Having a dog that can walk well on leash is one of most frequent desires for any dog owner. A dog who pulls or strains on their leash can make for a stressful walk, if not a painful one for a sensitive throat. Collars can place pressure on the airway when a dog pulls or yanks at his leash and this can make walks a very stressful ordeal.
Luckily, there are alternatives for dogs who pull, whether they be large or small. One of the most popular solutions is to fit your dog with a harness that allows you to train him to walk properly without the physical discomfort on the throat that pulling with a collar can cause. However, a harness may give the dog more leverage for pulling, so training is required to have an appropriate loose-leash walker as your walking companion.
Adjusting to the harness is generally the first step. Once your dog can wear it comfortably, you’ll then be responsible for teaching him to walk properly on a loose leash without pulling. This requires teaching him proper restraint, ignoring distractions, focusing on your pace and step, and learning an appropriate 'heel' at your side. Practicing every day is important to develop good habits.
Harness walking can be started at about 14-16 weeks of age after your dog has had the appropriate vaccinations. Walking him prior to this may result in him developing an illness from an outside virus or bacteria. Once he begins walking, keep him on a routine and walking once or twice daily. With repetition and practice, walking in a harness will become familiar and easy for your dog after a week or two. Remember to take your dog walking only when you are not stressed and are in the right mindset for training.
Before taking your dog out, be sure that you find a harness that fits him appropriately. A proper harness should be snug but not tight and allow you to place two fingers in between it and your dog. Adjust it as needed and be sure the clasps that hold it in place are solid and not broken. Find a leash that is at least five to six feet and hooks onto the harness properly. Bring along some treats in a small pack or a bag to reward for good walking habits. Have these on hand, as you’ll want to reward quickly so your dog attributes good behavior with the treat. Taking too long may render the reward ineffective.
Hello I have a training question. I'm getting along fairy well with teaching Shamas not to pull. We have switched to a front-clip harness and are using the stop and go methid...but we are challenged by his reaction to small dogs. I don't know if it's "prey drive" or "dog aggression" but Shamas can't walk by a small dog on the street without heavy breathing, barking and lunging if it's too close(20-30 feet). I have been taking the maximum possible distance, and sitting him, whilst plying him with treats to hold his attention. His threshold seems to be about 100 feet. At Petsmart he's completely different, and can meet small dogs almost witout issue. The only exception is the Chihuaha..which my husband theorises that he may not recognise as a dog. He reacts to that the same as he'd react to a small, fast cat-wants to chase it.
Shamas Has been attacked by small breed dogs, one of which came out of it's house and went for his throat. Most of those little things were uncontrolled and on retractable leads while the owners were on cell phones. I find them unpredictable, and have my own suspicions of them, which I'm sure are transmitting to the dog...any suggestions?
Hello Michell, Because of his history of being attacked and the fact that he does better at the pet store, his issue is probably mainly fear aggression. His attitude may be "Attack first rather than be attacked, or act scary so that they will stay away". The issue is likely worse in your neighborhood than in the store because I am assuming that he has never been attacked in the store before but was in a neighborhood setting when the attacks happened. He likely feels the need to defend himself in your neighborhood but not in the store. If it was a Chihuahua that attacked him, then that might be why he especially dislikes Chihuahuas. If it was not, then he may have some prey drive toward Chihuahuas, in which case you may never he able to trust him around that breed because that is a different issue entirely. The fastest way to address his issue is to attend a G.R.O.W.L. class in your area that has small breed dogs also attending. If you can find one near you, then I highly recommend doing that. That class will require all of the dogs to be muzzled for safety reasons and will rapidly socialize them all together in a structured environment to help them overcome aggression. It tends to be very effective, especially for fearful dogs. The next best option is to find a trainer with extensive experience dealing with aggressive dogs with traumatic histories, who is part of a larger training group where they can set up controlled interactions and concentrated sessions around small dogs at their facility, and then also do sessions in your neighborhood around small dogs to transfer that training. A trainer who has access to lots of different small dogs who can bring the dogs to you and set up those same types of interactions in your neighborhood would also be great. Make sure that the sessions also involve your neighborhood though, since that area seems to be where the specific issue is the training will need to be transferred to that environment also. On your own or in combination with the professional training you can also do a couple of other exercises with him. The first is to teach him a firm "Heel" command, where he has to walk right by you, pay attention to you, and stop and sit when you stop. You can teach it with the harness that you already have, but because of his dog issues you might need to switch to a Prong collar. For more information on fitting a prong collar, using it fairly and correctly, and working on dog aggression check out Jeff Gehlman from SolidK9Training's YouTube channel. Prong collars are very effective tools as long as they are used fairly and correctly. They can be a bad tool if you do not know how to properly fit or use them though, and most people who run out and simply buy one without looking into their use, end up using them incorrectly. While you are working on his heel command also get him comfortable with wearing a basket muzzle using lots of treats and gradually working him up to wearing it with it buckled over time. When he can wear the muzzle without it causing him stress, then recruit a friend with a friendly small dog and practice "The Passing Approach Method" from the article that I have linked bellow. Once he can walk past the other dog calmly, then switch to "The Walking Together Method" with the dogs several feet apart, such as on opposite sidewalks. As both dogs begin to ignore one another and focus on you better, then gradually decrease the distance between the dogs, until you can walk down the sidewalk together with the dogs on either side of you and your friend. This will likely take several sessions with the same dog before Shamas will be ready for you to walk together with the other dog. While you are doing this, if he starts to react poorly toward the other dog, then correct him with the leash just enough to interrupt his behavior, and then get his focus back on you by changing directions, reminding him to heel, or practicing some of his obedience commands, like "Sit" and "Down". Here is that article: https://wagwalking.com/training/greet-other-dogs Do not use the "Slow Approach Method" from this article with Shamas. While you are working on getting the dogs used to walking together, whenever Shamas walks calmly with you, heels by your side, ignores the other dog, looks at the other dog and remains calm, or looks at the other dog and then looks back at you, praise him and give him an easy to eat treat, such as real chicken or freeze dried liver or something else that is small and soft. When he can walk down the sidewalk with the other dog calmly, then recruit another friend and start the exercise over with the new small dog. Repeat this with as many friendly small dogs as you can. Make sure that he continues to wear the muzzle though while you are training, for safety reasons. You can also go to places with lots of space, stay far enough away from the small dogs for him to notice them but remain calm, and reward him for looking at the small dogs and then looking back at you, looking at them and remaining calm, or ignoring them. When you encounter a small dog in general it is important for you to act confident and upbeat. Like "GOOD BOY!", "Look Buddy!!", "Way to Go". Do whatever you need to do and say in order to make yourself feel better about the other dog and situation. If that means skipping down the sidewalk or acting silly with your dog, then do it! Your silliness will make the appearance of another dog fun and will actually help him overcome his fear. Unfortunately many small dogs are not properly socialized as puppies and it shows in their behavior, but not all small dogs are mean. I have worked with many wonderful ones. Small dogs are just dogs and how to raise them has a large impact on their behavior just like any other dog, so ask around and see if you can find some friends with nice small dogs to help you. Best of luck training, Caitlin Critenden
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