Chien Francais Blanc et Noir

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50-80 lbs
24-27"
France
French Black and White Hound, White and Black French Hound, Francais Blanc et Noir
The Chien Français Blanc et Noir comes from a trio of dogs typically classified as French scent hounds, the other two being the Chien Français Tricolore and the Chien Français Blanc et Orange, all of which somewhat share some general physical characteristics but possess greater differences in their personalities. As its name indicates, the Blanc et Noir originated from France, the result of one man's early 19th century efforts to produce a dog with an excellent nose, equally good stamina and an even temperament to match. Although they were developed to be small game hunters early on, these pack dogs were later able take commands in large groups, leading them to eventually be used in hunting large game such as deer, with quite a bit of success. Over time, their pack mentality also influenced their general demeanor, making them considerably social, possessing a friendly, easy-going personality that allowed them to get on well with both people (strangers and children included) as well as other dogs. This behavioral profile, along with their moderate ease of training and general adaptability made them good candidates to eventually move into homes as companions instead of hunting dogs, though they are still used as the latter often. Although they are a fit for most families, they do have a good amount of energy and tend to bark, so they will best fit with an active family (preferably one with a yard) who will take time to thoroughly train and socialize them.
Purpose
Hunting, Companion
Date of Origin
Early 19th Century
Ancestry
Gascon Saintongeois, Bleu de Gascogne, Poitevin, English Foxhound

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Health

Average Size
Height: 24-28 inches Weight: 50-80 lbs
Height: 24-27 inches Weight: 50-80 lbs
Major Concerns
  • Hip And Elbow Dysplasia
  • Digestive Problems
Minor Concerns
  • Bloat
  • Eye Problems
Occasional Diagnoses
  • Ear Infections
  • Demodectic Mange
Occasional Tests
  • X-Rays
  • Eye Examination
  • Physical Examination
  • Ear Examination

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Breed History

While the Chien Français Blanc et Noir's history is far from thoroughly documented, it is believed to have been developed by Henri de Falandre, a dedicated huntsman, in the early 19th century, but the developer is still up for debate. What is more strongly believed is that the Blanc et Noir was the result of a crossing of the Gascon Saintongeios, Bleu de Gascogne, Poitevin, and even English Foxhound, creating a dog that had an exceptionally keen nose, alerting bay, excellent stamina, and an even-keeled temperament. During the process, three different breeds emerged, the Blanc et Noir, the Blanc et Orange and the Chien Français Tricolore. While the three do share some similar physical characteristics in terms of general build, their personalities seemed to have a bit more variance and each has its own distinct coat colors and patterns. Collectively, as a trio, these dogs are known as the Youngest/Newest/Rarest French Hounds because of their limited history. Unfortunately, because they were not widely recognized in the mid-1900s, they were largely devastated by WW II, and although they survived as a whole, did so in extremely limited numbers. Once recognized in 1957, however, the Chien Français Blanc et Noir's numbers somewhat stabilized and populated more effectively than its two relatives but are still considered rare today, as only 200 to 400 are registered annually. They were finally recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1996.

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Breed Appearance

The Chien Français Blanc et Noir is a medium to large-sized dog, standing just over two feet tall at the withers and averaging a weight around 60 pounds. Their coats are thick, short and course, generally taking on a largely black and white coloring with black spotting (occasionally blue) and touches of tan on the face, legs and tail. It has a lean, muscular build with long legs and a thick, long tapering tail that is held upright. The head is slightly domed and equipped with a long muzzle with an arched nasal bone, a black nose with large nostrils, and dark eyes. It has a longer neck, a thinner yet moderately deep chest and slightly tucked belly, strong straight front legs, mildly-angled back legs, and a faintly arched lower back.
Eye Color Possibilities
Brown
Nose Color Possibilities
Black
Coat Color Possibilities
White
Black
Coat Length
Short Medium Long
Coat Density
Sparse Normal Dense
Coat Texture
Straight Wiry Wavy Curly Corded

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Breed Maintenance

Chien Français Blanc et Noirs are moderate to heavy shedders and need brushing with a stiff bristle brush around twice a week to help keep their coat heavy. They don't need their coats trimmed and they only need to be washed if they get into something excessive in smell, as their natural oils and self-bathing generally keep their smell low and their coats clean. The only real monitoring they need otherwise is their nails and teeth, as the prior should be trimmed at the owner's discretion and the latter attended to on a weekly basis if possible.
Brushes for Chien Francais Blanc et Noir
Pin Brush
Nail Clipper
Brushing Frequency
Daily Weekly Monthly

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Temperament

The Chien Français Blanc et Noir is a breed of two attitudes, one that is excitable, energetic and dedicated on the hunt, and the other that is laid-back when at home with the family. Because of their pack-hunting background, they tend to do quite well with other dogs and people outside of their owners, including strangers and children, and will generally be either uninterested or friendly to newcomers, which is why they make much better hunters than guard dogs. With their owner or family, they are affectionate, happy, and loyal, making them great family pets overall. They do have a few drawbacks, however. They are only moderately easy to train, so the early stages will undoubtedly be a bit more difficult, but when fully-trained, they respond extremely well to commands. Their hunting background also means they have a tendency to bay loudly and often, as they will try to alert their owners of anything that catches their attention, whether its a stray scent or just a small animal outside, which can be restricting and troublesome in apartment settings. Because of their drive to hunt and built-in endurance, they also require a fair amount of exercise, so they will easily do best with a family that is either active or has a large, regular space to run around.

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Activity Requirements

While Chien Français Blanc et Noirs are not ultra-high energy dogs, they still take a fair amount of exercise to keep them happy and healthy, generally ranking above-average in comparison to the average breed. They are also quite intelligent, meaning they will also need a good amount of mental stimulation to keep from getting bored or frustrated. Owners who are active joggers or at least go on regular walks will do best with this breed, although those who are willing to spend some time in the yard or dog park, stimulating both their physical and mental needs with a long-range game of fetch or frisbee, should fare just as well. To be safe, this breed needs around 14 miles of walks a week and around 45 minutes of exercise daily to keep them healthy and on their best behavior.
Activity Level
Low Medium High
Rec. Walk Mileage Per Week
14 miles
Minutes of Activity Per Day
45 minutes

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Food Consumption

Cups Per Day
3.5 cups
Daily Cost
$1.5 - $2
Monthly Cost
$45 - $60

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Height & Weight

6 Months
Height: 18 inches Weight: 46 lbs
Height: 17 inches Weight: 46 lbs
12 Months
Height: 22 inches Weight: 55 lbs
Height: 21 inches Weight: 55 lbs
18 Months
Height: 26 inches Weight: 65 lbs
Height: 25 inches Weight: 65 lbs

Chien Francais Blanc et Noir Owner Experiences

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