Arthritis Average Cost

From 491 quotes ranging from $200 - 1,000

Average Cost

$400

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What are Arthritis?

An uneven gait in your rabbit may indicate that he is experiencing arthritis. The disease often presents with slow movement and pain. If you suspect your rabbit may be suffering from arthritis, contact your veterinarian to discuss your pet’s symptoms and ways to manage the condition. Medication and diet are two factors that may be considered as treatment.

Arthritis is a term that covers many different diseases that cause inflammation of the joints in the body. There are certain factors that predispose pets to the condition such as poor diet, injury to the joints in earlier life, breed, and obesity.

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Symptoms of Arthritis in Rabbits

As arthritis causes pain and discomfort you may notice your rabbit beginning to slow down and reduce in activity. As this can also be normal for aging rabbits, the disease can often be difficult to spot. Symptoms may include;

  • Difficulty with moving and hopping around
  • Difficulty hopping in and out of bedding or litter trays
  • Uneven or abnormal gait
  • Reluctance to climb onto higher surfaces
  • Poor coat quality or reduced grooming
  • Mucky bottom or urine scalding due to inability to groom
  • Build-up of ear wax
  • Aggression or reluctance to be handled

Types

There are two main types of arthritis your pet may suffer from:

Osteoarthritis – This is a chronic, degenerative form that causes the cartilage to deteriorate over time. This natural process can be exacerbated by factors that place extra strain on the joints such as large breeds, obesity, missing limbs or other conditions that cause ataxia.

Septic arthritis – This is caused by injuries to the joint that introduce bacteria into the joint capsule. This type of arthritis can affect rabbits of any age or breed. Rabbits who contract infections through trauma, dental disease or infection are at increased risk of developing this disease.

Causes of Arthritis in Rabbits

  • The joints may become stiff and inflamed
  • Arthritis can cause the joints to have less lubrication
  • Bacteria can be present in the joint capsule
  • Age and degeneration can cause arthritis

Diagnosis of Arthritis in Rabbits

Your veterinarian will look at your rabbit’s clinical history and perform a full body examination. The physical examination may highlight symptoms that suggest arthritis, such as decreased range of movement on extension, deformity and swelling of the joints, and ataxia. 

If osteoarthritis is suspected, radiographs can be taken to confirm the presence of arthritis. Your veterinarian will need to sedate your pet in order to perform these. “Haze” or “fuzziness” in the radiographs around the joints indicate arthritis. Other diagnostic imaging techniques that your veterinarian may choose to use to provide a more accurate diagnosis are ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy.

If septic arthritis, is suspected an analysis of the fluid from around the joint may be performed. This sample will be obtained by fine needle aspiration. Presence of bacteria would indicate septic arthritis, further cultures performed by your veterinarian will be able to identify the bacteria.

Treatment of Arthritis in Rabbits

In the case of osteoarthritis there is, unfortunately, no cure for the disease. Instead, your veterinarian will discuss ways to manage and control the symptoms your rabbit is experiencing.

Medication

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be given to your pet to reduce inflammation around the joints and provide pain relief. As these are metabolized by the liver and kidneys, your veterinarian may take a blood test to check the function of these systems.

In cases of septic arthritis, antibiotics will be required for treatment. Cultures performed on a fluid sample will be able to indicate to your veterinarian the most effective medication for your pet. 

Diet

Your veterinarian may suggest a commercially available rabbit food with added glucosamine. Research in both humans and animals suggest that glucosamine may benefit arthritis sufferers by providing joint lubrication and increasing joint mobility. 

Massage

If your rabbit will tolerate being handled, gentle massage over the affected areas and gentle flexing of the joints may help to relieve the pain and tension. It is vital that any physical therapy you consider is discussed with your veterinarian first, as in some cases this may be detrimental. 

Alternative treatments

Animal physiotherapists and acupuncturists are gaining popularity and some owners are finding that regular treatments are leading to a reduction of symptoms and pain relief needed for their pets.

Recovery of Arthritis in Rabbits

Unfortunately, there is no cure for arthritis in rabbits. There are, however, things you can do to help manage the disease such as;

  • Keep hair clipped around the perineum and regularly wash the area to prevent urine scalding and secondary skin infections
  • Provide your rabbit with soft, absorbable bedding to prevent pressure sores and reduce urine scalding
  • Remove ramps and obstacles from your pet’s environment and provide easy movement around his hutch and in and out of litter trays
  • Ensure your rabbit maintains a healthy weight as extra weight adds strain to their body and exacerbates arthritic symptoms
  • Due to discomfort your rabbit may not be able to access their caecotrophs (pellets excreted from the rabbit’s own digestive system which is then eaten by the rabbit), which are essential for their well-being; it may be necessary to place them in or near their food area

Arthritis Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

lousy
Lionhead
4 Years
Mild condition
1 found helpful
Mild condition

Has Symptoms

pain in joints

Medication Used

Meloxicam

Hi I have 4 years old lion head rabbit,I took him to the vet and he told that is possibly arthritis.Vet gives him meloxicam as painkiller, but he doesn't mentioned anything about kidney, liver or blood test!please help me with the list of elements which are needed to be tested after taking painkiller in a long term?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1607 Recommendations
When on Meloxicam, or any other NSAID, it is generally recommended to have a blood panel run to check kidney and liver values, then recheck every 6-12 months. Sometimes we will give short term dosages to see if they help, then do blood work if it looks like it is going to be a long term thing.

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Zanna
Holland Lop
8 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

restricted movement
Pain
sore hocks
tenderness when touching paw
Swelling

I have an 8-year old Holland Lop. Recently she has developed sore hocks on both of her back legs. I have been treating with Bag Balm and proper bandaging, and over the past week or so her condition has been improving. It was a moderate case, with no open sores, although she did appear to have some discomfort while hopping around. Last night, we noticed that one of her front paws is considerably more swollen than the other, and she will not put pressure on it and is now limping considerably. As I examined it, I did not notice any broken nails, cuts, abrasions, or anything out of the ordinary. I trim her nails regularly, she eats a healthy diet, and has plenty of room to move around if she wants (she is a mostly free-roaming rabbit in a rabbit-proofed room). I know she is a senior rabbit, and she has slowed down considerably over the past year, particularly the past six months or so. Could both the sore hocks and her swollen paw be due to arthritic joint pain/swelling? She has never been sick or had any sort of injury before. She is still eating and drinking normally, and is still affectionate, although she is not moving much. Thank you for your help!

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3318 Recommendations
There are a few different health issues which may affect an older rabbit and eight years is getting on; without examining Zanna it is difficult to say what the specific cause of the foot swelling may be (injury, arthritis, infection) but you should try to keep the movement restricted and visit your Veterinarian for a thorough examination. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Phineas
Lop mix
2 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

I got my rabbit a new home with a door which has a 2 inch clearing. He almost always slams his back legs on it when he tries to jump over it tho it's been six months. He can jump completely out of the cage and up into the couch so it never made sense . But I'm concern now he either has developed arthritis or has caused injury to his legs because he lays with his legs to the side and isn't as active. He just had a wellness examine and was told he was perfect weight, nails , teeth and food habits so I'm not sure what it can be besides issues with his obvious lack of coordination

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1607 Recommendations
Thank you for your email. I'm not sure if Phineas has a problem without examining him, but if your veteirnarian just saw him and he seemed healthy, he may just need a new enclosure. If you think that there are more complicated things going on, it would be best to have a follow up exam, and point out the behavior that is concerning you.

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Bailey
Netherland Dwarf
4 Years
Mild condition
0 found helpful
Mild condition

Our Dutch rabbit aged almost 5 years has been diagnosed with arthritis and has severe scalding which we have been prescribed loxicom baytril and an ointment. If we do wash the affected area, how should we do this and what is best bedding to use for hutch

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3318 Recommendations
It is important to clip the urine soaked fur so that the area is easier to bathe, cleaning with warm water and a sensitive shampoo for rabbits is best; once Bailey is dry you can apply silver sulfadiazine cream to the area. As for bedding, this is a question of trial and error to see what works for Bailey. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM

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Pookie Bear
New Zealand
8 Weeks
Serious condition
0 found helpful
Serious condition

Has Symptoms

Problem walking

I have an 8 year old New Zealand white rabbit with pink eyes, weighs 7.5 pounds. She cannot put pressure on her back left leg. Took her to the vet and she said possible arthritis. Gave us meloxidyl and 3 days into the medicine it looked like things were getting better but now it has been 9 days and she is back to where she was. She's eating and pooping regularly, what should do?

Dr. Michele King, DVM
Dr. Michele King, DVM
1607 Recommendations
Pookie may need x-rays to determine what is going on with her leg, since the medication seemed to help for a bit, and then stopped. There may be more going on with her than arthritis, and an x-ray would be the next step to see what is happening. I hope that all goes well for her!

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Alice
Flemish Giant
7 Years
Moderate condition
0 found helpful
Moderate condition

Has Symptoms

Shaking, decreased movement

Medication Used

Metacam

Does arthritis happen suddenly? I took her to the vet last week and she was fine as told to me by the vet. She was eating and drinking on her own. Suddenly she’s unable to stand - she begins to shake very badly then plops down where she’s at. I’ve been having to manually feed her pellets and water but she eats hay on her own. She’s been a healthy bunny for the most part. Her teeth, ears are fine. Her eyes are watery sometimes and the vet flushed her tear ducts. She does have a bit of scalding but I maintain that by cleaning her. She doesn’t seem week and acts normal otherwise, very affectionate as usual. She’s never shown signs of arthritis prior to this sudden onset of shaking. The vet prescribed Metacam but today will be the first treatment.

Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
Dr. Callum Turner, DVM
3318 Recommendations
Generally arthritis is a condition which comes on gradually, but event like traumatic injury to a joint or similar issue may accelerate the presentation of symptoms. You should administer the medication as prescribed by your Veterinarian and monitor for improvement; issues with the back may cause severe pain which may lead to shaking, loss of appetite and reduction in movement. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM https://rabbitwelfare.co.uk/rabbit-health/pain-management-rabbits/

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