Most infections affect the outer membranes of your dog's eye, often referred to as “pink eye” or conjunctivitis, but more serious conditions can affect inner structures. Symptoms include inflammation and discharge, redness and itchiness. Treatment may involve medication such as antibiotics or steroids or home remedies, depending on the severity and cause. Along with treatment, cleaning your dog's eye and the area around the eye to clean away discharge and help healing of the eye membranes is usually necessary.
Dogs get dirty, and dirt can mean eye infections. Some infections resolve on their own with a little cleaning of discharge around the eye, while some require homemade or prescription medication instilled into the eyes. Be sure to seek veterinary attention if your dog's eye infection is causing substantial discomfort or if your dog shows photosensitivity, which could indicate a more serious condition. Always be sure to clean your materials and hands carefully when working with a dog's eyes. Be very careful to work slowly and carefully around a dog's eyes to avoid injuring these delicate structures. Several homemade and over the counter eye wash solutions can be very helpful in cleaning your dog's eyes and eye area when combating an eye infection.