Rescue dogs are special pets. They come with a history that may affect their behavior and even their personality. But this is a history you may know nothing about. You may get some hints about your dog's past based on his behavior. Rescue dogs are special in your lives because you're choosing to give them a chance for a good home and a good life. Some rescues have been abused. Some have been neglected. Some have just been left behind without an understanding of why. Any or all of these things could cause your rescue dog to behave in ways you may not understand. Your rescue dog may have been abused with a leash. This might make walking on a leash extremely scary for your dog. Or your rescue may have never been on a leash before. He may be a bit apprehensive about trying something new.
Loving your rescue dog and giving him a chance to be an amazing pet and to learn and grow with boundaries and love are the best things you can offer your pup. Training your dog after rescue to walk on a leash will not only take some patience, love, and understanding, but it may also take some guesses as to why he behaves the way he does. If he's fearful of the leash, it may be because he was abused at one time. Take this training slow, let him lead the way and show you the pace he needs to go in order for him to be comfortable and willing to try something new with you, his new owner who loves him dearly. Introducing the leash and how to use it and what your expectations are with a rescue dog needs to happen in small phases. Have lots of patience and remember your dog’s stomach is a great path to his heart and building trust.
Because a rescue dog requires special kind of attention and training, be sure you are very patient and calm during your training sessions. You don't want to trigger any anxiety or trauma from your dog's past while training. Be sure you have a leash that is appropriate for your dog’s size and weight. If your dog is highly anxious or fearful, you may want to consider putting him in a harness instead of just a collar. This will help you have better control over him while on the leash. High-value treats are great for any pup, but for training rescue dogs you may need to consider using treats that are extremely tasty and offer more than you might a dog who doesn't have a past you're not aware of.
My dog Ellie was rescued a couple of weeks ago, and I am having a lot of difficulties unfortunately.
She latched on to me right away, and has been so loving and attentive to me. She comes when I ask her too, and she follows me around.
However, it takes her anywhere from one to two hours to warm up to women, and a few visits before she will even consider going near a man. Do you have any advice for that?
Additionally, she is a terror on a leash. She isn't afraid of it; she lets me put on her harness and leash and is wagging her tail and waiting at the door before I can put my shoes on because she knows it means she gets to go out. But once we get out, she is petrified. She pulls so much because she is trying to get away from anything and everything. Her tail goes down, she lowers her whole body to the floor and goes as fast as I let her. If anyone comes up to her in the streets, she panics. She also tries to run into the traffic a lot.
Do you have any advice on those two scenarios? What I really need help with is the walking.
Hello Zoe, It sounds like she may not have been socialized so simply does not know what is safe and not safe so everything is overwhelming. The key in that case will be slowly socializing her in a positive way, acting confident yourself and doing things like working on obedience exercises and providing consistent leadership and direction to help her feel more trusting of your protection, more confident, and less panicked. I suggest having calm friends over frequently and instructing the friends to ignore her and toss her treats whenever she is being calm or brave (not aggressive or overly skittish). She needs to be exposed to a lot of people in a nonthreatening way. They should act normal but calm and simply ignore her while they toss the treats and let her sniff them - no crouching down or calling her right now. For the leash walking, I suggest taking her to calm locations - like your front yard, right now for walks. First, work on her obedience there with you with a few distractions in the background. Work on things like Heel, Stay, Sit, Down, Watch Me, and other structured commands. Act confident and upbeat yourself - not soothing or sorry for her. Reward her with treats or toys if she will catch a ball, tug on a toy, or eat - use whichever she seems to like best. She needs to get used to people, noises, dogs, and other things simply being in the background while she has something else to focus on and build her confidence - the training. The treats from training will also help her form positive associations with the background distractions. As she improves, gradually take your training sessions into other public areas. Start with low distraction/calm locations first and very gradually move onto busier/harder locations as she becomes more relaxed at the current places. Expect this to take time. A year is not unusual. Hopefully it will go fast though - some dogs recover quickly, others need time depending on personalities. Even though she may not be walking far during walks if you are making her work, like heeling in circles in the yard and do a lot of position changes, she should be getting exercised and tired still. Also, I suggest a very secure harness, like RuffWear's Front Range or Webmaster harness for her safety. If you want to use a collar, at least use a martingale collar so that it will tighten a bit when she pulls and decrease the chance of her slipping out. Purchase a long leash and work on her Come outside in a calm location also - just in case she were to get loose. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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We just got this dog from our animal control. She was in an abused situation. She doesn't like the leash or baths.
Hello Robin, For the leash, check out the article linked below. I suggest trying the Drag method first. Make sure you are home while she is dragging the leash around for safety reasons though - in case it gets caught. Using a leash without a handle can also help it not get caught. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash For the water you may need to give her a bit of time to adjust to you first. Once she is less nervous in your home in general (if that's an issue now), then outside in a secure area, like a porch or fenced in yard, run your hose on low away from your dog and sprinkle treat between your dog and the water. Do this for 30 minutes a day several days in a row until pup will come close to the water voluntarily. Gradually get the treats close and closer to the water so that pup has to choose to come close to the water and even under the water to reach them. When pup is comfortable with that, use a cup or your hands to lightly put some water over their back while you feed treats in your other hand at the same time. Gradually increase the water exposure overtime as pup becomes more relaxed - don't rush this, you want to encourage pup near the water but if you suddenly spray them or force it you will break their trust in your around water and it will take even longer. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Hi- I have a large Romanian recuse dog I adopted in January. I have managed to get him used to having a harness on but as soon as a lead is attached he freezes and will not move and often pushes himself against a wall. He’s very destructive and has a lot of energy and I would love to take him for a walk. I have tried all the usual things but don’t seem to make any progress. It’s very disheartening
Hello Lucy, Start small with Ralph. Purchase a traffic lead, which is a one or two foot leash. Clip that leash to him inside and then leave it on during the day for several days until he can relax. Every time that you clip it on offer him a whole lot of treats, one at a time. You can use all of his meal food for this, fed one piece at a time, if he likes his own dog food. You can also feed additional food during the day while he is wearing it. When he is comfortable with the short leash, then clip on a four foot leash and leave that on during the day for several days until he gets used to the dragging. Give him a lot of treats while introducing that too. He needs to wear it long enough to realize that it's not harmful and not alive. When he can relax with the four foot leash on, then start to add a little pressure. Walk over to him randomly throughout the day, give a slight tug on the leash and immediatelly feed several treats. As he starts to get more comfortable with the tugs, he should eventually begin to anticipate the treats and look toward you or come toward you when he feels the tug. Overtime you can then transition his coming or looking toward you to get him to follow you more and more on the leash by backing up a step whenever you tug, and then feed a treat when he comes over to you. Do this until you can actually walk with him following you. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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We just adopted Eli from the humane society. He came from a hoarding situation. When we pick him up he will just let us hold him and seems very content. The problem is we can't catch him to put his leash on him to take him outside (we don't have a fenced in backyard). He does like treats, but as soon as he gets close enough and we try to catch him, he runs away. He also doesn't really know what to do when he is on the leash. Any tips would be greatly appreciated!
Hello Blair, Does Eli like games like fetch or tug of war? Work on getting him used to the presence of the leash by laying the leash on the ground and playing with him over it by tossing a toy over it or playing tug on top of it. Once he is comfortable with it's general presence, make the leash fun by moving that around right before a toy toss or during a tug. After that clip a leash without a handle to his leash and let him drag it around the house for a week while you are supervising to get him used to the feeling of it. Once he is used to wearing the leash, follow him around while he is on the leash, occasionally stop so that there is tension on the leash, then wait patiently until he calms down or comes toward you a little; when he does that, praise him enthusiastically and continue walking so that the leash is loose again. Go slow with this. He will likely panic at points but with practice should realize over time that he is safe and can relax. Try to stay calm and confident and act like things are fine. You may need to start with a martingale collar or harness that he cannot slip out of to be safe. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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It’s still early days but we’ve just rescued an ex breeding bitch. She’s beautiful to us and we wanted her from the time we saw her on the rescues website. We have 3 dogs already so she is our 4th.
My question is what’s the best way to tackle walking her? She’s got a harness & lead but as soon as the lead is attached to the harness she refuses to move. She won’t even be tempted with food. She loves food and we tried this but she’s not interested.
She’s got so much potential but she’s still so scared. We don’t want to do anything to scare her anymore than she is. Thanks
Hello Tracy, I would suggest taking her places on a long leash, such as an eight to twenty foot leash and simply spending time in new locations with her first. Do not use a retractable leash for this. Use a real one because the pressure on her neck from a retractable one will likely create more fear. While you are in the new location, drop pieces of food on the ground for her once she relaxes a little bit and is more interested. Roll a ball back and forth between yourself and another person. Generally do fun activities and try to be up beat and relaxed yourself. Keep her on the long leash so that she can join in if she wishes or go explore a bit. If she spent most of her life in a breeding kennel, then she lacks socialization and she needs to be socialized before she will walk places with you on her own. Spend time simply making new locations fun for her. Reward her for exploring anything new and keep the activities very fun but low pressure. When she is more comfortable in new locations, then you can work on getting her to walk. The walking issue might even resolve itself when she relaxes more. When she relaxes more, then make a game out of walking. Put her on a long leash and run a few feet ahead, past her, to encourage her to chase you. You can also try leaving a trail of treats for her, or putting a bit of peanut butter on the end of a long, smooth stick, and holding the stick in front of her to entice her to walk while she licks it. Make small walking goals at first. When she reaches that goal, then turn around and walk back home. As she improves, gradually increase the distance that you expect her to walk before you turn around. Do not turn around until she has walked at least one step on her own though. You do not want to reward her by going back as soon as she puts on the breaks or she will learn that that is an effective way to get you to turn around. Start by simply taking her to new places and spending an hour sitting in the new location, simply hanging out and having fun to let her get familiar with new environments before you do any walking training though. You can practice her following you around the house on a leash for now. She will be less afraid there and that should be good practice for teaching her to follow you. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Lucy is so smart and loves to learn and please. But the minute she gets outside your arm gets torn out of the socket basically.This makes long walks and going places hard and painful. We have tried a few different things including an Easy-Walk harness but it just chaffed the undersides of her legs. Can you recommend anything?
Hello Becca, Check out the video linked below. https://youtu.be/EcwvUOf5oOg Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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as soon as I clipped the leash on, he freaked and ran to a corner shaking. I tried to coax him out with chicken, but no results. he was abused, and I dont want to traumatize him any further.
Hello Cheryl, I suggest easing him into the leash more gradually than you would with most dogs. Place the leash on the floor and sprinkle his meal kibble around it at each meal, so that he chooses to touch it on his own. Do this until he is comfortable with it being there and simply ignores it. Next, hold it in your hand with your palm flat and let him sniff it. Whenever he moves toward it, touches it, or sniffs it, give a piece of kibble. Feed him his entire meals this way - one piece of dog food at a time every time he moves toward the leash. Next, move the leash slightly toward him, then away while feeding him treats from your other hand. Practice moving it toward him, then away while feeding treats until you can briefly touch it to his collar and he stays calm. Next, practice holding it against his collar for longer and longer while you feed treats. Next, practice clipping it to his collar and un-clipping it to his collar while feeding treats. As he improves, leave it clipped for longer, while feeding treats. - Practice each step until he is comfortable with that step before moving to the next step. Next, leave it clipped to his collar but use a one foot or shorter leash for this. Let him wear it around all day while giving food periodically. As he improves, use a slightly longer leash for this until he is finally used to dragging a 4-6 foot leash around the house without pressure on it. You may want to create your own varying length leashes for training using the correct weight rope from a hardware store and a metal clip attached - to save on money. When he can handle dragging a full length leash around, then pick up the end of it and follow him around. Do each step until he is comfortable with that step before moving to the next step. At this point, when you can follow him around while holding the end of the leash without putting any pressure on the leash, then you can transition to the "Drag" method or the "Wait" method from the article linked below to help him learn to respond to leash pressure calmly and actually go on walks with you - this will not teach a heel yet but should help him understand the concept of walking on a leash with a person: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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He is scared when we pet him he breaths heavily when he is being touch to much and he is scared of the leash
Hello Nancy, Is he a recent rescue or has he been like that with you his entire life? Assuming he is new to your home, check out the article linked below. He needs to be treated like a puppy when it comes to the leash at first. He simply needs to get comfortable wearing it, then heeling can come later. Leash acceptance article: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash For the touch you may want to hire a trainer to help you because of the risk of a fear bite. I would want to evaluate how he does around people when not being touched to see what the next step in training is. Check out the article linked below and work on the confidence building and socialization methods. https://www.petful.com/behaviors/how-to-socialize-a-shy-dog/ Pay attention to Shadow's body language, once he is completely comfortable around your family in general, then and only then, work on desensitizing him to being touched. To do this, use his meal kibble. Feed him one piece at a time every time he allows a touch. Feed his entire meal this way at as many meals as you can for several weeks if he is doing well - don't push him too much. Start with areas he is most comfortable with first, and slowly work up to areas he is less sure of. For example, touch his shoulder while you give a treat. Touch his head while you give a treat Touch his ear while you give a treat, touch his back while you give a treat, ect...Let him approach you and don't do this without the help of a trainer experienced with fear and aggression or without having him wear a basket muzzle if he has shown any signs of aggression. You can also use a false arm to test how he will respond before petting him yourself. Again, seek out the help of a trainer if he may respond aggressively, and work on helping him become more comfortable with you in general before working on touch. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Hi there! I adopted a +- 9 year old Daschund X Border collie rescue, Lucy, 3 months ago. I was told that she refuses to walk on a leash. When i brought her home, she was very apprehensive about taking walks. She started getting into it more and more and she now LOVES walking! It must be the best part of her day, however, it takes forever. She is very very slow, stands around a lot, sniffs everything, stares at me and into the distance. Over time I have lost some patience with the leash and have started walking with her without it. Her mood immediately changes when I take the leash off. She is well-behaved but she doesn't stay by my side; crossing the road, running into gardens etc. I still use the leash when on the main roads, but then i take the leash off in quieter areas to get her going. She rarely listens to my commands while on these walks. How can I "retrain" her to walk on a leash, consistently? She is not interested in treats on her walks, too many other distractions! Is positive reinforcement and lots of patience the only way to go? And how do i "punish" her for bad behaviour whilst on these walks? (Please note that she is an absolute angel with no behavioural issues when at home)
Hello, She needs to be off-leashed trained on a long leash so that she gets used to the sensation of freedom but you can enforce commands like come by reeling in the long leash as needed. Both heel and Come can be taught with a light weight long leash that's completely slack - so that the dog can wander as far as 40' away (when in areas that are safe to practice that distance) and then recalled while they feel like they are free, and reeled in if they don't come. I would also suggest practicing heel with a light weight long leash dragging behind her a bit, so that she feels it as little as possible and you work on heel using turns, changes of pace, and other ways to keep her focus on you without depending on the leash, but have the leash to enforce it when needed. Come with the Reel In method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-whippet-to-recall Heel with the Turns method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel For the walking on leash, use the Turns method from the article linked above also but use a six foot leash with it. Pay special attention to cutting in front of her when her face first starts to move past your leg. Cutting in front helps a dog learn to stay behind and pay attention to where you are. If she is lagging, then turn away from her and pick up your pace. Positive Reinforcement is not the only way to train, fair corrections are sometimes needed when you are competing with other distractions but the emphasize should be on positive reinforcement the most - whether that's praising, movement forward as reward, treats, or toys - positive reinforcement can be anything your dog finds rewarding - including getting to continue moving forward in the direction she wants to go. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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He doesnt like treats or plays with toys. On walks he gets so scared he won't use the bathroom and pulls,cries and jumps in circles trying to get out of the harness. He hasnt used the bathroom for 24 hours now because he is scared to go outside. It makes sense because he was living in a trailer with a ton of other dogs so he wasnt exposed to this but i am starting to worry because he hasnt made any progress
Hello Sophie, Many dogs won't take food or play when highly stressed so you may still be able to use those things for training later, when he improves some. For now, I suggest simply spending calm time in the grass with him outside. Choose a very calm area, use a padded back clip harness that he can't escape from or go to a fenced in area. Look up ruffwear.com and their webmaster harness for an example of a good three point harness that's hard to escape from. Spend as much calm time outside with him as you can. Avoid busy and overwhelming places at first. Your attitude should be very calm, confident, pleasant and not worried. He simply needs things calm and exposure to realize nothing bad will happen. Once he is relaxed enough to be interested in treats, toys or affection, then teach tricks, play games he enjoys, and give treats for calmness. You will need to just go slow at first. Once he can handle more, you will probably want to do confidence building exercises with him, such as agility obstacles (which can be built out of pvc pipe or bought - there are lots of DYI instructions online), obedience, and truck training. Right now while he is too scared to pee outside, you can set up an exercise pen in a room he won't be allowed in later, put a disposable real grass pad on one end of the exercise pen, and teach him to use the grass pad inside. Check out the Exercise Pen method from the article linked below - since your end goal is outside potty training, don't phase out the exercise pen or let him pee in any other areas of the house - you will just go straight to outside potty training and no longer take him to the exercise pen when the time comes. Exercise Pen method - it mentions litter box training, but you can use a real grass pad instead to help with outside potty training later. https://wagwalking.com/training/litter-box-train-a-chihuahua-puppy Real grass pad: https://www.amazon.com/Fresh-Patch-Disposable-Potty-Grass/dp/B005G7S6UI When you get ready to do outside potty training: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-german-shepherd-puppy-to-poop-outside If you need a bed for him that's not absorbent and therefore he won't be encouraged to pee on, then check out www.primopads.com or a cot. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Thanks for any help you can give us. Adoption date Jan.4th,2018 Shelter did not have any history. She'll not walk or potty if we are present. She loves to eat:) she is really sweet but very frightened. She'll walk after we bring her in from her outside pen(definitely inside dog with us) we believe she was always outside in the past. She only walks to her bed inside sometimes to her water and food in kitchen. I worry she is not getting enough exercise. We would love to walk her but will not move on leash or harness.
Hello Kimberly, It sounds like Sugar might be timid either because she was treated harshly, or because she was neglected and has a naturally submissive and hesitant personality. If she was neglected it's possible she was never around people or only had interactions with people that involved confrontation and punishment. If she always got in trouble for eliminating in the house and was punished in a harsh way that could cause her to be fearful of eliminating around people. Expect this year to be spent building her trust. Since she loves food you can use that to build her trust. Her love of food is a huge asset. If she will take it, begin to hand feed her her meals. At first just toss her pieces of food from a distance and praise her when she eats them. Try not to sound sorry for her when you speak to her but instead act proud of her, happy, and confident. Overtime, decrease the distance between you and her while you toss the food, until you have worked up to her eating the food out of your hand. When she will eat the food out of your hand, then encourage her to walk with you on the leash by creating a line of treats several feet long and letting her choose to follow the line while you keep the leash slack. Overtime increase the length of that line and when she will walks that line well, then work on having her walk a bit past that line by dropping treats to her every couple of feet. After she will do that, then increase the distance that she has to walk before you drop another treat. The whole idea in doing this is to take away her fear of walking by making the experience fun while also motivating her to continue forward. When you take her to the bathroom outside try using a twenty or even fifty foot leash. That way she can eliminate without you having to be right next to her. When she finishes, praise her and toss a treat over to her. Make this treat large enough for her to find after you throw it. When she begins to improve, then you can gradually decrease the length of the leash, until eventually you are next to her when she goes to the bathroom and giving her a treat out of your hand for it. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
How is Sugar now. My Bonnet exhibits these same behaviors. Now we are moving from a large fenced in yard to where she will have to learn to walk on leash and navigate stairs. Im terrified for us!
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We hope to adopt a rescue dog by the end of the week. He was caught in a live trap last week after he was a observed running loose for several months in a rural neighborhood close to my place of employment. To say that he is fearful and skittish is a HUGE understatement. I have been visiting him at the vet’s office daily for about 30 minutes at a time, but still have not managed to touch him. No one has. We think that he previously had very little human interaction. He has shown no signs of aggression so far, but as you can see, when anyone holds out their hand to let him sniff, he will back himself into the furthest corner of the crate. I don’t want to traumatize him by forcing anything.We brought our other two dogs to meet him on Saturday and he was extremely receptive and curious. He is obviously comfortable with other dogs that are the same size as he is. My biggest concern at this point is how to get a collar or harness on him when we still haven’t been able to touch him. Right now the vet is using a simple slip leash to take him outside to relieve himself. The slip leash makes me very nervous because he could easily escape, and I know that if he were to get loose, we would never see him again. Any ideas on how we can collar or harness him? Thanks so much in advance!
Hello Christa, Until you can touch him I would walk him on two slip leads. Get one slip lead that can open up wide enough to make a loop for him to walk through so that this lead can tighten around his mid-section instead of neck. Place a line of treats on the floor and simply let him walk through the lead and eat the food off of the floor - you may have to carefully move the slip lead over his body while he is in a corner if he won't come forward for food - but keep movements slow and calm and tighten the lead gently since you are wanting him to get used to this long-term not just leash him up one time. Once the slip lead is around his waist or chest, slip the second one over his head and walk him with both leashes in your hand. The head one will help you lead him, the body one will be harder to slip out of if he flails. You could also keep a drag leash on him and slip a martingale collar with leash attached over his head but you would need to be home with him all the time for that since you don't want to leave that on him while you are not home for safety reasons. Once he is more tolerant that may work well so you can touch him occasionally at the end and beginning of the day to take on and off but not have to touch constantly - for a drag leash check out something like Vir-Chew-Ly that is less likely to get caught. Check you can put a harness on him, but he is still a flight risk due to other's in public, then check out something like ruffwear webmaster harness that's hard to escape from but comfortable. I wouldn't venture outside with him more than you have to until you can touch him - he certainly needs tons of socialization so you will eventually want to work on taking him places, but you need to be able to touch him first. When he is comfortable enough being in the same room and space as you, you can start getting him used to touch using his meal kibble. Hold one hand out to him with kibble and let him eat the kibble while you gently touch him somewhere like his shoulder. As soon as the food is eaten, remove your touching hand, then use another piece of food to repeat the same thing, continue doing this with the meal. Start with non-threatening places to touch him like his shoulder, and gradually move to other spots like his face, back, belly, paws, collar area, and tail as he improves. When he will let you do these touches without any signs of aggression, then feed as many meals as you can, piece by piece this way to desensitize him. Don't rush getting to the point where you can practice this though because you don't want to reach toward a dog that may react aggressively due to fear or you risk being bitten. Let him warm up to being in the same room with you first, leave trails of food around you where you go and when you sit, and ignore him while he eats the food until he relaxes enough to handle you interacting with him more. The other dogs will hopefully help his confidence - he will likely be extremely dependent on them at first and bond with them tightly. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
Thank you so much Caitlin! You are a Godsend!!! I will follow all of your instructions and will let you know if I have anymore questions.
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Max was mistreated as a puppy before we got him (he was born in a barn and sprayed with a water hose to get him out and give him away). Once we got him he was extremely scared and still is very timid and nervous. My son and I play with him, but only at a distance. Max won't allow anyone to pet him and he always stays just outside of reach. We offer treats and he comes and sits, but if we reach out to pet him, he always runs and hides under the outdoor furniture. Because of this we can't put a leash on him. Please give us any advice you can on how to overcome this situation. Thank you.
Hello William, The leash issue is a product of his overall fear. He is basically acting almost like a feral dog. You really need to hire a professional trainer who has experience with extreme fear to help you. Giving it time and continuing to play with him without touching him are good. I also suggest simply hanging out on the ground in the yard where he is quietly often - reading or doing other calm activities. While out there, run a line of treats or dog food from his direction to where you are sitting on the ground and also sprinkle a bunch of food around you, then pretend to ignore him while you read, you just want to get him used to your presence and show him you won't do anything scary. At first he will probably just watch and eat the food after you leave. After several tries he will likely eat the food closest to him but not next to you. With practice he will likely get to the point where he will eat the food closer and closer to you and even next to you, coming close. Practice him being at the point where he eats the food next to you a lot before you try to add in touching him... When he is completely comfortable being near you, you can add in touch by feeding a treat at the same time as you touch his shoulder. Only touch him while he is eating the food, removing your hand when the food is gone from your other hand until the next time he is eating a treat. When he will let you touch him without running off in between touches, then begin to feed him his entire meals this way, one or two pieces of food at a time, as often as you can - as long as he is getting enough food doing it this way. Overtime you can work up to touching him in other areas too, like his neck, and showing him a collar and rewarding him for sniffing it and later touching it, letting you touch it to him, then finally buckling it...This process will probably be slow, don't rush through it too fast but practice often to help it progress along. Working with a trainer who is very familiar with high levels of fear can help things go more smoothly - but ask the trainer a lot of questions to make sure they are truly experienced enough to handle this situation well. Not all trainers specialize in behavior problems - many just teach obedience classes and the skills and knowledge can be different. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Hi, I just adopted Twizz yesterday and she's very affectionate but very nervous. So seems to love physical affection when things are calm and is already coming to my partner and I for reassurance when she gets scared or overwhelmed. The main issue is that we live in an apartment and she isn't housetrained. We've been trying out usual strategies ov taking her out as often as possible when we're home and crating her while we're out with one or both of us stopping by during the day to give her potty breaks. She's seemingly fine with her collar and leash however, she doesn't like being outside. Every time we go out, she fanatically yanks us back toward the apartment door. She just seems generally terrified to be outside even in calmer areas. She has a Martingale collar as the shelter trainer suggested, but I'm really worried about her hurting herself with how hard she pulls. Ideally, I'd like to be able to take it slower with the outdoors thing or let her control outside time and just wait her out without the leash or pulling her away from the door/building but given the apartment and need to housetrain situation, I'm not sure what choices I have but to make her go outside on a leash. When she gets as nervous as she does outside, it seems like no amount of treats or physical affection will calm her down. Do you have any suggestions for how to make going outside more of a positive experience for her? She also seems to do better when she can't see the apartment as far as letting some of her curiosity take over in the new environment despite still being easily spooked and pulling to get away from things that scare her. So, any help on how to manage the intense fear responses that she has and the trying to pull away and run would be helpful as well. I just really want to give her a good life and show her that the world isn't always the big scary place she thinks it is but I'm not really sure how right now.
Hello Quin, I suggest spending a lot of calm time with her outside, simply exposing her to it in calm areas where she can have time to take everything in and let it become normal. When dogs are stressed they will not take food, so don't give up on food entirely. When she gets more comfortable outside, you can probably use food again to speed the process up even more. I suggest purchasing a front clip harness like Ruffwear front range harness or webmaster harness. While you are still working on this, use something like a padded harness that is difficult to slip out of AND the martingale collar to help you control her. Have two leashes, one attached to each collar or harness. The collar should be the primary one she is getting used to being led around with to control her size but the harness can serve as a backup if she were to slip the collar. Take some treats and toys outside. Go somewhere calm and simply sit in the grass and act calm. You may want to tether her harness to a nearby tree using a longer leash, while you hold onto the shorter one attached to her collar - just in case. If you have a friend who can come with you that can also help you relax more - you want to be enjoying yourself and relaxed. Stay outside for an hour or two each time if you can - if you have less time, then at least thirty minutes will still help. Time is key here though. Don't expect to see too much improvement the first time you go, but do this regularly as often as you can to give her exposure. When she starts to become more relaxed you can also speed up the process by playing a game of tug with her, tossing her a ball a couple of feet, sprinkling larger treats into the grass for her to find (make sure that grass wasn't recently treated with pesticides though), or practicing fun tricks you have taught her and reward. Practicing obedience, like a structured heel can also help but because she is a flight risk, I suggest tethering her to a tree and helping her adjust that way before moving onto things that require more movement - where she might bolt. When she is less of a flight risk, working on commands outside can help. When she will take food again, you can also give a treat every time she sees something that might be a little scary to her - and she stays calm about it. Don't reward the fearfulness though, just her calmness, friendliness, or curiosity. Always keep your attitude calm, confident, and happy. She will be looking to your response to decide what's safe and not safe, so you don't want to act sorry for her or pet her a bunch when she acts nervous. Act upbeat and happy when she is nervous to show her that you aren't worried about the thing - your confidence is key. If she likes affection, you can pet as to encourage her confidence during times when she is being brave, calm, or friendly. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Billie was a reservation pup that got rescued from Arizona. She was in the shelter for about 4 weeks before we got her. She’s super social and has been great in every aspect of training, but she hates walking away from our house. She’s okay on the leash when we’re far enough away that she doesn’t know where she is, but as soon as we leave the house (even if we carry her several blocks away) she panics and sprints back home. We’ve been taking it really slow and trying to give her control, and we’ve been making a little progress - two times at night when my boyfriend and I were both on the walk with her she randomly walked like a half mile with no complaints - but every other time we can barely make it a block in a half hour. Any thoughts on what’s going on? Thanks in advance for the help!
Hello Dana, I suggest a little detective work here. First, touch the pavement in your neighborhood before every walk - due to the heat, depending on where you live, the pavement might be burning your paws in those locations. It also may have burned her paws in the past so she is now afraid of it. Listen and look around. Are there other dogs, lawn mowers, blow up decorations, or anything else she may find suspicious. Just because something seems normal to us doesn't always mean it won't be scary for a puppy. Pay attention to what's on your block that might be new to her, seem scary, or be located there but not in areas where she does fine. Once you figure out what's causing the hesitation, you can work on counter-conditioning her to the thing she is afraid of. Carry treats with you on every walk and whenever you are in an area where the scary thing is nearby, act very confident and fun. Do a little dance, act silly, be up beat. Whenever she acts brave, tolerant, or calm reward with treats or whatever she enjoys such as tug toys, balls, pets, praise, ect... If the pavement is hot, then a pair of doggie boots - worn around the house for a few days beforehand to get her used to them first, can help. Pair the boots with lots of treats and fun to help distract her and be sure to take them off at night or when you are not home so she doesn't eat them and to give her feet a chance to air out. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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We got Penny from a “small breeder” where she was kept in an outside kennel with her mom and siblings. It’s clear that she’s never been on a leash or proper walk before because she seizes up when we try to put her harness on. She won’t walk at all and when we carry her down the steps to use the bathroom she sets off in flustered, scared circles. Then she freezes again and just slowly sinks down until she is laying completely down. We’ve tried picking her butt up and helping her but she just stiff legs and doesn’t move. She seems absolutely terrified and unsure.
Hello Mackenzie, First, I suggest getting her used to a collar and leash around the house. When you take her potty you will still have to use the harness even though she doesn't like it yet if she may bolt, or you could use a martingale collar if she isn't likely to run off. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Whenever you put the harness on her, use lots of treats or even her kibble. Reward her for sniffing the harness, touching it, letting you put it on her at all, buckling and unbuckling it, and continuing to wear it around the house. Once she is used to wearing the harness without a leash clipped to it, then clip the leash to it and reward her for that action. Follow her around the house holding the leash without putting much pressure on it, then follow one of the methods from the article linked above, like you did with the collar and leash, with the harness and leash now, to get her used to that too. You can skip straight to just the harness and leash, instead of collar and leash intro also, but the collar and leash is likely to go faster, so I am hoping to get your guys to the point where you can take her outside sooner without her resisting, while you are still working up to her getting used to the harness. The harness may be harder because it involves a lot more restraint and physical touch - sometimes a dog is fine with that sooner though. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Remi is a rescue dog with beautiful manners but she’s never been walked on a leash. She’s good in the house/driveway but as soon as I go outside the gate she is completely distracted and no longer heeds commands. I’ve tried stopping but she won’t return, just continues sniffing and looking and tries to pull so I abandon the walk. What should I do next? I have high value treats (home made jerky) but she doesn’t hear me and ignores them. About to try roast chicken. Any suggestions?
Hello Jude, First, if she is bucking the leash in general, check out the article linked below just to get her used to the feeling of pressure from the leash. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash It sounds like she is probably past needing to get her used to the leash and this is more of a heeling issue. Once she is used to the leash or if she is already used to it now, check out the Turns method from the article linked below. At first you will need to do tons of turns and changes in speed to teach her to focus on you. You will have a much easier time if you require her to walk slightly behind you and as soon as her nose starts to move past your leg turn directly in front of her at a ninety degree angle. You may bump her slightly at first while she isn't paying attention to you, as long as you don't step on paws that should be fine - it will actually teach her to pay better attention to where you are in relation to her. Practice this somewhere super calm at first - don't expect a long, straight walk for the first month. You are simply working on teaching her to pay attention to you and be able to walk on a leash - a wide open area is best for this - such as your backyard, then front yard, then culd de sac without many cars, then open park, and finally neighborhood, then other busier public places with less space. Just like any training, this needs to be practiced often and to have realistic goals at first - most dogs have to be taught to follow well and so it's okay if she can't go on long straight walks through the neighborhood immediately. The more sessions you have with her practicing this, the sooner you will get to the point of being able to go on a normal walk with her. Turns method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Thanks for your sensible advice on turns- I look forward to trying this out today. Second question- how do I socialise her in the meantime? She loves other people and dogs- I thought I’d invite other owners/dogs over for her to play with that I know. She has lived with other dogs and has always been submissive. How do you introduce the other dogs? Both on lead through the front gate? Each dog off lead in separate fenced areas til they can smell each other and wag tails? It’s fantastic that you provide this excellent quality free advice.
Hello Jude, So glad that you feel encouraged. I recommend practicing the Passing Approach, then Walking Together methods from the article linked below. While pup is learning to be social I am much stricter on which adults I let a puppy meet to avoid scary experiences, but well mannered, tolerant adults are great. You can also join an obedience class At this age, you want to encourage calm interactions and get pup used to simply being in the presence and hanging out with other dogs - it doesn't need to be rough housing and tense nose to nose greetings at first. Let pup learn how to be around other dogs in calm ways, and once he is really good at that if he finds a good, calm play buddy, you might let them have more freedom together off-leash in an fenced area while the humans supervise. Work up to calmness first though. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Dillon is a rescue dog who has anxiety. The shelter is unsure of what happened to him before he arrived in NY from Tennessee. Dillon was kept in a separate area while at the shelter due to his anxiety. While at the shelter they never taught him how to use a leash; the behavior specialist would normally just let him out the back door of the house. I have had him for two weeks and at times I can get close to him; however at times he runs away and paces. With that being said I cannot get close enough to him and I am having trouble getting the leash on him. I have tried leaving the leash around the house, treats and praise; nothing seems to work. I even sat in my hallway with my front door slightly a jared so he could see the outside and tried to get the leash on then but he runs back into my apartment. He always comes back to me after going back into my apartment (which I praise him for). I feel so bad for him because I know he loves being outside and running around (from what I saw at the shelter). Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you so much.
Hello Marissa, Check out the article linked below and the section on shy dogs and humans specifically. Know that this will take time. Utilize pup's food kibble to first just get him used to your presence daily. Don't worry about him not enjoying being outside just yet. You need to get him more comfortable just in the house first - I am assuming he has somewhere to pee inside or a fence to let him out into - otherwise there is certainly more urgency to get him used to the leash. https://www.petful.com/behaviors/how-to-socialize-a-shy-dog/ Once he is more comfortable simply being near you, then working on leash introductions. Know that there will be some bucking and weird responses probably the first three or so times. Give him time to drag the leash around and realize that it's not attacking him. Do this while you are home. The Drag method is what I would recommend but by then you should know pup a bit better, so use whichever of the three methods you believe he will tolerate the best. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Luna was rescued almost two years ago from the streets where she relied on factory workers for food. As a result she’s not comfortable around other dogs, not all, most and she drags us to people so she can get attention. She has come so far in the two years. At first we had to carry her over door thresholds, she pooped and peed while she ate. She panicked on leashes. Peed and barked non stop in a crate, tore up things in her crate trying to dig out. We gave up the crate and she is great in the hose, no accidents, do destructive behavior even when traveling, no crate. The only issue is her walking with us, especially if it’s a new place. She’s finally getting it in the neighborhood because we do it every day but new or newer places she completely checks out, doesn’t listen and pulls, pulls, pulls. We want to take her places but it’s crazy. I can’t constantly treat her she’s already overweight (because of treats), I’ve got a pile of training harnesses, gentle leaders etc. I do not want to hurt her trachea but even tried a pinch. She could care less and was at the end of the leash in danger of hurting herself. The harnesses to stop pulling just get pulled sideways and she wears all her fur off. Sadly, I am at the point that I find no joy in walking her. My husband keeps trying. I’m not giving up on her of course but I’m not excited about taking her anywhere. We’ve done the stop when she pulls and got no where. The best we’ve done is using a harness and a can of pet corrector. But in public places it ps hard to do, judgment of other people, she just too distracted and simply not paying attention to us. Ironically we took her to fenced area took her off lease and she was never 10 feet way from us. She trusts us to take care of her. And again has come so far. Just at wits end on this one issue. Suggestions?
Hello Cheryl, First, I am sorry you are having such a hard time. Some dogs are notorious pullers, and you really need the right trainer to demonstrate in person how to handle this because you are trying many of the right methods and tools, but body language is a huge part of effective heel training with hard pullers. Look for a trainer who can do off-leash level remote collar heel training with you. Unfortunately, your average pet store or even family pet trainer probably can't help with your issue - you need someone with the right experience with the right tools. Pup needs to learn an advanced level heel (because everything is a distraction so the training needs to be at a level where pup learns how to do it with distractions). The right e-collar training isn't a harsh shock approach, which is why you really need a very qualified trainer to teach you. Good e-collar training should be done at pup's "working level" - which is the lowest level on a high quality e-collar that pup will respond to - which is determined in a calm environment ahead of time using a high quality collar that has at least 60 levels - such as dogtra, SportDog, Garmin, or E-collar Technologies. Check out James Penrith from TakeTheLeadDogTraining on YouTube. You want to find a trainer who trains with e-collars similar to how James trains (who works with livestock killing and chasing dogs too so has a lot of high drive dogs he sees). His approach is to lay a gentle foundation of respect and trust through foundation training - teaching the dog the meaning of commands positively first, then to layer an e-collar over that training in a way the dog will clearly understand - so that the dog understands the correction, how to avoid it, and isn't overly stressed because such a low level can be used with that method. This is how good hunting dog training is done to teach dogs who are highly aroused because they love birds and water - to heel off-leash in the field despite high distractions. It shouldn't be overly harsh when done correctly, just extremely consistent so the dog is more focused and respectful. To get to the level you are needing you will be looking at a lot of repetition and intentional practice around distractions still. Pup will of course still have a leash on for added security but the goal of the training is for pup not to even feel the leash most of the time because they are heeling due to actually focusing on you. Pup will honestly probably do better if they don't feel the leash and depend on it. Some of my hardest pullers do best when they don't feel or when appropriate, aren't even wearing a leash - your body language and consistently tends to be better as a handler when you aren't depending on the leash - which could be part of the reason. Start by teaching the Turns method - you have probably done this type of method before but start here because you will laying the e-collar training over that method later. You are first just teaching pup to pay attention to your movement. Pup needs to keep their muzzle behind your leg (I know that sounds impossible right now), but what will happen is that each time pup's muzzle starts to move past your leg, you will turn directly in front of pup at a ninety degree angle (probably bumping into pup a bit at first). As you practice pup should learn to hang back a bit when there aren't heavy distractions. This will seem awkward at first and you will have to be quick - it should get easier as you practice and pup begins to hang back more. Eventually you will layer the e-collar onto the training so that pup feels the stimulation whenever they leave the following position. Turns method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel You can still use rewards in your training but use pup's own dog food and take the amount from pup's food. If pup is hungry because it's part of their meal kibble they will be more motivated by just their own food, healthier, and not getting overweight. Food won't be your primary training tool though - it can just help at first. I recommend using pup's own food instead of actual treats as treats for a lot of different types of training. James Penrith's youtube channel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Gpaxt4IAR0 Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Rescue 1 week ago. Sweet cuddly inside but cautious and suspicious. Not eating consistently so not able to use treats. Statues on leash. Uses puppy pads, rarely goes outside. Great uproar if sees another dog. 7 lbs. carry him after waiting for him to walk. Worried this will become habit. Food lure, toys, nothing working. Lies on beside me follows me around in house. I tried chicken, breast, turkey breast, two kinds of kibble, string cheese sniffs and turns away. Tried salmon but I think I gave him diarrhea. I think you “training rescue dogs” is a godsend. Your understanding of the baggage they carry is beyond my greatest expectations. Any help greatly appreciated.
Hello Patricia, Some dogs are just not that food motivated, but also, many dogs don't have good appetites while stressed - moving into a new home and learning a lot of new social things after previous having not been socializes while young by someone else, can be stressful. I wouldn't give up on the use of treats in the future - pup may be able to be trained with them once they relax more. For now though, use interactions and time to help pup. Keep your attitude around pup calm and confident - not loud and angry (which doesn't sound like is an issue for you anyway) OR pittying pup and constantly comforting. Act around pup how you want them to feel - happy, confident, and calm. I suggest creating a lightweight, short drag leash - such as two feet without a handle, and attaching it to pup's collar while you are home. Act confident and happy about the whole affair, then go about your normal routine. Give them time to adjust without making a big deal of it. Let pup get used to the leash over a period of several days, how they would with a new collar as a puppy. If pup wants your interactions or to play - do fun things while the leash is on them. If not, let pup simply go about their business. Expect it to simply take time. Once pup is used to the two-foot leash, do the same thing with a four foot leash and give it time, then a six foot leash. Once pup has worked up to a six foot leash and will follow you around easily on that (Give affection, calm interactions, or play as rewards - whatever they seem to like best), then take pup outside and simply spend quiet time outside with pup without the expectation of walking. Take a book or have a picnic or relaxed time sitting on a blanket outside with pup. This will also be a gradual thing. You want pup to simply be exposed to that new environment in a calm way, often enough that it becomes normal to them. Spend the time you would spend taking pup for a walk each day, doing this activity. Once pup is comfortable simply being outside and used to the general feeling of the leash while inside, then you can combine the two and add more walking to your time outside - starting with just walking to the end of the driveway then turning back to home, then the next house or apartment over then returning home, and gradually lengthening the walk as you go. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Pepe has had a hard life in the streets. We took him from the street two weeks ago, he already went on a car ride to the vet for consultation and castration.
We expend all the past year gaining his trust by feeding him in the street, bringing water and snacks. We were also able to have a vet visit him while being in the streets. In those conditions he was treated for distemper (took us a while to have him better) and also he got vaccinations, dewormers and different meds.
Now that he is home, he stays in the back yard and has supervised access to the house. He does well with our other dog, Manuka who was rescued from the street when she was 6 weeks old, she is currently 1 year old. Manuka has being good in general, but she growls and attacks him once in a while when they are inside the house. Mainly when she gets jealous and doesn't want to share our attention.
He is now ok with the collar, not so much with the leash. I had tried the retractile leash, this is not well received. I just tried the regular leash and it was more or less ok. I just left it loose in the floor while making him walk for treats.
He definitely needs to go on walks and get to like the indoor life style.
Do you have any extra advices for us: walking on a leash and sharing space with Manuka inside the house.
Hello Angelica, First of all I would recommend that you work on building Manuka's respect for you. Since she is acting jealous and dominant over Pepe she needs to be reminded to respect you. She needs to learn that you are the one in charge, not her and not Pepe, so that she is less likely to try to dominate him,. If you are the leader and not her, then she also cannot claim you. If a dog is trying to claim you by preventing another person or dog from getting to you or acting jealous in other ways, then that dog typically views itself as dominant over you. To help build her respect for you work on the "Consistency" method and the "Working" method from the article that I have linked below. You can also work on the "Obedience" method with both dogs, but work on it in addition to the other two and not in place of them. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-doberman-to-listen-to-you Once you have worked on Manuka's respect for you, then I would recommend getting her used to wearing a soft silicon basket muzzle. The silicone muzzles are more comfortable and the basket shape will allow her to open her mouth and be given treats through the muzzle's holes while she is wearing it. The muzzle with keep Pepe safe while you work on getting the dogs used to each other in a new space. If you feel like Pepe might attack Manuka, then get him used to wearing a soft silicone basket muzzle also. The muzzle will also allow you to correct Manuka for any aggression toward Pepe without risking injury and without letting Manuka get away with controlling Pepe through her aggression, which would teach her that biting is effective and make her problem worse. It will also reduce the chance of Pepe developing fear-based aggression from being attacked by Manuka. To get her used to wearing the muzzle, show her the muzzle and then give her a treat. Touch it to her and then give her a treat. Hold it on her face for a second and then give her a treat. Hold it on her face for longer and give her treats through the muzzle's holes while it is against her face. Finally, put it on her and feed her treats while she is wearing it for a couple of minutes, then take it off of her again. Overtime, gradually increase how long you leave it on her and let more and more time pass between treat rewards until she is simply wearing the muzzle without any concern for a long time. Spend time on each of those steps until she is comfortable with the current level of muzzle touch. Expect this to take a couple of weeks. Work on the respect training while you do this, so that you can start transitioning the dogs together when her respect for you improves and she is used to wearing the muzzle. When Manuka is being tolerant of Pepe, when Pepe enters the room or is receiving affection or rewards from you, give Manuka a treat for being nice toward him. Do this to teach her that his presence is a good thing and rewarding for her. Also, decide what your rules are for both dogs in general and with how they can treat each other and be the one to enforce the rules. Do not let the dogs just work it out for themselves. You need to be the leader so that neither dog will be over the other. If they are not allowed to compete for the top position, then there will be less fights. For now, continue letting Pepe drag his leash around and get used to the feeling of it while you can supervise him to make sure it does not get caught on things. Keep using the normal leash. Do not use the retractable one. Practice leash walking in your back yard. Use treats and follow him around while you hold onto the end of his leash without pulling on it. Every once in a while tug on the leash a little, wait until he calms down, then give him a treat. After he receives the treat, let the leash become slack again. Follow him around and repeat the whole process again. He should start to learn that he will get a treat when you tug on the leash, and should start to learn to come toward you instead of pull against you when you tug on the leash. When he is no longer resisting the leash and has learned to come toward you when he feels it tighten, then you can work on teaching him to heel. Do not be too worried if all this takes place in your backyard for a while. If he is having to focus and think, and is walking around, even in circles in the yard, then he is still being exercised mentally and physically. With work he will get to the point where he can walk down the street. Use a lot of treats and patience to get him used to being in the house. Make sure that you are stimulating him mentally with puzzle toys, food stuffed hollow chew-toys, training, and other things that require his focus. Being mentally stimulated while he is inside should help him enjoy being in there more often and should keep him out of trouble like destructive chewing, a little more. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Benny was rescued from a hoard. He was at the shelter for a little over two weeks. I took him home the day after he was neutered. We are on his fifth day. He had never had a collar, leash or harness on. (That was day two). He is reacting well to them. I attached the leash to his harness and he drags it around all day, remove them at night. He bonded quickly with me.
Here are my problems:
He is lunging at our other dogs whenever they enter the house. Especially when he is near me.
He won’t leave our yard on the leash.
He won’t go on walks with me.
He is afraid of car rides.
He follows me around the house and in the backyard but won’t follow me out of the yard.
I can get him to take treats face to face with the big dogs, but when he’s afraid, he has no interest in food. He has come a very long way in such a short time...I just want to make sure I am doing everything correctly and all that is possible to grow his confidence.
I realize that everything is new to him, also that it’s going to take time. I have an appointment with the shelter trainer in a few days to work on these issues, but homework would be greatly appreciated!
Hello Lori, It sounds like you have been working hard with Benny and are doing a great job with him. Time with the shelter trainer will help a lot because several of the things, like the lunging at the other dogs, would really benefit from having someone in person showing you what to do in the moment when it happens and being able to discus his body language, the environment, the other dog's reactions, and more, to give you a better answer about what to do there. If the issue is fear, then a very positive reinforcement approach where you pair the appearance of the other dogs from a distance with lots of treats for noticing them and being calm, would be good. You would then work up to the dogs being closer and closer while you reward Benny for his tolerance, then finally practicing having them pass by him while you reward him for ignoring them. That is assuming it is fear based because of a lack of socialization Which may or may not be present with other dogs if he was around a lot of other dogs, despite not being exposed to other environments. If he is being possessive of you and is acting more rude, then you will need to gently work on his respect more by implementing one or more of the methods from the article that I have attached below. The trainer may also discuss with you how you can gently but firmly correct his behavior in the moment if he is being possessive and not simply fearful. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-doberman-to-listen-to-you For now, work on rewarding his tolerance of them and actively practice having the other dogs approach but stay at a distance and reward Benny BEFORE he lunges or tenses up, while he is still being calm so that you are rewarding his calm state of mind and not his tenseness. When he lunges you can correct him by telling him "Ah Ah" and stepping between him and the other dogs and calmly but firmly walking toward him to back him back away from the other dogs until he moves away. Don't move too fast or act real scary, simply be serious, calm, and persistent that he let you handle the situation by him backing away. Work on really rewarding his tolerance though because that will likely help the most if it's a socialization issue. Have your trainer evaluate what is going on if you can though. The trainer may have additional suggestions when he learns more of the details of what's going on. For the leash following and walks, purchase a thirty foot leash, clip it to him and make sure that he cannot slip out of whatever harness or collar you are using. Leave the yard yourself with a bunch of treats, a couple of toys, and something calm to do like read, yourself. Walk as far away as you can while holding the other end of the leash without tugging on him at all. When the leash is fully extended, then sit down and sprinkle some treats around, toss his toys to yourself, and generally just hang out until he decides to join you. If this takes several days of trying this for thirty minutes or longer each day that's okay. He will set the pace based on his level of fear. When he gets to the point where he will comfortably go out of the yard where you are, then the next time go an additional thirty feet past where he puts on his brakes and practice the same waiting and tempting him with food and toys exercise there. As he gets more exposed to the outdoors and familiar with his neighborhood by taking small trips, thirty feet at a time like this, he should generally begin to get more comfortable with walking and following you around to new places, but expect it to take him at least a couple of months, and likely longer, before he gets that comfortable. For walks, once you get him used to your own section of the street or culdesac, to exercise him, work on teaching him "Heel" and making a lot of turns in your little section of the street while he heels. This will teach him to walk nicely before he is going on long walks, it will challenge him mentally, which will wear him out better too and build his trust for you more, and it will physically exercise him, because even though you are not going very far away you will be putting in a lot of steps. Choose a heel method that is very positive but also incorporates a lot of turns to teach following, attention, and to exercise him better. Spend time simply hanging out near the car with food and toys yourself, like I mentioned above doing for leaving the yard. Scatter treats around the car, but avoid any spilled anti-freeze or gasoline! and when he is comfortable enough to go up to the car, then scatter the treats in the car and let him eat them while the car is off. Spend a few minutes everyday feeding him his treats in the car like this. Once he is a bit more comfortable, then teach him "Down" and practice the down command while in the car that is off. This will also prepare him for safe, calm riding, while making the car a pleasant place. As he gets more comfortable, then very slowly transition him to full car rides. Start by turning the car on and leaving it running but stationary while you give rewards and practice the "Down" command. When he is relaxed in the car in the down position, then for the next time practice moving the car just a few feet, like pulling out of the driveway, then going right back home. Overtime, gradually add longer trips, like neighborhoods, stores, and parks, and recruit someone else to drive so that you can sit next to him in the backseat and work on enforcing his down command and calm behavior while the other person focuses on the road. Finally, purchase a car harness and clip him into the seat with one of the tethering systems you can buy, so that he will be still, safe, and relax while you drive places with him. Not taking treats while afraid is perfectly normal. Most dogs will not eat food if they are stressed out. That simply tells you that he is stressed. When that happens try to take things a bit slower with him, give him time to warm up more, or simply be aware of his surroundings. He does not have to take the food, but make sure that you do praise him in a confident and up beat tone of voice when he is being brave. Try offering the treat after a little bit, when he has adjusted a bit more. Some dogs will also not take food when they are aroused or excited until they calm down. If he has a toy that he finds even more rewarding than the food, then try using toys and other things for rewards too. When he is really nervous, sometimes doing a happy, silly dance yourself, and being goofy can help the dog relax if the dog knows you well enough to be comfortable with you doing this. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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A dog was dumped near our property. We have adopted her and earned her trust since September. She has come a long way in her journey of trusting us and letting us pet her, love on her, etc. We started by laying down outside so we were lower than eye level with her. She came closer and closer until eventually laying beside us and kissing us in the face. We need to get her to the vet soon to get her spayed and she needs to be able to walk into the vet on a leash. The other day, we tried putting a leash on her and it was a disaster. She started pulling, thrashing around, etc. We unhooked her immediately and for a long time, she laid in the pasture and wouldn't come until we went and gave her treats. She must have been poorly treated in her former life and I know she is so frightful. Any tips you have would be greatly appreciated.
Hello Melissa, It sounds she was previously an outdoor only dog and was never introduced to a leash. Her reaction is very common if she has never been on a leash before. Attach a four foot leash to her while she is inside (preferably without a handle if you have one - to keep it from getting caught), and let her drag it around. She will likely be scared of it at first, but let her work it out and realize that it's not alive or chasing her. If you take it off too soon, she will be more scared the next time. If she can discover that it's just an object and not alive and can get used to dragging it around, she should start to relax again. When she is relaxed enough to be interested in food or toys again, give her lots of treats for being calm and play whatever fun game she is interested in. Make wearing the leash not a big deal and great fun instead. Try to act calm and confident and not worried or pittying her - to show her that the leash is not a big deal or scary. Do this for as many days as you can - until she seems relaxed about putting the leash on. Give her treats every time you attach the leash again or take it off. When she is used to wearing the leash around, then check out the article that I have linked below and follow one of the methods to help her get used to the sensation of having the leash pulled on. Practice all of this in a confined area, such as inside your home or a fenced in yard for safety, in-case she pulls the leash out of your hands and gets free. Expect some bucking and flailing. The training will minimize this, but it is still common. Give her time to work through it and calm back down, then relax the leash again so it's loose again and reward her when she is calm. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Hi , I am Fostering Lily who is a one year old pit mix momma. I also have her 3 babies currently. Lily loves going outside in the back yard with my dogs and loves running around, but once I clip her to a leash and bring her to go on a walk out the front door she freezes. I have to carry her through the door way and even then I’m lucky if she’ll take a step off the front porch. I know it’s not the leash because we’ve let her drag it and she’s fine with it and going out the back door on a leash. It’s just the front door and the outside world she’s scared of. Please Help so we can get her adopted
Hello Sarah, I suggest spending a lot of time with her in those areas, simply hanging out, standing or sitting on the ground. While there work on practicing any tricks or commands that she knows, play fun games, include people and dogs that she likes and generally treat the time like a fun picnic. As she improves, spend time further away from the house until she starts to relax in multiple environments. Once she can handle going on walks with you, I suggest having someone else also practice the time outside with her in new places to help her generalize the training to being with other people and in other places, so that she will be ready for a new pet parent and neighborhood later. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Perrin, has been in a shelter for over a year. She clearly has not had favorable or much human interaction. We are fostering her. WE have never fostered before, we have adopted are pets from rescues. We brought her home yesterday. We know that unless she learns to trust that she will most likely not be adopted. We need all the advice, education we can get. We have never had a dog with this much fear.
She is afraid of people and most everything else. She will only go to the bathroom in the run. However she hates to have the leash put on her, she is a flight risk and will try very hard to get out of her leash. She is afraid to go for a walk to just get out side to her run. She is not encouraged by food or treats.
She does not want to be around us or our dog or cats. She wants to be left alone, which we are respecting.
She was very close to 2 other dogs, both wary of humans at the shelter.
We know that in time she will come around. Just letting her get use to us and her new surroundings will take time. We are letting her do things in her own way/time. Im just very concerned about her getting outside to potty and getting off the leash, she was able to get one leg out of the harness yesterday. If she were to get away from us she would be gone so quickly and never be caught as she is so mistrusting of humans. Any advice is greatly appreciated.
Hello Staci, First of all I suggest using a padded more secure harness. Check out Ruffwear's webmaster harness. I suggest something like that or something less expensive brand-wise but with similar buckles and quality to prevent slipping out of a harness or collar. Work on getting her used to wearing the harness by letting her investigate it for a while, paring it with food by sprinkling food near it (when you are not around - so that she is more likely to eat the food), and then gently putting it on her and leaving it on all day so that she can simply get used to the feel of it and learn that it won't hurt her. Practice putting it on her and leaving it on her for several days in a row. Once she is used to the harness, use a high quality leash with a clip that won't break on you. Check out the article linked below for how to introduce the leash. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Fear can be a complex issues. Generally a combination of things helps. Anxious dogs tend to do well with structure, boundaries and predictability. Confidence building exercises can also be good, like agility courses (not necessarily competing but learning to navigate the obstacles successfully), and trick training where the dog is constantly learning new and fun things. For human relationships pairing the presence of people with things that the dog likes (affection, food, toys, anything the dog likes (NO laser pointers though since they can cause OCD behavior). Once you can get close enough to the dog to interact structured walks where the dog is expected to heel and stay focused (it is good for their brain and sense of calm to have the structure) for dogs that can handle being outside. Finally, general obedience training and consistency can help a dog feel more secure since it builds trust and respect - giving them someone they can depend on in scary situations and helping them understand what is expected of them and have predictability in life. The mental stimulation is also good for brain chemistry and stress hormones. For structure, check out Sean O'Shea from the Good Dog on Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=omg5DVPWIWo&t=15s For counter conditioning, check out KikoPup on YouTube. Counter Conditioning tips: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3PhqFdaNduo Running away: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4bXf5TZ3q28 For general obedience check out Zach George on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DPNz6reMVXY All of these trainers have different philosophies for training and excel in different areas. Many of them are even in disagreement about the way another one trains, but I have found that much can be learned from a variety of training styles and many anxious dogs need a combination of different things. Sean is skilled at teaching boundaries and structure. Kikopup does positive reinforcement counter conditioning well - where something scary is paired with something pleasant. Zach George has a lot of great general how to videos on obedience and trick training done in a gentle way. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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We adopted Winston last year from Taiwan. He was on the streets. When we walk him he has so much energy, he pulls & walks like a snake. When we take him to a trail to be off leash, he runs, then comes back to make sure we’re still coming.
So, it seems like he’s pulling because he’s used to running. What’s the best way to train him. We’ve tried the lead collar, but he makes these loud noises during the walk (like he cannot breathe well). We’re using a harness collar, but he really pulls hard.
One good thing is he loves food & treats!!! Please give me some good tips.
Thanks so much,
Hello Joan, Check out the Turns method from the article linked below - that method utilizes treats and getting pup to pay better attention to your body language and where you are headed - so that pup has to stay with you and pay attention, because you might change something like speed or direction at any second. Ultimately, you want to work on pup walking with the leash slack - because he is actually focusing on you. Try to keep the leash slack while training in a calm location - so that you and pup aren't depending on it - it's just there for directing as needed, and pup is learning to actually look at you. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I adopted my rescue almost three months ago. He's not great on a leash. He pulls constantly and is often distracted, zigzagging all over the place, marking multiple times, watching squirrels, barking at dogs, and getting excited (almost running) when a large vehicle drives by. He will not walk nexttot me though, or slow down his pace.
I don't know what his experience is with a leash, but he's not afraid of it. I've tried a harness, two martingale collars, and a prong collar, all to no effect. He will still pull, sometimes almost to the point of choking himself. We've worked in the house and outside with leash walking. Outside, when he pulls, I either stop or give a gentle tug. He will eventually start whining, but will not slow down, and I don't want to hurt him by tugging or make him fearful of the harness/collars by tugging. I'm not sure what else to do at this point though. Any advice would be appreciated.
Hello Katie, First, I suggest laying a good foundation of communication by practicing commands like Leave It, Watch Me, Out, and Heel. Leave It method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-shih-tzu-puppy-to-not-bite Heel - Turns method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel Out - which means leave the area: https://www.petful.com/behaviors/how-to-teach-a-dog-the-out-command/ Work on teaching those commands first, since pup needs to know what you are asking of them before they can be expected to comply, have the skills to remain self-controlled, or understand why they are being rewarded or corrected. I suggest working on the structure of your walk first. You want pup to be working during the walk - having to stay behind you, focus on you, perform commands periodically, and not have his mind on scanning the area in search of other dogs. The walk should start with him having to exit your home very calmly, performing obedience commands at the door if he isn't calm. He should wait for permission ("Okay" or "Free" or "Let's Go") before going through the door instead of bolting through if that's an issue. When you walk he should be in the heel position - with his head behind your leg. That position decreases his arousal. It prevents him from scanning for other animals, and ignoring you behind him. It also requires him to be in a more submissive, structured, focused, calmer mindset - which has a direct effect on how aroused he is. Additionally, when you do pass other animals, as soon as he starts staring them down, interrupt him. Remind him with a fair correction that you are leading the walk and he is not allowed to break his heel or stare another animal. It is far easier to deal with reactivity when you interrupt a dog early in the process - before they are highly aroused and full of adrenaline and cortisol, and to keep the dog in a less aroused/calmer state to begin with. This also makes the walk more pleasant for him in the long-run. Thresholds: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-w28C2g68M Heel article - The turns method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel Heel Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTiKVc4ZZWo The below videos are of dog reactive dogs - but they are good examples of keeping a dog calmer on the walk through structure and obedience exercises - to build focus on the handler and teach pup to ignore distractions. Reactive dog - example of interruptions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XY8s_MlqDNE Example of interrupting an aroused dog: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTiKVc4ZZWo Once pup is focusing on you regularly and ignoring distractions - at that point, you can also begin rewarding pup with small treats, further increasing their attention on you. You will need pup to be in a calmer mindset first though - so that you are rewarding the focused, calm attitude and not the aroused, predatory state. Finally, make sure you spend time learning how to fit and properly use training device like Prong collars and Gentle leaders. They are less safe and less effective if not fitted and used correctly - and many dogs you see wearing them are wearing them incorrectly so it's easy to misunderstand. Although no training device works as well without proper training that teaches pup to focus on you, so you may have been using them perfectly and still have issues. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23zEy-e6Khg Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I have a dog that was born with 3 legs. Dont have an up to date pic, but he and has been poisioned by neighbors because their kids would be mean to him since he was a puppy and he would bark and be aggresive everytime they walked by. I managed to get him back to health, but now i have to either let him out early in the morning when the neighbors arent out, and literally have to lure him in the house after going potty because i dont want him biting anyone. Been doing it every since he got poisened. He will no longer eat dog food no matter how long i keep from giving him human food. He also will not and never has been on a leash due to me living in the country. But now that i am trying to get him on a collar and leash, he pulls and falls and rolls. How can i get him to start back eating dog food and how can i get him on a leash without hurting himself?? Thank you so much for any advice!!!
Hello Victoria, Check out the article linked below for introducing puppies to the leash. Even though he is an adult, since the leash is new to him, I suggest starting there. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash To get him to eat dog food again, I suggest mixing his food with something he likes the night before feeding him. Start with a higher quantity of food he likes and a bit of dog food, then gradually increase the dog food and decrease the food he likes overtime. Test out freeze dried meat dog food toppers, like stella and chewy or nature's variety first. If he likes those, crush them into a powder in a ziplock bag, then place that and some of his dog food in the bag overnight to flavor and scent the food. Feed that regularly if he will eat it, then gradually decrease how much powder you use and increase the dog food slowly in place of it - go slow so that eating the new food has become habit and he doesn't think about it changing gradually so keeps eating it. If he likes the kibble topper, you can also feed something like Ziwi peak or nature's variety raw boost long term - which is composed of freeze dried food or has it mixed in, if that's in your budget. If pup doesn't like the freeze dried stuff, then do the same thing but use things like minced chicken, liver paste, or goats milk mixed with the dog food and refrigerated overnight (you may want to do the goats milk last minute because it will get soggy though). Another option, is to have pup work for all of their kibble. Have pup perform commands and tricks and use the dog food that has been mixed with freeze dried powder from a ziplock bag, as rewards for pup obeying commands. Many dogs are actually more enthusiastic about their food if they have to earn it and consider it a treat. Feed pup entire meal amounts this way so that he is hungry during training in place of the bowl for a while. When you do so, act like the food is treats - you should act like you have a great prize not like you have to temp pup to eat. It may seem opposite but what a dog can't have without working for it, often makes it even more appealing. Finally, it would be worth consulting your vet about this if you haven't done so lately. Because of the poisoning, pup's picky eating might be partially due to issues and damage remaining from that, and perhaps your vet could help with that as well. I am not a vet though. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I rescued my dog 3 days ago, he has been in the kennels all of his life. He is making small progress everywhere except he won’t let me walk him. He is terrified of having his harness on. I put his collar on him and he eventually relaxed, I tried letting him sniff his harness and then putting it on him and giving him treats, but he tries to run away and bolts off to hide under the table as soon as he has got his harness on. Once it’s on he won’t move, he will not come for treats, so I generally have to just leave him or carry him outside and try to get him to walk. I try to make his harness a positive experience for him but he doesn’t seem too bothered about walking/going outside and will sleep for majority of the day. Please help
Hello Rebecca, First, what type of harness are you using? I suggest using something like a padded front clip harness (not back clip or that can encourage pulling). An example would be ruffwear front range harness. Some lower quality harnesses will cause pressure and chaffing under pup's armpits, chest or shoulders. Make sure the issue isn't with the type and quality of harness you are using, or with how it's being fitted and tightened. I would break the training down into smaller steps and go slower - especially now that pup is so suspicious of the harness. It sounds like you are trying to go from no harness to harness on and buckled in one session, and just repeating that process each time - which is moving too quickly for pup. Instead of trying to get pup's head in the harness all at once, spend one day simply laying the harness on the ground and sprinkling treats around it several times a day. Do this until pup is comfortable touching it without you holding the harness - go at pup's pace. Watch their body language and stay at this step until pup is relaxed again around the collar. That may take one training session or a week - depending on how suspicious pup is of the harness at this point. Practicing for short periods multiple times a day can help things go more quickly. Once pup is comfortable just touching the harness, hold it in your hand and have pup eat treats out of the hand that is holding the harness. Do this until pup isn't worried about you holding the harness up anymore - don't try to suddenly put it on pup yet or that will set you back. Practice at this step until pup looks happy and confident again with the harness just being held up. End the training session while pup is doing well still. Next, loosen the harness as much as you can so that it makes a large loop, hold the harness up with one hand and hold the treats through the harness's hole with your other hand, so that pup has to move their head toward the collar hole to eat the treats - don't require pup to put their head through the hole yet, just in front of the hole. Do this step until pup is happy and confident about the harness being held up and approaching it - do NOT suddenly try to throw the harness over pup's head or move it toward them - pup is the one moving, you are keeping the harness still at this point. Practice that step until pup is relaxed - even if that takes several sessions. Next, hold the harness the same way, but offer the treats a bit closer to the harness, so that pup has to poke the end of their muzzle through the collar loop to take them. Practice this until pup is comfortable doing that. As pup relaxes, move your treat hand a bit further back so that pup is poking their head through the harness more and more as they improve - again, don't move the harness toward pup at this point. Let pup move their head in and out of the loose harness freely to get treats. Practice until pup has no issues with placing their head through the harness. Go back a step and practice at that step for longer before continuing if pup becomes nervous again. Next, once pup is comfortable poking their entire head through the harness, move the harness very slightly back and forth while holding it up, and holding treats in the harness for pup to move their head through it - you are just getting pup used to the harness, not putting it on yet. The harness should still be a large loop at this point - not fitted. Practice until pup can handle the harness moving. As pup improves, gradually increase how much the harness is moving back and forth while pup reaches their head through it. Next, have pup poke their head through the harness, and reward pup with several treats at a time for keeping their head in the hole for longer. Gradually increase how long pup holds their head in the collar for by spacing out rewards as they keep their head in the hole. Next, when pup can hold their head in the harness longer, have pup poke their head through the harness, sprinkle several treats on something that's at pup's chin height so that your hands are free, and slide the buckle that adjusts the harness size back and forth while pup eats the treats. Start with small movements then stop touching the harness - you are just getting pup used to you messing with the harness a bit. Practice this until you can gradually work up to being able to adjust the size of the harness completely without pup feeling worried, while they eat the treats off the object at chin height. When you catch pup itching at the collar, distract pup with a fun toy. Check out the video linked below for an example of getting pup to poke their head through an opening. The dog in that video wasn't afraid of the harness during training - so the training was done in one sitting for the sake of showing the steps, but expect your pup to need several sessions between each training step - moving too quickly will likely set pup back. Pup needs to get to the point where they are completely relaxed at the current step before you proceed to the next step - how long that takes will simply depend on pup's specific temperament. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tn5b8u1YS_g&feature=emb_title Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I just rescued Lindy, she is an 18mo Husky/Shepard. She came from Tennessee and I live in NYC. So she is very curious when we go outside. She is TERRIBLE on the leash. She tries to run, pulls me, zig zags, runs in circles... its very difficult. I haven't found one treat that excites her and I've bought many. She also hasn't warmed up to toys yet.
In every other way she is great, she is loving and gentle. Doesn't get bothered by other dogs on the streets, open to new humans.
I am just really struggling with leash training. I'd also like some advice on how to teach her to play, get her excited about toys!
Hello Allie, First, inside your home, practice the Pressure method from the article linked below, to simply teach her to come toward you when she feels the pressure of the leash. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Next, work on the Turns method in an open area, like a park or deserted parking lot. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel Once pup understands the concept of walking on a leash, then you can begin to enforce the rules a bit more - pup needs to learn the skills first though and it sounds like she never learned in the past. If pup is stronger than you, you may want to temporarily use a no-pull device while working on heeling. The device won't train pup for you, you still need to work on things like the Turns method, but it can prevent you from being pulled all over the place - which helps you be able to train and build attention. As pup gets better at the training and more focused, they may be more interested in food again also. Many highly excited or stressed dogs won't eat until they calm back down. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTiKVc4ZZWo When first teaching heel, keep your energy up to help pup stay engaged. Even if pup won't take treats, your energy combined with lots of changes in speed and pace can help pup learn to pay attention to where you are headed. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Hi my dog loves walks and has no problems with leash’s but when we are out on walks she doesn’t listen or acknowledge me.she only listens to sit but that’s after various trys. When she is sniffing for a long duration i signal her to come she will resist and I have to yank her or else she won’t go.
Great photo! Huskies are energetic dogs with a mind of their own. A smart mind, at that. I would turn her walks into training sessions where you keep Athena busy and walking along during the times that you do not want her exploring and sniffing. Try the Turns Method here as you walk: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel. The methods here are all useful: https://wagwalking.com/training/obedience-train-a-husky-puppy. Remember, this breed is extremely energetic and they require several hours of exercise a week. Use those training times to her benefit and work on the commands needed to keep her happy and moving along. It is okay to allow sniffing as well - perhaps take her to the dog park. There are plenty of smells there! Obedience class is another place where Huskies thrive. I suggest you take her to class to give her new friends - and you will be able to practice commands, learn from others, and make potential friends for Athena. Good luck!
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When I walk my new rescue dog Poe, he pulls on the leash and when I don’t follow him, he sits down. And when I try to guide him, sometimes he will be stubborn and sit down or lay down and pull or not move. How do I get him to follow me and not pull or sit down during our walks anymore?
Beautiful! I would begin training Poe to Heel right away. It is a skill that will serve him well for life and will start you two off on the right foot with respect from your new dog. Take a look here: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel. All of the methods are good - you can start with the Turns Method and once Poe gets it down pat, you can start the Treat Lure Method. As well, enroll Poe in group obedience classes right away to socialize him and give him the confidence needed to be a well-rounded dog. All the best and enjoy training!
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She is a rescue from the streets of Romania, super loving towards everyone and really good with humans. A little bit aggressive towards particular dogs but not all. But the biggest issue is her separation anxiety and her refusal to walk halfway through the walk. At first I thought it was tiredness or boredom so we chose a different route, I don’t think it’s anxiety as her ears stay up and her tail stays up. It’s just absolute refusal to continue the walk, I end up having to carry her back. She’s more than happy to sit, lay down and wait on the side of the road. I’m thinking because of her street dog background that walking just isn’t enjoyable for her, there’s no motivation to walk. This then causes issues for the separation anxiety as she is never tired out from her walk so doesn’t sleep when I leave. Please help.
Very cute! I would work on Tilly's heeling skills, giving her no option but to focus. She will be busy following along the instructions and will not have time to sit. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel. Read the entire guide through - all of the methods are excellent and I think if you work on them all, you will have success with Tilly. She could benefit from toys that promote mental stimulation. Give her an interactive feeder when you leave. She will work at it to remove the treats or kibble and this should help with the separation. Take a look here for tips:https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-small-dog-with-separation-anxiety. Good luck!
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He was a ranch dog. No experiences outside of being on rannch. Never been o Leash,collar,car or much affection
Hello, For introducing a leash, check out the article linked below. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash For obedience, I suggest using lure reward type training in general. To help pup build trust with you, practice tossing treats to pup while sitting or standing and otherwise calm and ignoring pup. Allow pup to explore and come up to you as you do so while staying calm around them. Expect this to take pup time - don't rush them. When pup is comfortable being around you, practice lure reward training, having pup earn their food and treats with gentle training. Once pup is used to a harness/collar and leash and won't bolt, taking pup for heeling walks using lure reward training to teach heel can also help to build pup's trust of you and give a stress outlet for pup. Also, when pup is otherwise completely comfortable with you, if they have shown no signs of aggression (if they have get professional help from a trainer who specializes in behavior issues like fear and aggression), then practice getting pup used to teach by gently touching an area of pup's body while feeding a treat. Have pup eat their entire meals this way - with each piece of food being paired with a gentle touch. Practice with all areas, like shoulder, chest, side, back, ear, paw, ect...Starting with just the areas that pup is most comfortable and progressing to other areas as pup's confidence and calmness with touching increases. Finally, pup likely needs exposure to things outside your home. Start with calm places first. Practice obedience, games, and fun or calming activities in those places. Have strangers simply ignore pup and toss treats at first to get pup used to others. As pup improves, people can give pup a command, then reward with a treat, and finally pair gentle touches with treats - I would practice these things with gentle people you know that pup has been around first, and only do this yourself if pup hasn't shown any signs of aggression. As pup improves, gradually go to busier locations and do the same fun or calming types of activities to help pup adjust there too and associate the new places with good things also. You may find that working with a qualified trainer at least occasionally might be very helpful. Even if you don't use a trainer every week, having someone to touch base with and give you the next steps as pup improves might be worth the investment. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Our rescue is curious but shy. She hasn’t had much exposure to the world. She loves to go outside but doesn’t want to come back in. How do we get her to come back in on the leash? She is very new to us and so far treats aren’t working.
Hello Kristi, Check out the Reel In method from the article linked below. I suggest taking pup potty on a long leash right now and calmly and quietly calling pup back in, then reeling her in when she doesn't come. Experiment with toys and other fun things to see if she is motivated by anything else that can be used as a reward. If not, pup likely needs more time adjusting before she will take food. Most dogs won't take food while stressed, so keep a long leash on her right now and give her some time. Once she is less fearful of you, then use her meal kibble so she is a bit hungry (as long as getting her to eat isn't an issue) or a high value treat like real chicken, and work on practicing the Come training from the article linked below, such as the Reel In method. Reel In method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-whippet-to-recall Once she will take food, also work on teaching following to build more trust. To do this, practice walking around places like your yard or a field with a secure long, non-retractable training leash, and changing directions frequently without saying anything. Whenever she takes notice (at first because the leash finally tugs gently, but later just because you moved), then toss a treat to her for looking your way or coming over to you - without calling her; this encourages her to choose to pay attention to where you are and associate your presence with good things on her own, so she will want to be with you. Right now, she likely needs more time to warm up first though, so this practice will need to wait a little longer, unless you find something else that highly motivates her, like toys - so look for things that do. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I am adopting a 3 year old dog who has never been outside or on a leash. Can I train her to adjust to new surroundings, no sleeping in my bed, introduce grass, leash and dog walking and housebreaking?
Hello Patricia, Most of those things can be introduced without issue - it will just take time and work on training, with lots of patience. The hardest thing will likely be socializing pup if they are fearful or suspicious of new things. You cannot always completely overcome all timidity associated with that as well as you could with a young puppy, but if you are very committed or pup's personality is not overly shy or aggressive, you very likely can get to the point where pup functions well around most things in public with you - expect progress to be over the course of the next year or two, rather than instant results, and it will take you being proactive to take pup places and reward good responses. The household rules, leash introduction, housebreaking, and similar things are less age dependent...They will take patience and work, but I suspect pup can adjust well with really consistent training. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I adopted my rescue dog a few weeks ago and she’s a very shy, skiddish little girl. She’s warming up to me and now sleeps with me in bed. She lets me hold her and pet her and she’s been friendly with people she’s met. She will not walk on her leash though. She is more used to the harness now because I’ll keep it on her when we’re at home, but as soon as I latch the leash on she freezes. I’ve gotten her to walk a little bit by dragging her but she isn’t responsive to treats. Help me out please! I want her to be able to walk on her own because I know she has energy she needs to get out.
Hello Olivia, When you have at least two days where you will be home in a row, I recommend following the drag method from the article I have linked below. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Once pup is okay with the drag method, then use the wait method to transition to you holding the end of the leash. Once pup can handle you holding the end of the leash with that method, use the Pressure method to teach pup to come toward you when they feel the leash get tight. If you are taking pup outside to go potty, if pup does okay being carried I would carry them outside (while still leashed for safety), and use a long lightweight leash while out there while you are getting them used to the normal leash, so that they don't feel it as much and there isn't much tension on it - just until you get to the point where pup has completed all the methods in the order I said, then you can transition to pup walking outside and a normal length leash. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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He is biting the leash to get rid of them. Also he is a adopted stray puppy
Hello, don't worry - many dogs bite at the leash when young. It's a common habit seen. Poco is young yet and just needs direction. I'll give you a few guides to read that will help you and Poco start off in the right direction. Read the guides all the way through and see what you think will be effective for Poco's personality. For leash manners: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-leash-manners. More on leash training: https://wagwalking.com/training/leash-train-a-german-shepherd-puppy. And for the "sit and stay" commands, essential to know: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-german-shepherd-puppy-to-sit-and-stay. Read the guides through in their entirety for excellent tips. Practicing obedience every day for 5-10 minutes (and longer as Poco grows older) will be worth the effort. Poco will be well-behaved and you will also form a nice relationship. Good luck!
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Rescue dog refuses to go out and walk with me
Hello Samantha, Is pup a new rescue or did you just move to a new location? If new, how does pup do with the leash? If pup is worried about the leash, I recommend checking out the article I have linked below. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash If pup is new or the location new, if you have a fenced in yard, I recommend creating a line of treats leading to the door you go out through to the fence. When pup is regularly looking for that line of treats you replenish (you can use kibble for the line), start adding one more piece of food to the end of the line at a time, going out the door, until pup is all the way outside without even thinking about it. Third, I recommend taking pup outside and simply sitting outside, bringing pup's kibble and a few toys and possibly a book for you to read or something calm to do - weather permitting, simply spend about 45 minutes to 2 hours sitting outside relaxing or doing fun things with pup in that spot, to just help pup get used to the area. When pup is comfortable in that area, choose a new calm area and repeat in several locations. I would also speak with your vet if pup seems to feel bad or is sore in any way. There might be an issue causing pup pain or discomfort or fear that needs to be addressed medically at their age, especially if this is a recent development and pup was fine going outside in the past. I am not a vet. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Hi there, I have a 5 month old rescue who refuses to go on walks with me. She loves to run around the yard and doesnt mind the leash or harness on her, she hates walking if it is just us two. She will walk more if another dog is with us, but not everytime. She also refuses to pay attention to anything but her nose when we are outside. I have tried a gentle leader on her but she hates it. How do I get her to focus on our walks and to actually walk?
Hello Patricia, If pup won't walk on a leash, first, take some small treats or pup's dog food pieces with you in a small ziplock bag in your pocket. Every time pup takes a couple of steps, give a treat. Keep your energy excited and confident. When pup stops, tell pup "Let's Go" in an up beat tone, then tug and release the leash several times in a row until pup takes a couple more steps - at which point give another treat. The leash tugs should stop as soon as pup starts moving. Keep your walking goals short at first. If pup won't leave your yard - your first goal is just to leave the yard. When pup reaches that goal - go home as an additional reward for pup following you - even if a lot of leash tugs were involved. When pup will go to the end of the yard easily then walk to the next house. Gradually increase your walk distance overtime. If you make your goal something huge like the whole neighborhood at first you are less likely to succeed - work up to distance overtime. Also, do not continuously pull pup on the leash. Doing so can harm pup's neck, but also dog's have a natural tendency to pull away from something - so if you pull pup in one direction, she will just pull back in the other direction, budging even less. This is why you do the quick tug and releases so that not following is uncomfortable with the tugs but not a continuous pull. You want pup to choose to walk to get away from the annoying tugs and to receive treats. Pay attention to pup's body language and the environment. Some pups don't want to walk because they are afraid of a neighborhood dog in a fence barking, construction workers, funny objects (like Christmas decorations), and things we would never think twice about. If pup isn't familiar with something (no matter how normal it may seem to us) it can feel scary to pup and be a reason why they don't want to leave the safety of the yard. If pup seems nervous or something might be bothering them in the environment, work on helping pup overcome that fear first by using play and treats to distract pup and then reward pup for any confidence, calmness, or tolerance they shows around the fearful thing. Practice this further away from the scary thing first and very gradually work up to pup being able to pass that thing as her confidence grows with your help. Finally, make sure pup isn't in pain or sick, causing her not to want to exercise in any form due to feeling bad. If you have reason to suspect pup is ill or injured, definitely see your vet. (I am not a vet). Pay attention to the roads and weather where you are too. It the roads are ichy or salted, pup's paws might be sore, or pup may be cold it the temperature is below freezing. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Refuses to walk once out the door,
Mistreated for first six years then spent last 3years in dog pound.
He's very very nervous, trys to turn and pull for home if we are approached by other walkers and keeps looking back over both shoulders as we walk.refuses to walk in daylight but walks ok for 15 minutes at 11 to midnight and wants to play with his toys at 1 a m.
We have him 5 months now.
Gets into the Car before but not now so can't get him to the vets either.
Hello Aidan, First, I recommend simply spending time with pup outside without expecting to go far. Make sure pup is in a secure harness or martingale type collar - something he can't slip out of. Simply go outside and sit somewhere for up to an hour, letting pup get used to the environment. If pup will take food while out there or play with toys, play short range games with the toys with pup on leash, or treat hiding games in pesticide free areas or practice tricks so pup can earn treats. You want the time outside to be fun or at least calm if pup doesn't want to play or eat yet (a stressed dog probably won't at first). Spend time like this outside regularly. When pup gets warmed up in that area and is more relaxed, pick a spot a few feet further away from your home and practice in that area too - gradually adding more areas as pup adjusts. When pup responds calmly or happily to something new, like a person walking by in the distance, give a treat. Next, spend time getting pup used to leash pressure in your home first if pup's not familiar with coming forward toward you when there is a leash tug. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Once pup is used to various areas outside and less afraid, if pup still won't walk, take some small treats or pup's dog food pieces in a small ziplock bag in your pocket or a favorite toy. Every time pup takes a couple of steps, give a treat or toss the toy a step forward or let pup give the toy a tug. Keep your energy excited and confident. When pup stops, tell pup "Let's Go" in a calm and business-like tone of voice (it's not a question, it's a confident, calm command), then tug and release the leash several times in a row until pup takes a couple more steps - at which point give another treat or play. The leash tugs should stop as soon as pup starts moving. Keep your walking goals short at first. If pup won't leave your yard or building - your first goal is just to leave the yard or building. When pup reaches that goal - go home as an additional reward for pup following you - even if a lot of leash tugs were involved. When pup will go to the end of the yard easily then walk to the next house. Gradually increase your walk distance overtime. If you make your goal something huge like the whole neighborhood at first you are less likely to succeed - work up to distance overtime. Also, do not continuously pull pup on the leash. Doing so can harm pup's neck, but also dog's have a natural tendency to pull away from something - so if you pull pup in one direction, he will just pull back in the other direction, budging even less. I suspect pup is both nervous or distracted about the environment and/or not sure how to respond to leash pressure - so don't skip over desensitizing pup to the environment and leash since pup seems at all nervous about those things - freezing and looking like a deer in headlights is one sign of nervousness. Overcoming Fear method for car riding: https://wagwalking.com/training/like-car-rides I do recommend hiring a private trainer who will come to your home to work with you as well. Look for someone who comes well recommended by their previous clients and has a lot of experience with trauma and fear, and aggression if pup has exhibited any fear related aggression. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I we have bought a dog from a couple who could not have the dog any longer due to rental of new flat not allowing dogs. Dolly is very nervous so been doing things slowly to build up her confidence. She will come out the back garden and does pee and poo with a little encouragement this has taken about 4 days to achieve so I think she is starting to trust me. She is eating all her food and plays well with me and enjoys treats and she will sit and stay. My issue is the harness and lead we have which came with her she really does not like at all. If I bring the harness and lead out she goes to her bed and will not come off not even for a treat. She will let me put the harness and lead on but will not walk or come off her bed. I did try and walk her in the garden with it on but again she so nervous its not really helping me with gaining her confidence. I have taken her to the park and on the lead she is really good but I am not sure it this is just because she will not leave my side. Off the lead again walks beside me or behind my feet but again not leaving my side. She will not poo or wee on a walk either. Do you think I should get a new harness and lead or any other idea's on how I encourage her.
Hello Debbie, I would check under pup's arms to see if the harness is chaffing her. If it's a no-pull type harness that goes across the shoulders, isn't padded, or is too tight under the arms, then a new, more comfortable harness could help. With pup's age it's especially possible that she has outgrown that one and the former owner just had not bought the next size up yet. Chaffing under the arms tends to be a common area of discomfort even with the proper size, if the harness design isn't good for her build. I prefer harnesses like Ruffwear, or similar cheaper options but with similar padding and design. A front clip harness will help with pulling, a back clip option can make pulling worse if pup tends to already pull. Check out the video linked below for an example of getting pup to poke their head through an opening. The dog in that video wasn't afraid of the harness during training - so the training was done in one sitting for the sake of showing the steps, but expect your pup to need several sessions between each training step - moving too quickly will likely set pup back. Pup needs to get to the point where they are completely relaxed at the current step before you proceed to the next step - how long that takes will simply depend on pup's specific temperament. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tn5b8u1YS_g&feature=emb_title If pup is also unsure of a leash, check out the article I have linked below. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Beau is 4 months old and he is traumatized because while at the shelter he and his brother were in before I got him another dog entered the crate they shared together and attacked both of them. His litter mate died as a result of the attack. I just adopted hi and am having a hard time leash training him. He is fearful of the leash as well as doorways. So I coax him out with treats, but any other advice you could give me would be greatly appreciated.
Hello Melissa, First of all keep your attitude upbeat and confident to help him feel confident around those things. For the leash, check out the article below, especially the drag method. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash I would work on some general confidence building, check out these resources on socialization and confidence building. Agility might also be something pup would benefit from when older - since that involves overcoming a lot of physical obstacles. https://www.petful.com/behaviors/how-to-socialize-a-shy-dog/ www.lifedogtraining.com/freedownloads -Download AFTER You Get Your Puppy free PDF ebook there, especially the sections on socialization. For the doorways, I would first give pup time, acting confident around them yourself, leaving trails of treats through doorways for pup to find when they don't think you are looking. Once pup is more comfortable with you and the leash, you can play chase games through doorways with a fun toy, keeping pup focused on the toy while you run through the same door way back and forth and they chase after you and the toy. The fun energy can help pup not overthink going through the doorway, until they are no longer bothered by it. I would definitely pursue a puppy class once pup is okay with the leash, to help pup recover their confidence around other dogs through play with other puppies. Pup will likely hide under your chair the first couple of weeks. Keep your energy up beat and allow them to observe the other puppies without acting sorry for them, until they start to venture out to play with one or two pups over time. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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She has been with me for 3 days after travel in van with others from Romania . Is a female , spade , very gentle dog and takes to her new bed very well . Sleeps well , doesen show anxiety overnight or if left alone . only when putting on lead or harness is it a challenge , then attempting walk outside she is stressed by it and pulls away strongly so I have not continued . I have tried slip lead with her in the garden , short walk up and down . What should i do . I doing name training at the same time , she is starting to respond . I feel I can leave her during the day which I will have to soon for an hour or so . Many thanks Peter
Hello Peter, Since it sounds like pup has never been on a leash before, I would start with the Drag method from the article I have linked below while inside. Once pup is okay with that, I would practice the Pressure method from that article. https://wagwalking.com/training/train-your-puppy-to-accept-leash Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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