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Blood-related deficiencies in dogs could be a symptom of different disorders. Many things, both physical and environmental, can affect the blood cells in your dog’s body. This is actually a decline in the circulation of all your dog’s marrow cell lines, such as megakaryocytic, erythroid, and myeloid. If you have noticed that your dog has been looking pale or ashen, or you see that your dog has bloodshot eyes or blood in their nose it is time to make an appointment with your veterinarian. However, the symptoms of the blood deficiency depend on the underlying illness that is causing it.
Blood-related deficiency (pancytopenia) is an uncommon immune system disorder of dogs categorized by anemia and fat penetration of the bone marrow. This is not a true illness, but a symptom of many disorders such as lymphoma, lupus, anemia, thrombocytopenia (low blood platelets), and drugs toxicity.
Symptoms will vary greatly, depending on what is causing the blood-related deficiency in your dog. The symptoms of each individual disorder are listed under each one:
Leukopenia - Low White Blood Cell Count
Thrombocytopenia - Low Platelet Count
The veterinarian will start by asking you questions about your dog’s history, medical records, recent illnesses or injuries, any new foods or medications you have started, and any symptoms you have observed. Since you know your dog better than the veterinarian does, he relies on your knowledge to help him know where to start. The veterinarian will then perform a complete physical examination, taking care to look at your dog’s eyes, mouth, and abdomen.
Several tests will be performed on your dog, such as a complete blood count (CBC), blood gases and chemical panel, blood glucose test, Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbant Assay (ELISA) test, urinalysis, stool sample, and a fine needle aspiration of your dog’s bone marrow. They will also need to get some x-rays of your dog’s head, chest, and abdomen, as well as an ultrasound of the abdomen.
Based on what the veterinarian finds in the tests, he may also perform a blood clotting test and liver biopsy to determine if the problem caused by liver disorder. The veterinarian may also need a CT scan, or MRI to determine what is causing the blood-related deficiency.
Drugs or Chemicals
Chemotherapy is the usual treatment for most forms of cancer in your dog that causes blood- related deficiencies. A bone marrow transplant is the best treatment for lymphoma.
With every one of these disorders, it is essential to follow the veterinarian’s instructions exactly with your dog’s medication. Be sure to follow up with the veterinarian as requested. If you have any other problems or questions in the meantime you should call the veterinarian’s office.
Most of the disorders that cause blood-related deficiencies can be treated successfully if caught right away. The prognosis for most of these illnesses is excellent with a good chance for complete recovery.
Cancer, lupus, and hepatitis tend to be chronic diseases that need continuous veterinarian appointments and treatments. The prognosis for cancer is good if it is caught early enough for treatment to work. Lupus and hepatitis are both chronic disorders that will require constant treatment and follow-up appointments.
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