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What is Blood in the Urine?

Blood can appear in dog’s urine at any age, but age can be a good indicator of the cause. For instance, dogs can suffer from familial hematuria, which means that blood in the urine is hereditary, and this is the most common cause for blood in the urine of young dogs. However, the most common cause of blood in the urine of an older dog is cancer. Another indicator can be gender because blood in the urine may be caused by a urinary tract infection, from which females are more likely to suffer than males.

Blood in the urine is a condition medically referred to as hematuria. Blood in the urine is a symptom that can indicate various underlying causes, some of which are very serious. These include cancer (commonly in: older dogs), familial hematuria (younger dogs), and urinary tract infections (females).

Blood in the Urine Average Cost

From 33 quotes ranging from $250 - $3,000

Average Cost

$400

Symptoms of Blood in the Urine in Dogs

The primary symptom is blood in the urine itself, which can be seen in a range of discoloration, ranging from amber to red, orange or brown. This symptom may or may not be accompanied by abnormally frequent urination, evident abdominal pain or discomfort, and hemorrhages below the skin manifesting themselves as bruises. However, no other symptoms may be present, and the presence of blood in the urine, depending on its concentration, may not markedly change the color of your dog’s urine to the extent that you will notice it. Often, the detection of hematuria only occurs during routine health examinations or testing for another health problem that requires a urinalysis.

There are other possible causes for discolored urine. It is important to note that consumption of beets can cause red-tinted urine, so if the color is the only indicator, be sure that your dog hasn’t consumed beets recently.

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Causes of Blood in the Urine in Dogs

  • Bladder or Kidney Infection

    - Blood in your dog’s urine may be caused by a bladder infection or kidney infection, or infection of the prostate or urethra.

  • Tumors

    - Cancerous and non-cancerous tumors may cause blood in the urine of dogs.

  • Stones

    - Hematuria may be caused by kidney or bladder stones, as the presence of stones strains these organs.

  • Poisoning

    - Blood in your dog’s urine may be a sign that he has ingested a toxic substance such as a rodenticide.The core symptom will usually be accompanied by other symptoms such as lethargy, coughing, exercise intolerance, swollen abdomen, and difficulty breathing.

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    - A key symptom of urinary tract infection (UTI) is blood in the urine. This will usually be accompanied by some of the following symptoms: trouble emptying bladder, loss of bladder control, pain while urinating, a strong odor to the urine and constant licking of the urinary opening.

  • Injury

    - Physical trauma can be the cause of blood appearing in your dog’s urine. If your dog has experienced a recent injury, be sure to report it to the veterinarian.

  • Prostate

    - Blood in your male dog’s urine may be caused by a prostatic disease. There are seven prostatic diseases: benign prostatic hyperplasia, squamous metaplasia, cystic hyperplasia, paraprostatic cysts, bacterial infection, prostatic abscess, and prostatic cancer. If your dog has a prostatic disease, he will likely exhibit one or more of the additional symptoms of labored urination, decreased urine stream and difficulty passing bowel movements.

  • Estrus

    - Female dogs in heat do bleed. While the blood is not in the urine since it is coming from the same area, dog owners can sometimes confuse estrus blood with blood in the urine. Check for other signs that your dog is in heat, like that she has not been spayed, her vulva is swollen, and drops of blood are left behind when she sits down.

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Diagnosis of Blood in the Urine in Dogs

Because of the possibility of very serious underlying causes, it’s important to take your dog into the veterinarian as soon as you notice symptoms. A detailed account of the onset of any symptoms and the possibility of any recent injury, ingestion of toxic substance or ingestion of new or odd foods or a new vitamin supplement will greatly aid the veterinarian in diagnosis.

A detailed physical examination will be conducted, and the veterinarian will be looking for any potential abnormalities such as swelling tenderness or growths. Additionally, a complete blood count will be used to detect abnormal red and white blood cell and platelet levels, and a chemical blood profile will be used to detect levels calcium, phosphorous, potassium, nitrogenous waste products, albumin, and liver enzymes.

A very important diagnostic tool will be the urinalysis. Your dog’s urine will be pH tested and analyzed for mineral content, presence of red blood cells, hemoglobin, and protein and glucose levels. If a high concentration of minerals is found that may indicate crystals or stones, the urine will be further examined under a microscope.

The veterinarian may require an ejaculate sample from your male dog, the analysis of which will determine the presence of prostatic disease. A vaginoscopy or cystoscopy may be necessary in order to examine fully your dog’s genital health.

If a tumor is detected or suspected, the veterinarian may order an ultrasound and/or x-ray in order to fully identify the presence of a tumor. In some cases, a biopsy will be necessary in order to determine if a tumor is benign or malignant.

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Treatment of Blood in the Urine in Dogs

Treatment will be varied and designed to address the underlying cause of the blood in your dog’s urine once your dog has been stabilized. Stabilization may require intravenous fluids to treat dehydration and/or a blood transfusion if your dog’s red blood cell count is dangerously low.

Infections

Antibiotics are the treatment of choice for bladder, kidney, urinary tract, and other infections. Specific antibiotics that your vet may prescribe will depend on your dog’s history with antibiotics and the site of the infection.

Stones

Bladder and kidney stones may be treated through diet low in protein, phosphorous and magnesium and designed to promote acidic urine as well as encourage increased water intake, or in more severe cases, removal of the stones through nonsurgical or surgical means.

Tumors

The treatment of tumors will depend on the site and diagnosis. The veterinarian may refer you to an oncologist for a more specialized diagnosis and treatment.

Poisoning

Treatment for poisoning will depend upon the substance ingested. If your dog has ingested rodenticide and is experiencing vitamin D poisoning, she will need to remain on an IV until her electrolyte, calcium, and phosphorous levels have stabilized. Your dog may be given a phosphate binder such as aluminum hydroxide in order to allow her to excrete the excess phosphorous in her system more quickly.

Injury

If the blood in your dog’s urine is the result of trauma, the treatment will depend upon the extent and location of the internal damage that is found during diagnosis.

Prostate

Treatment of prostatic disease will depend upon the diagnosis, as there are several possible diseases. For primary or secondary bacterial infections, your dog will be prescribed aggressive antibiotic therapy that may be much longer than a typical antibiotic regimen. Benign prostatic hyperplasia, cystic metaplasia, testicular tumors and cystic hyperplasia generally occur only in dogs that have not been neutered, and neutering is often the only treatment necessary. Paraprostatic cysts and prostatic abscesses must be surgically removed and drained.

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Recovery of Blood in the Urine in Dogs

No matter the diagnosis, it is most important to follow the veterinarian’s instructions for follow-up care and monitoring. If the symptom was determined to be the result of a dietary abnormality, the veterinarian will advise you on an appropriate diet. It is always important to consult the veterinarian before adding a nutritional or vitamin supplement to your dog’s diet. No matter the cause, it is important to always have fresh, clean water available and encourage your dog to stay hydrated.

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Blood in the Urine Average Cost

From 33 quotes ranging from $250 - $3,000

Average Cost

$400

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Blood in the Urine Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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mix

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Eight Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

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Bleeding From Penis

He is bleeding from his penis pretty bad

Oct. 24, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Linda S. MVB MRCVS

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Hi there, you are through to Dr Linda. Any acute bleeding like this requires urgent vet care and I would not hesitate to have him seen by your local clinic right away. There are several potential causes for this including a cut, growth that has broken open, infection etc.

Oct. 24, 2020

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Neapolitan mastiff pit mix

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Ten Years

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Reddish Brown Coming From Her Vagina And Having Accidents In My House

My dog is 10 years old and has a reddish brown discharge coming from her vagina and she sometimes has a accident in my house and she is only eating her canned dog food and won't touch her dry food and she drinks water and keeps it down can you please tell me what is wrong with my dog

Sept. 29, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. If your dog is not spayed, that discharge is very suggestive of a uterine or ovarian infection. That can make dogs very sick, and it would be best to have your dog seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible. They will be able to examine her and let you know what treatment she needs. I hope that all goes well for her and she feels better soon.

Sept. 29, 2020

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English Springer Spaniel

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Seven Years

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1 found helpful

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Unknown severity

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Blood In Urine

My dog Gem has a little blood in her urine .. It’s been going on for a few days ..

Sept. 28, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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1 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. Blood in the urine means there is a problem, and it might be an infection or irritation in the bladder. Those things do not get better without treatment, and Gem needs to see a veterinarian. They will be able to examine her, see what is going on, and get medications for her. I hope that all goes well for her!

Oct. 5, 2020

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Bichon/poodle

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5 yrs

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Bloody Urine/Walking Different

My dog has a lot of blood in urine and is walking different than usual

Sept. 25, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. I apologize for the delay, this venue is not set up for urgent emails. I hope that your pet is feeling better. If they are still having problems, It would be best to have your pet seen by a veterinarian, as they can examine them, see what might be going on, and get any testing or treatment taken care of that might be needed.

Oct. 21, 2020

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Yorkie

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Six Years

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Blood In Urine

Hello,My dog Cam is 6 years old and me and mother just noticed that he has blood in his urine for about 3days my mother thinks it could be his allergies and I’m not sure what it is. I’ve been researching online but the answers I’m getting is making me nervous. He has has never had their problem before so this is scary for us.

Aug. 29, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Gina U. DVM

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Hello Blood in the urine can be caused by a urinary tract infection or bladder stones, most commonly. I recommend that you take him to a veterinarian for an exam so that they can run a urinalysis to see what's going on. Good luck.

Aug. 29, 2020

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Sadie

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Black Lab

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6 Years

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Mild severity

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Mild severity

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Blood In Urine

My spayed female black lab will be 6 yrs in June . She sometimes peeing blood? She’s otherwise normal. Happy & content! But I am worried of course about bloody urin. Can anyone help please?

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Honey

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Bichon Frise

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9 Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

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Frequent Urination
Drinks A Lot
Blood In The Urine

I have a 9yr old bichon/poodle mix and as soon as she's done eating, she starts peeing and can't even make it to the door. The urine has blood in it. I've taken her to the vet and they gave her a round of antibiotics, but it didn't help. Then I bought some over the counter stuff that's liquid and you add a dropper of it to their food to help with urniary infections, kidney and bladder stones. Been giving that to her for a couple of weeks and that doesn't seem to be helping either. I don't think it's cancer because she doesn't have any of the other symptoms. She doesn't act like she's in any pain.

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toby

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German Shepherd

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4 Years

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pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

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Blood In Urine
Fever

my dog start peeing blood this morning during our regular walk, he have fever now. I have found some breed two days ago on the backyard of my house that wasn't ours, the bread was old and my dog grab it but i put it away before he have any chance to eat it but im not sure if he was eating something else beforehand. Do can be poison? do poison can cause fever? Giving the description which kind of issue can be if not poison? Thank you.

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Laskie

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Dachsund

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12 Years

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Serious severity

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Serious severity

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Blood In Urine, Incontinence

My dachshund Laskie is urinating blood, he also has a mass located near his penis. He was taken to the vet and he told us the mass was not causing him pain although he was treated for the blood in urine it continues to come back he cant hold his urine and he drips blood. I am hoping it is not cancer although we have put a lot of money into vet services and cant afford an ultrasound...please help

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Milo

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Bernese Mountain Dog

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10 Years

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Serious severity

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Blood In Urine

My almost 10 year old Bernese Mountain Dog has been diagnosed with cancer. He had a large angry mass which literally grew almost overnight on the outside of his stomach which they tested as having cancer cells and has a mass in/near his abdomen that was seen on xray. The mass on the outside weeped and we cleaned and treated it at home and it is completely gone now. The mass inside has grown. He is weak in the back legs and we have to help him up on the tile, but he is fine on carpet. He eats well, drinks plenty of water, poops fine. The past 2 days I have seen bloody urine in the yard (we have other dogs) and this morning I saw him 2 times literally peeing dark blood. He does not seem in any pain. I love him so much, I don't know what to do!

Blood in the Urine Average Cost

From 33 quotes ranging from $250 - $3,000

Average Cost

$400

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