Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning Average Cost

From 55 quotes ranging from $350 - 3,500

Average Cost

$1,200

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What is Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning?

There are a variety of rodent poisons on the market, most falling into one of two categories: anticoagulants or bromethalin. Anticoagulants cause internal bleeding while bromethalin is a nerve toxin causing fluid build-up around the brain and spinal cord. Ingestion of either type of rodenticide can be life threatening and requires immediate emergency medical treatment.

Types

Anticoagulant Rodenticides

  • High-toxicity anticoagulants (second-generation) are used by and only available to professional exterminators.
  • The first-generation anticoagulant products are available to household consumers.
  • Anticoagulants prevent blood clotting, causing internal bleeding of all organ systems.
  • Anticoagulants work by depleting vitamin K reserves.

Bromethalin Rodenticides

  • Bromethalin-containing products are available to household consumers.
  • Bromethalin is a nerve toxin.
  • Bromethalin causes fluid buildup around and increased pressure on the brain and spinal cord.

Although infrequent, non-target species may ingest poisoned rodent pests and develop relay or secondary poisoning. Whenever a rodenticide exposure is suspected, it's the pet owners responsibility to document the day and time of exposure, brand name and manufacturer, active ingredients, and potential amount consumed. This will aide the veterinarian in immediate treatment.

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Symptoms of Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning in Dogs

Symptoms may take anywhere from 2-14 days to appear following ingestion of rodent poison.

Symptoms of anticoagulant poisoning may not be present. Possible symptoms include:

  • Weakness
  • Low body temperature
  • Pale gums
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Blood in urine
  • Blood in stool
  • Bloody nose

Symptoms of bromethalin poisoning in dogs include:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Decreased thirst
  • Pressing head against furniture
  • Circling
  • Impaired movement
  • Hind limb paralysis
  • Muscle tremors
  • Seizures

Causes of Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning in Dogs

A variety of rodent poisons are available on the market and all should be considered life-threatening if ingested.

Rat poisoning may be caused by:

  • Ingestion of rodent poison
  • Ingestion of a rat or mouse that has consumed rodent poison

Diagnosis of Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning in Dogs

If you suspect a pet has gotten into rodent poison or if your pet is demonstrating symptoms of rat poisoning, collect the poison packaging/wrapper that lists the name of the product (and ingredients if possible) and transport your pet to the veterinarian immediately. There is no home treatment for rat poisoning.

The veterinarian will likely place the pet in treatment immediately so nurses can begin supportive care while he takes a thorough history. The veterinarian will want the packaging information from the rat poisoning if available. He will also want to know when symptoms began, when the material was ingested, and how much was ingested.

Unknown Poison Ingestion

If the poison source and amount ingested is unknown, blood testing and urinalysis will help the veterinarian determine the body systems affected. The physical examination can determine the presence of neurological symptoms which can help indicate what type of poison your pet has been exposed to.

Anticoagulant Poison Ingestion

Blood clotting tests (PT and PTT analysis) that demonstrate clotting disruption are suggestive of rat poisoning. The Proteins Induced by Vitamin K Antagonism (PIVKA) test is more specific for detecting rat poisoning.

Bromethalin Poison Ingestion

Bloodwork and urinalysis often do not show signs of bromethalin poisoning. If neurological symptoms are present, a brain scan using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT) scan can help visualize fluid buildup around the central nervous system.

Treatment of Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning in Dogs

If your pet is diagnosed with rat poisoning, treatment depends upon the type of poison your pet has ingested.

Anticoagulant Poison Treatment

In the case of poisoning by an anticoagulant rodent poison, the first step is to induce vomiting and administer activated charcoal to bind any residual toxin. Enema may also be administered to clear the bowels. As depletion of vitamin K reserves is the cause of the clotting deficiency, vitamin K will be injected and oral vitamin K will be prescribed for continued treatment at home. Blood transfusion may be required if the patient has experienced significant blood loss. Early diagnosis and treatment for anticoagulant poisoning has a good prognosis.

Follow up blood tests at two and four days post-visit may be necessary to ensure internal bleeding is no longer an issue and to monitor replenishment of clotting factors in the blood. When clotting factors have returned to normal, vitamin K therapy can be discontinued.

Bromethalin Poison Treatment

In the case of poisoning by bromethalin, the first step is to induce vomiting and administer activated charcoal to bind any residual toxin. Enema may also be administered to clear the bowels. Valium or other medications may be administered to control seizures and muscle tremors.

Supportive therapy will need to continue in the hospital or at home for as long as symptoms continue. Neurological problems as a result of bromethalin poisoning can last for up to 6 weeks post-ingestion.

Recovery of Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning in Dogs

Prognosis for rat poisoning can be good as long as treatment is administered soon after ingestion. Recovery can take up to 6 weeks for bromethalin poisoning. Recovery of anticoagulant poisoning can be complete in 2-3 weeks with proper treatment.

When purchasing rodent poisons, be sure to keep the packaging available in case of accidental ingestion. Store the product in a safe place out of reach of pets or children. Dispose of dead rodents properly since they contain the poison as well. Choose an anticoagulant over bromethalin since anticoagulant poisons can be countered with vitamin K therapy. If you can, avoid using poisons altogether and use rodent traps instead.

Anticoagulant and Bromethalin Poisoning Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

Misha
Golden Doodle
2 Years
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Vomiting

My dog Misha, a 45-50lbs golden doodle, consumed a small amount of "Diphacinone (2-Diphenylacetyl-1, 3-Indandione) (0.005%)" about 24 hours ago. I induced vomiting within 20 minutes of ingestion, and she threw up several times. Within the last 24 hours, she has thrown up twice more. This last time, about 20 minutes ago, the color was orange-ish with a red tint to it. Do I need to take her to a vet? Or am I being paranoid?

She is eating and drinking, and playing some. She has slept most of the day, but I thought that was because she was up most of the night crying because I wouldn't let her sleep on the bed with me. When I woke up throughout the night to check on her, she was shaking, but I thought that was because of the aforementioned.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2466 Recommendations
Diphacinone is an anticoagulant rodenticide which is a vitamin K antagonist, it is important that you visit your Veterinarian for an examination and a check of Misha’s prothrombin time; also Misha should be getting vitamin K treatment to help against bleeding. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Zeus
Chihuahua
1 year 4 months
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

One episode about 1 1/2 to 2 min of

My dog ate I think about 1/4-1/3 block of bromethalin. I vomiting within about 1/2 hour. He seems to be fine and it has been almost 48 hours. He is eating drinking and playing. He did have an episode about 3 a.m. that seemed like choking but has been fine since. I took him to a vet yesterday but I don't feel they were very helpful as he just said he seems fine and would be ok if he makes it they 24 hours. I now don't have the money to take him to a different vet! But he never said anything about charcole..should I start giving it now??

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2466 Recommendations
Bromethalin is a neurotoxin (not an anticoagulant) and symptoms of ingestion may take around a week to present in some cases of small quantities consumed; activated charcoal every eight hours would be recommended as bromethalin goes under enterohepatic recirculation so it may help in the long term. I would recommend checking the last link below from an AAHA which about help from non-profits for critical veterinary care; also the Pet Poison Helpline may be able to help you for a reasonable price of $59. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.petpoisonhelpline.com/poison/bromethalin/ www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/rodenticide-poisoning/bromethalin www.aaha.org/pet_owner/lifestyle/cant-afford-critical-veterinary-care-many-nonprofits-can-help!.aspx

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Bo
Labrador Retriever
9 Days
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

My 9 year old lab Bo ate Bromethalin rat poisoning but I was able to induce vomiting within 20 minutes and it seems like he threw it all up. He seems to be doing fine as of now but am wondering if there is anything else I should do?

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2466 Recommendations
It is good that you promptly induced vomiting and Bo got what you believe is all of the ingested bait up; ideally you should administer activated charcoal every four to six hours as bromethalin goes through enterohepatic recirculation. Symptoms of bromethalin take days to show and cause neurological symptoms; vitamin K is ineffective in the treatment of bromethalin toxicity as it isn’t an anticoagulant. I would recommend that your visit your Veterinarian for management. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.petpoisonhelpline.com/poison/bromethalin/ www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/rodenticide-poisoning/bromethalin

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Zeus
Pitbull
2 Years
Fair condition
1 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

None as of yet
Ate poison

My dog infested bromethalin log. I induced vomiting but am not sure when he ingested it. He threw it up (I saw all of it in his vomit) and gave him activated charcoal. He's about 60lbs. It's been about 4 hours since I found that he had eaten it and I induced vomiting and gave him charcoal. I will repeat with more charcoal later. I do not have the money to take him to the vet

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2466 Recommendations

In a case of poisoning like this I would strongly recommend that you visit your Veterinarian regardless of cost as you are not sure how much bromethalin Zeus ingested; your first aid was spot on with inducing vomiting and administering activated charcoal, also bromethalin undergoes enterohepatic recirculation so repeated doses of activated charcoal every six to eight hours for 48 hours may help. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

Here we are, 6 days later and he's doing GREAT! :) I think I caught it quick enough and gave him the peroxide and charcoal soon enough for it to work. Thanks for the recommendation of repeated doses of charcoal. :) I'm so glad he's doing okay. I don't know what I would do without my Zeus.

I'll definitely keep giving him the charcoal.

How long does it take for symptoms to appear, on average? He's been fine all day. Eating, drinking (I haven't been letting him over eat or over drink) playing. He's always a lazy dog and loves to snuggle, but when I tell him let's go outside he pops up and runs to the door. Unfortunately, I truly do NOT have the money to take him to the vet right now and don't have enough available on my credit card to even pay for it that way. I'm fixing to have a baby and that has taken up every bit of money that I had set back for emergency expenses. :(

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sasha
Black Labrador
8 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Loss of Balance
decreased barking
Depression
Loss of Appetite

me and my family think that my dog has eaten some rat poisin. the type of poisin was BROMETHALIN:. it has been aleast 1 or 2 days she has a bloated tummy as well she is very weak and we thimk she has been deprested for 3 days

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2466 Recommendations

Bromethalin works differently to other rat poisons which are anticoagulants; the mechanism of action works by affecting the neurological system and causing brain swelling. Supportive therapy at your Veterinarian’s Office would be the best course of action; with treatment, neurological symptoms can last for up to six weeks post ingestion. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Charlie
Yorkshire Terrier
11 Years
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

None

We are not sure if my dog ingested Bromethalin. There was some put out and it's gone but he wasn't unsupervised for more than 4 minutes.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2466 Recommendations

If Charlie consumed bromethalin with the last three or four hours induce vomiting immediately using 3% hydrogen peroxide and if possible administer activated charcoal. If possible visit your Veterinarian to be on the safe side. Symptoms of bromethalin poisoning can take up to three days to present. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Zeusy
Poodle mix
3 Months
Fair condition
0 found helpful
Fair condition

Has Symptoms

Nothing
Vomiting

My puppy had bronethalin poison block in her mouth but didn't really seem to eat it, I induced vomiting with hydrogen peroxide will she be fine? She's fine right now and was still playing after wards. Right now she's sleeping.. I don't really have money to pay for so much

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
2466 Recommendations

If vomiting was induced immediately (within two hours) and it appeared that no bait was consumed, Zeusy should be alright; I would normally recommend visit your Veterinarian for activated charcoal and supportive therapy, but I understand your financial situation. Keep an eye out for weakness, muscle tremors, seizures, depression or coma; if you notice any symptoms visit your Veterinarian regardless of cost. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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