Wild hogs or boar are a major problem all over the US and especially in southern states. Because they are not native to North America, there are few natural predators. These unwelcome interlopers destroy crops, property, and sometimes livestock as they are voracious omnivores. The only way to currently control the wild hog population and reduce environmental damage is to hunt hogs. This is often done with dogs, as it is difficult for hunters to go where hogs are located in thick underbrush and dogs can efficiently locate, chase, and then hold hogs in one place until hunters can arrive to dispatch them.
There are two jobs a dog can perform when hunting a hog. This may be locating and chasing them which is performed by a bay dog, and holding them in one location, sometimes by force until hunters can arrive, which is the job of the catch dog. Some dogs perform both of these tasks. While Dobermans have not been used as hunting dogs, they have a strong prey drive and are strong, fast, and agile.
Bay dogs are released where wild boar are present and it is their job to locate the hogs, either by tracking their scent or by sight, and chase the hog unti it tires. Catch dogs are then released to incapacitate the hog and keeping the hog in one location, until hunters can come shoot the hog, or live capture it to be used for meat. Because bay dogs chase and tire the hog, they need to have excellent scenting skills to detect hog scent and locate the hog, as well as stamina and speed to chase the hog.
Catch dogs need to be brave and aggressive with prey. Sometimes, the same dog is suited for both tasks. Dobermans are good at scenting and tracking and are fast and agile, so they can make good bay dogs. If your dog is going to be a catch dog, he will need protective equipment to keep him safe from the hogs which have teeth and tusks and can be dangerous when cornered.