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What is Salmonella Infection?

A salmonella infection is caused by the salmonella bacteria, which is typically found in raw meat or eggs but can be transferred from an infected animal’s stool or saliva. If your dog is vomiting or has bloody diarrhea, schedule a visit as soon as possible and let a veterinarian know. Be sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water after handling your dog. A contaminated animal can continue to shed the bacteria for weeks following infection.

Salmonellosis is a zoonotic infection, which means that it can spread between animals and humans. The prognosis for mild cases of salmonella infection is good, though complications may arise due to severe dehydration or sepsis. If your dog has salmonellosis, it is important to ensure that he or she stays hydrated and that you maintain good hygiene to prevent cross contamination.

Salmonella Infection Average Cost

From 32 quotes ranging from $300 - $5,000

Average Cost

$1,800

Symptoms of Salmonella Infection in Dogs

Dogs who have contracted salmonellosis may be an asymptomatic carrier or may exhibit a range of symptoms, depending on the severity of the infection. A dog that has salmonellosis will most likely begin showing symptoms within the first 72 hours of being infected. These signs include:

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Dehydration
  • Loss of appetite
  • Depression
  • Decreased activity
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Causes of Salmonella Infection in Dogs

Salmonellosis is caused by the salmonella bacteria, which is found in raw or undercooked meat. The organism can be transmitted through contaminated food or through the feces or saliva of an infected animal. Most dogs contract the disease when they consume contaminated food, such as raw eggs, recalled pet food, and unrefrigerated wet food. Infected dogs can shed the bacteria in their feces and saliva for prolonged periods of time after infection.

Dogs with weaker immune systems are more prone to contracting salmonellosis. This includes younger and older animals, as well as those who are taking antibiotics that may imbalance the level of healthy bacteria in their intestinal tracts.

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Diagnosis of Salmonella Infection in Dogs

If your dog is behaving strangely, has a fever, or is vomiting and having consistent diarrhea, visit the veterinarian immediately. Bring a fresh stool sample. Salmonellosis shares symptoms with other conditions, such as gastroenteritis, parasites, or food allergies, and the veterinarian will need to run a series of tests to identify salmonellosis as the cause.

The veterinarian will take a history of your dog and will ask for a list of exhibited symptoms. If your dog has consumed raw meat or eggs or recalled pet food, or if he or she has been in contact with potentially infected birds, let the veterinarian know. The veterinarian will take urine and fecal samples for laboratory testing, which will help rule out other conditions and identify the salmonella bacteria specifically. In severe cases, or in the event of sepsis, blood cultures may be required.

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Treatment of Salmonella Infection in Dogs

Most mild cases of salmonellosis can be treated at home. Treatment for a salmonella infection is primarily supportive, with a focus on ensuring that your dog receives enough fluids during the recovery process. Provide a steady supply of clean, fresh water, and make sure that your dog is staying hydrated to compensate for the fluid lost through vomiting and diarrhea. Depending on the extent of the infection, the veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics to help fight the salmonella bacteria or prevent shock.

In more severe cases of salmonellosis, your dog may need to be hospitalized. Dogs that are severely dehydrated may require IV fluid therapy as part of treatment, and those that have developed a blood infection or sepsis may need a plasma or blood transfusion. In the majority of cases, prognosis is good, and adult animals that are otherwise in good health typically recover fully from the infection. The results may be less favorable for dogs that have developed sepsis.

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Recovery of Salmonella Infection in Dogs

Once your dog is home, make sure that he or she has access to clean water throughout the day. You may need to limit the amount that your dog eats for the first few days after diagnosis, though as your dog grows stronger, you can gradually provide more food until your dog is eating normally again.

Hygiene is a vital part of management for a salmonella infection. In order to prevent cross contamination to you or your family, always wear protective gear such as gloves when picking up your dog’s feces. Wash your hands thoroughly after coming into contact with your dog or handling anything that he or she has touched, and try to avoid being licked. When you are washing your dog’s food and water dishes, try to do so outside of the kitchen or bathroom sink, and use a brush that is set aside for this specific purpose. Your dog can continue to shed salmonella bacteria for weeks after infection.

You may need to bring your dog back to the veterinarian’s office for a follow-up exam. Depending on your dog’s progress, the veterinarian may want to take additional urine or fecal samples to ensure that the infection has been resolved.

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Salmonella Infection Average Cost

From 32 quotes ranging from $300 - $5,000

Average Cost

$1,800

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Salmonella Infection Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Ask a Vet

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mocha

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Pitbull mix

dog-age-icon

4 Months

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

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2 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Vomiting

Hello , my 4 month old puppy ate an egg that one of my chickens laid , after that she started vomiting and started eating grass.Is it OK if I feed her cooked rice so she could feel better?

Feb. 26, 2018

mocha's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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2 Recommendations

Thank you for your email. If Mocha continues to vomit or gets diarrhea, she should probably by seen by a veterinarian to make sure that she is okay and doesn't need any treatment. Cooked chicken breast and rice is a common diet that can be given for upset stomach, but if she isn't better within 12 hours, it would be best to have her seen. I hope that she is okay.

Feb. 26, 2018

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Maggie, Jacob, and Bella

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Miniature Schnauzer

dog-age-icon

5 Years

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Bloody Diarrhea

I have 3 dogs recently one of them got sick and had diarrhea with bloody mucous, he didnt want to eat for a day but after feeding him rice and chicken he eventually got back to normal and still has diarrhea but no blood and he is acting normal. but now my other two dogs have diarrhea with bloody mucous aswell, besides that they are acting normal and eating normal aswell but i am still giving them chicken and rice , what could this be ?? Im worried it might be salmonella because recently i have been leaving their dog food outside in the cold and maybe it went bad and got salmonella ?

Feb. 15, 2018

Maggie, Jacob, and Bella's Owner


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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Thank you for your email. Salmonella is one possible cause for what you are describing, as are parasites and dietary indiscretion. It would be best to have them examined by your veterinarian, as they can evaluate them, make sure they are okay, and give appropriate medications. If they are having problems with Salmonella, that can be quite a serious infection. I hope that they are okay.

Feb. 15, 2018

My puppy ate an egg that one of my chickens laid so in the morning when I woke up she started vomiting and started eating plants.Is it OK if I feed her rice?

Feb. 26, 2018

Michelle M.

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Motley

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Fox terrier beagle mix

dog-age-icon

6 Weeks

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious severity

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2 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Lethargic
Vomiting, Loss Of Appetite
Diahrrea
Vomiting,

My puppy got into some chicken droppings Friday Night. She has been sick since. She was playful yesterday and today she is vomiting white foam every hour. The vet is closed today due to a holiday. I bought some pedialyte. Have been using an eye dropper. She is very lethargic and skin and bones as I dewormed her last week and she has seemed to got out most of the worms. What can I do to get her through the night?

Dec. 25, 2017

Motley's Owner


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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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2 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Motley really needs to be seen at an emergency clinic tonight. If she has been vomiting for over 24 hours every hour, she is probably dehydrated. It may have been the chicken, or parasites, or parvovirus. Without examining her, I cant diagnose her, but she does need to be seen, as 6 week old puppies need to be hydrated. I hope that she is okay.

Dec. 26, 2017

I was finally able to get them to open the animal hospital for me. She did test positive for parvo. Even though she was vaccinated for it. They took her and immediately started her on IV's and antibiotics.

Dec. 26, 2017

Motley's Owner

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Ghost

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German Shepherd Dog

dog-age-icon

17 Weeks

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea
Vomiting

Hello, my pup started with diarrhea and vomiting for 2 days so I took my dog to vet on 3rd day. They took stool sample and said no parasite and gave me endosorb tablets to give for 5 days but its day 4 and the diarrhea hasnt slowed at all. During the night he is going every 1 to 2 hours on cue. As far as i can see, i havent noticed any blood in it but it is very runny, explosive and lighter brown than normal, almost a yellow brown. He has still been eating, drinking and playing fine I just dont want his brother to catch whatever it is.

Dec. 21, 2017

Ghost's Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. If the diarrhea hasn't resolved, he needs to be seen for a recheck with your veterinarian. One thing that you can ask is if they checked for Giardia using an Elisa test - it is a more sensitive test than the standard fecal test, and not very expensive. Giardia can be difficult to see on a fecal float, and they are sometimes missed. That parasite is contagious to animals and people. He may also have a food intolerance - your veterinarian will be able to reassess his situation and help you resolve his diarrhea, he must be very uncomfortable.

Dec. 21, 2017

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Liza

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Mutt

dog-age-icon

3 Months

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

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1 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea
Vomiting
Loss Of Appetite
Stays Hidden

I don't know what is happening to my dog. We think it may be salmonella but are not sure. About three days ago she would not eat even if we fed her from the palm of our hands. She stays hidden behind our couch unless she needs to vomit or drink water. She will let us touch her but hides afterwards. After she drinks the water she vomits white foam like stuff. A lot. She has diarrhea. We think she may have caught a bird. Could this be salmonella? Please help.

Nov. 27, 2017

Liza's Owner

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1 Recommendations

This may be caused by a variety of different infections and the white foam vomit is normal in a dog which hasn’t eaten for a day or two; many different infections may cause the symptoms you are describing which may include bacteria, virus, parasites (both protozoa and worms) or fungal infections. You should visit your Veterinarian for an examination, especially if you haven’t vaccinated Liza as there are serious infections like Parvo which can be life threatening (90% mortality without treatment). In the meantime, keep Liza hydrated but visit your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Nov. 27, 2017

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Vienna

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Standard Poodle

dog-age-icon

18 Months

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Anal Itching
Bad Breath

Shortly after feeding one of our dogs raw chicken, and for the last 6 months, her anal glands have been full and her breath has been horrible. None of the other dogs have been affected. No other symptoms (ex. vomiting, soft stoles, temp, etc). We have tried a limited diet but nothing seems to help.

Salmonella Infection Average Cost

From 32 quotes ranging from $300 - $5,000

Average Cost

$1,800

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