The best way to determine the characteristics of a hybrid breed is by researching the parent breeds, which are the Cairn Terrier and Pomeranian in the case of the Cairanian. The Cairn Terrier was discovered in the 15th century in Scotland where they were used for hunting. Some of the animals this breed was known to hunt include the otter, badger, fox, rats, and mice. They got their name because they were known for chasing otters from the cairns, which are stones used for memorials. They used to be available in many shades such as red, brown, gray, black, and white until about 1873, when the colors were divided between the Skye and Dandie Dinmont Terriers. The Cairn Terrier was part of the Skye Terrier group which was eventually split into three groups: the Cairn, West Highland, and Scotch Terrier. The Cairn Terrier is most famous for being Toto in the movie, The Wizard of Oz. In 1913, the Cairn Terrier was registered with the American Kennel Club (AKC) and they are now the 70th most popular dog breed in America. The Pomeranian originated in the 1800s as a companion pet in Pomerania, Germany, which is where the name came from. They are the smallest member of the Spitz family. At first, these dogs were larger and most of them were white until the 1900s when breeders started trying to create the puffball appearance. The breed was not all that popular until Queen Victoria took an interest in the late 1800s. The AKC recognized the breed in 1888 and they are the 22nd most popular breed in America.