Dog is man’s best friend and for good reason! People with dogs live longer, their hearts are healthier and they’re happier on average than those without a canine influence in their lives. But whilst our canine friends help us live longer, can they still suffer from the same illnesses and ailments that we can? The parvovirus in humans can lead to severe joint soreness for days and even weeks; it’s extremely contagious and debilitating. But if your dog could get parvo, even after vaccination, it could potentially be lethal, causing a variety of problems such as sepsis. Plus, when it’s so contagious, handling the condition in a dog would need to be done with extreme care. But can dogs even get parvo after they’ve been vaccinated?
Short answer: YES!
Some may think once their dog is vaccinated they can’t catch Parvo, but the virus has different strains and reinvents itself. So unfortunately, dogs definitely can still catch the parvovirus.
Parvo is a nasty disease, but catching the signs early may help prevent serious, long-term damage. Does your dog have a fever? Is your dog lethargic? Is your dog constantly vomiting and suffering from diarrhea? Do they have a weak pulse, tachycardia, hypothermia or fluid distention of the intestines? All of these can be symptoms your dog is suffering from parvovirus.
But what even causes parvovirus? Your dog can catch parvo from eating the feces of an infected animal. It can catch it from coming into contact with infected material with the eyes, nose or mouth. If the proper vaccination hasn’t been given to your dog, their chances of catching it are much higher. On top of that, systemic stress from other illnesses can increase the risk of infection.
How will your vet diagnose parvo? ELISA is a common lab test used to detect the viral particles in intestinal parvo. Cardiac parvovirus is very rare and infects puppies whilst still in the uterus, causing stillbirth or death shortly after birth. There is not yet an effective means of diagnosing the mother for this type of Parvo.
The immediate things that need to be treated from parvo are the dehydration and electrolyte imbalance from persistent vomiting and diarrhea. Solutions can be administered orally, or an IV may be needed to administer the electrolytes, water and the required nutrients. A sugar solution and potassium may also need to be administered via IV. If the case becomes serious, and GI protein drops below 20g/L, your dog will require colloid therapy such as Pentastarch. Your dog may also require anti-emetics to control the vomiting and antibiotics to treat any infections that take hold whilst the immune system is weakened.
Fortunately, recovery is swift when treated early on. Puppies that are treated promptly can be fully recovered after a week or two, if they survive the first few days. Once vomiting has stopped, the dog can receive all the necessary nutrients and recover quickly. However, it may take several weeks or even months before full recovery.
It can be helpful to read first-hand accounts from other owners, plus take a look at answered questions from our in-house vets.
- In both dogs and humans, individuals can feel lethargic and have a fever.
- Both can also experience extreme loss of appetite and a complete refusal to eat any food.
- Persistent vomiting and diarrhea can be symptoms of parvo in both humans and dogs.
- A weak pulse may also be a big indicator that parvo has taken hold in both dogs and humans.
Humans and dogs are affected by different types of parvo viruses, which cannot be transmitted between the species.
Humans usually have symptoms of red cheeks and joint soreness, not symptoms typically seen in dogs.
Parvovirus often affects very young puppies or puppies that have not even been born. It is more common in humans to contract parvovirus when they are older.
Parvovirus infection in dogs is often much more serious, whereas you don’t always need to see a doctor if you contract it as a human.