis. Make sure to provide the veterinarian with further information, including the dog’s breed and how long and the instances when your pet has experienced vaginal hyperplasia.

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Treatment of Vaginal Hyperplasia in Dogs

Don’t feel overwhelmed, though, because successful treatment is possible. The veterinarian will clean the vaginal area and use antibiotic cream to lubricate the area, preventing drying. If your goal is not dog breeding, then the veterinarian may recommend spaying to prevent further problems. If you are going to breed your dog, then artificial insemination would be the ideal choice. If the condition is severe, the veterinarian might consider suturing to get the mass returned to the vagina, after which it would subside once the heat cycle has been completed. The veterinarian will also make a decision whether to surgically take out the dead tissue. Doing so will avoid a reoccurrence of hyperplasia. 

Hormone therapy is also an option if your dog has not had any damage to the vaginal tissue and once urination is possible. Hormone therapy will accelerate the heat cycle and correct the vaginal prolapse. The veterinarian may apply topical cream to the area to reduce the swelling.

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Recovery of Vaginal Hyperplasia in Dogs

After treatment, a vaginal prolapse will not return until your dog possibly delivers puppies again in the future. In the meantime, you should help your dog during the recovery process by continuing the use of topical creams. Your veterinarian could recommend that you consider the idea of spaying your dog. Pay attention to your pet to ensure that there is no biting or licking of the incision area.  This is important to facilitate complete healing. You may have to buy a cone collar to help with this.

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Vaginal Hyperplasia Average Cost

From 255 quotes ranging from $800 - $2,000

Average Cost

$1,400

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Vaginal Hyperplasia Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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Mastiff mix

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Licking, Pain,

I noticed a pink egg looking mass coming from my dogs female parts. I really think it is vaginal hyperplasia. I’m in a tough spot right now and I really don’t have the money for a vet. I know that’s terrible. But I want her to be okay so whatever I need to. I saw where the average cost was 800-2000 and I can’t even afford half of that. I’m so worried about her.

Aug. 17, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. I think that you are making a lot of assumptions without actually knowing what's wrong with your dog. There may be a less expensive treatment, or there may be other options. Without being able to see her, I cannot say what's actually going on with her or what treatment might be needed. The best thing to do would probably be to make an appointment with your veterinarian, which will cost you an office visit, and have a discussion with them about options and costs. I hope that all goes well for your dog.

Aug. 17, 2020

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Labrador Husky

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Ten Months

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Redness And Swollen Around Vulva

My puppy has been spayed but she is swollen and red around the vulva area.

Aug. 5, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. If she is spayed, that should not be happening. She may have an infection, or a small piece of the ovary may have been left in during surgery. It would be a good idea to follow up with the veterinarian who performed the spay, as she may need some diagnostics to find out what is causing this. I hope that she does well.

Aug. 6, 2020

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Snorkie

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Hyperplasia

If my dog is suffering from hyperplasia should I wait till the swelling and tissue goes down then get her fixed or what

Aug. 2, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. I'm not sure what tissue you're referring to that is hyperplastic, but if you are asking about getting her spayed, I am assuming it is a vaginal hyperplasia? If that is the case, it would be best to have her spayed as soon as possible. Your veterinarian may have a certain Comfort level on when they went to spay her after her heat cycle, and they will be able to tell you more about that. It would be best to contact your veterinarian, let them know what is going on, and get their advice as far as surgery. I hope that all goes well for her.

Aug. 2, 2020

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Pit Bull

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Seven Months

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Enlarged Privet Area

Her vaginitis is extremely swollen. It looks like it’s falling out. It’s her first heat and my first time with a female dog

July 29, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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Hello, This is vaginal hyperplasia. In my experience dogs who have this will have issues every time they go into heat. It would be best to spay your dog as removing the ovaries will cause the swelling to go down and this not to happen again. It would be best to take your dog to the vet soon as the exposed part can become necrotic and die causing complications. Do keep this area moist and apply lubrication to the area to keep it from becoming dry. Good Luck.

July 30, 2020

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German Shorthaired Pointer

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Excessive Licking

I noticed my dog was whining while she was licking her lady parts, she’s also in heat. i’m just wondering if I should be worried? it also looks like it’s throbbing.

July 27, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Ellen M. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Hello, thank you for your question. Without examining your dog, I cannot know for sure what might be going on. If she is in heat, this behavioral may be totally normal. If you notice that her vaginal discharge from becomes yellow or foul-smelling, or if she continues to lick and seems to feel bad otherwise (lower energy, not wanting to eat, etc), I recommend having her seen by her veterinarian to rule out any kind of vaginal or uterine infection. I hope that your dog starts feeling better soon!

July 27, 2020

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Sugar

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toy poodle

dog-age-icon

8 Years

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Mild severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Vaginal Hypeplasia

Hi, my dog is 8 years old and has been spayed. I just noticed she has something coming out of her vagina area. She keeps licking it. Is this serious? Will we need to do something special? We are taking her to a Veterinarian today, but I am very worried and dont have much money to pay for services.

Vaginal Hyperplasia Average Cost

From 255 quotes ranging from $800 - $2,000

Average Cost

$1,400