Despite his small stature, your Cairn Terrier is probably intelligent, fearless, and active, as is their nature. He also makes the perfect companion for snuggling up on the sofa with after a long day. Guests are always quick to say how cute he is and he’s always sociable and eager to say hello. However, take him outside of the house and it’s a different story. As soon as you let him off the leash he runs for freedom. He’s overwhelmed by all the sights and smells, so getting him back to you is challenging to say the least.
Training him to come will put your mind at ease when you’re out and about. It will mean if you are a near a road, you can call him over and not have to worry about him being involved in a traffic collision. It will also assert your position as pack leader, making it easier to teach him a range of other commands too.
Training your Cairn Terrier to come can prove challenging. However, the younger he is when you start training, the quicker you will see results. The biggest hurdle is finding the right incentive. Once you have that, you just need to get him in a regular habit of coming when called. It will, of course, require consistent and rigorous obedience training.
If he’s a puppy he should be a fast learner. Therefore, you could see results in just a week. If he’s older and stubborn, then you may need a while longer. It could be a month or so before you see consistent results. Succeed and you won’t need to worry about him bolting when he sees another dog on the horizon. In addition, if you are in a rush to get out of the house, calling him over will now be quick and stress-free.
Before you get to work, you’ll need to gather a few bits. The main component will be treats. Alternatively, you can break his favorite food into small chunks. For one of the methods, a clicker will also be needed.
Set aside 10 minutes each day for training. You can practice inside and in your yard, before finally training when on your daily walk.
Once you have all the above, you just need patience and an optimistic attitude, then work can begin!
He seems to have extreme separation anxiety when he isnt near me but at the same time he doesnt respect me at all...how can i help get the separation anxiety to go away and get him to respect me at the same time
Hello Kayla, First, pup needs to be crate trained to help build independence. Check out the Surprise method from the article linked below and work on that method to get him used to you being out of the room while he is crated. https://wagwalking.com/training/like-a-crate There are a couple of routes you can take with the separation anxiety. He also needs to build his independence and his confidence by adding a lot of structure and predictability into his routine. Things such as making him work for rewards like meals, walks, and pets. Working on "Stay" and "Place," commands while you move away or leave the room, and teaching him to remain inside a crate when the door is open as well as closed. Give him something to do in the crate or on Place during the day while you are out of the room (such as a dog food stuffed Kong to chew on). Place: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=omg5DVPWIWo Crate manners: https://thegooddog.net/training-videos/free-how-to-training-videos/learn-to-train-the-good-dog-way-the-crate/ Another protocol involves teaching the dog to cope with their own anxiety by making their current anxious go-to behaviors unpleasant, giving them an opportunity to stop those behaviors long enough to learn something new, then rewarding the correct, calmer behavior instead. This protocol can feel harsh because it involves careful correction, but it tends to work much quicker for many dogs. If you go this route, I suggest hiring a trainer who is very experienced using both positive reinforcement and fair correction to help you implement the training. Building his independence and structure in his life will still be an important part of this protocol too, and has the benefit of building trust and respect for you too. First, check out this video from SolidK9Training on treating anxiety. It will give a brief over-view of treating separation anxiety more firmly. This trainer can be a bit abrupt with his teaching style with people but is very experienced working with highly aggressive, anxious, and reactive dogs. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y5GqzeLzysk Make sure you are implementing what he teaches there in other areas of pup's life too. Second, purchase a Pet convincer. DO NOT use a citronella collar, buy the additional unscented air canister if the collar comes with the citronella and make sure that you use the unscented air. (Citronella collars are actually very harsh and the smell lingers a long time so the dog continues to be corrected even after they stop the behavior). Next, set up a camera to spy on him. If you have two smart devices, like tablets or smartphones, you can Skype or Facetime them to one another with your pup’s end on mute, so that you can see and hear him but he will not hear you. Video baby monitors, video security monitors with portable ways to view the video, GoPros with the phone Live App, or any other camera that will record and transmit the video to something portable that you can watch outside live will work. Set up your camera to spy on him while he is in the crate and leave. Spy on him from outside. Leave however you normally would. As soon as you hear him crying or see him start to try to escape or destroy the crate from the camera, quietly return, spray a small puff of air from the pet convincer at his side through the crate wires, without opening the door, then leave again. Every time he barks or tries to get out of the crate, correct, then leave again. After five minutes to ten minutes of practice, as soon as your dog stays quiet and is not trying to escape for five seconds straight, go back into the room where he is and sprinkle several treats into the crate without saying anything, then leave again. Practice correcting when he barks or tries to escape, going back inside and sprinkling treats when he stays quiet, for up to 30 minutes a session at first. After 30 minutes -1 hour of practicing this, while he is quiet, go back into the room and sprinkle more treats. This time stay in the room. Do not speak to him or pay attention to him for ten minutes while you walk around and get stuff done inside. When he is being calm, then you can let him out of the crate. When you let him out, do it the way Jeff does is in this video below. Opening and closing the door until your dog is not rushing out. You want him to be calm when he comes out of the crate and to stay calm when you get home. That is why you need to ignore him when you get home right away. Also, keep your good byes extremely boring and calm. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y5GqzeLzysk Also, for longer alone times give him a kibble food stuffed Kong into the crate/room with him. Once he is less anxious he will likely enjoy it even if he didn't pay any attention to it in the past, and that will help him to enjoy alone time more. First, he may need her anxious state of mind interrupted so that he is open to learning other ways to behave. Once it's interrupted, give him a food stuffed Kong in the crate for him to relieve his boredom instead of barking, since he will need something other than barking to do at that point. Regularly practice him staying on Place and in the open crate while you are home and leave the room as well. Finally, teach pup the Quiet command to make communication with him clearer. Quiet method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-shih-tzu-puppy-to-not-bark For most dogs I recommend using the Pet Convincer or similar more mild corrector. Some dogs need to be corrected remotely so that you aren't giving extra attention. If you find that to be the case with your pup, I suggest hiring a professional trainer who is very familiar with e-collar training and can use low level, working level, e-collar training the correct way to interrupt pup's state of mind, for you to then be able to reward for calm responses afterwards. Structure and obedience like Place is just as important for that training as well. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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