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What is Vomiting and Shaking?

A dog that is vomiting and shaking presents clues to a set of disorders that are distinct from canine vomiting or shaking alone. It is fairly common for dogs to vomit bile, and they may vomit their food if they eat too fast or too much. It is also normal for a cold dog to shiver; no underlying illness is indicated. However, if a dog simultaneously vomits and shakes (or shivers), you may be facing a more serious problem with a deeper cause, that will take some focused attention, and possible medical intervention, to resolve.

  • Emotional upset
  • Glucose imbalance
  • Poisoning
  • Kidney disease

Vomiting and shaking together are indicative of an overall imbalance in your dog’s physical condition. If the cause is anxiety, fear, or excitement, the vomiting and shaking should subside within 30 to 60 minutes of the stimulus being removed. Glucose imbalance may or may not be a sign of a much more serious condition. Poisoning and kidney disease are very serious health disorders. Without immediate medical intervention, each can prove fatal to your dog.

Why Vomiting and Shaking Occurs in Dogs

Your dog may simultaneously vomit and shake from either an emotional or a physical disorder. Emotional disturbances are typically of shorter duration than physically triggered vomiting and shaking.

Emotional Disturbance

Smaller dog breeds and puppies are most likely to respond to anxiety, fear, or excitement by vomiting and shaking. For example, a toy poodle who is sensitive to the sounds of fireworks, skateboards, and other loud noises might respond by vomiting and shaking. 

Diabetes

Glucose imbalance can cause your dog to vomit and shake. When this occurs because the dog has gone too long without eating, the problem may be solved by adhering to a more regular feeding schedule. However, vomiting and shaking may also be a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a very dangerous complication from diabetes. Diabetes is more likely to occur in female dogs who are middle-aged and overweight, and especially in Schnauzers, Dachshunds, and Poodles.

Poisoning

There are many substances your dog may encounter in his normal everyday life that are fine for you to ingest but poisonous for your dog. Chocolate, grapes, and raisins are common examples. Rat poison and snail bait are poisonous for anyone, and your dog may also ingest things you might not consider, such as poinsettia plants at the holiday season, petroleum products, or antifreeze that has leaked from a car. 

Kidney Disease

Kidney disease can be acute or chronic. Acute kidney disease comes on suddenly, but can be cured if treated immediately. It can result from urinary obstruction, heat stroke, ingestion of poison or toxic foods, bacterial infection, or dehydration. Chronic kidney disease is common in older dogs. It cannot be cured, but its symptoms can be managed. It is more likely to be caused by a poor diet, aging organs, high blood pressure, or complications from surgery.

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What to do if your Dog is Vomiting and Shaking

If your dog is vomiting and shaking because of an emotional upset, he will need some time to calm down. Watch your dog carefully to see if his symptoms subside, continue, or even worsen. Check his gums by pressing them gently with your finger. Unless there is a problem of physical origin, their normal pink color should return within two seconds. If any other symptoms are present, such as an unusual noise while the dog is breathing, changes in the dog’s pulse, or loss of consciousness, there is probably something else wrong. If the vomiting and shaking do not subside within about half an hour, or if it is accompanied by other symptoms that are out of the ordinary, your dog should immediately be examined by a veterinarian. 

Diabetes is diagnosed through blood tests and urinalysis. If your dog is found to be diabetic, your veterinarian will prescribe a home care routine, which will include daily insulin injections, regular blood glucose readings, a specific diet, and regular exercise.

If poisoning is suspected, your veterinarian will try to clear the dog’s stomach. Further vomiting may be induced, your dog’s stomach may be pumped, or activated charcoal may be given. Fluid samples may be taken from your dog’s gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, and kidneys. Your dog’s symptoms will be treated with oxygen and intravenous fluids. Antibiotics may be necessary if infection has occurred. 

Kidney disease is diagnosed through extensive blood work and a urine sample. The cause will determine the treatment. If your dog’s condition is acute, he will be hospitalized so that his kidneys can stabilize through administration of intravenous fluids, pain relievers, and anti-nausea medications. Chronic kidney disease cannot be cured, though its progression can be slowed with regular administration of fluids and a low protein diet.

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Prevention of Vomiting and Shaking

If you know that your dog responds to excitement, anxiety, or fear with vomiting and shaking, take care to minimize its exposure to situations that trigger these emotions. 

Diabetes is less likely to develop if you keep your dog at a healthy weight. Do not let him get obese. Keep all toxins and poisons safely stored and away from your dog so that he is not poisoned. To help prevent acute kidney disease, keep toxins away from your dog, keep him out of hot weather, and make sure he always has clean fresh water to drink. Chronic kidney disease is often a product of age, and cannot always be prevented, but a healthy diet will strengthen your dog’s system and make chronic kidney disease less likely.

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Cost of Vomiting and Shaking

The cost of treating vomiting and shaking depends on the cause. Your dog may be prescribed a drug for anxiety, but working to keep your dog calm has no cost. The cost of treating diabetes is $3000. Treatment of poisoning by petroleum products averages $4000. The average cost of treating kidney disease is $7000.

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Vomiting and Shaking Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Teacup chihuahua

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One Year

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7 found helpful

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Sickness

Dog has been sick Twice and Is shaking

Aug. 4, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. If your dog is vomiting and shaking, they probably don't feel very good. If this continues, it would be best to have your dog seen by a veterinarian. They would be able to examine your dog, see what the cause of this might be, and get treatment so that your dog feels better. I hope that all goes well.

Aug. 4, 2020

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Rat Terrier

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Five Years

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Vomiting And Shaking

I bought my dog a bone from Walmart today and I think he finished it. But now he is shaking and throwing up a lot

Aug. 4, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. If he is vomiting more than three times in one hour, and is shaking, it would be best to have him seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible. He may need help if the bone upset his stomach. I hope that he is okay.

Aug. 4, 2020

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Corgi

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Fourteen Weeks

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1 found helpful

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Diarrhoea, Vomiting, Shivers

My dog ate a bunch of grass on our last walk and has now vomited 4 times and is shivering. The first couple of time was chunky and the last two were liquid vomit. Vomit appeared slight yellow at first but is now clear. Should I take him to a vet right away?

Aug. 4, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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Thank you for your question. If he is still vomiting and shivering, it would be best to have him seen by a veterinarian, yes. If he seems to be back to normal, you can offer him a bland diet of boiled white chicken and boiled white rice and see if that settles his stomach, but if he continues to vomit or is having diarrhea, then he should be seen by your veterinarian. I hope that he feels better soon!

Aug. 4, 2020

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Maltese mix

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Three Years

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Vomiting, Loss Of Appetite, Some Shaking

He started vomiting last night and didn’t vomit today till very late , he ate his first meal but rejected the next one. I don’t know what could be wrong, he throws up food and some white foam.

Aug. 4, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Gina U. DVM

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Hello I'm sorry to see that your pet is not feeling well. Vomiting can be cause by gastrointestinal irritation, intestinal parasites, infection or a blockage. I recommend that you take your pet to a veterinarian for an exam. They may want to give an anti-vomiting injection or perform diagnostic tests like lab work and x-rays. Good luck.

Aug. 4, 2020

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Morki

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Five Years

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Vomiting And Panting

Dog was fine this morning and just came inside after being in the back yard., now throwing up white foam an won't stop panting... nothing in back yard that could hurt him

Aug. 2, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Sara O. DVM

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So sorry to hear about your dog. He may have found something in the back yard such as a bug or plant material that is causing him to vomit. If this continues, it would be best to see your vet. They can start him on medication to stop his vomiting and make him feel much better.

Aug. 2, 2020

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Auggie

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German Shepherd

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6 Months

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Fair severity

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Fair severity

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Shaking
Lethargy
Vomiting

My 6 month old German Shepherd was completely normal today until he started throwing up, shaking and appearing super lethargic. I gave hime a few small pieces of pastrami earlier as a special treat for behaving and later my mom gave him a salmon jerky stick and seemed fine. Then this happened all of a sudden. He has had a cold and is on medicine for that as well as giardia...but I’m very concerned because he has never had an experience with shaking. I called the vet and asked if I need to take him to the hospital and they said wait a few hours and try to give him some food and water. They said if he doesn’t improve by tomorrow take him to the hospital but I’m wondering if waiting that long is ok or if I should get him checked out now.

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Bella

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Chihuahua

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6 Years

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Serious severity

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Serious severity

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Shaking
Screaming
Panting
Restless
Hiding
Vommiting

My dog, Bella, started screaming,panting, hiding under my bed, and recently just started to vomit. My mother and I are starting to get worried about our dog, we just can't figure what it is. She screams every 5-10 minutes in pain and my mom tried to help by giving her a very small dose of something (can't think of the name), but she just vomited it back up. Any suggestions on what could be wrong with her. (Shes also been shaking very bad). Shes also 6 years in human years.

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Lucy

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Pug

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3 Years

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Mild severity

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Mild severity

Has Symptoms

Shaking
Vomiting
Puking

my dog fell off the couch when it was trying to jump onto it and started shaking and vomiting and it went in my room and started puking vomiting and was shaking

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Zoey

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Border Collie

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2 Years

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Moderate severity

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Moderate severity

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Shaking
Vomiting
Tremor

I have a border collie that is 2 years old. She started vomiting 2 nights ago. on the first night she was puking up food and yellow bile. last night it was just yellow bile. she has started to have a tremor in her head. it is not constant. but it comes on and off from time to time. just the head, shaking left to right. her ears look clean. no discoloration in her eyes. her poop and pee is normal with no blood. no blood in vomit either. she is playing fine. waging her tail / playing with a ball. i haven't seen her eat anything out of the ordinary. my husband just started a job 2 days ago, and they are very close, i would say her best companion. he has been gone now for about an hour and she is now sleeping and i haven't seen any shaking/tremor in about 30 minutes. she did have parvo when she was about 6 months old, and was hospitalized and cured.

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Zoey

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Border Collie

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2 Years

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Moderate severity

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0 found helpful

pill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filledpill-rating-filled

Moderate severity

Has Symptoms

Shaking
Vomiting

I have a border collie that is 2 years old. She started vomiting 2 nights ago. on the first night she was puking up food and yellow bile. last night it was just yellow bile. she has started to have a tremor in her head. it is not constant. but it comes on and off from time to time. just the head, shaking left to right. her ears look clean. no discoloration in her eyes. her poop and pee is normal with no blood. no blood in vomit either. she is playing fine. waging her tail / playing with a ball. i haven't seen her eat anything out of the ordinary. no wheezing when she breaths. i put my ear up to her stomach and listened, i didn't hear anything that sounded like a blockage. my husband(her best companion) has just started a job 2 days ago which is when the symptoms started. She did have parvo when she was about a half a year old and was hospitalized and cured.

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