If you have recently brought a puppy into your home then that scene is probably something that you can only dream about. Right now your puppy is far from the calm puppy that only chews his own items, even when you mistakenly leave your things out. You frequently fear for your coffee table, your shoes, your mail, and everything else in your home.
Puppies chew, it's natural. But that does not mean that your puppy cannot be taught what to chew. Teaching your puppy to chew his own toys, instead of your things, is important and possible.
To teach your puppy not to chew on your items, you will need to be consistent, vigilant, and patient. Most puppies learn what to chew and not chew during the first year of their life. It is not unusual for a puppy to need reminders about what he can and cannot chew until he is one year old. The main goal should be to teach your puppy while he is young what is and is not OK, so that he will not continue bad chewing habits as an adult. When your puppy is very young, he is probably chewing as a way to explore his environment and to relieve discomfort from teething. When your puppy gets a bit older his jaws begin to develop more and he might chew to relieve that discomfort, or he might chew as a way to get your attention or relieve boredom. Do not expect your puppy not to chew at all, instead teach him what is acceptable to chew and what is not, so that he will chew toys instead of household objects during those periods of growth.
Using more than one of these methods at a time might yield quicker and more consistent results than using just one method would. Your puppy might need a combination of deterrence, confinement when he cannot be supervised, and redirection when you are able to watch him.
When your puppy is free in your home and supervised, you might find it helpful to leave a four foot leash attached to him. If he tends to chew the leash, then you can purchase a chew-proof metal leash, that is covered in vinyl. Ideally, the leash will not have a handle on the end, to prevent it from becoming caught as often. Only leave a leash attached to your puppy when you can supervise him though, or it can become a safety hazard. Having a leash attached to him can allow you to catch him easily, to calmly take items from him, and to give him appropriate toys to chew instead.
If you are using 'The Redirect Method' then you will need a variety of enticing, safe dog toys. Good options are rubber Kong toys, other hollow chew toys, non-splintering bones and antlers, and durable stuffed toys made out of several layers of material such as ballistic nylon or suitcase fabric. If your puppy tends to run away from you when he has your objects in his mouth, then you might also need a four-foot chew-proof leash.
If you are using 'The Chew Training Method' then you will need treats, a crate or exercise pen or both, hollow rubber chew toys, such as Kongs, Ziploc bags, a freezer, and your dog's dry dog food and peanut butter or squeeze cheese, to stuff the hollow chew toys with.
With all of the methods, you will need patience, consistency, perseverance, and a forgiving and gracious attitude, for when your pup makes mistakes while still learning. Remember, chewing is natural for him, and he needs your help to learn what to chew.