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What is Testicular Swelling?

Testicular swelling occurs in male dogs with no preference to any specific breed. Epididymitis is most often found in adult-aged dogs. However, it can occur at any age. Testicular swelling is very easy to diagnose at home, as you will be able to identify the change in size in your dog’s testicles; however, you must bring your dog to a veterinarian for immediate attention in order to ascertain the cause and severity of the condition and seek treatment. While there are several possible causes associated with testicular swelling, the most common cause for testicular swelling is trauma from an injury to the scrotal area.

Male dogs can suffer from orchitis, an inflammation of the testes in which one or both testicles become hard and swollen, or epididymitis, an inflammation of the testicular tube that contains sperm.

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Testicular Swelling Average Cost

From 21 quotes ranging from $200 - $1,500

Average Cost

$750

Symptoms of Testicular Swelling in Dogs

The primary symptom of testicular swelling is the swelling itself. However, your dog may exhibit more of the following:

  • Swollen testicles
  • Testicular hardness
  • Excessive licking of the scrotum
  • Irritated skin in the scrotal area
  • Pain
  • Fever
  • Lack of appetite
  • Change in gait
  • Change in behavior, as dog may prefer to sit on cool surfaces to relieve pain
  • Bite wounds
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Causes of Testicular Swelling in Dogs

  • Trauma
  • Bite wounds in any location on your dog’s body
  • Viral Infection
  • Fungal Infection
  • Bacterial Infection
  • Prostasis, or inflammation of the prostate
  • Cystits, of inflammation of the bladder
  • Testicular torsion
  • Scrotal hernia
  • Scrotal dermatitis
  • Twisting of the spermatic cord
  • Granuloma, or a sperm-filled mass of inflamed tissue
  • Neoplasia, or abnormal cell growth
  • Testicular cancer
  • Hormonal irregularities
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Diagnosis of Testicular Swelling in Dogs

Prompt diagnosis by a veterinary professional is important, as your dog will continue to lick the scrotal area, causing further inflammation and irritation, until you begin treatment. It is important for you to provide the veterinarian with an account of the onset of your dog’s symptoms and information on any recent trauma he may have suffered. As there are many possible causes, any insight you may have will save you time and your dog pain.

The veterinarian will start the visit of by conducting a thorough physical examination, which will include palpation of the scrotal area to assess the extent of the swelling. Additionally, a complete blood count will be ordered to measure red and white blood cell and platelet counts. An elevated white blood cell count will indicate a viral cause of your dog’s testicular swelling. A chemical blood profile will check for irregularities in blood sugar, blood protein and electrolyte levels. A urinalysis will test for excess proteins in the urine, and may reveal blood and pus, which would indicate possible prostatitis or cystitis as the cause of the testicular swelling. Further tests may include an ultrasound of the prostate, epididymis and testes in order to view a granuloma, scrotal hernia or neoplasia. If a neoplasia is found, a biopsy will be necessary in order to determine if it is benign or cancerous. Bacterial and mycoplasmal culture evaluation of semen may be helpful for diagnosis.

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Treatment of Testicular Swelling in Dogs

Treatment will depend upon the exact diagnosis. The prognosis for recovery is excellent; however, the prognosis for maintaining fertility is not. The easiest and most effective treatment for testicular swelling across all diagnoses is neutering. For the health of your dog, neutering is the best option. However, in some cases and if you are intending to breed your dog, partial castration, or the removal of only one testicle, may be possible with a guarded possibility for success. For bacterial infection, antibiotic treatment is also necessary for up to one month. Treatment will also include cleaning of any wounds or the irritated scrotal area and administration of antibiotic ointment.

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Recovery of Testicular Swelling in Dogs

If you have your dog neutered, the prognosis for full recovery is excellent. It is important to monitor the site of your dog’s incision and follow all post-surgical care instructions. Your dog may be given medication to help with the pain during the recovery process, and it is important that you administer dosage exactly as prescribed. Additionally, monitor the incision site to ensure proper healing and clean as instructed. If your dog suffered any other wounds, be sure to keep them clean and dry.

If you have undertaken not to have your dog neutered, recovery and management will be more difficult. You will likely be advised to apply cold packs to your dog’s testicular area in order to ease swelling in the remaining testicle or testicles during immediate recovery. If swelling does not go down, you will need to return to the veterinarian for further treatment. Your dog may still suffer from permanent infertility due to a partial castration or the trauma of the testicular swelling itself. If fertility is important to you for breeding purposes, you will bring your dog back in to see the veterinarian in three months in order to have a semen sample tested for viability.

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Testicular Swelling Average Cost

From 21 quotes ranging from $200 - $1,500

Average Cost

$750

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Testicular Swelling Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Miniature Poodle

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Six Years

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Itching

He has been itching recently and his balls are red

Sept. 25, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Hello, So sorry to hear about your dog. You can try Benadryl for the itchiness. A typical dosage is 1mg/pound. If this does not help, there are a few great prescription allergy medications. You can also give your dog a bath in anti-itch shampoo to help with the itchiness. I hope this helps your dog start to feel better soon.

Sept. 25, 2020

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Bulldog

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One Year

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Unknown severity

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10 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Poor Appetite

Good morning my dog has a poor appetite is not drinking water and has a reddened scrotum. I wanted to know how to treat him?

Aug. 5, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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10 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Unfortunately, without being able to see him, I can't say what might be causing this problem for him. If his scrotum is inflamed, he may have an infection or irritation that is causing him not to feel good. It would be best to have him seen by a veterinarian, as they can examine him, see what might be going on, and get treatment for him. I hope that he feels better soon!

Aug. 5, 2020

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Labrador Corso

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Fifteen Months

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Swelling Of Testicular

Ehait is the problem in it

Aug. 2, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Dogs can develop infections and tumors of the testicles, or a torsion. These conditions can be quite painful and serious, and it would be best to have your dog seen by a veterinarian right away, as they can examine your dog and get treatment. I hope that he is okay.

Aug. 2, 2020

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Labrador Corso

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15 month

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Red And Testicular Sweeling

What is the problem?

Aug. 2, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Dogs can develop infections and tumors of the testicles, or a torsion. These conditions can be quite painful and serious, and it would be best to have your dog seen by a veterinarian right away, as they can examine your dog and get treatment. I hope that he is okay.

Aug. 2, 2020

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Golden Retriever

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9 months

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Unknown severity

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Swollen Scrotum

Jack was neutered on Wednesday. He's doing great, eating, peeing and pooping well. Happy, active disposition. The odd thing is his scrotum has enlarged to the size of a kiwi.

Aug. 2, 2020

Owner

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Jessica N. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Hello- Thanks for your question. One of the common complications with a neuter is some swelling in the scrotum. Make sure to keep him confined so he is not running, jumping or playing so that he can heal. The swelling in the scrotum will decrease slowly over the next couple of weeks. If the incision becomes inflamed, there is discharge from it, or it opens up I would contact your veterinarian and have him rechecked. Take care.

Aug. 2, 2020

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Simba

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Lhasa Apso

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3 Years

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

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Fair severity

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Non

I have a Lhasa apso 3 year old since 2/3 days I noticed sudden color change and swelling in his scrotom which was painful too. As the covid_19 is spreading all over the world i am very worried for my pet. Suggest me the treatment plan

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Harry

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Golden Retriever

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13 Years

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Fair severity

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0 found helpful

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Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Lump In Scrotum

13 year old neutered golden retriever has what appears to be testicle in one side of scrotum. Doesn’t seem painful when touched. Lots of fatty lumps on body too

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Polo

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Miniature Pinscher

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7 Years

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

None

My dog has pus coming out of this area is that a problem and do you have any hyposthesis of why this is happening to my dog? Please email me at Leonsofia531@gmail.com please send an email because this might be a probalem with my dog

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Zazu

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German Shepherd

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11 Months

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Serious severity

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1 found helpful

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Serious severity

Has Symptoms

Redness
Swollen

My dog was desexed yesterday is still a bit tiered but is eating a drinking. i am worried because has redness above where his testicles were and where his testicles were are pretty swollen and i don't know what to do!!!

Testicular Swelling Average Cost

From 21 quotes ranging from $200 - $1,500

Average Cost

$750

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