As much as we love our furry friends, they're still not human, so how much of our characteristics, including the ability to feel fear, anxiety, alarm, or terror, do our dogs actually have? If our dogs feel fear, is there anything we can do to help alleviate or prevent it?
Unfortunately, to the first, dogs actually can feel fear. But there's a plus side to that - it means that our dogs can feel other emotions, like love, as well! And further still, there's luckily a lot we can do to help our dog when they're freaked out, as well as preventative measures we can take to keep our dog happy, healthy, and unafraid!
Signs Your Dog Is Feeling Fear
An afraid dog, on the other hand, has different behavior characteristics. Science has actually shown that a dog can feel two emotions relating to fear - fear leading to aggression, or fear which leads to distress. Sometimes a dog that's afraid or uncomfortable may lash out at you or the object causing them fear. It's important to note the following characteristics before your dog hurts themselves or anyone else.
These include, but aren't limited to: a lowered body with raised hackles (or hairs), tail tucked with little to no movement, ears flat against their head with their lips pulled back to show their teeth, a wrinkled nose, and curled lips. According to vets and dog behavior specialists, "this dog is frightened but is not submissive and may attack if pressed. A dog will generally give these signals when he is directly facing the individual who is threatening him or her."
A dog feeling fear which leads to distress exhibits different signs. Similar to an aggressively afraid dog, their tails will be down, their ears will be back, and their bodies lowered. Also look for dilated pupils and rapid breathing, as well as sweating through their paws. "These signals, however, are a general broadcast of his or her state of mind, and are not being specifically addressed to any other individual."
Other behaviors to look out for are a smooth forehead, very little eye contact, raised paws, and actually licking at the air! If your dog is truly terrified, they may even roll onto their back or avoid eye contact altogether.
How your dog shows and responds to fear depends on the breed, and there are many signs signaling their emotions. Basically, you just need to look out for a lowered body (or maybe even a dog on its back!), a tucked tail, and flat ears.
- Back hair on edge
- Lips pushed forward
- Averting eyes
- Tail tucking
- Ears back
- Paw raised
- Pupils dilated
- Exposed teeth
- Whale eye
- Stiff tail
- Aggressive Behavior
- Submissive Behavior
- Showing Their Belly
- Smooth Forehead or Nose
The Science Behind Your Dog's Fear
Picture your dog as an average 2-year-old. Any emotion a toddler can feel, your dog can probably feel as well. According to studies, fear in pups is usually brought about by a scary sound or a stressful situation, such as a new environment, meeting too many dogs (that may be aggressive), and more. "The amount of fear a dog experiences depends on how it was raised and individual personality."
Studies have shown that there are a number of things that commonly cause fear in many dogs. One that many of us may have experienced is thunder. Many dogs during a thunderstorm will go to a place they feel safest because that noise is loud and they don't know where it's coming from! Similarly, for the exact same reasons, many dogs are afraid of fireworks and the noise and light that they bring.
Training Your Dog to Cope With Fear
For one thing, it's important that you act calmly when your dog seems freaked out. Dogs look to us not only for love and entertainment but also for our reactions as well! If they see that you aren't afraid of whatever seems to be scaring them, it may be enough to calm your pup down. So, make sure that if your dog is acting skittish or nervous, you remain calm to show them that there's really nothing to be afraid of!
How you can help your pup during times of fear also depends on what exactly they're afraid of. For example, if it's something you can't change, like a new home, new partner, or new friend, it's going to take some patience. You obviously aren't going to get rid of your new house or friend because they scare your dog, but you also have to understand that your dog may not understand these new things! So show some patience when it comes to things like this, and make sure to encourage positive behavior with treats and pets!
For things like thunderstorms, we're lucky in that we know that the storm and loud noises end soon, but your dog may not! Show your dog some love during these times - you can sit with them in places that make them feel comfortable, petting them and talking them through whatever loud noises are scaring them. While they may not be able to understand what you're saying, they will know you're there for them! You can also invest in something called a thundershirt, which you can put on your pup during storms. The pressure on their bodies from the tight material can sometimes make them feel more safe!
How To Help With Your Dog's Fears:
Avoidance: If you know that there's going to be fireworks happening, it may be best not to bring your pup to that party. If you must, put them in a place where they'll feel comfortable and safe!
Thundershirts: It may sound and look silly, but there are little vests out there for your furry BFF to wear when they can't avoid thunder or fireworks! These tight-fitting shirts put pressure on your pup, which research has shown actually has soothing effects on your doggo.
Patience: If your dog is afraid of a new environment, new family member, etc., they may just need time to get used to it. Give your dog some time, and make sure to positively reinforce your pooch every time they interact appropriately with the source of their fear.
Remain calm and assertive: Your dog looks to you for how to act, and it's no different when they're facing something that they're afraid of. If your dog sees you reacting normally to something, they'll follow your lead! So just stay calm and show your pup there's absolutely nothing to be afraid of.