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What is Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison?

There are three most common types of rat poisons that are toxic to dogs: cholecalciferol, bromethalin and anticoagulant rodenticides. They are all extremely dangerous to canines and can lead to life-threatening conditions and even death.

Cholecalciferol raises the levels of calcium and phosphorus in the dog’s system, which can lead to kidney failure and death if not treated properly and promptly. Bromethalin poisoning causes swelling of the brain while anticoagulant rodenticides poisoning prevents the dog’s blood from clotting, which results in severe and uncontrollable bleeding. They also require immediate therapy.

Rodenticide ingestion or simply poisoning due to ingesting rat poison is a common intoxication in dogs. Signs of the intoxication and its onset may vary depending on the kind of poison and the ingested dosage. Therefore, it is critical to identify the exact type of rodenticide for the treatment of the wrong kind of intoxication may result in the death of the canine.

Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison Average Cost

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Average Cost

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Symptoms of Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison in Dogs

  • Cholecalciferol

    (symptoms manifest between 4-36 hours after ingestion)

    • Polyuria and polydipsia
    • Lethargy
    • Anorexia
    • Dehydration
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Depression
    • Fatigue
  • Bromethalin
    • Large doses (symptoms manifest within 24 hours)
      • Severe muscle tremors
      • Hyperthermia
      • Extreme hyper-excitability
      • Focal or generalized seizures
    • Lower doses (symptoms manifest 1-3 days)
      • Hind limb ataxia
      • Paresis or paralysis
      • CNS depression
  • Anticoagulant Rodenticides

    (symptoms manfiest within 3-7 days)

    • Lethargy
    • Lack of appetite
    • Blood in the stool
    • Vomiting
    • Nose bleeds
    • Bleeding gums
    • Bruising

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    Causes of Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison in Dogs

    • Eating the rat poison
    • Secondary exposure, eating a rodent intoxicated with rodenticide
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    Diagnosis of Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison in Dogs

    If you are inclined to think that you dog has ingested rat poison, ask for professional help immediately. If your dog has vomited, bring the sample of the vomit to your veterinarian. Most importantly, if you have found the poison itself, take it to the veterinarian's office as well, as it will significantly shorten the time your veterinarian needs to make a diagnosis. The sooner the veterinarian knows which poison has been ingested, the sooner they can start treating your dog.

    • Cholecalciferol Poisoning
      • Dogs that have been exposed to this kind of rat poisoning will first exhibit the abovementioned symptoms within 36 hours, followed by nausea, vomiting and hematemesis. If a veterinarian suspects that a dog has been poisoned with cholecalciferol, they will conduct a baseline biochemistry profile, which includes the analysis of both the blood plasma and other body fluids, in order to check the dog’s calcium and phosphorus levels, confirm the diagnosis and monitor the condition of the dog.
    • Bromethalin Poisoning
      • Dogs that have been exposed to bromethalin usually develop symptoms within 1-7 days of ingesting the poison. Veterinarians perform analysis of the liver, kidney, brain or fat in order to determine whether bromethalin is present in the dog’s system. This also enables them to find out the severity of the poisoning.
    • Anticoagulant Rodenticides
      • Anticoagulant rodenticide poisoning can be diagnosed in a number of ways, including analyzing the dog’s stomach contents, plasma or serum to confirm that the animal has indeed ingested the poison.
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    Treatment of Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison in Dogs

    Cholecalciferol Poisoning

    If you are absolutely sure that your dog has ingested this type of rat poison in the previous two hours, you could induce vomiting yourself. However, do not attempt to force vomiting if you are not 100 percent certain that your dog has been exposed to cholecalciferol or if they have already vomited. Since your dog will most likely be dehydrated as a result of cholecalciferol poisoning, it’s of utmost importance to make sure that they are taking in enough water and that they are able to retain the fluid. Since this type of poison doesn’t have an antidote, your vet will administer IV fluids and diuretics, steroids and other drugs to lower the calcium levels in the animals’ body. To prevent kidney failure, it’s crucial to start the treatment as soon as possible.

    Bromethalin Poisoning

    The first step to treating bromethalin poisoning is to decontaminate the dog’s digestive system, which includes inducing vomiting and then administering IV fluids and other medications to lower the risk of brain swelling.

    Anticoagulant Rodenticides

    Since anticoagulant rodenticides can cause bleeding, the treatment includes administering blood or frozen plasma. Veterinarians also give dogs vitamin K as an antidote, as the vitamin encourages normal blood clotting. It’s significant to note that you shouldn’t force vomiting unless you have been given specific instructions by your veterinarian.

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    Recovery of Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison in Dogs

    Cholecalciferol Poisoning

    Following the first two or three days, which are most critical when this type of poisoning is concerned, your vet will monitor calcium and phosphorus levels for 2-6 weeks after exposure or until they have returned back to baseline. Renal function will be monitored during that period as well.

    Bromethalin Poisoning

    To prevent your dog from suffering from anorexia after bromethalin poisoning, include feeding supplements in their daily diet. It will take them some time to fully recover from the toxicosis, so taking them for regular check-ups is a must.

    Anticoagulant Rodenticides

    Depending on the dosage ingested, your dog may recover from one week to one month. In that time period, it’s vital to monitor their condition and report any signs of illness to your veterinarian.

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    Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison Average Cost

    From 367 quotes ranging from $500 - $15,000

    Average Cost

    $8,000

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    Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

    Need pet health advice? Ask a vet

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    dog-name-icon

    Joli

    dog-breed-icon

    Chion

    dog-age-icon

    5 Years

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Serious severity

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    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Serious severity

    Has Symptoms

    Vomiting
    Vomiting Unsteadiness

    Our papillion mix snarfed up a couple of chocolate squares and we took her promptly to the vet when we discovered the empty wrapping. The vet induced vomiting (with a rich chocolate smell) and gave her charcoal; to be on the safe side we let her stay overnight. In a few hours she started tremors and seizures, while her heart rate remained steady--inconsistent with chocolate poisoning. After a night of trying to keep a balance between mitigating the seizures with sedatives and keeping her body temperature from plummeting by waking her up, she finally vomited some green stuff, and the vet suspects Bromethalin poisoning (elevated liver factors, which have now gone down). It's been 36 hours since her hospitalization; she is alert but a bit wobbly when walking; continues to be on IV fluids and an antibiotic to prevent lung infection; she has thrown up twice she she started getting food. Could this be a sign of ongoing poisoning? She was on the brink and is going much better, but I'm still so scared.

    April 16, 2018

    Joli's Owner

    answer-icon

    Dr. Michele K. DVM

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    1611 Recommendations

    I'm glad that Joli is at your veterinarian receiving care. If she ate these toxins, it can take time and supportive care to help keep her alive - the fact that she seems to be improving is positive. I hope that she continues to do well.

    April 16, 2018

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    Gravy

    dog-breed-icon

    Terrier mix

    dog-age-icon

    3 Months

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Fair severity

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    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Fair severity

    Has Symptoms

    None

    My 3 month old puppy, terrier/Pomeranian mix,chewed on a TomCat bait block 2 days ago and I'm not 100% sure if he swallowed any. The main ingredient is Bromethalin but he hasn't shown any symptoms of poisoning yet. He has been playful and lively like usual. Not sure what steps to take now. Pretty nervous.

    April 3, 2018

    Gravy's Owner

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    3320 Recommendations

    Bromethalin is a non-anticoagulant, single-dose rodenticide and is a neurotoxin; symptoms of toxicity may take up to seven days to present, so regardless of Gravy’s lack of symptoms you need to seek help from a Veterinarian immediately. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM https://wagwalking.com/condition/anticoagulant-and-bromethalin-poisoning www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/rodenticide-poisoning/bromethalin www.petpoisonhelpline.com/poison/bromethalin/

    April 4, 2018

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    Hansley

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    Pit Bullmastiff

    dog-age-icon

    3 Years

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Fair severity

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    1 found helpful

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Fair severity

    Has Symptoms

    None

    Hi my dog ate some ramik mouse poison pellets today and I immediately called the number on the pack to see what I could do as it couldn’t have been more than 2-3 hours since she’d eaten it if that. They told us to give her hydrogen peroxide so I did so by soaking bread with a couple tablespoons as directed to induce vomiting but she has yet to do so. I’m going to get the vitamin k as directed by the line but will she be okay until I can? Should I be concerned if she won’t vomit from the hydrogen peroxide

    March 27, 2018

    Hansley's Owner


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    Dr. Michele K. DVM

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    1611 Recommendations

    Hansley should be seen by a veterinarian. i'm not sure how long it has been since she ate the mouse poison, but they will be able to induce vomiting, evaluate her, and prescribe any medications that she may need, including Vitamin K if appropriate. This is not a condition that should be managed at home.

    March 28, 2018

    My dog dugout rat poison that had been buried in the ground for almost 6 months , and of course he had to eat it. My question is, Is rat poison still as potent and as Toxic as it was, 6 months ago. ? He seems fine but I’m not sure how long ago he got into it , might have been a week ago or so .he is going to the vet just to be safe.

    March 31, 2018

    Ila S.

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    Baby

    dog-breed-icon

    Pomeranian

    dog-age-icon

    3 Months

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Serious severity

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    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Serious severity

    Has Symptoms

    Throwing Up, Not Eating, Poop Blood

    My dog ate rat poison wednsday late afternoon while I was at work my father came home and took it away from him and told me about it the next day I took him to the vet that Thursday morning and they just gave me vitamin k for him to take he was doing fine Friday he was acting like his usual playful self again but today which is now Saturday he started acting weird again didn’t want to eat and kept throwing up so I took him to the vet and the vet says it’s critical I left him there over night but I guess my question is will my dog make it out of this will he be ok I’m terrified I’m going to loose my baby he had been throwing up from Thursday till today I figured it was because of the medication they gave me for him to get the poison out of his system but when we got to the vet he pooped blood for the first time I’m trying to be calm but I’m terrified because I’m not sure what’s going to happen

    March 24, 2018

    Baby's Owner

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    3320 Recommendations

    The amount of poison consumed, the amount of time until treatment and the type of treatment will give an indication of prognosis; if Baby consumed an anticoagulant your Veterinarian should be monitoring prothrombin time to ensure that Baby’s blood is clotting; if Baby consumed bromethalin (a neurotoxin), vitamin K is ineffective as treatment. I cannot tell you if Baby will make it or not, but monitor for improvement and follow instructions from your Veterinarian. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/rodenticide-poisoning/anticoagulant-rodenticides-warfarin-and-congeners www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/rodenticide-poisoning/bromethalin

    March 24, 2018

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    Jake

    dog-breed-icon

    Border Collie mixed

    dog-age-icon

    12 Years

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Moderate severity

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    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Moderate severity

    Has Symptoms

    Aggressive, Biting, Tired, Confused

    Hi, our dog was poisoned. We took him to the vet, he gave him an antidote and was on a drip. As he was having seizures and very stressed the vet put the dog under anesthesia. They Vet, woke the dog up after some hours. The Dog came home today, a day after this trauma. He is trying to bite my those at home. Is this normal behaviour? Also how long after poisoning will it take for our dog to be as close to base line as possible? He seems out of sorts, battling to walk, wobbling a bit. It is his first time in all his years of spending anytime away from home without us.

    March 6, 2018

    Jake's Owner


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    3320 Recommendations

    The experience would have been traumatic for Jake and it may take time for him to be comfortable again, poisons like bromethalin for neurotoxins (as opposed to the anticoagulants) and can lead to central nervous system symptoms for some time after recovery; if this behaviour continues, visit your Veterinarian again for a check up. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/rodenticide-poisoning/bromethalin www.msdvetmanual.com/toxicology/rodenticide-poisoning/anticoagulant-rodenticides-warfarin-and-congeners

    March 6, 2018

    My dog also ate poison this week, we believe it was on friday cause on Saturday morning he was bleeding from his mouth, we took him immediately to the vet and he has been there since then, when they did an x-ray they told us his lungs where full with blood, and that he also needed a blood transfusion for his anemia and low coagulation, now it has been four days and they said that the blood in his lungs started to coagulate so now he needs even more intensive treatment with antibiotics and oxygen. We as a family are super scared cause the vets do not give us any kind of information if he will make it or not. How long will it take my dog to cure from this, or will he even be able to cure at some point.

    March 27, 2018

    Amanda I.

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    sky

    dog-breed-icon

    Pit bull

    dog-age-icon

    11 Months

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Serious severity

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    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Serious severity

    Has Symptoms

    Paralysis

    sky my dog ate rat poison and was vomiting and bleed we took to the vet and they gave her medicine she is doing much better but her back legs are still not working she is paralyzed from the waist down, will she be paralyzed forever are will she move her legs again and how much time could it take for her legs to move again?

    dog-name-icon

    Zeus

    dog-breed-icon

    Rottweiler

    dog-age-icon

    5 Years

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Moderate severity

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    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Moderate severity

    Has Symptoms

    Vomiting Blood
    Blood In Stool

    My dog just turned 5 last week. A little less than 2 months ago we woke up to see bloody vomit and stool all over the house. After he was taken to the vet, he was put on vitamin K (he was given a two month supply). About 2 weeks after that, he had another episode with bloody vomit and stool (the blood was more mucous-like and lighter in color) and was taken back to the vet. The ran tests and saw that he had Warfarin in his blood work; everything else (organ function) came back perfect. The vitamin K supplements finished about 3-4 days ago. This morning he had another episode of bloody vomit and stool (the blood was darker than before; resembling blood). He was taken to the vet again and they took some radiographs. After the initial incident, we clean the backyard daily to make sure there is nothing poisonous and monitor him every time he goes outside. Are there any residual effects of the rat poisoning? Could this be something else? Something more sinister? Thanks!

    dog-name-icon

    Harlee

    dog-breed-icon

    Leonberger

    dog-age-icon

    4 Years

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Fair severity

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    1 found helpful

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Fair severity

    Has Symptoms

    We had put some brodifacoum rat poison behind a gate where we found a rat run. Later that same day after our Leonberger had just eaten her tea, she asked to go out. Whilst she was outside my husband noticed her poking her head under the gate where he had put the rat poison. He ran out there to her but she had eaten some of the bait. We knew this because she had blue teeth! We rang the out of hours vet immediately where we was told to meet her there asap. They gave her an injection to make her sick. She was sick about 5-6 times emptying the contents of her stomach and sure enough there was a whole sachet of blue rat poison in its content. They then gave her an injection to stop the sickness and gave her a large quantity of Vitamin K intravenously to counteract the poison (making the blood clot correctly). We bought her home and she was drowsy all evening but was happily eating some chicken later on in the evening. She seems almost back to her normal self today but still on vitamin K tablets for 5 days when we have to take her back to the vets, where she will have blood tests.

    dog-name-icon

    bailey

    dog-breed-icon

    golden retreveiver

    dog-age-icon

    3 Years

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Moderate severity

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    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Moderate severity

    Has Symptoms

    I am not aure if my golden retrevierv has ingestged rat posioningor not. she is latargic and not interested in eating or drinking for the most part. She seemed fine all day yesterday. She played hard as shedoes. After she eat dinner. She seemed out of sorts. She was breathing very abnormally. As most like as was having an anxiety attach. Then she throw up. She throw up ever thing she had consumed at meal time yesterday. There was such a large amount that it possibly would of filled a 1-2 gallon bucket.there a strong smell of a strange chemical that I noticed. I looked through her throw up and it didnt appear to have anything strange in it.other than some traces of hair and wood from a stick she was playing with, she throw up four time during the night, only biol? not correct spelling. Has drank very little today and really not interested in much. I did give her barium at 5 this morning 10 mg 2 time about 4 hrs apart. this has seemed to keep her from throwing up. She has just had her vaccines done three days ago, Shehad heart-guard, thyroid me meds 6mgs 2x daily.the strange breathe started about 2 days ago but possible she got rat poison some how we have been trying to get rid of some in our garage. Know to be extra careful around her. Just I'm not allows there to watch others around her as carefully as needed.

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    Lyra

    dog-breed-icon

    german shepard

    dog-age-icon

    5 Years

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Mild severity

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    0 found helpful

    pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

    Mild severity

    Has Symptoms

    Tired, Sleepy, Swollen
    Tired, Sleepy, Swollen Legs

    Hi, I’m assuming my dog ate some type of rat positing because she woke up this morning with off balances and peed herself. We took her in and later in the day seem to feel better and also prescribed the K medicine. The next 2 days she seems to be very tired. She still gets up to eat. But hasn’t really drank any water. And still gets up as need to go to the batheroom. But lays back down to rest. Is this normal for a recovering dog from poison?

    Poisoning Due to Ingesting Rat Poison Average Cost

    From 367 quotes ranging from $500 - $15,000

    Average Cost

    $8,000