You rush home after work to get your puppy outside to go to the bathroom, but instead, find a home interior that’s been decorated with poop and urine.
The rescue dog that you’ve just adopted has a hard time understanding when and where she should potty because she was never trained properly in the first place.
Potty training a dog can be a frustrating experience, but cleaning up after an untrained dog in your home is worse. Many dog owners aren’t sure where to begin and end up making mistakes that can delay the training process or result in serious behavioral issues in their dog.
Regardless of his age, training your dog to eliminate outside can be trying, but it’s far from impossible. Here are some steps to help you potty train your dog, as well as some actions to avoid.
Teaching your dog to eliminate outdoors is a critical component of dog ownership. Your pup needs to understand what you are asking him to do, and as such, you need to be a clear communicator and teacher. You will need to teach to your dog’s personality and strengths, or else risk serious damage to your dog’s psyche and to the relationship you both have with each other.
Understand that you are working against a dog’s naturally inherent instincts. In the wilderness, dogs and their ancestors go to the bathroom wherever they please. Therefore, it’s up to you to clearly specify to your dog where and when he can eliminate.
Depending on your dog’s age, this training process can take anywhere from a few weeks to six months or so. Be prepared for an occasional accident or two even after your dog has been trained, and understand that sometimes accidents happen!
Aside from keeping your home sanitary and clean and instilling a sense of respect in your dog for your position as leader, potty training your pup will help him avoid an all too common fate for dogs whose owners gave up on potty training them: being surrendered to a shelter.
Potty training can be accomplished successfully, but you need to make sure that you are consistent and clear in what you are asking of your canine.
Here are some essential elements and items that you will need to get started with potty training your dog:
Once you have these items, what’s next? Review your schedule and begin to find consistent time periods to encourage your dog to potty outside. Ideally, right after the dog eats in the morning and the late afternoon and evening would be best. Your dog and his body will quickly associate going outside after dinner is done.
Another key to getting your pup on board with potty training is to choose a command, a particular word or phrase that he will learn to associate with going to the bathroom outside. Consider a phrase such as “Let’s go,” “Good potty,” or “Do your duty.” Once your dog associates this command with your request, he will understand that he is to go potty outdoors.
How do i get my dog to stop biting my clothes, and me.
Also, how do i train my dog to go outside after I’ve trained him on pads
Hello! Here is information on nipping/biting. Following this will be information on potty training. Nipping: Puppies may nip for a number of reasons. Nipping can be a means of energy release, getting attention, interacting and exploring their environment or it could be a habit that helps with teething. Whatever the cause, nipping can still be painful for the receiver, and it’s an action that pet parents want to curb. Some ways to stop biting before it becomes a real problem include: Using teething toys. Distracting with and redirecting your dog’s biting to safe and durable chew toys is one way to keep them from focusing their mouthy energies to an approved location and teach them what biting habits are acceptable. Making sure your dog is getting the proper amount of exercise. Exercise is huge. Different dogs have different exercise needs based on their breed and size, so check with your veterinarian to make sure that yours is getting the exercise they need. Dogs—and especially puppies—use their playtime to get out extra energy. With too much pent-up energy, your pup may resort to play biting. Having them expel their energy in positive ways - including both physical and mental exercise - will help mitigate extra nips. Being consistent. Training your dog takes patience, practice and consistency. With the right training techniques and commitment, your dog will learn what is preferred behavior. While sometimes it may be easier to let a little nipping activity go, be sure to remain consistent in your cues and redirection. That way, boundaries are clear to your dog. Using positive reinforcement. To establish preferred behaviors, use positive reinforcement when your dog exhibits the correct behavior. For instance, praise and treat your puppy when they listen to your cue to stop unwanted biting as well as when they choose an appropriate teething toy on their own. Saying “Ouch!” The next time your puppy becomes too exuberant and nips you, say “OUCH!” in a very shocked tone and immediately stop playing with them. Your puppy should learn - just as they did with their littermates - that their form of play has become unwanted. When they stop, ensure that you follow up with positive reinforcement by offering praise, treat and/or resuming play. Letting every interaction with your puppy be a learning opportunity. While there are moments of dedicated training time, every interaction with your dog can be used as a potential teaching moment. I am sending you quite a bit of information on potty and crate training just in case you want to use the crate to help with potty training. Potty training: Know Your Pup. As you spend time with your puppy, learn your puppy’s love language. Just as some people prefer gifts, touch, or time spent together, puppies can be the same way. Some puppies love praise or pets, while others prefer treats. As you get to know your puppy, consider what reward your puppy loves the most. Create a Daily Schedule. It is best to have a routine for your puppy. A schedule helps them understand when to eat, play, and “go to the bathroom.” Your puppy should go out frequently and the routine should be the same every time. When? Start the day by taking your puppy outside, and repeating based on age and ability. They should also go out after napping, chewing, playing, and within 10 to 15 minutes of eating. Although some puppies can sleep for seven hours, it is important to set an alarm and take your pup out during the night. When you do, don’t make a fuss about it. Quietly take them outside with minimal stimulation and light. Praise them if they go to the bathroom and gently return them to their bed or crate. You don’t want them to get stimulated and ready to play in the middle of the night! As you get to know your puppy, you will become aware of their individual habits. Click here to learn more about house training schedules for puppies. Where? Take your puppy to a specific area to urinate or defecate. Be consistent. You can create an area by using urine-soaked paper or bowel movements to help create an aroma to stimulate your puppy. How? Take your puppy out on a leash so they can focus on the desired activity. This will help prevent them from wandering off to play. Once your puppy is in the selected area, use your verbal cue, such as “Hurry Up,” “Poopies,” “Go tinkle,” or any phrase your puppy responds to. What? Know the signs that your puppy has to go to the bathroom. Every animal may have a different “I gotta go” gesture, which often include restlessness, sniffing around, circling, scratching at the door, barking, and, eventually, squatting. At the first sign that your pup has to go, calmly and quickly take them outside to their bathroom spot. Deal with Accidents. Accidents are a normal part of house training a puppy. What to Do If you see your puppy in the process of urinating or defecating inappropriately, calmly and quickly interrupt them in the act. Tell them to stop (either by a jarring sound or command), and immediately take them to an appropriate location for elimination. After your puppy goes to the bathroom, lavishly praise them and offer a treat. Thoroughly clean up accidents, so your puppy is not attracted to this area again. Create a consistent feeding and watering schedule. Depending on the age of your puppy, they will eat three to four times a day. A consistent feeding routine can create a regular bathroom schedule. Take away water about 2 hours before bedtime. Learn more about ideal dog schedules here. What NOT to Do Don’t punish your puppy when they have an accident. At that point, it is too late. When a puppy has an accident in the house and they walk away, within seconds they have already forgotten about what they did. Taking them to the scene of the crime and yelling and/or rubbing their nose in it does not help and, in fact, can harm your puppy! Supervise. The best thing you can do is to prevent accidents and the best way to do this is to supervise your puppy at all times. You can tether your puppy to your waist with a five or six-foot leash and carefully observe them for signs that they need to go to the bathroom. If you can’t supervise, then crate or confine your puppy. The more accidents your puppy has in the house, the more confusing it will be for them and this can delay house training. Reward, Reward, Reward. It is important to give your puppy a reward for their good behavior. This can be for commands such as sitting and coming to you, or for appropriately eliminating outside. In a puppy, a reward can be a couple kibbles of puppy food or a treat, such as a small piece of meat. The treat should be exciting for them and only available as a result of good behavior. Crate training can take days or weeks, depending on your dog's age, temperament and past experiences. It's important to keep two things in mind while crate training: The crate should always be associated with something pleasant and training should take place in a series of small steps. Don't go too fast. Step 1: Introduce your dog to the crate Place the crate in an area of your house where the family spends a lot of time, such as the family room. Put a soft blanket or towel in the crate. Take the door off and let the dog explore the crate at their leisure. Some dogs will be naturally curious and start sleeping in the crate right away. If yours isn't one of them: Bring them over to the crate and talk to them in a happy tone of voice. Make sure the crate door is open and secured so that it won't hit your dog and frighten them. Encourage your dog to enter the crate by dropping some small food treats nearby, then just inside the door, and finally, all the way inside the crate. If they refuse to go all the way in at first, that's OK; don't force them to enter. Continue tossing treats into the crate until your dog will walk calmly all the way into the crate to get the food. If they aren’t interested in treats, try tossing a favorite toy in the crate. This step may take a few minutes or as long as several days. Step 2: Feed your dog meals in the crate After introducing your dog to the crate, begin feeding them their regular meals near the crate. This will create a pleasant association with the crate. If your dog is readily entering the crate when you begin Step 2, place the food dish all the way at the back of the crate. If they remain reluctant to enter, put the dish only as far inside as they will readily go without becoming fearful or anxious. Each time you feed them, place the dish a little further back in the crate. Once your dog is standing comfortably in the crate to eat their meal, you can close the door while they’re eating. The first time you do this, open the door as soon as they finish their meal. With each successive feeding, leave the door closed a few minutes longer, until they’re staying in the crate for 10 minutes or so after eating. If they begin to whine to be let out, you may have increased the length of time too quickly. Next time, try leaving them in the crate for a shorter time period. If they do whine or cry in the crate, don’t let them out until they stop. Otherwise, they'll learn that the way to get out of the crate is to whine, so they'll keep doing it. Step 3: Practice with longer crating periods After your dog is eating their regular meals in the crate with no sign of fear or anxiety, you can confine them there for short time periods while you're home. Call them over to the crate and give them a treat. Give them a command to enter, such as "crate." Encourage them by pointing to the inside of the crate with a treat in your hand. After your dog enters the crate, praise them, give them the treat and close the door. Sit quietly near the crate for five to 10 minutes and then go into another room for a few minutes. Return, sit quietly again for a short time and then let them out. Repeat this process several times a day, gradually increasing the length of time you leave them in the crate and the length of time you're out of sight. Once your dog will stay quietly in the crate for about 30 minutes with you mostly out of sight, you can begin leaving them crated when you're gone for short time periods and/or letting them sleep there at night. This may take several days or weeks. Step 4, Part A: Crate your dog when you leave After your dog can spend about 30 minutes in the crate without becoming anxious or afraid, you can begin leaving them crated for short periods when you leave the house. Put them in the crate using your regular command and a treat. You might also want to leave them with a few safe toys in the crate. Vary the moment during your "getting ready to leave" routine that you put your dog in the crate. Although they shouldn't be crated for a long time before you leave, you can crate them anywhere from five to 20 minutes prior to leaving. Don't make your departures emotional and prolonged—they should be matter-of-fact. Praise your dog briefly, give them a treat for entering the crate and then leave quietly. When you return home, don't reward your dog for excited behavior by responding to them in an enthusiastic way. Keep arrivals low-key to avoid increasing their anxiety over when you will return. Continue to crate your dog for short periods from time to time when you're home so they don't associate crating with being left alone. Step 4, Part B: Crate your dog at night Put your dog in the crate using your regular command and a treat. Initially, it may be a good idea to put the crate in your bedroom or nearby in a hallway, especially if you have a puppy. Puppies often need to go outside to eliminate during the night and you'll want to be able to hear your puppy when they whine to be let outside. Older dogs should also initially be kept nearby so they don't associate the crate with social isolation. Once your dog is sleeping comfortably through the night with the crate near you, you can begin to gradually move it to the location you prefer, although time spent with your dog—even sleep time—is a chance to strengthen the bond between you and your pet. Potential problems Whining: If your dog whines or cries while in the crate at night, it may be difficult to decide whether they’re whining to be let out of the crate, or whether they need to be let outside to eliminate. If you've followed the training procedures outlined above, then your dog hasn't been rewarded for whining in the past by being released from their crate. If that is the case, try to ignore the whining. If your dog is just testing you, they'll probably stop whining soon. Yelling at them or pounding on the crate will only make things worse. If the whining continues after you've ignored them for several minutes, use the phrase they associate with going outside to eliminate. If they respond and become excited, take them outside. This should be a trip with a purpose, not play time. If you're convinced that your dog doesn't need to eliminate, the best response is to ignore them until they stop whining. Don't give in; if you do, you'll teach your dog to whine loud and long to get what they want. If you've progressed gradually through the training steps and haven't done too much too fast, you'll be less likely to encounter this problem. If the problem becomes unmanageable, you may need to start the crate training process over again. Separation anxiety: Attempting to use the crate as a remedy for separation anxiety won't solve the problem. A crate may prevent your dog from being destructive, but they may get injured in an attempt to escape. Separation anxiety problems can only be resolved with counterconditioning and desensitization procedures.
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My dogs used to live outside and we’re able to go potty whenever and where ever. We just moved and I’m struggling to teach them when and where to go potty.
Hello Sofia, I suggest crate training both dogs for potty training. Check out the Crate Training method from the article linked below. Make sure that the crate doesn't have anything absorbent in it - including a soft bed or towel. Check out www.primopads.com if you need non-absorbent beds for them. Make sure the crates are only big enough for them to turn around, lie down and stand up, and not so big that they can potty in one end and stand in the opposite end to avoid it - use two separate crates for the dogs. Dogs have a natural desire to keep a confined space clean so it needs to be the right size to encourage that natural desire. Use a cleaner that contains enzymes to clean any previous or current accidents - only enzymes will remove the small and remaining smells encourage the dog to potty in the same location again later. The method I have linked below was written for younger puppies, since your dogs are older you can adjust the times and take them potty less frequently. I suggest taking them potty every 3 hours when you are home. After 1.5-2 hours (or less if they have an accident sooner) of freedom out of the crate, return them to the crate while their bladders are filling back up again until it has been 3 hours since her last potty trip. When you have to go off they should be able to hold their bladders in the crate for 5-8 hours - less at first while they is getting used to it and longer once they are accustomed to the crate and more potty trained. Only have them wait that long when you are not home though, take them out about every 3 hours while home. You want them to get into the habit of holding their bladders between trips and not just eliminating whenever they feel the urge and you want to encourage that desire for cleanliness in your home - which the crate is helpful for. Less freedom now means more freedom later in life. Crate Training method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-german-shepherd-puppy-to-poop-outside If they are not already used to a crate expect crying at first. When they cries and you know they doesn't need to go potty yet, ignore the crying. Most dogs will adjust if you are consistent. You can give each dog a food stuffed hollow chew toy to help them adjust, and sprinkle treats into the crate during times of quietness to further encourage quietness. If pups continue protesting for long periods of time past three days, you can use a Pet Convincer. Work on teaching "Quiet" but using the Quiet method from the article linked below. Tell them "Quiet" when pups bark and cry. If that dog gets quiet and stays quiet, you can sprinkle a few pieces of dog food into the crate through the wires calmly, then leave again. If she disobeys your command and keep crying or stops but starts again, spray a small puff of air from the Pet convincer at her side through the crate while saying "Ah Ah" calmly, then leave again. If she stays quiet after you leave you can periodically sprinkle treats into the crate to reward her quietness. Quiet method: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-shih-tzu-puppy-to-not-bark Only use the unscented air from the Pet Convincers - don't use citronella, it's too harsh and lingers for too long so can be confusing. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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We've got an 8 week old puppy. He's not yet had all the injections to be able to go for a walk, but can go into the backyard. The problem is he's decided he has two places where he goes to the toilet. The backyard and on the rug in the front room. He's very good at using only those two places and will hold it for quite a while until he can get to one or the other, but obviously we'd like to stop one of them. How can we disassociate the lounge rug from being a toilet in his head?
Hello James, At this age training will look like better management so that pup can start developing a long-term habit of keeping the home clean - which will help pup to want to keep it clean on their own also, and rewarding pup for going potty outside in the correct spot. Check out the Tethering method and the Crate Training method from the article linked below. I suggest following a combination of those methods, so that pup doesn't have access to the rug unless their bladder is completely empty. Be sure to clean the rug thoroughly with a cleaner that contains enzymes also. Only enzymes will completely remove the smell and any remaining smell from the accidents will encourage pup to go potty on the rug again. Look on the bottle for the word enzyme or enzymatic - many common pet cleaners at grocery and pet stores have it but not all, so be sure to check the bottle. Crate Training and Tethering methods: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-german-shepherd-puppy-to-poop-outside Don't expect pup to alert you when they need to go potty. Keep pup on a strict schedule. A puppy learns to hold it between scheduled potty trips first. Alerting you on their own when they need to go doesn't come for several months often, so a schedule will be important for a while - even after pup is no longer having accidents when you stick to the schedule. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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Hi! I am potty training my puppy by using potty pads because I live on the 3rd floor in my apartment. Every 1-1.5 hours I would put her on the pad and say “go potty” and 50/50 she would but the other 50%, she’ll immediately go on the floor or her blanket. I don’t know what else to do and the proper “punishment” for her since I do not believe in swatting her or yelling at her.
Hello Tina, At this point I don't recommend punishing - that would probably only cause pup to avoid going potty in front of you (which isn't good sometimes), instead of pup realizing the punishment was for the actual accident. Pup doesn't understand potty training well enough for punishment to be effective yet. Better management is what you need. I suggest setting up an exercise pen and covering the floor of it with two or three pee pads. Each time you take pup potty, put them into the exercise pen and close the door so that that is their only option for pottying and they can't leave yet. Ignore any crying. Tell them to "Go Potty and wait for pup to go potty. When pup finally goes potty on the pee pad in the exercise pen, praise them, give a treat, and let them out. You don't have to stand at the pen waiting - it may take pup an hour to go at first, but do stay somewhere where you can see them and be ready to praise, reward and free them when they go. When they are going immediately when you put them in the pen and say Go Potty, then you can remove one of the pee pads and see if pup still goes on one of the other ones, instead of the floor next to it. If pup is doing well, then phase out the other pee pad too in a few days - so that there is just one pee pad. Finally, remove the exercise pen, leaving the pee pad in the same location, and take pup over to that pee pad every hour or so and tell them to "Go Potty". If pup doesn't go, attach them to yourself with a hand-free leash and try again every 30 minutes, until they finally go on the pad when you take them are are given a treat. Don't give pup any freedom until they are empty. I would remove blankets and soft bedding at this age also. Check out cot type beds, and beds with waterproof covers like www.primopads.com, and use only those types of material around pup until they are fully potty trained and also not likely to chew those items up and swallow the pieces. Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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I'm having trouble with my dog peeing when he is too excited. His previous owner told us that he had never peed inside before and he is house train but with us, he pees a lot. I have come to realize he isn't peeing because he feels like it, but because he gets excited or stress and that triggers him to pee or sometimes poop. He becomes stressful when there are loud noises or too much movement(He doesn't bark though, he pants and shows signs of stress and then he will pee) When left alone. Or if I am taking too long to take him out for a walk. He pees when we play with him, so I have to cut playtime short to avoid him peeing. And recently he has been peeing right before we take him out for a walk, like as I am getting the harness. He gets excited. He used to bark but not anymore. Now, he is peeing when he knows he is about to go for a walk. One time, I just picked up the leash and he started peeing, one time he peed on my leg as I was putting the harness on him. I use to feed him before taking him out, and when I would put his food back or clean up a little he would pee because I am taking too long to take him out, even though I am going to take him out. Then, I changed the routine, now I am taking him out before I feed him. At first, it was working, then he went back to peeing if I get close to the leash. I thought, maybe he has to go to the bathroom badly and feeding him takes too long, so for him to go potty quicker, I can take him out before he eats. But that was a failure. So, to help the problem, I started to put the harness on him and taking it off through the day and not taking him out. So, he can get used to me putting it on him and it doesn't mean going outside every time. When I do take him out, he won't be as excited. Whenever he doesn't pee or doesn't get too excited, I give him a treat and I praise him a lot. Also, I started a playtime schedule. I will play with him directly after the walk because he is less likely to pee or poop because he just went outside. Should I keep doing this or is there any other method I should be trying?
When we first got him we would let him roam around the house at night while we sleep and we would wake up with pee or poop waiting for us in the morning. Now, I keep him in my room to sleep with me at night and I will close the door. This helped a lot and he sleeps under my bed at night and he loves it under there, it is like his little space. Or sometimes he will cuddle with me. But, he knows not to sleep in my bed when I'm sleeping unless I invite him to. He doesn't pee or poop in my room at night, but I was thinking about getting a crate to keep him in at night and/or when no one is home(Although someone is always home, he is rarely home alone.) He does have a little separation anxiety. He used to bark a lot when I leave, or pee and poop, but we've been working on it he has gotten a lot better when I leave. Should I get a crate or should I keep doing what I am doing? I would like him to have his own space. Or can I train him to pee inside the crate and not keep in my room all night? But he only pees when he is triggered, so I don't know if that will do much. When he is with me, in my room he doesn't pee. I think him being with me calms him. I was thinking about getting a baby gate to restrict him from walking throughout the apartment but he can still move around if he would like. I can set it up in my hallway where he can't have access to the living room, the kitchen( that is where pees mostly) but still have access to my room and no other room. And this can help to keep him in one spot when I leave or if nobody is home. Any suggestions? I just want to know if I am doing it right and/or is there anything else I can do to help.
Milo is a reactive dog as well. It's leash frustration. I would love to take him to the dog park or a doggie daycare and let him socialize because that can help him. But, I can't take him because he will bark too much, probably scare the other dogs. And I don't want people to think he is an aggressive dog when he isn't. I have never heard Milo growl in my life. He has never shown signs of aggression or shown his teeth. He is the sweetest thing. He just doesn't have any dog manners. And it's embarrassing when he barks at other dogs. What I've been doing his picking him up when we see another dog or walk in a different direction. But, I don't wanna keep doing this. I was thinking about a bark collar but I don't want to hurt him or be scared when he sees another dog. My goal is to walk past another dog without him barking and acting crazy. Before, he would never listen to me, and he is beagle and they don't listen very well. He is easily distracted. When he sees another dog, it was hard to get his attention. Like he forgets I exist. When he starts acting up, he even foams at the mouth which makes matters worst. And he whines too. Taking him to the vet is a nightmare. Now, I have been working on him listening to me outside and I feel much more confident in training him. Now our bond has gotten closer and I feel like he would listen to me better. What I've been doing is sitting outside with him. I would find a bench and we will sit and relax. For some reason, this helps SO much. I've seen a lot of improvements. Now, he sits with me on the bench, and he cuddles with me. I also train him inside, and he is perfectly fine. It's just outside he is a bit distracted. But we are getting better at it. I can tell him to sit without treats when we are outside, and that is such a huge improvement( I am very proud of this lol) I just don't know where to start, how and what method would be effective for his reactiveness. I wanna be able to take him other places and expose him to different places. But, I feel like I can't because of his behavior, he gets way too excited and it's unbearable when I take him a new place. He looks like a crazy dog and I look like I can't control him. I wish he was more obedient and calmer.
Thank you so much! Anything will help!
Hell Jala, You are on the right track with a lot of things. Taking him potty before exciting things is great, confining him more at night is good. First, don't worry about him not having enough freedom at night. Staying in the room with you off the bed in or out of a crate are both fine. I would suggest getting him used to a crate because you will probably end up needing it for other training, whether he sleeps in it at night or not. I would definitely NOT train him to pee in the crate. That could actually make potty issues worse. Unless there is a medical issue it doesn't sound like he is peeing because he can't hold it but because of anxiety or a lack of potty training -despite what previous owner said. The atmosphere in her house may also have been a lot calmer so she really may not have had the same issue - either way it is what it is. Don't train him to pee in the crate. Train him to hold it while in the crate! Overall it sounds like he probably would benefit from structure, boundaries, and more calmness in the home. Anxious dogs tend to need predictability, leadership, clear rules, and calmness more than your average dog. Confidence building exercises may also help him - such as him learning to overcome new things like agility obstacles or certain types of tricks. Work on the following commands with him to help with structure. Make him work more for your attention and keep interactions calm - be genuine and loving but not super excited with him or babying him. He needs consistency and calmness while adjusting probably. That doesn't mean you can never get him excited outside, but for now - calm. Place - this command is especially important: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=omg5DVPWIWo Out command - which means leave the area - use when he needs space to calm down: https://www.petful.com/behaviors/how-to-teach-a-dog-the-out-command/ Crate manners: https://thegooddog.net/training-videos/free-how-to-training-videos/learn-to-train-the-good-dog-way-the-crate/ Thresholds: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-w28C2g68M Heel article - The turns method - important command: https://wagwalking.com/training/train-a-poodle-to-heel Heel Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTiKVc4ZZWo Crate training - Surprise method combined with crate manners video linked above too: https://wagwalking.com/training/like-a-crate I suggest keeping a handle-less drag leash on him in the house right now while you are home to supervise, something such as VirChewLy (sold on amazon) that won't catch on things as easily as a normal leash would. Practice picking up the leash and dropping it again like you did with putting on the harness and taking it off again, then when you need to direct him somewhere like outside or the crate, calmly pick up the leash and lead him where he needs to go - no big show or excitement. We want his whole energy to calm down and be less anxious, less excited, and less aroused - and instead calm and relaxed. VirChewLy: https://www.amazon.com/VirChewLy-Indestructible-Leash-Medium-Black/dp/B001W8457I?psc=1&SubscriptionId=0ENGV10E9K9QDNSJ5C82&tag=lidotr-20&linkCode=xm2&camp=2025&creative=165953&creativeASIN=B001W8457I Best of luck training, Caitlin Crittenden
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