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What is Insecticide Poisoning?

Insecticides are commonly used to keep pests away from plants, as well as to repel fleas and ticks from pets. Though insecticides are safe when used correctly, an incorrect usage or accidental consumption can lead to poisoning. It's imperative to remove your dog from any area that may be toxic. The effects of insecticide poisoning can be severe enough to be fatal, which is why it is vital that you bring your dog to the veterinarian for decontamination as soon as possible.

Insecticide poisoning can be caused by any insecticide and results in symptoms that range from mild to severe. Treatment is focused on decontamination and on flushing the insecticide out of the system, whether through vomiting or by emptying the bowels. If there is any chance that your dog may have insecticide poisoning, bring him or her to the veterinarian immediately, as delays in treatment and supportive care may lead to death.

Insecticide Poisoning Average Cost

From 45 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000

Average Cost

$1,600

Symptoms of Insecticide Poisoning in Dogs

The clinical signs for insecticide poisoning vary depending on the source and are nonspecific to the condition. Potential symptoms include:

  • Excessive drooling
  • Gagging
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Lack of appetite
  • Agitation
  • Tremors
  • Convulsions
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Increased heart rate
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Causes of Insecticide Poisoning in Dogs

Insecticide poisoning is caused by the direct application or by accidental consumption of the insecticide. There are many types of insecticides, including:

  • Carbamate insecticides

    - the easiest way to identify carbamate insecticides is through the acronym SLUD (salivation, lacrimation, urination, and diarrhea)

  • d-Limonene

    - a 5x-10x increase in d-Limonene treatment will introduce muscle tremors, mild hypothermia, and hypersalivation.

  • Methoxychlor

    - although one of the safest insecticides, it has known negative reproductive effects and is not safe to use on animals that produce milk.

  • Pyrethrins or pyrethroids

    - pyrethrins have been used as a popular insecticide for years, it's effective by attacking the sodium channel as well as chloride and calcium channels. This effect exacerbates the impact when reaching toxic levels in dogs.

Insecticides are often used to help prevent fleas and ticks on dogs. Though these can usually be applied topically without harming your dog, they may still be dangerous if an adverse reaction occurs or if your dog ingests the insecticide. A residual insecticide applied to plants or feed may also harm your dog if eaten or otherwise absorbed.

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Diagnosis of Insecticide Poisoning in Dogs

A diagnosis for insecticide poisoning is typically made based on history and clinical findings. If you know or suspect that your dog has insecticide poisoning, bring a sample of the insecticide with you so that the veterinarian can prescribe an appropriate treatment. Let the veterinarian know what symptoms your dog has exhibited, as well as their duration and severity.

Treatment is usually provided before confirmation of the diagnosis, as insecticide poisoning can be fatal. However, with certain insecticides, the diagnosis can be confirmed with laboratory testing of the blood or urine. If cholinesterase in the blood is less than 25 percent of normal levels, the veterinarian will confirm a positive case. If you are not sure that your dog has been in contact with an insecticide, and if clinical signs do not ease following treatment, insecticide poisoning may not be the cause of your dog’s symptoms.

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Treatment of Insecticide Poisoning in Dogs

Treatment for insecticide poisoning depends on whether the insecticide was applied or ingested though the goal in both cases is decontamination and symptom management. If the insecticide was applied, simply bathing your dog with dish washing detergent may be enough to decontaminate him or her.

In cases where the insecticide was ingested, it will need to be flushed out of your dog’s stomach. In most cases, this can be accomplished by inducing vomiting or through emptying the bowels. With certain insecticides, vomiting is not recommended, in which case the veterinarian may administer activated charcoal to bind toxins and prevent them from getting absorbed.

IV fluid therapy may be necessary for dehydrated dogs while anti-seizure medication may be given to address convulsions and a respirator, or oxygen cage used to aid with breathing. As the insecticide is flushed out of your dog’s system, the veterinarian will focus on managing his or her symptoms. Hospitalization may be required for treatment, monitoring, and supportive care.

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Recovery of Insecticide Poisoning in Dogs

As with any recovery, it's imperative to provide your dog with a safe, quiet place to rest once you are home again and make sure he or she has easy access to fresh water. Monitor your dog for returning or additional symptoms, and let the veterinarian know immediately if you notice any new clinical signs.

It is easier to prevent insecticide poisoning than it is to treat it. Before applying any tick or flea medication on your dog, be sure to read the instructions carefully, and use only the amount that is recommended for your dog’s size. Keep all insecticides in a place your dog cannot reach, and store your insecticides according to instructions. If your furry friend enjoys rolling around in the grass or play in fields, try to take him or her to a place where you know insecticides are not used. Otherwise, give your dog a footbath when you get back home, as residual insecticide may linger on footpads and fur.

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Insecticide Poisoning Average Cost

From 45 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000

Average Cost

$1,600

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Insecticide Poisoning Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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Chihuahua

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Five Years

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

None

My dog ate a fry covered in floor cleaner and bug killer, I’m not sure how much she ingested but what should I do to ensure she doesn’t get sick

Aug. 5, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Thank you for your question. You can't do anything to make her not get sick after eating that, all you can do is watch her and get treatment for her if she does get sick. She may be fine, but it would be best to monitor her for signs of vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, or loss of appetite, and if any of those things happen, have her seen by a veterinarian for treatment right away. I hope that all goes well for her!

Aug. 5, 2020

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Australian Shepherd or Mini or Toy Australian Shepherd

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Four Months

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Tarry Stool

My puppy is having very runny stools.

Aug. 5, 2020

Owner

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Jessica N. DVM

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0 Recommendations

Hello- Thank you for reaching out. I’m sorry your pet isn’t feeling well. Diarrhea in puppies can have many causes. Common causes in puppies are parasites, food/treat change or if not vaccinated infectious causes such a parvovirus. Other possibilities include generalized colitis, stress or toxin ingestion. I would recommend having your puppy seen by a veterinarian and having a stool sample checked and they can get him some medication to help treat the stool.

Aug. 5, 2020

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Mixed breed

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10 months

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

None`

Our apartment was sprayed this morning for pests and when we returned we realized we left our dogs water bowl out. The spraying occurred approximately 4 hours before he drank from the water bowl and after realizing it was out we emptied and cleaned it. Just concerned about any residual spray that could've gotten into his water bowl- could he have ingested it?

Aug. 3, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. Most sprays for pesticides are not toxic to dogs, and it would take a fair amount of concentrated ingestion to cause a toxicity. If there is only a possibility that a little bit got in the water and you may have drank a little bit of that, he should be okay. It would be best to clean out the water bowl, obviously, and give him new water, and monitor for signs like vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, or loss of appetite. If any of those signs happen, it would be best to have him seen by a veterinarian, but I think he will be okay.

Aug. 3, 2020

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Poodle

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One Year

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Unknown severity

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0 found helpful

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Bloody Diarrhea

Hi, our dog is having diarrhea with blood and a day before she started lick everything. A week ago she had a vaccine from parvo. There is no availability for appointment in our clinic. Please help us understand what’s going on

Aug. 2, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. If your dog is having bloody diarrhea, they should be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible. If your clinic does not have any openings, there should be an ER that they are referring to. Your dog may have an intestinal infection, parasite, or may have eaten something or licked something that is not agreeing with their intestines. Having them seen by a veterinarian will let them be examined, and get medication so that they feel better. I hope that all goes well with your dog.

Aug. 2, 2020

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Mauzer

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Three Years

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Unknown severity

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Unknown severity

Has Symptoms

Body Shakes

We suspect our little dog ingested Spectricide (Lamdba-Cyhallothrin) about 4 days ago. He was given an iv, flushed and washed. He was prescribed the above 2 medications which has not subsided. How long do dogs typically experience these tremors? What is the recovery period?

Aug. 1, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. It can take quite a while for those Tremors to subside, and the medications that your veterinarian has prescribed are to keep your dog comfortable until those stop happening. If you are not sure that your dog is okay, it would be best to have a recheck with your veterinarian as they can assess your dog, but if your dog is eating and drinking, and things are gradually getting better, they may be okay. I hope all goes well.

Aug. 1, 2020

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Tia

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French Bulldog

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10 Months

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Critical severity

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Critical severity

Has Symptoms

Collapse
Lethargy
Vomiting

I took my puppy outside for 10 minutes, watched her go potty and she never was further than 3 ft from me. Then upon taking her inside she starting vomiting and collapsed. I rushed her to the Vet 4 minutes away, we then rushed her to critical care after 10 hours working on her, blood transfusion, epi, the list goes on, she passed. The only thing different that day was I had a new bug guy who used Cyonara 9.7 that morning. She was let outside 4 hours and 40 minutes after he left. I'm at a loss looking for answers as to what and why this happened. I had my last bug guy for 5 years, who retired, and never an issue. It was the only thing different. Any advice or reasoning could help. Read more at: https://wagwalking.com/condition/insecticide-poisoning

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Jack

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Pit bull

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Eight Years

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Fair severity

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Fair severity

Has Symptoms

Lethargy

I sprayed Mycodex on the door steps. and my dog licked it once before I stopped him. He seems ok. I wondered what are the side effects on dogs of licking it that I should watch for.

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Chloe and Annie

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Mini Australian Shepterrier

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7 Months

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Mild Shaking
Infrequent Nausea Diarhea
Mild Shaking Before Vomitting
Mild Shaking Before Vomiting
Initial Coughing Yesterday

My daughter moved into an apartment 3 months ago. Her mini Australian Shepherd has been getting sick about every two weeks with nausea and gold colored running poop that sometimes has mucus in it. I’ve taken her dog to the vet twice only to be told they don’t know what’s really wrong with her. I took my own mini Aussie puppy there yesterday, and now she has the same symptoms, and she’s never been sick. I know the property management had the apartment exterminated two weeks before my daughter moved in, and at the time I questioned the safeness of the dog being in there and if cleaning up the baseboards was needed, and was told no. My dog started coughing there yesterday, and then this morning she is sick. Either something inside or outside that property is making our dogs sick. Both are UTD on all their vaccines and heartworm prevention. Please help.

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Rose

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German Shepherd

dog-age-icon

6 Months

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Mild severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Diarrhea
Vomiting

We treat tour 6 month old gsd with deltamethrin 1.25 with 0.6ml in one litre bottle.after that we washed him with 2 dog shampoos for ticks and flees after that night he started to do little watery Diarrhea not too watery and he vomited once in morning vomit was white consist of hair and a little blood like blood clot.i want to know is it becoz of deltamethrin?.Coz before he can lick it we washed him using shampoos.

Insecticide Poisoning Average Cost

From 45 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000

Average Cost

$1,600

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