How to Train a Chihuahua Puppy to Pee Outside

Medium
3-8 Weeks
General

Introduction

Your Chihuahua puppy already started his potty training before he left his litter. This simple separation of potty space and sleeping or play place starts when he's with his mother. To house train your Chihuahua, you're going to need to supply a place for him to go potty outside. Once your puppy has trained to pee outside you should expect that he not have any accidents in the house and should be able to communicate to you that he needs to go outside to go potty.

Chihuahuas have a reputation for being stubborn. When your puppy knows to go to a door and signal that he needs to go outside, you are giving him a level of independence he requires because of his strong-willed personality.

Defining Tasks

Training your Chihuahua to go potty outside will we require some simple understanding of your puppy's basic needs. Your Chihuahua needs to eat, sleep, play to burn off excess energy, and go potty. You can count on your pup needing to go potty after every single one of his major activities. As soon as your little guy gets up from any kind of sleep he will need to go potty. Soon after he finishes eating his meals, he will need to go potty. Before he rests from playtime, he should need to go potty. Use these ideal times to take your Chihuahua outside to set him up to succeed at potty training. Other things to think about when training your Chihuahua to pee outside will be getting him outdoors in an appropriate time to avoid accidents and understanding his age and how long he can wait to go.

Getting Started

When you are ready to begin training your Chihuahua to pee outdoors, be ready with a schedule for rest time, play time, and meals. Be sure someone is around for those occasions to take him out to go potty. And, considering his age, be sure someone is around every few hours even during night sleeping hours to take him outside. 

The quickest way to achieve outdoor potty training is to set your Chihuahua up to succeed. This means not catching him in accidents but rather putting him in positions to pee outdoors in times when he would typically need to go anyway. Be sure to reward your puppy with lots of tasty treats. If you plan to walk your Chihuahua while he goes potty, make sure you have an appropriate leash and collar or harness handy, so he does not have an accident while he is waiting to get ready for a walk.

The Same Place Method

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Step
1
Choose an area
Pick a small area in your yard where you would like your Chihuahua to go potty. This area should be away from your play areas or family areas but not too far away from your house. Your Chihuahua would probably prefer grass over rocks and an area easy to access will be better than a spot your puppy has to work hard to get to.
Step
2
"Go potty"
Anytime you take your Chihuahua to this potty area in your yard plan to use a command he recognizes each time he's in that area. This command could be something as simple as 'go potty.'
Step
3
Take pup out
Anytime you are working on training your Chihuahua to go potty outside, take him to this particular spot. If he goes somewhere else, take him to the spot and use the command. When he is successful going potty in this area, give him a treat for doing so.
Step
4
Know when
Your Chihuahua pup will have to go potty as soon as he wakes up from any sleep, day or night, shortly after meals, and after playtime. If your Chihuahua is a puppy, you should know he can typically hold it for one hour for each month of his age.
Step
5
Time to go
When it's time for your Chihuahua to go potty, take him to this particular area to go. Place him in the area or walk him to the spot and leave him alone for a bit. He should sniff around and eventually go potty. If he leaves the area you can place him back in the spot or wait a few minutes and try again. This is not an area for playing or distractions.
Step
6
Reward
Be sure to reward your Chihuahua each time he makes it to the area and goes potty. Over time, you should be able to use the command you have been saying each time you're in the area and your pup should go immediately to that area on his own to go potty.
Step
7
Repeat
Training a Chihuahua to go potty outside is about repetition and rewards. You will need to know exactly when your puppy needs to go by paying attention to his habits, taking him out during the most common times, and understanding how long he can hold it based on his age. Set him up for success by repeating the process of taking him to his spot.
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The Get to Know Pup Method

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Step
1
Age
Your Chihuahua might be a little guy, but he is pretty smart. He should be able to hold his bladder for an hour for every month he is of age. This means if you have a 3-month-old Chihuahua he should be able to go without accidents for about three hours. This is typical during potty training, but be patient as your Chihuahua is not on a set schedule. Pay attention to the times he typically needs to go and how long he can hold it.
Step
2
Meals
Your Chihuahua puppy will be eating two to three meals a day. He may also have treats throughout the day during playtime. You all can count on your Chihuahua needing to go potty soon after every meal.
Step
3
Sleep
Once your Chihuahua wakes from sleep, whether it be daytime naps or nighttime sleep, he will need to go potty. As he is house training, remember he may only be able to stay asleep without accidents for a few hours overnight. While you are house training your puppy, you can count on needing to take him outside at least once in the middle of the night.
Step
4
Playtime
Pay attention to your pup during playtime. This is the time when he will be most unpredictable when it comes to potty time. If you're watching the clock and paying attention to how long your Chihuahua can typically hold it you should be able to take him outside during or after playtime without accidents.
Step
5
Signs
Know and understand the signs your dog will give to let you know he needs to go potty. These signs include stopping in the middle of play, sniffing in an spot where you are not watching, or circling in an area.
Step
6
Outside
Taking your Chihuahua outside during the times specified above will help him succeed in-house training and knowing where to go. Set him up for success by getting him outside after meals upon waking from sleep during and after playtime and every few hours based on his age to avoid any house accidents.
Step
7
Rewards
Be prepared when you go outside to give your Chihuahua a treat as soon as he's done going potty. This conditions him to expect rewards each time he is successful.
Step
8
Accidents
Accidents will happen and probably inside your home. When you catch your Chihuahua in an accident, do not scold him or hit him by any means. You can give him a stern 'no' and ask him if he wants to go potty using the command you have taught him and then take him outside immediately. He may not need to go outside and he does not earn a treat this time.
Step
9
Practice
House training your Chihuahua takes time and patience. As your pup ages, he will understand your expectations even more. As you work together, he will eventually begin to go to the door and bark or signify somehow that he needs to go outside, relying less on you knowing the signs and watching the clock.
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The Ring That Bell Method

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Step
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Set up
You can train your Chihuahua to ring a bell to let you know he needs to go outside to go potty. To do this you will need a bell, some tasty treats, a little extra time for training, and lots of patience.
Step
2
Show bell
Show your Chihuahua the bell you have chosen before you hang it up on your door frame. Let your pup sniff it and touch it with his nose and paws so he can feel and hear the bell.
Step
3
Ring the bell
Reward your Chihuahua every time he can make the bell ring. Hold it up to his nose and let him tap on it, causing it to ring. Even if you help the bell ring, give your pup a treat. Hang the bell next to the door he will use to go outside to go potty. Practice in this spot, having your Chihuahua ring the bell and earning treats before you move on to potty train.
Step
4
Time to go
Anytime your Chihuahua needs to go potty, plan on taking him to the bell and having him ring it as he has learned to do already before you open the door to let him outside. You will need to judge times of urgent matters so he does not have an accident.
Step
5
When to go
Your Chihuahua should be heading outside to go potty a few minutes after each meal, after play time, and upon waking either from naps or nighttime sleep.
Step
6
Rewards
Be sure to reward your Chihuahua every time he makes it outside without an accident in the house. You can also reward him for ringing the bell.
Step
7
Practice
Expect to practice with your Chihuahua several times a day over several weeks to condition him to ring the bell and connect that with going potty outside. Be patient and understand if your pup is young he may take more time to learn than an older dog.
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Success Stories and Training Questions

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