Do you know that your small dog's double coat not only keeps him warm in winter, but keeps him cool in summer too? Small dogs such as Havanese, Pomeranians, Shih Tzus, and some little terriers including the Yorkshire Terrier have double coats. Double coats require brushing and maintenance to ensure that mats do not form in the thick undercoat.
Because most people think a thick undercoat, such as is present with a double coat only keeps body heat in, many pet owners think that clipping their double-coated dog in summer is necessary to keep him cool. Actually, his thick undercoat can also work to insulate him from outside heat, keeping him cool. With proper grooming, your small double-coated dog can keep his coat, look great, and stay warm or cool, no matter what the outside temperature. It will take some brushing to maintain his coat, and certain tools and techniques make grooming a small dog with a double coat much more effective. Read on for more information.
Dogs with double coats, “blow their coat”, twice a year--in the fall to prepare for winter and in spring to prepare for summer. At this time, your double-coated dog will seem to be shedding lots of fluffy fur from his undercoat. Your dog may ingest this fur during self-grooming, which can cause serious intestinal obstructions. Also, losing their undercoat and having lots of loose hair makes your small double coated dog look unsightly, can result in mats if excess undercoat hair is not brushed out, and may even be itchy for your little dog, especially if dry skin is present. Daily brushing to keep undercoats tangle-free and remove dead hair during shedding (and the rest of the year too) will keep your double-coated small dog looking and feeling his best by distributing body oils to prevent dry skin and removing dander dirt and hair that can cause knots and mats at the skin, which are very uncomfortable and can result in trapped moisture and skin sores.
All double-coated dogs need a little extra brushing to maintain that thick undercoat, including the little guys. Because undercoats can easily mat, you will need to brush right down to the skin, working methodically in sections, to ensure that knots in the undercoat, excess debris, and hair is removed and mats are prevented. Using the right tools for undercoats and the correct size tools for your small dog will make the job easier for you and for your dog. Daily brushing a double-coated dog is usually necessary, and weekly back brushing to stimulate hair growth and fluff up your double-coated small dog will really make him stand out!