How to Train Your Dog to Not Jump and Bite

Medium
2-4 Weeks
Behavior

Introduction

Jumping is a natural behavior for dogs. Dogs will typically jump when they want your attention or if they want something you have, like a toy or a treat. If your dog thinks you have something he must have, he may jump on you and bite to get what he wants. Dogs will also jump out of excitement when meeting somebody new. Having a dog who jumps and nips at you can be scary and also dangerous. Puppies typically bite because they use their mouths to taste and feel the world around them. They do not know how much biting hurts; it is just a natural reaction for them. If you have an adult dog who is jumping and biting, it is possibly because her behavior was not corrected as she aged, leaving her with a bad habit.

Defining Tasks

Teaching your dog not to jump and bite is imperative if you plan on taking your dog anywhere or if you plan on having company at your house. A dog who has bitten someone could potentially be in trouble with the law. So, you are going to want to have a dog who is well-trained, under your control, and not jumping and biting anyone around. For a puppy, teaching him not to jump and bite could potentially require several training sessions and reminders through repetition. However, for an older dog, you are changing habits they have built up over time. Either way, you are going to require some patience. Expect to spend several minutes a day, every time your dog is tempted to jump and bite, teaching her to forget this kind of behavior.

Getting Started

Along with patience, time, and commitment to your dog's obedience training, expect to have treats, toys to offer, and the idea of the habits you would like to see your dog have such as sitting when a guest comes to visit instead of jumping and nipping at your guests. 

The On His Level Method

Most Recommended
3 Votes
Step
1
Attention
If your dog jumps and bites you when he is excited, it's because he wants attention from you. One trick is to get down on his level instead of having him jump up to yours.
Step
2
Consistent
With consistency, every time your dog jumps up and bites you, squat down to his level to give him affection and a treat to bite instead of you.
Step
3
No touching
Without touching him while you are standing, only show affection once you are at his level.
Step
4
Command
With this method, you can use a command such as 'down' if your dog knows it. If your dog needs to learn 'down', this is a good opportunity to teach him so he knows to lie down and wait for you to come to his level when he wants attention.
Step
5
Tell friends
Teach anyone around your dog if they would like to pet your dog, he needs to be calm sitting or lying down and not jumping up before they are allowed to touch him.
Recommend training method?

The Expectations Method

Effective
1 Vote
Step
1
Tempt
To tempt your dog, hold treats in your hands and stand in front of your dog.
Step
2
Jump and nip
When he jumps up and nips at your hands, cross your arms, hiding the treats.
Step
3
Key phrase
Use a command word or a key word such as "ah ah” or a command such as 'sit'.
Step
4
Treat
When your dog sits, offer him a treat.
Step
5
Step away
Stepping away, try the process again with treats in your hands that your dog can see.
Step
6
Repeat keyword
When he jumps up and bites, use your keyword, “ah ah” and “sit.”
Step
7
Attention
When your dog diverts his attention away from your hands and sits for you, offer him a treat and verbal praise.
Step
8
Guests
Your dog will need to associate this with guests coming into your home as well as greeting you. When guests come over, use the same process holding the treats and the verbiage, so your dog associates the jumping, no matter the occasion, with the need to sit and be still followed by the reward of a treat.
Step
9
Practice
Practice several times a day for several weeks before you expect your dog to be able to sit calmly and quietly without jumping and biting.
Recommend training method?

The Teach Early Method

Effective
0 Votes
Step
1
Ouch
Letting your dog know that jumping is uncomfortable and biting hurts is a crucial part of training your dog not to jump and bite.
Step
2
Jump and bite
When your dog jumps and bites, turn your back to your dog and use the key word such as “ouch” or “ah ah.”
Step
3
No attention
Don't give your dog attention to your dog until he calms
Step
4
Follows
If your dog follows you around when you turn away from him, turn around again.
Step
5
Commands
Using a command such as “no,” “ouch,” or “ah ah,” keep your arms crossed and your back to your dog.
Step
6
Calm praise
Once your dog calms, reach down to pet him and praise him.
Step
7
Guests arrive
If your dog jumps at bites when guests arrive in your home, consider leaving a treat bowl near the door and offer your dog a treat each time he sits before opening the door and once your guest is inside.
Step
8
Repeat
You will need to repeat this process every time your dog jumps up and bites to let him know jumping is not okay.
Recommend training method?

Success Stories and Training Questions

Training Questions and Answers and Success Stories

Question
Kylo
German shepherd husky catahoulla
9 Months
0 found helpful
Question
0 found helpful
Kylo
German shepherd husky catahoulla
9 Months

How can I keep my dog from jumping and biting my younger kids

Caitlin Crittenden
Caitlin Crittenden
Dog Trainer
706 Dog owners recommended

Hello Olivia, Is Kyro jumping up and trying to playfully nip them and being too rough? Or acting aggressive toward your kids, like they intend to harm them? If pup is being aggressive toward your kids and not just excitable, I recommend hiring a professional trainer who specializes in behavior issues like aggression to help you with this in person. I also recommend desensitizing pup to wearing a basket muzzle for your kids' safety and to help pup learn that they can't use their mouth to get what they want. Muzzle introduction video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJTucFnmAbw&list=PLXtcKXk-QWojGYcl1NCg5UA5geEnmpx4a&index=6&t=0s If pup is simply overly excitable and trying to be playful, I recommend teaching several commands and enforcing the commands on behalf of your kids with pup. Leave It method - once pup is doing well with this, if pup is excitable but not aggressive, with pup on leash for kids' safety, help the kids also practice this command with pup with you present, so pup will learn to respond to them saying Leave It: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-shih-tzu-puppy-to-not-bite Out - which means leave the area. Once pup knows Out well, you can use Out to deal with pushy behavior, and be the one to enforce the command on behalf of your kids, moving pup out of the area, away from your kids when they don't respond to just the verbal command. https://www.petful.com/behaviors/how-to-teach-a-dog-the-out-command/ Jumping - Leash method and Sit method with you holding the leash to prevent pup from jumping on kids during practice, practicing pup sitting when kid's command and kids tossing treats at pup's paws when pup is gentle with greetings. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-australian-shepherds-to-not-jump Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden

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Question
Rex
Rottweiler
12 Months
0 found helpful
Question
0 found helpful
Rex
Rottweiler
12 Months

Everytime i go outside he jumps and bites me the whole time im outside i have to be hard on him to stop it's getting tiresome he to aggressive

Alisha Smith
Alisha S., Dog Trainer
131 Dog owners recommended

Hello. Here is information on puppy nipping/biting. Nipping: Puppies may nip for a number of reasons. Nipping can be a means of energy release, getting attention, interacting and exploring their environment or it could be a habit that helps with teething. Whatever the cause, nipping can still be painful for the receiver, and it’s an action that pet parents want to curb. Some ways to stop biting before it becomes a real problem include: Using teething toys. Distracting with and redirecting your dog’s biting to safe and durable chew toys is one way to keep them from focusing their mouthy energies to an approved location and teach them what biting habits are acceptable. Making sure your dog is getting the proper amount of exercise. Exercise is huge. Different dogs have different exercise needs based on their breed and size, so check with your veterinarian to make sure that yours is getting the exercise they need. Dogs—and especially puppies—use their playtime to get out extra energy. With too much pent-up energy, your pup may resort to play biting. Having them expel their energy in positive ways - including both physical and mental exercise - will help mitigate extra nips. Being consistent. Training your dog takes patience, practice and consistency. With the right training techniques and commitment, your dog will learn what is preferred behavior. While sometimes it may be easier to let a little nipping activity go, be sure to remain consistent in your cues and redirection. That way, boundaries are clear to your dog. Using positive reinforcement. To establish preferred behaviors, use positive reinforcement when your dog exhibits the correct behavior. For instance, praise and treat your puppy when they listen to your cue to stop unwanted biting as well as when they choose an appropriate teething toy on their own. Saying “Ouch!” The next time your puppy becomes too exuberant and nips you, say “OUCH!” in a very shocked tone and immediately stop playing with them. Your puppy should learn - just as they did with their littermates - that their form of play has become unwanted. When they stop, ensure that you follow up with positive reinforcement by offering praise, treat and/or resuming play. Letting every interaction with your puppy be a learning opportunity. While there are moments of dedicated training time, every interaction with your dog can be used as a potential teaching moment.

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Question
Molly
Golden Retriever
14 Months
0 found helpful
Question
0 found helpful
Molly
Golden Retriever
14 Months

when walking Molly, after a bit she starts jumping and growling at me and chews her harness. She can get quite vicious with me.

Alisha Smith
Alisha S., Dog Trainer
131 Dog owners recommended

Hello there. It seems like she views you as a play mate. She is young enough for this behavior to turn around quickly, but it might take a few weeks of consistent work to see progress. If you have the desire to go a little longer, then you can try implementing some boundaries in a passive way. We often scold in the moment and that doesn't work very well on dogs who are head strong. It tends to make them continue with the unwanted behaviors. When behaviors like this arise, I typically have my customers use a "nothing is for free" approach. It's simple yet super effective in helping the humans in the pack regain their leadership position, without any harsh techniques or punishments. You do simple things like make her sit before feeding, sit and stay while you exit doorways first, sit before putting on the leash, sit and be calm before giving any attention. All these things she loves. But now she has to work for them. They are no longer given freely. Also, in a pinch until she calms down a bit, if she starts jumping on you while she is leashed, you can step on the leash to leave her with no space to jump on you. I really hope some of this helps you. Please feel free to message again if you need more help.

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Dinky
Labrador Retriever
7 Months
0 found helpful
Question
0 found helpful
Dinky
Labrador Retriever
7 Months

Really excitable when someone comes to visit and when his out on lead I dread someone coming towards me as I know his going to jump on them,I find when his on his own with me in a field his usually very good I have him thought to sit like down roll over but most of the time gets too excited in the presence of others any solutions?

Caitlin Crittenden
Caitlin Crittenden
Dog Trainer
706 Dog owners recommended

Hello Richard, For the pulling, check out the article linked below and the Turns method. Practice it with pup's muzzle slightly behind your leg and as soon as pup starts to move their head past your leg, turn directly in front of pup. Timing is important here - if you wait until pup is further ahead this will be hard to do. Practice in an open area like your yard, calm cul-de-sac free or cars, park, or field at first. If pup is pulling you forward, you may need to use a training collar at first, until pup responds to the training with practice. A gentle leader or prong collar tend to work best for strong dogs. Look up how to properly fit both though, since they are often worn wrong and ineffective and less safe when put on incorrectly. Turns method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel For the jumping, work on teaching pup a sit. Practice with family and friends coming to your home first. Each time have them sit. Open the door a bit and command Sit. If they obey, open the door all the way and let the guest in. If they disobey and try to rush the door, close it more so they can't get through and wait until they sit before opening it again. Once the guest is inside, practice the Step Toward method with those who live with pup and won't be thrown off balance (step toward pup as soon as paws start to leave the floor. Don't wait until pup has jumped onto you). And the Leash method with guests. Once pup is consistent at home, recruit friends and family to practice approaching you on a walk you have set up - so pup thinks its someone unexpected coming up to you. When pup chooses to sit (having practiced that at home), have the person feed pup a treat below their chin (don't hold the treat above pup or they will jump to get it). If pup jumps, use the Leash method or Step Toward method. With pup being so excitable this will take a lot of intentional repetition so that it becomes habit to sit to get attention, rather than jump. Sit helps in addition to other training, because pup can't jump and sit at the same time, and needs another way to ask for attention besides jumping. Step Toward and Leash method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-australian-shepherds-to-not-jump https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23zEy-e6Khg Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden

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Question
Oliver
Boxer
3 Months
0 found helpful
Question
0 found helpful
Oliver
Boxer
3 Months

jumping at me and biting and barking

Alisha Smith
Alisha S., Dog Trainer
131 Dog owners recommended

Hello! I am going to send you information on the nipping/biting, as well as jumping. Both of these behaviors are attention seeking/play engaging behaviors. The best you can do for both is to completely ignore. But I am sending information with much more detail than that! Nipping: Puppies may nip for a number of reasons. Nipping can be a means of energy release, getting attention, interacting and exploring their environment or it could be a habit that helps with teething. Whatever the cause, nipping can still be painful for the receiver, and it’s an action that pet parents want to curb. Some ways to stop biting before it becomes a real problem include: Using teething toys. Distracting with and redirecting your dog’s biting to safe and durable chew toys is one way to keep them from focusing their mouthy energies to an approved location and teach them what biting habits are acceptable. Making sure your dog is getting the proper amount of exercise. Exercise is huge. Different dogs have different exercise needs based on their breed and size, so check with your veterinarian to make sure that yours is getting the exercise they need. Dogs—and especially puppies—use their playtime to get out extra energy. With too much pent-up energy, your pup may resort to play biting. Having them expel their energy in positive ways - including both physical and mental exercise - will help mitigate extra nips. Being consistent. Training your dog takes patience, practice and consistency. With the right training techniques and commitment, your dog will learn what is preferred behavior. While sometimes it may be easier to let a little nipping activity go, be sure to remain consistent in your cues and redirection. That way, boundaries are clear to your dog. Using positive reinforcement. To establish preferred behaviors, use positive reinforcement when your dog exhibits the correct behavior. For instance, praise and treat your puppy when they listen to your cue to stop unwanted biting as well as when they choose an appropriate teething toy on their own. Saying “Ouch!” The next time your puppy becomes too exuberant and nips you, say “OUCH!” in a very shocked tone and immediately stop playing with them. Your puppy should learn - just as they did with their littermates - that their form of play has become unwanted. When they stop, ensure that you follow up with positive reinforcement by offering praise, treat and/or resuming play. Letting every interaction with your puppy be a learning opportunity. While there are moments of dedicated training time, every interaction with your dog can be used as a potential teaching moment. Jumping: Teach your dog that they receive no attention for jumping on you or anyone else. Teach your dog to do something that is incompatible with jumping up, such as sitting. They can't sit and jump up at the same time. If they are not sitting, they get no attention. It is important to be consistent. Everyone in your family must follow the training program all the time. You can't let your dog jump on people in some circumstances, but not others. Training techniques: When your dog… Jumps on other people: Ask a family member or friend to assist with training. Your assistant must be someone your dog likes and wants to greet. Your dog should never be forced to greet someone who scares them. Give your dog the "sit" command. (This exercise assumes your dog already knows how to "sit.") The greeter approaches you and your dog. If your dog stands up, the greeter immediately turns and walks away. Ask your dog to "sit," and have the greeter approach again. Keep repeating until your dog remains seated as the greeter approaches. If your dog does remain seated, the greeter can give your dog a treat as a reward. When you encounter someone while out walking your dog, you must manage the situation and train your dog at the same time. Stop the person from approaching by telling them you don't want your dog to jump. Hand the person a treat. Ask your dog to "sit." Tell the person they can pet your dog and give them the treat as long as your dog remains seated. Some people will tell you they don't mind if your dog jumps on them, especially if your dog is small and fluffy or a puppy. But you should mind. Remember you need to be consistent in training. If you don't want your dog to jump on people, stick to your training and don't make exceptions. Jumps on you when you come in the door: Keep greetings quiet and low-key. If your dog jumps on you, ignore them. Turn and go out the door. Try again. You may have to come in and go out dozens of times before your dog learns they only gets your attention when they keep all four feet on the floor. Jumps on you when you're sitting: If you are sitting and your dog jumps up on you, stand up. Don't talk to your dog or push them away. Just ignore them until all four feet are on the ground. Please let me know if you have additional questions. Thank you for writing in!

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