English Presa Bulldog

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80-95 lbs
18-20"
Unknown
Presa Bulldog

The English Presa Bulldog is a designer dog, an intentional crossbreed of two guard dogs, one of which that weighs in at around 120 pounds from the Canary Islands off of the western coast of Africa, and another stocky dog of between 40 to 50 pounds bred to bait and control bulls in England, known commonly as the Bulldog, or English Bulldog. Although they have minimal grooming requirements, they do require a large amount of space and they may not do their best if room to move and plenty of exercise are not available. Both of the parent breeds are considered molosser type dogs, canines characterized by their thick bone structure, short powerful necks, and massive heads. These powerful dogs were utilized mainly to protect livestock and property, but they were also well known as war dogs and as fighting dogs.

Purpose
Guard dog
Date of Origin
Unknown
Ancestry
English Bulldog, Presa Canario

English Presa Bulldog Health

Average Size
Height: 19-21 inches Weight: 110-140 lbs
Height: 18-20 inches Weight: 80-95 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
  • Bloat
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
Minor Concerns
  • Patellar Luxation
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Skin Diseases
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Panosteitis
  • Inverted Tail
  • Wobbler Syndrome
Occasional Tests
  • Thyroid Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Biopsy
  • Cutaneous cytology

English Presa Bulldog Breed History

Both of the parent breeds of the English Presa Bulldog are molosser type dogs, canines that have thick bone structure, short powerful necks, and massive heads, that were utilized mainly to protect livestock and property. The Presa Canario as it is seen today, was developed on the Canary Islands off of the coast of western Africa at some point during the 15th or 16th century where they helped the farmers of the area by driving off stray dogs, wrangling cattle, and guarding the farmsteads. In 1982 the first breed club formed on the islands and the Presa Canario was recognized by the AKC in 2003. The English Bulldog is an ancient guarding breed and the origins of this canine are somewhat muddled. Some experts believe the Bulldog is a descendant of a Mastiff breed dog and a Pug, while others think that the Mastiff line was descended from the original English Bulldog. Bulldogs got their name from their primary profession, as they were frequently employed to control, guard, and bait bulls. To that end, Bulldogs of the 1800’s were bred to be much more aggressive and tenacious than they are today, with an extremely high pain tolerance. This made them excellent candidates for fighting other dogs as well and because of this trait they were instrumental in the development of both the American Pit Bull Terrier and the American Staffordshire Terrier. When these violent “sports” became illegal in 1885, the breed was maintained by Bulldog fanciers who chose to breed for a more agreeable nature, and today’s English Bulldog is typically a docile animal who is capable of adapting to many situations.

English Presa Bulldog Breed Appearance

The Presa Canario, being a giant molosser type breed, brings a massive square head to the mix. Brachycephalic features are present, as they are with the English Bulldog parent. Your English Presa Bulldog will most likely have ears that are close to the head and the folds of skin seen on the face and neck of the English Bulldog parent may be prominent. Colors may be brindle, fawn, piebald, red and as well, white. This hybrid may have blue or light to dark brown eyes. The tail will be straight, though it may be short or long. The coat of both parent breeds are dense and short; the back of the English Presa Bulldog will be distinctly different depending on the parental genes. The back slope of the Presa Canario slopes, with the rear area higher than the shoulders by just a bit.
Eye Color Possibilities
Blue
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
White
Pied
Red
Fawn
Brown
Brindle
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

English Presa Bulldog Breed Maintenance

It is typically fairly easy to meet the grooming requirements for the English Presa Bulldog as their short coat is usually very manageable. Although a bath every month or two is generally sufficient, they do require regular brushing with a curry comb or soft bristle brush to control the shedding and distribute their body oils. A bath every month or two is typically adequate for these dogs. If your dog has inherited the folds or wrinkles commonly seen on English Bulldogs, care should be taken to ensure that the folds of skin have not trapped any moisture or contaminants as these can cause skin irritation and a foul odor may develop. These dogs also have wrinkles around the face that need to be wiped down on a daily basis in order to remove any moisture or food particles that may have become trapped.

Brushes for English Presa Bulldog
Slicker Brush
Comb
Deshedder
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

English Presa Bulldog Temperament

Hybrid dogs like the English Presa Bulldog can inherit aspects of their personality from either of the parent breeds. The modern English Bulldog is an affectionate and placid companion, a far cry from the original fighting and farming dog of England. This mix tends to be outgoing and friendly with people and other animals, although males are known to occasionally get into territorial disputes with other male dogs. The Presa Canario tends toward wariness and aggressive behavior when it comes to strangers and to other animals, however, and some of these tendencies may not always be apparent until the dog matures. This hybrid will need a great deal of socialization and training at an early age to try and mitigate any tendencies towards aggression, and may not be the best choice around smaller children as they can become possessive and snappy. English Presa Bulldogs that are well socialized can become loyal and protective guard dogs, and can also be employed as police or military animals. 

English Presa Bulldog Activity Requirements

Although the English Bulldog is a rather laid-back breed that often seems to prefer napping on the couch to going for a walk, the Presa Canario is a more athletic animal. The crossbreed requires a moderate amount of vigorous activity per day, and around 40 to 60 minutes will be needed to keep this hybrid in top condition. Along with daily walks, these dogs are adept at tracking, drafting and carting activities, and obedience training. During your dog’s formative years it is important to keep exercise sessions somewhat shorter by breaking them up throughout the day and to ensure that your dog does not rough-house or jump from a significant height as this can damage the still forming bones and joints. This dog typically requires more room than an apartment dwelling can afford, but a large yard is not a requirement. 

Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
6 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
40 minutes

English Presa Bulldog Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3 cups
Daily Cost
$2.8 - $3
Monthly Cost
$80 - $90

English Presa Bulldog Owner Experiences