Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs

Veterinary reviewed by: Michele K.

Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

Veterinary reviewed by: Michele K.

Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

What is Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce?

Normal penile discharge is clear. When you notice pus like or bloody discharge, and the penile area becomes inflamed, this needs medical attention. Many things can cause this inflammation, such as bites, injuries, infections and foreign bodies trapped inside the prepuce. While treatment is simple and often effective, the underlying cause needs to be identified and treated, or the condition is likely to recur.

Balanoposthitis is an inflammation of the penis or prepuce, accompanied by a mucopurulent discharge. Common in sexually mature male dogs, it is usually mild and tends to resolve on its' own. However, in more persistent and severe cases, serious health issues can develop, such as infection, pain, urogenital and copulation problems, fevers, and even necrosis of penile tissues.

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Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce Average Cost

From 565 quotes ranging from $400 - $1,800

Average Cost

$850

Symptoms of Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs

Symptoms of penile and foreskin inflammation include:

  • Discharge from the penis or foreskin that is mucopurulent (mucus mixed with pus), purulent (pus), or bloody
  • Excessively licking or biting the foreskin or genital area
  • Inflammation and swelling of penis and foreskin
  • Ulcers present in foreskin and penile mucosa, or the skin inside the foreskin
  • Blisters on penis and foreskin
  • Bleeding from penis or foreskin
  • Cuts or tears on the penis and foreskin
  • Pain in foreskin and penile area
  • Abnormal tissue growth on penis
  • Incontinence
  • Trouble urinating
  • Discharge from urethra
  • Urine dribbling
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Dry, scaly patches on penis and foreskin, indicative of atopic dermatitis 
  • Raised follicles on penis in cases of hyperemia

If the condition is left untreated, these signs of a more serious infection may develop:

  • Abscess on penis or foreskin
  • Stenosis, or when the foreskin cannot fully retract and can restrict or close the opening of the penis
  • Phimosis, or the inability to extrude the penis
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Lack of appetite
  • Penis and foreskin scarring
  • Pain during copulation
  • Reduced libido
  • Necrosis of tissues
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Causes of Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs

Causes of balanoposthitis in your dog may include:

  • Trauma
  • Snake or insect bite
  • Foreign body, such as hair, string, cords, grass, sand or other small objects
  • Bacterial infection, such as Mycoplasma and Staphylococcus
  • Viral infection, such as canine herpesvirus and calicivirus
  • Fungal infection, such as Malassezia
  • Protozoal infection
  • Self-trauma, such as excessive licking
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Poor hygiene
  • Hyperemia of the penis, or an excess of blood flow
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Diagnosis of Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs

Based on the symptoms present, your veterinarian may suspect balanoposthitis. A full exam of the penis and prepuce will be conducted to determine why your dog has become inflamed in these areas. Things your veterinarian will look for are foreign bodies lodged in the prepuce, lacerations, masses, abscesses, blisters, ulcerations, and other signs of certain infections. Any changes in appetite, behavior or elimination can be important for a correct diagnosis, so be prepared to tell your veterinarian if these have occurred.

Analysis of preputial smears, infected tissues, bacterial cultures, biopsy, and papules or blisters can aid in correcting identifying the cause.

If urinary issues are present, your veterinarian may order X-rays or ultrasound of the bladder, prostate, and genital areas to check for any masses, infections or blockages that may be causing the issue.

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Treatment of Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs

Depending on the severity of the balanoposthitis, treatment can vary.

In cases of mild balanoposthitis, which is slightly mucopurulent and is common in sexually mature dogs, treatment is generally not required as the condition resolves on its own. If needed, antiseptic flushes and topical antibiotics can be applied. 

In more severe cases, treatment begins with removal of any foreign bodies if present, then an antiseptic cleanse of the penis and prepuce areas. Antibiotic ointments may be prescribed. Any abscesses present may need to be lanced, drained and cleaned. Surgery may be needed in rare cases to remove any abnormal tissue growth.

If the underlying cause has been identified, it will need to be treated as well. Your veterinarian will discuss a treatment plan appropriate to the condition. Even with treatment, recurrence of the condition is common if the underlying cause is not correctly identified and treated.

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Worried about the cost of Inflammation Of The Penis And Prepuce treatment?

Pet Insurance covers the cost of many common pet health conditions. Prepare for the unexpected by getting a quote from top pet insurance providers.

Recovery of Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce in Dogs

With treatment, recovery of balanoposthitis is good, though reoccurrence is common. You may be sent home with antiseptic washes for the genital area, or antibiotics to administer at home. Treatment of any underlying issues may require home care and your veterinarian will discuss this with you on a case by case basis.

Inflammation in the penis and prepuce can be expensive to treat. If you suspect your dog has inflammation in the penis and prepuce or is at risk, start searching for pet insurance today. Brought to you by Pet Insurer, Wag! Wellness lets pet parents compare insurance plans from leading companies like PetPlan and Trupanion. Find the “pawfect” plan for your pet in just a few clicks!

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Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce Average Cost

From 565 quotes ranging from $400 - $1,800

Average Cost

$850

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Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Goldendoodle

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6months

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14 found helpful

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14 found helpful

Has Symptoms

Redness

Red spot his penis area. What do you think that is? allergy, heat rash, or mites bite

June 24, 2021

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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14 Recommendations

Hello, this looks like allergies. YOu can bathe your dog with oatmeal shampoo and give Benadryl to help. The dosage is 1mg per pound twice a day. If this does not quickly improve, it would be best for your dog to see your vet.

June 24, 2021

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Havanese

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Fourteen Years

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14 found helpful

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14 found helpful

Has Symptoms

My dog has his genital are very swollen and red he went to the the groomers 2days ago he has been licking constantly

March 16, 2021

Owner

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Dr. Linda S. MVB MRCVS

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14 Recommendations

I'm sorry to hear this. The skin is extremely red so a vet visit is needed as he likely needs medicine such as antibiotics and anti inflammatories. I would want to analyse his urine and check he is urinating as normal. Stop licking by using a buster collar at home.

March 16, 2021

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Inflammation of the Penis and Prepuce Average Cost

From 565 quotes ranging from $400 - $1,800

Average Cost

$850

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