What is Chemical Imbalance of Urine?
Hyposthenuria suggests that your cat’s urine has a low specific gravity. This chemical imbalance hinders or decreases a kidney’s ability to reabsorb water and dilute urine. The reason for the imbalance may be attributed to any disease or condition that inhibits or deters the release of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in the urine. It indicates that your cat’s kidneys are struggling to concentrate urine in a typical manner. Your cat needs ongoing medical attention to diagnose the underlying cause of hyposthenuria and to begin treatment immediately because kidney disease can be deadly if left untreated.
If your cat's urinalysis test indicates a chemical imbalance in its urine, it means your cat’s urine has tested out of the normal range for most cats. Called hyposthenuria, this imbalance is evaluated and treated by your veterinarian who takes into consideration your pet’s general health and the symptoms or illness your cat displayed that initiated the testing.
Symptoms of Chemical Imbalance of Urine in Cats
Most likely you’ve sought veterinary care because your cat is showing signs of illness. Perhaps you’ve noticed your cat avoiding the litter box or urinating in unusual places. You may also have noticed behavioral changes in your cat’s normal routines. Your cat may be making numerous trips to the litter box or fewer visits than is typical. Some cats with hyposthenuria may stay close to the litter box, indicating the urge to urinate is not going away even after attempts at urination. Here are some of the symptoms that your cat may exhibit when suffering from a chemical imbalance in its urine.
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive urination
- Urinating outside the litter box
- Urinary incontinence
- General lethargy and malaise
- Loss of interest in food
- Loss of weight
Causes of Chemical Imbalance of Urine in Cats
There are many possible reasons that your cat is showing a chemical imbalance in its urine test. A thorough examination and proper testing will discover the basis for your cat’s atypical test results. A few common reasons are:
- Renal tubule damage
- Abnormal hormone release
- Medullary washout
- Diabetes mellitus
- Liver disease
- Endocrine disease
- Tumors or obstructions
Diagnosis of Chemical Imbalance of Urine in Cats
Once your cat's urinalysis test shows a chemical imbalance in the urine, further veterinary care is imperative to discern the underlying reason for the imbalance.
A complete physical examination will be performed by your veterinarian that includes taking vital signs to assess your cat’s general health.
Your veterinarian will ask you questions about when you first noticed symptoms or behavioral changes in your cat. Past illnesses, disorders or injuries must be mentioned to help your veterinarian diagnose the complex issues underlying your cat’s hyposthenuria.
A complete blood count that includes a chemical blood profile will be taken to gather more data to aid in diagnosing your cat’s abnormal urine test and to help treat the imbalance.
Additional urine tests may be needed to retest the urine and evaluate the extent of the chemical imbalance and determine the level of your cat’s kidney function.
In some cases, your veterinarian will order ultrasound tests to check on the size, shape and condition of your cat’s kidneys, liver, pancreas and other internal organs.
X-ray images may be ordered to help your veterinarian make a quick and accurate diagnosis as to why your cat is experiencing hyposthenuria.
Tests specific to your cat’s suspected health disorder may also be ordered.
Treatment of Chemical Imbalance of Urine in Cats
Treatment plans vary depending upon the underlying cause of the chemical imbalance in your cat’s urine. Because of the numerous reasons for a chemical imbalance in cat urine, each treatment plan will be specifically designed for the type of health issue affecting your cat. For example, if your cat is dehydrated, and dehydration is the underlying cause for the chemical imbalance, your veterinarian may order IV therapy to ensure your cat is properly hydrated and to restore kidney function and optimum chemical balance.
Recovery of Chemical Imbalance of Urine in Cats
No matter what the underlying cause is for your cat’s abnormal urine test and diagnosis of hyposthenuria, ensuring your cat always has access to water is of utmost importance. Allow your cat to drink as much water as it wants unless your veterinarian advises differently. Never skip a follow-up appointment, and adhere to your veterinarian’s treatment plan.
Your cat may need IV therapy to maintain proper hydration and to accelerate recovery. Dietary changes may be necessary, and some cats will need daily medication for life. Recovery time depends upon the diagnosis. A full recovery may only take a few days, or, in some cases, your cat’s condition may be a chronic disorder that will need to be treated for the rest of its life.