Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles

Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost
Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost

What is Bacteria in the Blood?

Bacteria in the blood in turtles, otherwise known as septicemia, causes infections in turtles throughout their body. Bacteria enter the turtle by way of open wounds or infections and travel through the bloodstream.

There are many conditions that are infectious to reptiles. Different types of bacteria can be responsible for septicemia, such as pseudomonas and aeromonas, and parasites can be responsible as well. Typically, bacterial infections are created by bacteria that are gram-negative and commensal. Septicemia has an effect on the entire body of the turtle, and when any turtle gets this condition, isolation is necessary.

Once the bacteria spread throughout the turtle’s body, it can overcome his organs and blood and cause severe organ damage and possibly be fatal. It is important that if turtle owners observe any symptoms to immediately call the veterinarian so the turtle can be diagnosed and placed on antibiotics.

Septicemia can be fatal in turtles and other reptiles if not immediately treated with antibiotics. Turtles should be immediately isolated in a clean environment and given the appropriate therapy in order to survive.

Symptoms of Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles

There are several common symptoms of blood poisoning in turtles. Symptoms of this disorder include:

  • Lethargy
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Weakness
  • Seizures
  • Loss of control of muscles
  • Discolored shell, typically red or purple patches

Types

There are several types of infections that turtles can suffer from. Blood infections, or septicemia, is common, but so are the other following types:

  • Pneumonia
  • Necrotic stomatitis
  • Ear abscesses
  • Ulcerative shell disease
  • Eye infections and conjunctivitis
  • Septic arthritis 
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Causes of Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles

Bacteria can enter a turtle’s bloodstream in several different ways. Blood poisoning in turtles is caused by:

  • Bacteria entering the bloodstream of the turtle 
  • Parasites entering the bloodstream of the turtle
  • Traumatic injuries
  • Localized infections
  • Unclean habitats
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Diagnosis of Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles

If your turtle is exhibiting any unusual symptoms, make an appointment with your veterinarian. The veterinarian will look at the outward symptoms and ask you questions pertaining to your turtle’s behavior and severity of symptoms, as well as the length of time he has been ill. Your veterinarian will then perform laboratory testing in the forms of complete blood count, and a serum profile with uric acid to check the turtle’s hydration. If your turtle is dehydrated he will receive fluid therapy. 

A definitive diagnosis of septicemia will come from specific blood microbiological cultures. Blood work will determine the type of bacteria present in your turtle’s blood. Your veterinarian will determine the type and amount of antibiotics to be given based on the type and severity of the blood infection in your turtle. He will also want to keep the turtle for observation and will explain the reptile’s prognosis in detail so you will understand more about the infection.

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Treatment of Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles

Treatment of septicemia is only performed if the veterinarian feels the condition is caught early enough. Severe septicemia can be fatal, and many turtles are euthanized due to the severity of the blood poisoning. Treatment may include:

Topical Antibiotic Therapy

If your turtle has an open wound that has caused the bacteria to enter, antibiotic therapy will be conducted on the wound by the medical professional. The specific type of topical antibiotic therapy will be determined by your veterinarian.

Fluids

Due to possible dehydration, your turtle may require fluid therapy. This will restore hydration, and if the turtle is placed on antibiotic therapy, will help your turtle in his healing.

Oral Antibiotic Therapy

Oral antibiotics may be given, depending on the type of bacterial infection affecting your turtle. Oral antibiotics may be administered by being mixed with food and fed to your turtle. Oral antibiotics can also be given via stomach tube; this is known as gavaging.

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Worried about the cost of Bacteria In The Blood In Turtles treatment?

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Recovery of Bacteria in the Blood in Turtles

Although very serious, your turtle will have a chance of survival if it is caught early and if it responds to aggressive treatment. Unfortunately, turtles can succumb to septicemia if it is caught too late. Your veterinarian will communicate with you your turtle’s chances for survival.

Once you take your turtle home, it will be very important to continue the antibiotics according to your veterinarian’s instructions. It will also be very important to clean and sanitize his tank according to the advice of your medical professional. Once on the antibiotics, your reptile should show signs of improvement within a few days. If he develops any new symptoms, contact your veterinarian with your concerns.

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Bacteria in the Blood Questions and Advice from Veterinary Professionals

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Red ear slider turtle

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Six Months

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2 found helpful

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2 found helpful

Has Symptoms

Red Spots In Olastron

I notice some pinkish spots in the plastron of my turtle ... but it is super active nd is doing fine as well as eating well .. i fear septicaemia ... also to mention it had some foot sores earlier which were adequately treated ... i am very fearful of septicaemia ... it is very difficult to find a vet in my area .. it will be very beneficial if you can also suggest some medical advice like antibiotic because taking him to vet is difficult especially during these covid times .. i shall be very greatful

July 8, 2020

Owner

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Dr. Michele K. DVM

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2 Recommendations

I am sorry your turtle is having problems, unfortunately, without seeing the turtle, it is very difficult for me to say what might be going on. if you think that there is any chance of infection, keeping the area clean with an antibacterial wash would be best. Making sure that you are maintaining high standards of nutrition and hygiene should prevent any chance of that happening. I hope that all goes well.

July 9, 2020

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title and turtlie

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none

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4 Years

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1 found helpful

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1 found helpful

Has Symptoms

Turtlshell Is Turning Pink

how should I help him when the turtles shell and skin turns pink I really love them and don't want to loose them .I not sure when it started but I realized it today

Sept. 21, 2018

title and turtlie's Owner

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